Lasted edited by Andrew Munsey, updated on June 15, 2016 at 12:45 am.
[[Image:EMC2_Fusion_WB-7_device_300.jpg|right|frame|Plasma shines brightly inside EMC2 Fusion's WB-7 device, which was built to
validate earlier experiments in inertial electrostatic confinement fusion.Source: EMC2 Fusion Development Corp. ]]
: See also News:Nuclear
Directory of fusion technologies and resources.
Institute of Plasma Physics - Overview of various fusion approaches.
Practical Fusion, or Just a Bubble? - An overview of various approaches to useful fusion, including sonofusion, Eric Lerner's Directory:Focus Fusion, the $10 billion international Tokamac project. (NY Times Feb. 27, 2007)
Fusion > A brief history of fusion research - The first clues to how stars function were revealed in Einstein’s equation E = mc2, which predicted that a tiny amount of mass could, in principle, be converted into a tremendous amount of energy. Tracking the progress through tokamak and ITER. (Europa.eu) (Thanks Tedd)Directory:Zero Point Energy / Directory:Cold Fusion / Directory:Fusion / Directory:Ocean or Marine Power > 5 big alt-energy letdowns: Ideas that sounded good but... - As the call for a clean-energy savior—to wash away our fossil-fuel sins—grows louder, the number of questionable candidates swells. Should we be looking to photovoltaic or fusion? Turbines or tides? The five "duds" include Zero-point energy cold fusion, passive collection, hot fusion, sea movement. (Scientific American Mar 18, 2009) [Let 'em know what YOU think.] Latest / Directory:Best Exotic Clean Energy Technologies: Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Fusion > Directory:Focus Fusion > Fission Tragedy Could be Averted - The communications industry pumps 25% of their revenue back into research. The result? Slim iPhones and androids and many amazing communications wonders. Meanwhile, we starve energy research for funds with just 0.3% of the energy budget going to R&D, and wring our hands over oil spills and meltdowns. (PESN and BeforeItsNews March 15, 2011)
Directory:Inertial-Electrodynamic Fusion Device - Received the 2006 Technology of the Year Award by the International Academy of Sciences - Dr. Bussard and his team at Energy/Matter Conversion Corporation, after close to 20 years of hard work, have developed a revolutionary radiation-free fusion process that takes boron-11 and fuses a proton to it, producing, in its excited state, a carbon-12 atom. This excited carbon-12 atom decays to beryllium-8 and helium-4. It was developed under a DOD contract and has recently been made public. (PESWiki Jan. 2, 2006)
Colliding Plasma Toroid Clean-Energy Breakthrough - Toroid plasma technology by EPS remains stable without magnetic confinement, by using low-level background gas pressure could provide non-polluting electricity and heat for homes, as well as motive power for vehicles and aircraft, at a fraction of the cost of conventional energy generation. (PESN March 8, 2006)
Overview > Practical Fusion, or Just a Bubble? - An overview of various approaches to useful fusion, including sonofusion, Eric Lerner's Directory:Focus Fusion, the $10 billion international Tokamac project. (NY Times Feb. 27, 2007)
Directory:Inertial-Electrodynamic Fusion Device - Dr. Bussard and his team at Energy/Matter Conversion Corporation, after close to 20 years of hard work, have developed a revolutionary radiation-free fusion process that takes boron-11 and fuses a proton to it, producing, in its excited state, a carbon-12 atom. This excited carbon-12 atom decays to beryllium-8 and helium-4. It was developed under a DOD contract and has recently been made public.
Directory:Electron Power Systems Ltd - Toroid plasma technology that remains stable without magnetic confinement, by using background gas pressure for confinement instead, could provide clean, non-polluting energy technology at one-tenth the cost of present energy generation.
Directory:Focus Fusion - Lawrenceville Plasma Physics is currently researching and developing the Plasma Focus Device for hydrogen-boron nuclear fusion. Focus Fusion is projected to be a safe, clean, easy, reliable energy solution that could provide electricity at a few tenths of a cent per kilowatt-hour.
Giant Laser Reactor Unveiled in California - The $3.5-billion-dollar National Ignition Facility at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory will focus 192 laser beams on a hydrogen pellet the size of a bead, heating it to incredible temperatures in an attempt to recreate the power of the sun, in an event that could light the entire country for a split second. (Fox News May 29, 2009) [Like trying to harness a hurricane?]
Directory:General Fusion Inc - General Fusion hopes to create small fusion reactors that cost around $50 million a piece and generate roughly 100 megawatts allowing for roughly 4 cent / kwh electricity. Magnetized Target Fusion uses lithium as a fuel, which is heated and mixed with intensely pressurized plasma. The only byproduct is helium and other harmless gasses. (PESWiki Feb. 12, 2008)
Mining the Moon - Future fusion reactors could use helium-3 gathered from the moon. The Fusion Technology Institute has built a small test plant using inertial electrostatic confinement (IEC). He3-He3 fusion is non-radioactive and the protons it produces can be contained using magnetic and electric fields — making direct electricity generation possible. (MIT Technology Review Aug. 23, 2007)
Startup Chases Nuclear Fusion - Tri Alpha Energy is developing “hot", or plasma, fusion, in which atomic nuclei are fused, releasing huge amounts of energy. The company is working with fusion reactions that produce fewer neutrons and less radiation, with a different method for containing and controlling reactions. They estimate it will take less than 15 years to get to the power generation stage. (Red Herring Jun. 14, 2007)
A Workable Fusion Starship? - Friedwardt Winterberg's innovative propulsion concept now weds magnetic mirror technologies with fusion. The interplanetary vehicle has an exhaust velocity of 100 km/s, while the launcher vehicle gets 10 km/s. (Centauri Dream Jan. 23, 2009)
Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Nuclear Remediation >Nuclear Fusion-Fission Hybrid Could Contribute to Carbon-Free Energy Future - Physicists at The University of Texas at Austin have designed a new system that, when fully developed, would use fusion to eliminate most of the transuranic waste produced by nuclear power plants. They propose destroying the waste using a fusion-fission hybrid reactor. (PysOrg Jan. 27, 2009)
UCLA researchers use Scotch tape to produce X-rays - X-rays were not produced continuously, but were emitted in nanosecond bursts containing about 1 million X-ray photons apiece, the equivalent of about a tenth of a milliwatt of energy. If the constituents of the adhesive were deuterated (hydrogen atoms replaced with deuterium) it might yield fusion neutrons, although there would be no net energy increase. (Video (LA Times Oct. 25, 2008)
Nuclear Ambitions: Amateur Scientists Get a Reaction From Fusion - Getting into the Fusioneers elite Neutron Club requires building a tabletop reactor that successfully fuses hydrogen isotopes and glows like a miniature star. Only 42 have qualified some have T-shirts that read "Fusion -- been there...done that." (Slashdot) (Wall Street Journal Aug. 18, 2008)
National Ignition Facility, LLNL Super Laser for Fusion Ignition - An 11-minute video by KQED about the largest laser beam bank in the world to be used to create Fusion. (The Energy Blog April 19, 2008)
Focus Fusion poses competition to Tokamak - Purports to be a far more feasible and profoundly less expensive approach to hot fusion, in contrast to what the international project (ITER) in France is pursuing. Lawrenceville Plasma Physics is currently researching and developing the Plasma Focus Device for hydrogen-boron nuclear fusion. (PESN Nov. 2, 2005)
FocusFusion.org - nuclear fusion sans radiation - Group is currently researching and developing the Plasma Focus Device for hydrogen-boron nuclear fusion, as an alternative method to the coventional Tokamak fusion design.
Scientists to ‘recreate sun’ in hunt for energy - The nuclear fusion, high power laser programme (HiPER) at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, designed to recreate the temperatures and pressures inside the sun could be built in Oxfordshire under plans being drawn up by British scientists. The aim is to build the world’s most powerful lasers and use them to blast tiny pellets of hydrogen fuel to create energy. (Times Online May 8, 2008)
Laser vision fuels energy future - Researchers from the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL) in Oxfordshire, working with partners from 14 countries, propose using lasers (project HIPER: High Power Laser Energy Research) to recreate the physical reactions at the heart of the Sun. (BBC News June 6, 2007)
Discharge test on Chinese - Around August 15th, 2006, the first plasma discharge test on China's experimental advanced superconducting Tokamak (EAST) will be conducted. If successful, it will mean that the world's first nuclear fusion device of its kind is completed and will be able to go into actual operation. (People's Daily July 24, 2006)
Artificial sun - Technicians are installing the full superconducting experimental Tokamak fusion device in Hefei, capital city of east China's Anhui Province on Feb 4, 2006. Most parts of the device have been installed and experiments will start soon. The full superconducting experimental Tokamak fusion device, nicknamed "artificial sun", can generate infinite, clean nuclear-fusion-based energy. It will be built in March or April in Hefei. (Xinhua February 06, 2006)
China to Build World's First - EAST (experimental advanced superconducting Tokamak) to be constructed this Spring by the Institute of Plasma Physics will cost only 1/15th - 1/20th the cost of similar devices being developed in the other parts of the world. Could generate infinite, clean nuclear-fusion-based energy. (Slashdot Jan. 22, 2006)
Directory:Fusion > Incredible scenes inside a fusion plant - The Z Machine at Sandia National Laboratories in New Mexico could be the answer to the world's energy shortage, a device that once sparked with a relatively small electrical input can produce 290 terawatts of power. (Daily Mail UK Jan. 16 2010)
Fusion > Sandia's Z machine exceeds two billion degrees Kelvin - The unexpectedly hot output, if its cause were understood and harnessed, could eventually mean that smaller, less costly nuclear fusion plants would produce the same amount of energy as larger plants. (PESN Mar. 8, 2006)
[Academia publishes an over unity finding.]
Better Control for Fusion Power - Physicists at MIT have addressed one of the many technological challenges involved in harnessing nuclear fusion as a viable energy source. They've demonstrated that pulses of radio frequency waves can be used to propel and heat plasma inside a reactor. (Technology Review Dec. 10, 2008)
Nuclear fusion: A necessary investment (?) - On 21 November ministers from Europe, Japan, the People's Republic of China, India, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation and the United States of America meet in Paris to sign an agreement to construct an international experiment on the scale of a fusion power plant. (BBC Nov. 17, 2006)
Five Facts about ITER Nuclear Fusion Project - International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor $10 billion Euro project objectives, proponents and opponents, participants, construction plans, site information. (Reuters June 29, 2005)
Biggest Obstacle of Nuclear Fusion Overcome? - Researchers at General Atomics in San Diego have devised a method of keeping the plasma contained, preventing edge localized modes, which burst out and damage expensive components. (New Scientist Tech May 22, 2006) (See Slashdot discussion)
The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) aims to prove fusion's ability - MIT Technology Review article summarizes proposed method of using fusion to generate electricity. (Sept. 2005)
International Fusion Research - Ian H. Hutchinson, the head of MIT's Nuclear Science Department, explains why the United States should support the ITER endeavor announced for implementation in France. (MIT Technology Review August 2005)
Environmentalists Angry over French Nuclear Project - Greenpeace called the project a ridiculous waste of money, saying it would be years before any such results are found, if at all. (Reuters June 29, 2005)
Unofficial ITER fan club - Unofficial ITER fan club is a community of people interested in International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor and its benefits to science, technology, industry and all humankind.
France to Host World's First Nuclear Fusion Plant - G8 picks France. (Reuters June 29, 2005)
G8 Decision on Fusion would Herald Nuclear Future - G8 leaders may choose a site for the world's first fusion test reactor by ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor). (Reuters June 23, 2005)
Nuclear Fusion Project Bid Up in The Air - Japan backing out, turning to France to construct the 10 billion euro ($12.87 billion) experimental reactor that would operate at more than 100 million degrees Celsius to produce 500 MW of power. Due to start in 2015, it would run for around 20 years. Project Web site: ITER.org (Reuters May 5, 2005)
Fusion from ANU - A brief look at ANU's H1 Major National Research Facility, which plays prominently in France's ITER. The H1 experiment, which confines the hot plasma in flexible magnetic fields, is designed to provide a test bed for fundamental plasma research. (PhysOrg June 30. 2005)
SKorean fusion reactor takes step forward - The KSTAR reactor generated a sustained super-hot plasma field during a demonstration in the central city of Daejeon, the ministry of education, science and technology said. (Yahoo News July 15, 2008)
(8.54 Minutes) Kstar (1 of 2)
clip 1 of the KSTAR assembly process (Korean Tokamak Advanced Reactor) due for completion in August 2007. The Kstar will be one of the first Tokamaks in the world to feature superconducting magnets, achieving a toroidal field strength of 3.5 teslas (in comparision, the earths magnetic field is 30-60 microtesla, 0.00003-0.00006 T, a sun spot about 0.15 T). Results from the Kstar will contribute to the international ITER effort. (YouTube Aug. 9, 2007 )
_ _ _ _
(6.55 Minutes) KSTAR (2 of 2)
Clip 2 of the Kstar assembly process. (YouTube Aug. 9, 2007 )
_ _ _ _
(2.22 Minutes) From Concept Design to Construction
KSTAR (YouTube Aug. 24, 2007 )
Europe plans new type of fusion facility - Laser physicists in Europe propose a £500m facility to study a new approach to laser fusion. Facility could be operational in about ten years. (Slashdot Sept. 5, 2005)
Improved Controls for Advanced Tokamak Fusion Reactor - Researchers at UCSD and San Diego-based General Atomics have reported an improved control method for a type of nuclear fusion technology that confines a cloud of ionized hydrogen in a doughnut-shaped machine called a tokamak. (NewsWise July 6, 2005)
Lightning Fusion And Other Hot News - Neutron levels far above normal background levels exist during lightning strikes. While only a small percentage of rainwater contains atoms of deuterium, the lightning still provides enough energy to create fusion events. The NIF has possible plans for a hybrid fusion approach that uses not only deuterium and tritium, but uranium and plutonium as well in what amounts to a miniaturized version of how thermonuclear weapons achieve fusion. (Slashdot Sept. 24, 2005)
Teen creates nuclear fusion at home - After more than two years and 1,000 hours of research, and a little help from his dad, Thiago Olson, 17 has created what he calls "the Fusor." Fusor.net lists him as the 18th amateur in the world to create nuclear fusion (Detroit Free Press Nov. 19, 2006)
From Farmville to Fusion - Call him Springfield's resident genius. Andrew Grzankowski, a graduate of West Springfield High School, spent his summer vacation building a fusion reactor at Longwood University in Farmville. (Fusor Nov. 10, 2007)
Directory:Resonant Nuclear Reactor - Not "free" energy since it uses U-238 as the power source. It radiates, but simple lead shielding stops it just fine.
Directory:Noblefuse Electromagnetic Fusion - Solomon Azar has built a proof of concept demonstration device involving a Tesla coil and underwater plasma that allegedly gives off gamma radiation, a sign of nuclear combination. He also professes that he is the Messiah. (PESWiki Mar. 23, 2008)
Is Nuclear Power Safe? - The Kashiwazaki Kariwa nuclear power plant in Japan discharged approximately 350 gallons of radioactive water into the sea Wednesday after an earthquake shook the Japanese town, 160 miles northwest of Tokyo. 355-page report reviews global nuclear power outlook and opportunities. (Directory:Energy Business Reports July 18, 2007)
See also News:NuclearDirectory:Best Exotic Clean Energy Technologies: Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Fusion > Directory:Focus Fusion > Denser plasmoids, fussy filaments: Latest from the fusion frontier - Updates include: Plasmoid density triples, fusion energy rises with purer plasma Tracking down what’s disrupting plasma filaments A new paper for the upcoming “ICPIG” conference in Spain US Department of Commerce finds all in order with LPP-Iran Scientific “Fusion for Peace” Collaboration We rendezvous with Chu as Congress sets eye on ITER costs. (News:Pure Energy Blog May 21, 2013) Latest: Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Fusion > Directory:Electron Power Systems, Inc. > Clean Energy Fusion Crowdfunding Campaign - Could inventor Clint Seward's Electron Power Systems home laboratory kick Tokamak's butt? He claims a fusion process using controlled ball lightning via a toroid plasma process he has developed, that could create a home power system that would be 80% cheaper than conventional grid power. (NewEnergyFunding May 18, 2013) Directory:Best Exotic Clean Energy Technologies: Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Fusion > Directory:Focus Fusion > Focus Fusion: 2012 End-of-Year Report - LPP published our achievement of two out of the three conditions needed to produce net energy: a record-high temperature and the required confinement time of the hot plasma. If $1.5 million is raised in January, we expect to achieve proof of scientific feasibility (more energy out than in) in 2013, but only with such timely funding. (Lawrenceville Plasma Physics January 19, 2013) Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Fusion > Directory:Fusion > Sandia simulation suggests sunny skies for fusion reactors - A new simulation study carried out at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, suggests that magnetized inertial fusion (MIF) experiments could be retrofitted to existing pulsed-power facilities to obtain fusion break-even (still haven't achieved OU after 6 decades). [Apparently, these guys did not get the memo on Cold Fusion success.] (News:GizMag April 2, 2012) Directory:Best Exotic Clean Energy Technologies: Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Fusion > Directory:Focus Fusion > FoFu-1’s fusion yield consistency improves six-fold - FF-1 has taken a long step toward demonstrating the level of repeatable firing needed for a fusion generator. On November 2, FF-1 fired five shots in a row, under the same conditions, with fusion yield varying by only plus or minus 2.6% from an average of 0.9x1011 neutrons. (Lawrenceville Plasma Physics November 29, 2011) Latest / Template: 43 / Directory:Best Exotic Clean Energy Technologies: Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Fusion > Directory:Focus Fusion > A Simple, Local, Affordable Hot Fusion Approach - On December 21, 2010, Eric J. Lerner, inventor and founder of The Focus Fusion Society held an in-house seminar about their breakthrough "hot fusion" technology. A recording of the informative meeting has been posted to YouTube in five parts. (PESN and BeforeItsNews February 1, 2011) Directory:Best Exotic Clean Energy Technologies: Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Cold Fusion > Directory:Andrea A. Rossi Cold Fusion Generator > Rossi and Focardi LENR Device: Probably Real, With Credit to Piantelli - Steven Krivi, of Directory:New Energy Times, which specializes in Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) [used to be 'cold fusion'] research, expresses new confidence about the Rossi-Focardi device and gives some history behind the science and politics involved in the intellectual property. "I am upgrading my skepticism to cautious optimism." (New Energy Times January 19, 2011) Directory:Best Exotic Clean Energy Technologies: Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Cold Fusion > Directory:Andrea A. Rossi Cold Fusion Generator > Rossi and Focardi LENR Device: Celani Report - New Energy Times has posted a first-person report from Francesco Celani, a physicist with the Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, INFN (National Institute of Nuclear Physics). "The energy gain is a factor of 15-20, which is really large!" (Directory:New Energy Times January 18, 2011) Latest / Directory:Best Exotic Clean Energy Technologies: Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Fusion > Directory:Cold Fusion > Multi-kilowatt Ni-H cold fusion demo under way January 14 in Italy - Today, Sergio Focardi and Andrea Rossi held a press conference about kilowatt cold fusion reactor using nickel and hydrogen that can produce up to 10 kilowatts: with 100 of such modules being made for a 1 MW plant in construction. A reporter posted live updates from the scene. (PESN January 14, 2011) Latest / Template: 43 / Directory:Best Exotic Clean Energy Technologies: Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Fusion > Directory:Focus Fusion > Focus Fusion could power civilization cheaply and cleanly - Lawrenceville Plasma Physics LLC has announced that they have indisputable evidence that they have achieved 1 billion degrees via plasma confinement. With another year of experimentation followed by three years of development, they could be ready to bring to market a 5 MW plant (output of the largest wind turbines) that only costs $300,000. (PESN January 12, 2011) Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Fusion > Directory:Focus Fusion > New Calibration Confirms FF-1’s High Fusion Yields – "Tests in early June have confirmed that Focus-Fusion-1 is producing higher fusion yields than have been achieved with any other dense plasma focus (DPF) at the same peak current." With this data, they say they "have traveled a bit less than half way to our goal of demonstrating scientific feasibility which would involve a yield of 10,000 to 100,000 joules," expecting to achieve that landmark by year end. (Lawrenceville Plasma Physics June 9, 2010) Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Fusion > Directory:Focus Fusion > A Great Month for Focus Fusion - Brief report of their latest R&D results, and an invited presentation on the process to an audience of physicists and engineers at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, the nation's largest fusion lab. Additional evidence shows that "the predicted angular momentum effect is working." (Lawrenceville Plasma Physics Apr. 2, 2010) Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Fusion > Directory:Focus Fusion > Lawrenceville Plasma Physics stock offering - LPP is seeking accredited investors, to purchase 18,000 shares of Class B nonvoting stock of the Corporation for $50 per share for a total investment of $900,000 (the “Offering”) to finance ongoing experimental efforts. (LPP November 21, 2009) Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Fusion > Directory:Cold Fusion > Technology Forecast: Worldwide Research on Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions Increasing and Gaining Acceptance (pdf) - That's the title of a new U.S. Department of Defense report that has been released. "Researchers in this controversial field are now claiming paradigm-shifting results, including generation of large amounts of excess heat, nuclear activity and transmutation of elements." (Nov. 13, 2009 via New Energy Times) Latest: Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Fusion > Directory:Focus Fusion > Focus Fusion 1 successful test announced - After seven years of theoretical work and raising money, five months of design, five months of construction and assembly, and a week of testing, Lawrenceville Plasma Physics now has a functioning dense plasma focus, Focus-Fusion-1. Eric Lerner receives energy research award. (PESN Oct. 28, 2009) (Comment)
Directory:Nuclear > Directory:Plasma > Plasma power: Turning fusion into a renewable energy source - A team of researchers from UC San Diego, MIT and UC Berkeley have received a 5-year, $7 million research grant from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to perform fundamental and experimental research in the field of boundary plasma science for fusion applications. (PhysOrg September 14, 2009)
Elsevier launches High Energy Density Physics - World-leading scientific and medical publisher, announces the introduction of a new journal, to publish results on the physics of matter and radiation under extreme conditions such as when stars explode or hot nuclear fusion processes occur. (Feb. 5, 2006)
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TYPES OF REACTORS
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