Review:An Introduction to Gravity Modification:by Benjamin Solomon

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Book by Benjamin Solomon provides a daring and courageous rewrite, starting from a clean slate, of the physics of forces in a world where gravity modification is taken for granted.


An Introduction to Gravity Modification: A Guide to Using Laithwaite's and Podkletnov's Experiments and the Physics of Forces for Empirical Results (

Universal Publishers

Image:Gravity Modification cover 95x95.jpg


This book is the first step to gravity modification as a technology, using real dimensions, real fields, real materials, and real forces, today. There is no ‘the magic happens here’ in the book.

Within a decade humans will travel, work, and live in space by modifying gravity. As a result space will become a bigger economic driver of human activity than Earth based industries can ever be.

This book is a serious work of scientific exploration and technology development conducted over 10 years. It is a consolidation of substantive practical experimentation with proprietary electrical circuits that can change their weight at room temperature, and non-gyroscopic mechanical systems, extensive numerical analysis of the author’s own experimental data and those of other researchers. Some of these numerical models take up to 12 hours to complete execution and mathematical and theoretical exploration of the physics behind gravity modification, from the perspective of experimental observations (clean slate), rather than from the perspective of accepted theoretical formalism.

Research Findings

1. Force is a non-inertia field. The macro forces, gravity, electromagnetic force, and all mechanical forces, obey non-inertia fields exactly. This is a major step forward towards unification of forces, as gravity is included.

2. A review of published experimental data shows that a particle’s probability distribution is not Gaussian, but a new distribution (not one of the 37 known distributions) that under certain conditions is a Gamma distribution.

3. Gravity modification consists of two parts, field modulation and field vectoring. The non-inertia field is the way to effect both modulation and vectoring, using electromagnetic fields.

4. Approaches are suggested for interstellar travel (consistent with Special Theory of Relativity) and spectrum independent electromagnetic cloaking as new technologies of the future.

About The Author

Ben Solomon has degrees in Electrical & Electronics Engineering (University of Aston in Birmingham, U.K., 1979) and Operations Research (University of Lancaster, U.K., 1982). He also holds a Certificate in Relativity, Gravity, and Cosmology from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has presented numerous papers on gravity modification and related concepts at the National Space Society's International Space Development Conferences and the Mars Society's International Mars Conferences.

He started building and testing his proprietary electrical circuits when in the US in 1999. To eliminate experimental error, he had built circuits that should work (and they do), and circuits that should not work (and they don’t), under identical conditions. Two things surprised him about this research in the US first, as a non-US citizen he could not have access to public or private US funds to scale up this technology, second, International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) prevents knowledgeable US citizens discussing this type of technology with him.

He expects this book will desensitize this technology, put it on a solid theoretical and experimental footing, and open the way for shareholders to request that their management teams allocate budgets for such research.


(PDF) Free preview of the first 25 pages

For links to 600MB of Excel 2007 sample spreadsheets

The Space Show interview

Interstellar Space Exploration Technology Initiative Videos and White papers

Wherein the gravity is born

In ZPEnergy( 1 ) Dr. Paul J. Werbos writes:

"But it might even be that another vehicle is simply that of better UNDERSTANDING the next generation of nuclear theory. There is a lot of energy out there in the nuclear patch. Some people think that nuclear physics is a kind of mature, dead end. Yet a decade or two ago.. it was widely agreed that the realm of light and electricity is a dead end in terms of basic physics, and that has turned out to be dead wrong first generation quantum computing brought a lot of new life and deeper insight into what we can do in technology, more than we thought, and there are other aspects... "

So, in order to modify gravity, the researchers must to understand what is gravity: how it is formed, and where it is formed.

In the book Quantum Ring Theory( 2 ) it is shown that gravity has its origin within the sctructure of fundamental particles.

In the paper No. 9 entitlied New Nuclear Model it is proposed the structure of nuclei. They are formed by a central nucleon 2He4, where a strong flux of gravitons is created.

Fig. 1 shows a nucleus 8O16 where a flux of gravitons (called n(o) in QRT) is formed by the central nucleon 2He4.


The elementary particles have two fields: a principal field Sp( ), and a secondary field Sn( ) is induced from the rotation of the principal field.

Fig. 2 shows the formation of the gravitational flux n(o) within a proton.


Fig. 3 shows that there exist three different structures of a proton, depending on the relative motion of the gravitational flux n(o) with regard to the rotation (and spin) of a quark up.


Fig. 4 shows the formation of the gravitational fluxes n(o) within the nucleon 2He4


Fig. 5 shows how the secondary field Sn( ), responsible for the electromagnetic-gravitational interactions of the macroscopic bodies, is spread in the space

Repulsive gravity within the hydrogen atom

The use of gravity modification will be connected with the repulsive gravity responsible for the expansion of the Universe, detected by astronomical observations.

The repulsive gravity also exists within the atom, and it is responsible for many paradoxes in Quantum Mechanics, since the theorists did not know its existence within the atoms, and they had to adopt several theorems and axioms in order to adapt the hydrogen atom of Quantum Mechanics.

In Quantum Ring Theory it’s shown how the repulsive gravity causes the expansion of the aether wihin the hydrogen atom. In order to have an idea, see PowerPedia:Cold fusion, Don Borghi's Experiment, and hydrogen atom

See also

On the new nuclear model proposed in Quantum Ring Theory:

Article:Cold Fusion and Gamow's Paradox

Don Borghi's experiment


1- Gravity technology:

2- Quantum Ring Theory-foundations for cold fusion , Bäuu Press, 2006

See also



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