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PowerPedia:Windmill

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A windmill is an Engine powered by the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[22] to produce Energy, often contained in a large building as in traditional There was an error working with the wiki: Code[23]s, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[24]s and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[25]s. The energy windmills produce can be used in many ways, traditionally for grinding grain or spices, pumping water, sawing wood or hammering seeds. Modern Wind power machines are used for generating Electricity and are more properly called Wind Turbines.

History

Early history

Windmills have been around for at least 1,300 years. The first windmill had vertical shafts and were reportedly built in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[1] around the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[26]. Made of six to twelve sails covered in fabric or palm leaves, they were used to grind corn and draw up water. A similar type of vertical shaft windmill can also be found in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[27] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[28].

In Europe

In There was an error working with the wiki: Code[2] grinding mills, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[29]s (late There was an error working with the wiki: Code[30]), There was an error working with the wiki: Code[31], and, by applying There was an error working with the wiki: Code[32]s, pumping mills.

With the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[3] and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[33] engines. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[34] mills were replaced by steam, or diesel engines. The industrial revolution and increased use of Steam and later Diesel power however had a lesser effect on the Mills of the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[35] in the United Kingdom, these being so isolated (on extensive uninhabitable marshland), therefore some of these mills continued use as drainage pumps till as late as 1959.

More recently historic windmills are being preserved for their historic value, which requires regular use because the wooden machinery is likely to be destroyed by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[36] and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[37] when the mill remains stationary for too long.

With increasing environmental concern, and approaching limits to Fossil fuel consumption, Wind power has regained interest as a Renewable energy source. This new generation of wind mills produce Electric power and are more generally referred to as wind turbines.

In the United States

The development of the Windpump in the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[4]s to supply the needs of the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[38]s of those early times. They are still used today for the same purpose in some areas of the world where a connection to electric power lines is not a realistic option.

The multi-bladed wind There was an error working with the wiki: Code[5] and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[39] converted the rotary motion into reciprocating strokes carried downward through a pole or rod to the pump cylinder below.

Windmills and related equipment are still manufactured and installed today on farms and ranches, usually in remote parts of the western United States where electric power is not readily available. The arrival of electricity in rural areas, brought by the Rural Electrification Administration (There was an error working with the wiki: Code[40]) in the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[41] through There was an error working with the wiki: Code[42], contributed to the decline in the use of windmills in the US. Today, the increases in energy prices and the expense of replacing electric pumps has led to an increase in the repair, restoration and installation of new windmills.

In the heyday of the windmill, there were thousands of windmill manufacturers in the United States today, Aermotor Windmill is the only manufacturer of conventional windmills left in the USA. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[43], a unit of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[44], manufactures windmills for electricity generation.http://www.gepower.com/businesses/ge_wind_energy/en/

List of windmills

The List of windmills is a link page for any Windmill or Windpump.

Collections

Mill database with over 15000 mills from all over Europe

Mill database for Lincolnshire

By country
Germany

Windmills in eastern Germany

United Kingdom

Windmills in the United Kingdom is a link page for any Windmill or Windpump in the United Kingdom.

England

Buckinghamshire

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Cambridgeshire

Wicken Smock Mill, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[49]

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There was an error working with the wiki: Code[52], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[53], Cambridgeshire

East Riding of Yorkshire

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Essex

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Kent

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Greater London

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Hampshire

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Lancashire

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Leicestershire

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Lincolnshire

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Merseyside

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Norfolk

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Some of the windmills in this area receive maintenance from the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[98].

North Lincolnshire

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North East Lincolnshire

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Nottinghamshire

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Peterborough

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Staffordshire

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Suffolk

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Surrey

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Sussex

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There was an error working with the wiki: Code[123], West Sussex

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Tyne and Wear

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Warwickshire

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Wiltshire

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Worcestershire

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Wales

Anglesey

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Netherlands

Virtually every small town and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[130] in Holland has its own windmill.

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De Arend, Zuidland

France

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Les Moulins du Mont des Alouettes,[Vendée]

United States

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[136] (There was an error working with the wiki: Code[137]), the oldest windmill in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[138]

Garzamotor Windmills (Texas)

Illinois Windmills

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Windpump

A windpump is similar to a There was an error working with the wiki: Code[20] or draining arable or other land. On United States There was an error working with the wiki: Code[140]s, particularly in the midwest, windpumps of the type pictured were used to pump Water from farm wells for There was an error working with the wiki: Code[141]. Most pumping today is done by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[142] pumps, and only a few windpumps survive as unused relics of a previous technology. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[143] is well known for its windmills. These iconic structures situated along the edge of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[144] are actually windpumps, designed to drain the land. These are particularly important as much of the country lies below There was an error working with the wiki: Code[145].

UK

As with the Dutch area of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[146] with which it shares some similarities, many windpumps were built in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[147], of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[148] for the draining of land. They have since been mostly replaced by electric power but both the preserved and derelict structures dot the landscape.

Tower mills:

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Post mills:

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Smock mills:

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To be categorised:

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Boardman's Mill, open framed timber trestle windpump

Briggate Mill

Stracey Arms Mill

Lockgate Mill

Mutton's Mill

High's Mill

Cadge's Mill

Kerrison's Level Mill

Runham Swim Mill

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Related concepts

Renewable energy

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Watermill

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External articles and references

General

Windmills at Windmill World

The International Molinological Society (TIMS)

All About The American Water Pumping Windmill

Danish Wind Industry Association

Mill database with over 15000 mills from all over Europe

Windmills in province Limburg, the Netherlands

Norfolk Mills

Windmills at the ODP

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[1], Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation.

Windmill World Extensive and well-researched site run by Mark Berry.

History articles

Open Directory Project: Mills

Windmillers' Gazette

History of the Traditional American Farm Windmill

windmillworld: history

American Wind Power Center - An American water pumping windmill museum in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[166] USA.

Shattuck Windmill Museum Thirty-nine water pumping windmills used on the plains located in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[167]

Illinois Windmills--history and archives for the Dutch windmills in the state.

How to construct a Windmill

Theory

Theory of windmills

How Does a Water Pumping Farm Windmill Work?

Wind Power and Windmills

A Wind Turbine for pumping water

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