PesWiki.com

Menu

PowerPedia:Wardenclyffe Tower

Lasted edited by Andrew Munsey, updated on June 14, 2016 at 9:02 pm.

  • 92 errors has been found on this page. Administrator will correct this soon.
  • This page has been imported from the old peswiki website. This message will be removed once updated.
Image:BrochureWardenclyffe .png
, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[31], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[32]. The 94 ft. by 94 ft. brick building was designed by architect There was an error working with the wiki: Code[33]. The tower structure was completed in 1904. The There was an error working with the wiki: Code[34] was never fully built due to economic problems.]]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[10] tower intended to demonstrate the ability to send and receive information and Electrical power without interconnecting wires. The core facility was never fully operational and was not completed due to economic problems.

The tower was named after James S. Warden, a western There was an error working with the wiki: Code[11], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[12] a "Radio City" would arise in the area, and offered Tesla 200 There was an error working with the wiki: Code[35]s (81 There was an error working with the wiki: Code[36]s) of land close to a railway line on which to build his wireless telecommunications tower and laboratory facility.

History

Nikola Tesla began planning the Wardenclyffe Tower facility ca. 1898, and in 1901, construction began on the land near There was an error working with the wiki: Code[37]. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[38] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[39] designed the Wardenclyffe facility main building. The tower was designed by W.D. Crow, an associate of White. Funding for Tesla's project was provided by influential industrialists and other There was an error working with the wiki: Code[40]s. The project was initially backed by the wealthy There was an error working with the wiki: Code[41] (he had a substantial investment in the facility, initially investing $150,000).

In June 1902, Tesla moved his laboratory operations from his There was an error working with the wiki: Code[13] laboratory to Wardenclyffe. However, in 1903, when the tower structure was near completion, it was still not yet functional due to last-minute design changes that introduced in an unintentional defect. When Morgan wanted to know "Where can I put the meter?", Tesla had no answer. Tesla's vision of free power did not agree with Morgan's worldview. Construction costs eventually exceeded the money provided by Morgan, and additional financiers were reluctant to come forth. By July 1904, Morgan (and the other investors) finally decided they would not provide any additional financing. Morgan also encouraged other investors to avoid the project. In May 1905, Tesla's patents on Alternating current motors and other methods of power transmission expired, halting royalty payments and causing a severe reduction of funding to the Wardenclyffe Tower. In an attempt to find alternative funding, Tesla advertised the services of the Wardenclyffe facility, but he met with little success. By this time, Tesla had also designed the Tesla turbine at Wardenclyffe and produced Tesla coils for sale to various businesses.

By 1905, since Tesla could not find any more backers, most of the site's activity had to be shut down. The main hall continued to be used for There was an error working with the wiki: Code[14]. The facility was partially abandoned around 1911, the tower structure eventually becoming deteriorated. Between 1912 and 1915, Tesla's finances unraveled, and when the funders wanted to know how they were going to recapture their investments, Tesla was unable to give satisfactory answers. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[42] headlines of the time labeled it "Tesla's million-dollar There was an error working with the wiki: Code[43]." The facility's main building was breached and vandalized around this time. Collapse of the Wardenclyffe project may have contributed to the mental breakdown Tesla experienced during this period. Coupled to the personal tragedy of Wardenclyffe was the earlier 1895 unexplained fire in Tesla's Houston Street There was an error working with the wiki: Code[44]. In this fire, he lost much of his equipment, notes and documents. This produced a state of severe depression for Tesla.

In 1915, legal ownership of the Wardenclyffe property was transferred to There was an error working with the wiki: Code[15] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[45]s. Neither claim is known to have been substantiated. On There was an error working with the wiki: Code[46], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[47] Tesla lost an appeal of judgment versus his backers in the second foreclosure. This effectively locked Tesla out of any future development of the facility.

In 1925, the property ownership was transferred to Walter L. Johnson of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[48]. On There was an error working with the wiki: Code[49], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[50], Plantacres, Inc. purchased the facility's land and subsequently leased it to Peerless Photo Products, Inc. (which was subsequently bought out by AGFA Corporation, the current owner.). On There was an error working with the wiki: Code[51], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[52], the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[53] public benefit corporation There was an error working with the wiki: Code[54] was established. It selected the Wardenclyffe facility to be designated as a historic site and as the first site to be preserved by the Trust on There was an error working with the wiki: Code[55], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[52]. In the month of July in 1976, a plaque from Tesla's birth country, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[57], was installed by the Brookhaven Town Historic trust near the entrance of the facility. It reads:

IN THIS BUILDING DESIGNED BY STANFORD WHITE, ARCHITECT

NIKOLA TESLA

BORN SMILJAN, YUGOSLAVIA 1856, DIED NEW YORK, U.S.A. 1943

CONSTRUCTED IN 1901-1905 WARDENCLYFFE, HUGE RADIO STATION WITH

ANTENNA TOWER 187 FT. HIGH (DESTROYED 1917), WHICH WAS TO SERVE

AS HIS FIRST WORLD COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM.

IN MEMORY OF 120TH ANNIVERSARY OF TESLA'S BIRTH AND 200TH

ANNIVERSARY OF U.S.A. INDEPENDENCE - July 10, 1976

Also, in 1976, an application was filed to nominate the main building for listing listed on the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[58]. It failed to get approval. In 1994, the campaign for placement of the Wardenclyffe facility on the National Register of Historic Places of New York was renewed. In October 1994 a second Application for formal nomination was filed. The New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation conducted inspections and determined the facility meets New York State criteria for historic designation.

The present owner of the existing Wardenclyffe facility is There was an error working with the wiki: Code[16]. The site is undergoing a final cleanup of waste produced during its Photo Products era. The clean up is being conducted under the scrutiny of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, and is being paid for by AGFA. The tower base is one of the areas where the clean up is under way.

Image:Wardenclyffe destruction sq 95x95.jpg
Directory:Nikola Tesla > PowerPedia:Wardenclyffe Tower > The call to release Nikola Tesla's Research -- January 7, 2012 (video / Facebook) - "On the Anniversary of the death of one of history's most brilliant scientists, we will stand together and demand his research into harnessing electricity from the ionosphere, at a facility called Wardenclyffe, be released to the public. The Energy Crisis is a lie, the problem was solved 100 years ago." (YouTube / alancarn1 November 11, 2011)

Facility grounds

Wardenclyffe is located near the Shoreham Post Office and Shoreham Fire House on Route 25A in Shoreham, Long Island, New York. Wardenclyffe was divided into two main sections. The tower, which was located in the back, and the main building compose the entire facility grounds.

The tower was 187 There was an error working with the wiki: Code[17] (57 Metre) tall and 68 feet (20.7 meters)in diameter. It had a supporting structure that was built of wood. It had a 55-ton steel (some report it was a better conducting material, such as copper) hemispherical structure at the top (referred to as a cupola). The tower was designed by one of Stanford White's associates. The design of this structure was such as to allow each piece to be taken out if needed and replaced as necessary. Beneath the tower, a shaft sank 120 feet (36.6 meters) into the ground. Sixteen There was an error working with the wiki: Code[59] pipes were placed one length after another 300 additional feet (94.4 meters) in order for the machine, in Tesla's words, "to have a grip on the earth so the whole of this globe can quiver." [2] At this depth, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[60]s of the Earth could be transceived.

The main building occupied the rest of the facility grounds. It included a laboratory area, instrument room, boiler room, generator room and machine shop. Inside the main building, there were electromechanical devices, electrical generators, electrical transformers, glass blowing equipment, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[61] devices, Tesla coils, a remote controlled boat, cases with bulbs and tubes, wires, cables, a library, and an office. It was constructed in the style of the Italian Renaissance.

Theories of Operation

The Transmission of Radiant Energy

In 1891 and 1892, Tesla had used an oscillatory transformer that bears his name in demonstration lectures delivered before meetings of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers (AIEE) in New York City [3] and the Institute of Electrical Engineers (IEE) in London [4] Two striking results that Tesla demonstrated showed that the wireless transmission of electrical energy was possible. A later presentations, titled "There was an error working with the wiki: Code[62]" (Philadelphia/St. Louis Franklin Institute in 1893), was a key event in the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[63] and could be said to have begun the development of Wardenclyffe.

One-Wire Transmission

In the early presentations, the first experiment to be demonstrated was the operation of light and motive devices connected by a single wire to only one terminal of a high frequency induction coil, presented during the 1891 New York City lecture at Columbia University. While a single terminal incandescent lamp connected to one of an induction coil’s secondary terminals does not form a closed circuit “in the ordinary acceptance of the term", the circuit is closed in the sense that a return path is established back to the secondary by what Tesla called “electrostatic induction" (or There was an error working with the wiki: Code[18]). This is due to the fact that the lamp’s filament or refractory button has capacitance relative to the coil’s free terminal and environment and the secondary’s free terminal also has There was an error working with the wiki: Code[64] relative to the lamp and environment. At high frequencies, the displacement current required to charge these capacitances becomes sufficient to light the lamp.

Wireless Transmission

The second result demonstrated how energy could be made to go through space without any connecting wires. This was the first step towards a practical wireless system. The wireless energy transmission effect involved the creation of an electric field between two metal plates, each being connected to one terminal of an induction coil’s secondary winding. Once again, a light-producing device (in this case a There was an error working with the wiki: Code[65] tube) was used as a means of detecting the presence of the transmitted energy. "The most striking result obtained" involved the lighting of two partially evacuated tubes in an alternating electrostatic field while held in the hand of the experimenter. In Tesla's words,

: " ... I suspend a sheet of metal a distance from the ceiling on insulating cords and connect it to one terminal of the induction coil, the other terminal being preferably connected to the ground. Or else I suspend two sheets as illustrated in Fig. 29 / 125, each sheet being connected with one of the terminals of the coil, and their size being carefully determined. An exhausted tube may then be carried in the hand anywhere between the sheets or placed anywhere, even a certain distance beyond them it remains always luminous." [5]

Here Tesla describes two different types of wireless transmitters, both employing a high-tension induction coil. The first, referred to here as the type-one transmitter, had a sheet of metal suspended from the ceiling and connected to one of the induction coil’s terminals. The other terminal was connected to ground. The second, referred to here as the type-two transmitter, had two sheets of metal suspended from the ceiling, each being connected with one of the coil’s terminals.

Theory of Wireless Transmission

While working to develop an explanation for the two observed effects mentioned above, Tesla recognized that electrical energy could be projected outward into space and detected by a receiving instrument in the general vicinity of the source without the need for any interconnecting wires. He went on to develop two theories related to these observations, which are:

#By using two type-one sources positioned at distant points on the earth’s surface, it is possible to induce a flow of electrical current between them.

#By incorporating a portion of the earth as part of a powerful type-two oscillator the disturbance can be impressed upon the earth and detected “at great distance, or even all over the surface of the globe.? [6]

Tesla also made the assumption that There was an error working with the wiki: Code[66] is a charged body floating in space.

: A point of great importance would be first to know what is the capacity of the earth? and what charge does it contain if electrified? Though we have no positive evidence of a charged body existing in space without other oppositely electrified bodies being near, there is a fair probability that the earth is such a body, for by whatever process it was separated from other bodies—and this is the accepted view of its origin—it must have retained a charge, as occurs in all processes of mechanical separation. [7]

Tesla was familiar with demonstrations that involved the charging of Leyden jar capacitors and isolated metal spheres with Influence machine. By bringing these elements into close proximity with each other, and also by making direct contact followed by their separation the charge can be manipulated. He surely had this in mind in the creation of his mental image, not being able to know that the model of Earth’s origin was inaccurate. The presently accepted model of planetary origin is one of accretion and collision.

: If it be a charged body insulated in space its capacity should be extremely small, less than one-thousandth of a farad.[8]

We now know that the earth is, in fact, a charged body, made so by processes—at least in part—related to the interaction between the continuous stream of charged particles called the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[19]. And we also know that Tesla's capacitance estimate was correct: the Earth's There was an error working with the wiki: Code[67] is known to be about 710 There was an error working with the wiki: Code[68].

: But the upper strata of the air are conducting, and so, perhaps, is the medium in free space beyond the atmosphere, and these may contain an opposite charge. Then the capacity might be incomparably greater.[9]

We now also know that one of the upper strata of Earth’s atmosphere, the ionosphere, is conducting.

: In any case it is of the greatest importance to get an idea of what quantity of electricity the earth contains. [10]

An additional condition of which we are now aware is that the earth possesses a naturally existing negative charge with respect to the conducting region of the atmosphere beginning at an elevation of about 50 Km. The potential difference between the earth and this region is on the order of 400,000 volts. Near the earth's surface there is a ubiquitous downward directed E-field of about 100 V/m. Tesla referred to this charge as the “electric niveau? or electric level [11]

: It is difficult to say whether we shall ever acquire this necessary knowledge, but there is hope that we may, and that is, by means of electrical resonance. If ever we can ascertain at what period the earth's charge, when disturbed, oscillates with respect to an oppositely electrified system or known circuit, we shall know a fact possibly of the greatest importance to the welfare of the human race. I propose to seek for the period by means of an electrical oscillator, or a source of alternating electric currents ... [12]

An alternate theory on how the 200 kW wireless facility worked claims that propagation was by means of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[69] in the form of Radio There was an error working with the wiki: Code[70], also known as There was an error working with the wiki: Code[71].

By Tesla's own account, his There was an error working with the wiki: Code[72] system works by the creation of powerful disturbances in Earth's natural electric charge. According to his writings, the facility had a dual purpose. He had planned more than what was initially revealed to his investors. His station would not only transceive There was an error working with the wiki: Code[73] signals, but also demonstrate the transmission electrical power on a reduced scale. He stated,

: It is intended to give practical demonstrations of these principles with the plant illustrated. As soon as completed, it will be possible for a business man in New York to dictate instructions, and have them instantly appear in type at his office in London or elsewhere. He will be able to call up, from his desk, and talk to any telephone subscriber on the globe, without any change whatever in the existing equipment. An inexpensive instrument, not bigger than a watch, will enable its bearer to hear anywhere, on sea or land, music or song, the speech of a political leader, the address of an eminent man of science, or the sermon of an eloquent clergyman, delivered in some other place, however distant. In the same manner any picture, character, drawing, or print can be transferred from one to another place. Millions of such instruments can be operated from but one plant of this kind. More important than all of this, however, will be the transmission of power, without wires, which will be shown on a scale large enough to carry conviction. [13]

In overall appearance, the system looks similar to a very large Tesla coil. Tesla's Magnifying transmitter was the test of this facility (i.e., proof of concept). Tesla intended to use the facility to perform operations, "with the transmission of electrical energy for power and lighting purposes by wireless ...". [14] A second plant was to be constructed on the southern coast of England.

Among the Wardenclyffe plant's purposes were global There was an error working with the wiki: Code[74] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[75]s and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[76]. It would have allowed secure multichannel transmission and reception of information, universal time synchronization, and a global location, ranging, and navigation system. The plant primary function was trans-Atlantic wireless telecommunications and 'Radio' broadcasting.

The installation was also used by Tesla as a laboratory for designing a power distribution system that would allow There was an error working with the wiki: Code[20]. This cannot be accomplished with what Tesla called "Hertz waves," which explains why Wardenclyffe was designed in a different manner than modern radio transmitters. Instead of distributing electricity through copper wire, remote users would be able to "receive" power through a buried ground connection, along with a spherical antenna terminal mounted just above their roof. At the time the power grid was quite limited in terms of who it reached and the Wardenclyffe prototype represented a way in which to significantly reduce the cost of "electrifying" the countryside. Tesla called his wireless technique the "disturbed charge of ground and air method".[15]

The prototype facility was also meant to serve as a reduced-scale model for a national (and later global) system of towers to transmit electrical energy to users in the form of earth currents and magnetohydrodynamic waves. There is evidence that Wardenclyffe would have used extremely low Frequency signals combined with higher frequency signals. In practice, the transmitter electrically influences both the earth and the space above it. He made a point of describing the process as being essentially the same as transmitting electricity by conduction through a wire. Tesla stated that electrical energy can be efficiently transmitted back and forth between World System transmitter / receiver facilities via electrical conduction through the ground. To accommodate this plan each facility includes one or two elevated terminal connections and one or two ground terminal connections.

Tesla clearly specified the earth as being one of the conducting media involved in ground and air system technology. The other specified medium is the atmosphere above 5 miles elevation. While not an ohmic conductor, in this region of the troposphere and upwards, the density or pressure is sufficiently reduced to so that, according to Tesla’s theory, the atmosphere’s insulating properties can be easily impaired, allowing an electric current to flow. His theory further states that the conducting region is developed through the process of atmospheric ionization, in which the effected portions thereof are changed to plasma. The presence of the magnetic fields developed by each plant’s helical resonator suggests that an embedded magnetic field and flux linkage is also involved. Flux linkage with Earth’s natural magnetic field is also a possibility, especially in the case of an earth resonance transmission system.

The atmosphere below 5 miles is also viewed as a propagating medium for a portion of the above-ground circuit, and, being an insulating medium, electrostatic induction would be involved rather than true electrical conduction. Tesla felt that with a sufficiently high electrical potential on the elevated terminal the practical limitation imposed upon its height could be overcome. He anticipated that a highly energetic transmitter, as was intended at Wardenclyffe, would charge the elevated terminal to the point where the atmosphere around and above the facility would break down and become ionized, leading to a flow of true conduction currents between the two terminals by a path up to and through the troposphere, and back down to the other facility. The ionization of the atmosphere directly above the elevated terminals would be facilitated by the use of an ionizing beam of ultraviolet radiation to form what might be called a high-voltage plasma transmission line. [ed. see There was an error working with the wiki: Code[21] waves and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[22], using the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[23].

In various writings, Tesla explained that the Earth itself behaves as a resonant There was an error working with the wiki: Code[24] would be utilized. According to Tesla, the planet's large cross-sectional area provides a low resistance path for the flow of earth currents. The greatest losses are apt to occur at the points where the transmitting / receiving plants and dedicated receiving stations are connected with the ground. This is why Tesla stated,

: "You see the underground work is one of the most expensive parts of the tower. In this system that I have invented it is necessary for the machine to get a grip of the earth, otherwise it cannot shake the earth. It has to have a grip on the earth so that the whole of this globe can quiver, and to do that it is necessary to carry out a very expensive construction." [16]

To close the circuit a second path would be established between the two type-one plants' elevated high-voltage terminals through the rarified atmospheric strata above five miles. The connection would be made by some combination of electrostatic induction and electrical conduction through plasma. While a number of his wireless patents, including "Apparatus for transmitting electrical energy", U.S. Patent No. 1,119,732, Dec. 1, 1914, describe a system which uses the plasma-conduction scheme, his "Art of transmitting electrical energy through the natural mediums", U.S. Patent No. 787,412, Apr. 18, 1905 and some of his Wardenclyffe design notes from 1901 show that he also had a plan to electrostatically induce oscillations in the potential associated with Earth's There was an error working with the wiki: Code[25] between the large topload capacitance and the self-capacitance of the whole Earth. The type-two transmitter is especially designed for this purpose. Tesla wrote,

: The specific plan of producing the stationary waves, here-in described, might be departed from. For example, the circuit which impresses the powerful oscillations upon the earth might be connected to the latter at two points. [17]

Tesla firmly believed that a fully developed system with generating stations based upon the Wardenclyffe prototype would permit wireless transmission and reception across large distances with negligible losses.

Tesla's Ray

Related to the operation and utilization of Wardenclyffe Tower was Nikola Tesla's work on a macroscopic There was an error working with the wiki: Code[26] in early 1934. It was also offered to the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[27], Great Britain, and Yugoslavia. A descriptive 17-page type-written document on Tesla's office letterhead titled, "New Art of Projecting Concentrated Non-Dispersive Energy Through Natural Media," which presently exists in the Nikola Tesla Museum archive in Belgrade, shows that his macroscopic particle beam, also called the "Peace Ray" and "There was an error working with the wiki: Code[28] or There was an error working with the wiki: Code[77] accelerated by high voltage, produced by either a huge Van de Graaff generator or Tesla coil. Immediately after his death, a component of the particle beam projector that may have been found among Tesla's possessions is said to have disappeared. Russian spies reportedly raided the room and the safe containing the schematics of the "death ray". The FBI never found any of the important parts of the schematics nor the trunk with the prototype, as far as existing public records show.

Wardenclyffe in popular culture

{|style="width:autobackground:none"

|width=40px|
Image:Wiki letter w.png

|This section is a PESWiki:Find or fix a stub. You can help by expanding it.

|}

Wardenclyffe is not yet on the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[78], though applications have been made. Tesla's high-voltage lab at Wardenclyffe affected American architectural works, according to There was an error working with the wiki: Code[79] http://www.electronetwork.org/works/ae/a_and_e/prec/.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[80] radio station's symbol resembled Wardenclyffe Tower when the station was still operating.

The design of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[81] in Knoxville was perhaps inspired by Wardenclyffe Tower.

The Tower was used on the front page of the website for There was an error working with the wiki: Code[82].

Wardenclyffe Tower is also the name of a 1992 There was an error working with the wiki: Code[83] by musician There was an error working with the wiki: Code[84].

Wardenclyffe is the name of an experimental rock and techno band from Chicago. http://www.myspace.com/projectwardenclyffe

Telefunken Station

{|style="width:autobackground:none"

|width=40px|
Image:Wiki letter w.png

|This section is a PESWiki:Find or fix a stub. You can help by expanding it.

|}

After Wardenclyffe, Tesla built the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[85] Wireless on the South Shore of Long Island. Some of what he wanted to achieve at Wardenclyffe was achieved with the Telefunken Wireless. In There was an error working with the wiki: Code[86], Long Island, New York, Tesla assisted in the building of three 600-foot radio towers, creating the western wireless communication station in a North America and Europe network.

Quotes

"As soon as [the Wardenclyffe facility is] completed, it will be possible for a business man in New York to dictate instructions, and have them instantly appear in type at his office in London or elsewhere. He will be able to call up, from his desk, and talk to any telephone subscriber on the globe, without any change whatever in the existing equipment. An inexpensive instrument, not bigger than a watch, will enable its bearer to hear anywhere, on sea or land, music or song, the speech of a political leader, the address of an eminent man of science, or the sermon of an eloquent clergyman, delivered in some other place, however distant. In the same manner any picture, character, drawing, or print can be transferred from one to another place ..." - Nikola Tesla, "The Future of the Wireless Art", Wireless Telegraphy and Telephony, 1908, pg. 67-71.

"It is not a dream, it is a simple feat of scientific electrical engineering, only expensive &mdash blind, faint-hearted, doubting world! [...] Humanity is not yet sufficiently advanced to be willingly led by the discoverer's keen searching sense. But who knows? Perhaps it is better in this present world of ours that a revolutionary idea or invention instead of being helped and patted, be hampered and ill-treated in its adolescence &mdash by want of means, by selfish interest, pedantry, stupidity and ignorance that it be attacked and stifled that it pass through bitter trials and tribulations, through the strife of commercial existence. So do we get our light. So all that was great in the past was ridiculed, condemned, combatted, suppressed &mdash only to emerge all the more powerfully, all the more triumphantly from the struggle." &ndash Nikola Tesla (at the end of his dream for Wardenclyffe) [Wardenclyffe &mdash A Forfeited Dream]

Related

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[87]: There was an error working with the wiki: Code[88] and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[89]

Devices: Tesla coil and Magnifying transmitter

Related patents

Nikola Tesla's patents

"Means for Generating Electric Currents," There was an error working with the wiki: Code[1], February 6, 1894

"Electrical Transformer," There was an error working with the wiki: Code[2], November 2, 1897

"''Method Of Utilizing Radiant Energy," There was an error working with the wiki: Code[3] November 5, 1901

"''Method of Signaling," There was an error working with the wiki: Code[4], Mar. 17, 1903

"''System of Signaling," There was an error working with the wiki: Code[5], Apr. 14, 1903

"Art of Transmitting Electrical Energy Through the Natural Mediums," There was an error working with the wiki: Code[6], Apr. 18, 1905

"Apparatus for Transmitting Electrical Energy," Jan. 18, 1902, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[7], Dec. 1, 1914

Other patents

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[29], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[8], Communication system by pulses through the Earth.

Leydorf, G. F., There was an error working with the wiki: Code[9], "Antenna near field coupling system". 1966.

Related Projects

Image:GET tower sq 95x95.gif
Latest: Directory:Nikola Tesla > PowerPedia:Wardenclyffe Tower / Directory:Wireless Transmission of Electricity > Directory:Global Energy Transmission -- Tesla Wardenclyffe Tower Reproduction Project - An international group out of Russia has launched another fundraiser to go the next step of reproducing Tesla's dream to power the world wirelessly, anywhere, the source of which can be clean. (PESN June 8, 2015)

Directory:Giant Russian Tesla Tower Array

Buyer Beware

Free Energy Blog:2014:05:27 - Images shown of their alleged devices are merely photo-shopped versions of conventional products (Free Energy Blog May 27, 2014)

In the News

Free Energy Blog:2014:07:06 - RT has published that Free Energy Blog:2014:06:13 that we linked up on June 13. (Free Energy Blog July 6, 2014)

Free Energy Blog:2014:06:13 - We’ve conducted a thorough scientific expertise of his works and came to the conclusion that Tesla was on the right track,” they say. (Free Energy Blog June 13, 2014)

Free Energy Blog:2014:05:27 - Images shown of their alleged devices are merely photo-shopped versions of conventional products (Free Energy Blog May 27, 2014)

References and external links

Citations

# See http://earlyradiohistory.us/1917tes.htm (citing page 293 of the September, 1917 issue of The Electrical Experimenter): "SUSPECTING that German spies were using the big wireless tower erected at Shoreham, L. I., about twenty years ago by Nikola Tesla, the Federal Government ordered the tower destroyed and it was recently demolished with dynamite."

# "Nikola Tesla On His Work With Alternating Currents and Their Application to Wireless Telegraphy, Telephony, and Transmission of Power", ISBN 1-893817-01-6, p. 203

# “Experiments With Alternating Currents of Very High Frequency, and Their Application to Methods of Artificial Illumination, May 20, 1891?

# “Experiments With Alternate Currents of High Potential and High Frequency, February 3, 1892?. Inventions, Researches and Writings of Nikola Tesla.

# "Experiments With Alternating Currents of Very High Frequency, and Their Application to Methods of Artificial Illumination", May 20, 1891.

# Ibid.

# Ibid.

# Ibid.

# Ibid.

# Ibid.

# As noted by James Corum, et al in the paper "Concerning Cavity Q", Proceedings of the 1988 International Tesla Symposium. (ed. along with other sources)

# On Light and Other High Frequency Phenomena, St. Louis, 1893

# "The Future of the Wireless Art". Wirelesss Telegraphy and Telephony, Walter W. Massie & Charles R. Underhill, 1908, pp. 67-71

# "U.S. Blows Up Tesla Radio Tower", The Electrical Experimenter, September, 1917, page 293.

# Gary L. Peterson, "Rediscovering the Zenneck Surface Wave", Feed Line No. 4.

# Nikola Tesla On His Work With Alternating Currents and Their Application to Wireless Telegraphy, Telephony and Transmission of Power, p. 203

# U.S. Patent No. 787,412, Apr. 18, 1905 and some of his Wardenclyffe design notes

Newspapers

Rather, John, "Tesla, a Little-Recognized Genius, Left Mark in Shoreham". There was an error working with the wiki: Code[90]. Long Island Weekly Desk.

Views of the facility

Facility details :Interior view (a) -- Interior view (b) -- Interior view (c) -- Facility front view --Facility side view -- Facility large front view --

Interior view (b)

coach outlet store online

Web sites

Facilities assembled Colorado Springs, Long Island, and Lac Edouard (near Sanford, Quebec).

PBS Tower of Dreams

The Tesla Wardenclyffe Project

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[1], Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation.

Tesla's vision of the wireless global communications

Creation of a Monument to Nikola Tesla

The Real Science of (ed. Reportedly focuses on Tesla's wireless energy transmission ideas the main focus is on There was an error working with the wiki: Code[30], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[91]s, and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[92]s not considered).

Cooper, John. F., "Magnifying Transmitter circuit diagram alternate circuit diagram". Tesla-Coil.com.

Entry at Structurae

Entry at SkyscraperPage.com

Other publications

Bass, Robert W., "Self-Sustained Non-Hertzian Longitudal Wave Oscillations as a Rigorous Solution of Maxwell's Equations for Electromagnetic Radiation". Inventek Enterprises, Inc., Las Vegas, Nevada.

Tesla, Nikola, "On the Transmission of Electricity Without Wires". Electrical World and Engineer, March 5, 1904.

"Boundless Space: A Bus Bar". The Electrical World, Vol 32, No. 19.

Massie, Walter Wentworth, "Wireless telegraphy and telephony popularly explained ". New York, Van Nostrand. 1908.

Anderson, Leland, "Rare Notes from Tesla on Wardenclyffe", in Electric Spacecraft - A journal of Interactive Research, Issue 26, Sept 14, 1998. Contains copies of rare documents from the Tesla Museum in Belgrade including Tesla's notes and sketches from 1901

See also

TESLA FOOTER

News:Nikola Tesla

Directory:Nikola Tesla

PowerPedia:Nikola Tesla - encyclopedia entry

Directory:Nikola Tesla Overviews

Directory:Gillis Patrick Flanagan - says he remembers his former life as Tesla

Directory:Best Exotic Clean Energy Technologies

TESLA TECHNOLOGIES

PowerPedia:Wardenclyffe Tower

Directory:Global Energy Transmission -- Tesla Wardenclyffe Tower Reproduction Project

Directory:Giant Russian Tesla Tower Array

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[1]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[2] | OS:Radiant Energy

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[3]

Directory:Atmospheric Electrostatic Energy

Directory:Tesla coil

Article:Tesla DC Thermoelectric Coils

Directory:Gary Bluer's Slayer Exciter Kit

Directory:Tesla's Pierce-Arrow

PowerPedia:Scalar field theory

PowerPedia:Tesla's Flying Machine

PowerPedia:Tesla's Dynamic Theory of Gravity

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[4]

PowerPedia:Teslascope -- Extraterrestrial Radio Transmitter

TESLA OPEN SOURCE PROJECTS

OS:Tesla, Meyl, and Jackson's Wireless Aetheric Power Transmission

Two Toroid Over-Unity Gabriel Device by David Klingelhoefer

OS:Rotoverter

Directory:Bedini SG - for learning radiant energy

OS:Ambient Energy Collection Device

Reprint:Tesla's Solar Ideas

COMPANIES DEVELOPING TESLA TECHNOLOGY

Directory:Ismael Aviso Self-Charging Electric Car

Directory:Magratten Electromagnetic Motor

Directory:Renaissance Charge Device by Energenx

TESLA EVENTS

Events:ExtraOrdinary Technology Conference - TeslaTech

Events:Energy Independence Day - held each year on July 10, the birth date of Nikola Tesla.

SCAMS

Directory:TeslaSecret Scam

MISC TESLA

Community:Tesla Society

Template:Galactic footer

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[5]

- PowerPedia

- Main Page

Comments