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## PowerPedia:Water gas

Lasted edited by Andrew Munsey, updated on June 15, 2016 at 1:15 am.

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Water gas is frormed in a process by which hydrogen is produced by the combining of steam and coke gas in the following chemical reaction:

: CO + H_2 O \rightarrow CO_2 + H_2\,

In 1873, "Professor" Thaddeus S. C. Lowe developed and patented a process by which large amounts of hydrogen gas could be generated for residential and commercial use in heating and lighting. Unlike the common coal gas, or coke gas which was used in municipal service, Water Gas provided a more efficient heating fuel.

The process was discovered by the passing of high-pressure steam over hot coal, the major source of coke gas. Lowe's process improved upon the chimney systems by which the coal could remain superheated thereby maintaining a consistently high supply of the gas. This process created a thermo-chemical reaction of applying hydrogen, in the steam, to carbon monoxide, in the coke gas. The reaction produced carbon dioxide and pure hydrogen which after a process of cooling and "scrubbing," passing through water vapor, left just a pure hydrogen gas.

The process spurred on the industry of gas manufacturing, and gas plants were established quickly along the Eastern seaboard of the United States. Similar processes, like the Haber Process, led to the manufacture of ammonia (NH3) by the combining of nitrogen, found in air, with high volumes of hydrogen. This spurred on the refrigeration industry which long used ammonia as its medium. Prof. Lowe also held several patents on artificial ice making machines, and was able to run successful businesses in cold storage as well as products which operated on hydrogen gas.

#### References

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WATER FOOTER

Directory:Water - main index

News:Water

Site:LRP:Water

OBTAINING WATER

Directory:Water from Air

Directory:Desalination

Directory:Water Filtration

Directory:Water Purification

Review: Tapped

ENERGY FROM THE MOVEMENT OF WATER

Directory:Hydro

Directory:Low Impact Hydro

Directory:River Energy

Directory:Ocean

Directory:Ocean Current

Directory:Tidal Power

Directory:Ocean Wave Energy

Directory:Wave buoys

Directory:Energy Islands

WATER AS FUEL

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PowerPedia:Water gas

Directory:Running Vehicles on Water

Directory:Hydrogen from Water

Directory:Hydrogen from Water using Boron

OS:Water Fuel Cell

Directory:Electrolysis

Directory:Hydroxy or HHO Injection Systems

News:Hydroxy

PowerPedia:Browns gas

Video:Water as Fuel (via ZPE)

Directory:Water Dissociation Using Zero Point Energy

Directory:Water-Powered Batteries

OTHER ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES INVOLVING WATER

Directory:Mixing Sea and River Water

Directory:Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion

Directory:Deep Lake Water Cooling

Directory:Energy from Sewage

Directory:Cavitation

POLLUTION

Directory:Ocean Trash Vortexes (Gyres)

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