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Toyota Prius

Manufacturer:Toyota

Also known as:Toyota Hybrid

Shares components with:There was an error working with the wiki: Code[1]There was an error working with the wiki: Code[2]

Similar models:There was an error working with the wiki: Code[3]-PDThere was an error working with the wiki: Code[41]

2004 & later model

Image of 2004 Toyota Prius

Production:2004 to present

Class:Midsize

Body styles:5-door There was an error working with the wiki: Code[4]

Engines:There was an error working with the wiki: Code[5] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[6] 50 kW (67 hp) @ 1200 to 1540 rpm&nbspTorque: 400 Nm (295 lbf.ft) @ 0 to 1200 rpmAT-PZEV

Length:4450 mm (175.33 in)

Width:1725 mm (67.97 in)

Height:1490 mm (58.71 in)

Curb weight:1325 kg (2921 lb)

Predecessor:1st Generation (Classic) Prius

Successor:none

Also known as:2nd Generation (HSD) PriusNHW20

2000 to 2003

2003 Toyota Prius

Production:2000 to 2003

Class:Economy car

Body styles:4-door There was an error working with the wiki: Code[7]

Engines:There was an error working with the wiki: Code[8] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[9] 33 kW motor33 kW (44 hp) @ 1040 to 5600 rpm&nbspTorque: 350 N•m (258 lbf•ft) @ 0 to 400 rpmSULEV

Length:169.6 in

Width:66.7 in

Height:57.6 in

Curb weight:2765 lb

Predecessor:0th Generation (Original) Prius

Successor:2nd Generation (HSD) Prius

Also known as:1st Generation (Classic) PriusNHW11

1998 to 2001

Production:1998 to 2001

Class:Economy car

Body styles:4-door There was an error working with the wiki: Code[10]

Engines:There was an error working with the wiki: Code[11] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[12] 30 kW motor30 kW (40 hp) @ 940 to 2000 rpm&nbspTorque: 305 N•m (225 lbf•ft) @ 0 to 940 rpm

Length:4275 mm (168.3 in)

Width:1694 mm (66.7 in)

Height: 1491 mm (58.7 in)

Curb weight:&nbsp

Predecessor:none

Successor:1st Generation (Classic) Prius

Also known as:Original PriusNHW10

This article is part of the Automobile series.

The Toyota Prius is one of the world's first commercially mass-produced There was an error working with the wiki: Code[13]s. Manufactured by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[14], the Prius first went on sale in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[15] (AT-PZEV), which means it earns PZEV credits, as opposed to it being a Zero Emissions vehicle part of the time.

The car was voted 2005 There was an error working with the wiki: Code[42], after the fuel-sipping There was an error working with the wiki: Code[43] picked up the corresponding There was an error working with the wiki: Code[44] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[45] title for 2004. The Prius won the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[46] award for 2004 and was nominated in 2001.

How it works

The Prius has been called a true hybrid vehicle, designed from the bottom up. Toyota's goal for the Prius was to reduce the amount of emissions it produced and to be as energy-efficient as possible. They used several methods to try to achieve this goal, including:

#More efficient use of the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[16]

#Two Electric motor/Generators, providing 67 hp (50 kW) @ 1200 to 1540 rpm and 400 N•m (295 ft•lbf) torque from 0 to 1200 rpm, which significantly contribute to performance & economy.

#50 kW There was an error working with the wiki: Code[47] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[48] controlled by a 32 bit There was an error working with the wiki: Code[49], which efficiently converts power between the batteries and the motor/generators.

#Lower There was an error working with the wiki: Code[17] at 0.29 (0.26 for 2004 model), reducing air resistance especially at higher speeds

#Lower rolling-resistance tires, reducing road There was an error working with the wiki: Code[50] (2004+ models use regular tires)

#There was an error working with the wiki: Code[51], a process for recovering Kinetic energy when braking or traveling down a slope and storing it as Electrical energy in the traction battery for later use while reducing wear and tear on the brake pads

#Sealed 168 cell There was an error working with the wiki: Code[18] providing 201.6 volts

#There was an error working with the wiki: Code[52] -- the Prius does not use a typical CVT Toyota calls it the Power Split Device. The electric motors and gas engine are connected to a There was an error working with the wiki: Code[53] set which is always engaged, and there is no shifting.

#Flexible resin gas tank, reducing the amount of Hydrocarbon emissions in the form of escaped gasoline vapor.

Touted advantages of the Prius over previous energy-efficient designs include never needing to be plugged in, as all power is ultimately delivered from the gasoline engine. This means it drives like a traditional ICE automobile, with the onboard computer taking care of shifting power to and from the engine and motors, and automatically determining when to charge the battery, as well as the most efficient use of the engine or the electric motors (or both) based on driving conditions. This also means that one can not choose to use electricity from other sources to power this vehicle some consider this to be serious disadvantage. The Prius uses energy that would be otherwise wasted: i.e. when braking, the kinetic energy is partly recovered to recharge the battery instead of being wasted as heat and brake wear.

The engine is permitted to shut down once it has warmed up and the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[54] in the exhaust system has reached operating temperature. Once this occurs, the Prius can be driven on electric power only this is sometimes referred to as "stealth mode" due to the lack of engine noise. This further reduces gasoline consumption and wear and tear on the engine. When driving conditions demand additional power from the engine, it is designed to start up automatically.

Frequent starting up and shutting down of the engine should not cause additional wear and tear nor emission problems, as in conventional automobiles, because the drive motors have enough power to quickly and smoothly spin the engine to optimal There was an error working with the wiki: Code[55] (around 1,000) before the engine actually begins to "fire up". This avoids wear when the engine is "running" (with fuel and spark) at very low RPM, as happens in most vehicles.

The Prius gets better fuel efficiency in the city because the batteries get used more, whereas on the highway, the engine is used in order to recharge the batteries, and the wind resistance is higher.

2004 to 2005 Prius

Images:

Hybrid Synergy Drive

HSD high voltage unit

Power steering

A battery module used on the Prius

The Prius 2004 model year was a complete redesign of the previous generations of Prius. The new model is based off the new (third generation) There was an error working with the wiki: Code[56] (HSD), replacing the earlier There was an error working with the wiki: Code[57] (THS) technology. The first generation (1997 to 2003) could not run its air conditioning unless the motor was running. In contrast, the 2004 model introduced an all-electric compressor for cooling. This allowed more extensive use of the "stealth mode" (operation on electric motor only).

The There was an error working with the wiki: Code[58] of 0.26 was now the second-lowest in the industry, after the smaller There was an error working with the wiki: Code[59] at 0.25.

Regenerative braking was greatly improved, relying so little upon the friction-type brakes (except for panic stops) that some Toyota technicians quipped that the original brake pads might well last for the life of the car.

The 2004 Prius emerged as a midsize car with more room than the previous compact, redesigned as a "five-door" model (four doors plus a rear hatch). In general the car remained conveniently narrow on the outside, rather flat sided, and relatively tall (several inches taller than a There was an error working with the wiki: Code[19]). The profile was much more continuous, with a short sloping nose transitioning to a highly sloped windshield and an arcing roofline ending in a cut-off There was an error working with the wiki: Code[60]. The additional height allowed a more erect seating position and a higher eye point, giving a better view of the road to the driver. There was also a surprising amount of additional rear-seat leg room, resembling that available in a much larger vehicle. Fold down rear seats with a 60/40 split made for easy carriage of most parcels.

With a smaller and lower voltage NiMH battery and an inverter to step the voltage up to 500 V, the 2004 model was more powerful (2 seconds faster in 0 to 96 km/h acceleration) and is 15% more Fuel efficiency than the previous generation Prius, with 60 miles per US gallon (3.9 L/100 km) city and 51 miles per US gallon (4.6 L/100 km) highway (according to the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[61]). When driven appropriately, commuting and mixed suburban drivers are reporting fuel consumption of 45 to 50 miles per US gallon (5.2 to 4.7 L/100 km). See also

http://www.usatoday.com/money/autos/2004-02-03-hybridmileage_x.htm

The multi-function-display (MFD) shows fuel consumption bars for each five minute segment of driving and this can encourage economical driving. The display also indicates instantaneous fuel consumption, which is useful for detecting when the vehicle has switched from electric-only to electric + ICE. At this time it can usually be advantageous to accelerate quickly rather than lug the vehicle, in an attempt to get to a more favorable location or speed range for electric-only mode.

A Smart Entry/Smart Start (SE/SS) option eliminates the traditional ignition key. The "smart key", which resembles a conventional keyless entry remote, has buttons to remotely lock and unlock the door, as well as trigger the alarm system. It is not necessary to use any of the buttons to utilize the SE/SS system. Approaching to within 1 meter of the car while in-posession of the key (even inside a pocket or purse) causes the interior dome lights to fade up (at night). When the person with the key in their posession touches either of the front doors, or the rear hatchback door, that door is immediately unlocked and can be opened. Toyota dealers can program the functionality of the SE/SS system to control which doors are unlocked by this method. Once parked, the car can be locked by a pushing a black button on the exterior door handle. The SE/SS system will detect keys left inside the vehicle when powered-off, and will not allow the vehicle to be locked in this situation.

There is no conventional ignition switch which needs to be turned to start the Prius, that function having been replaced by a simple round "Power" button on the dashboard. With the SE/SS models, the driver need only sit down inside the vehicle (with the fob in their posession), press the brake with their foot and push the "Power" button to start the vehicle. On cars which are not equipped with SE/SS, the driver uses the lock/unlock buttons on the fob, and puts the remote fob into a slot in the dash to allow the car to start.

The vehicle is classified as a There was an error working with the wiki: Code[62] (Super Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle), 90% cleaner than conventional gasoline-only automobiles. It comes with an Advanced Technology Partial Zero Emission Vehicle (AT-There was an error working with the wiki: Code[63]) certification by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[64] (California Air Resources Board).

As an interesting side note, a $2,200 option package offered in Japan gives the Prius the ability to perform parallel parking assisted by the on-board computer. Eighty percent of the Prius buyers in Japan have chosen this option. The system is not There was an error working with the wiki: Code[20] though, particularly lacking There was an error working with the wiki: Code[65] which would allow avoidance of obstructions or pedestrians, so it is very limited. http://www.cnn.com/2004/TECH/ptech/01/15/car.selfpark.ap/index.html

When the vehicle is turned-on with the "start" button, it is ready to drive immediately in "EV" (electric vehicle) mode, before the internal combustion engine is started to heat-up the emissions control system (including the catalytic converter). The delay between starting the car and starting the internal combustion engine is approximately seven seconds. The Asian and European versions of this vehicle provide a button labelled "EV" that maintains electric vehicle mode after startup, under most low-load driving conditions. The North American model does not have the "EV" button, although the "EV" mode is still supported internally by the Prius high-voltage management computer. While some have speculated that EV mode was not included on North American models in the interest of retaining the warranted battery life of 100,000 miles (160,000 km) in the US - 150,000 miles (240,000 km) in California and several other states, engineers note that EV mode is automatically overridden when the battery requires recharging from the internal combustion engine. The Prius is designed to protect the battery from extreme discharge as well as over-charge and will utilize the engine as-necessary to maintain the optimum conditions for a long battery life. In addition to information at online discussion groups, the PRIUS+ Project offers instructions for do-it-yourselfers who wish to enable the button, and aftermarket components provider Coastal Electronic Technologies offers a kit.

Evolving from the button project, The California Cars Initiative (CalCars) converted a Prius in 2004, adding larger batteries, and private companies EDrive Systems in the United States and Amberjac Projects in the United Kingdom announced plans to sell conversion kits in 2006. CalCars initiated efforts to promote fleet purchases of plug-in hybrids to be built by automakers, and documented the emissions benefits of plug-in hybrids not only on California's clean power grid but also on the national (50% coal-fueled) power grid.

Passengers of the Prius can use their There was an error working with the wiki: Code[66]-enabled There was an error working with the wiki: Code[67] via the car's audio system without taking the phone out of their pocket. It is the first car released with this feature.

Versions

The first Prius model, NHW10, was sold only in Japan though There was an error working with the wiki: Code[21] have been made to Europe and Australia. Subsequent versions have seen wider sales, increased power and reduced battery weight.

{| border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"

|-

|rowspan="2" colspan="2"|Feature||colspan="3" align="center"|Model code

|-

|align="center"|NHW10||align="center"|NHW11||align="center"|NHW20

|-

|Body style||&nbsp||align="center"|4 DoorSedan||align="center"|4 DoorSedan||align="center"|5 DoorHatchback

|-

|First sales|| ||align="right"|1997||align="right"|2000||align="right"|2003

|-

|rowspan="7"|Battery

|Modules||align="right"|40||align="right"|38||align="right"|28

|-

|Cells per module||align="right"|6||align="right"|6||align="right"|6

|-

|Total cells||align="right"|240||align="right"|228||align="right"|168

|-

|Volts per cell||align="right"|1.2||align="right"|1.2||align="right"|1.2

|-

|Total volts||align="right"|288||align="right"|273.6||align="right"|201.6

|-

|Capacity amp hours||align="right"|6.5||align="right"|6.5||align="right"|6.6

|-

|Weight kg||align="right"|57||align="right"|50||align="right"|45

|-

|rowspan="2"|Petrol Engine||Power kW||align="right"|43||align="right"|52||align="right"|57

|-

|Max rpm||align="right"|4000||align="right"|4500||align="right"|5000

|-

|ElectricMotor||Power kW||align="right"|30||align="right"|33||align="right"|50

|}

Awards

2003 There was an error working with the wiki: Code[68] names There was an error working with the wiki: Code[69] as "Business Leader of the Year" ("Scientific American 50" December, 2003) for its singular accomplishment in the commercialization of affordable hybrid cars.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[22] 2004 (January 2004 issue)

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[23] for 2004.

2005 European Car of the Year (Toyota Prius 2nd generation with 406 points, ahead of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[24] with 228) http://www.di-ve.com/dive/portal/portal.jhtml?id=161929&pid=null

Notable facts

Drivers of the Toyota Prius, or other Hybrid-Engine automobiles are allowed to drive by themselves in Carpool (High Occupancy Vehicle) lanes in some US states such as Virginia, California (requires $8 one-time fee for a decal) and Florida (requires $5 per year decal).

Los Angeles city and San Jose, California allow free parking at meters for hybrid vehicles within the posted time limits, including the Prius.

Prius drivers in London, UK, are exempt from the £8 ($14) daily There was an error working with the wiki: Code[25] (requires £10 per year registration).

Due to the success of both the engineering and sales of the Prius, in 2005, Toyota has released a hybrid V-6 engine for the Lexus RX400h and a hybrid engine version of the Highlander.

Toyota is also actively developing a hydrogen-fuel-cell engine. They have already successfully developed a RAV4 that can achieve 900 miles (1450 km) on one tank of Hydrogen.

The Prius fuel tank holds 45 litres (11.9 US gal), although the internal bladder in American models limits the fill, giving a range of up to 600 miles (1,000 km).

In There was an error working with the wiki: Code[70], Toyota began a Special Service Campaign (SSC 40G), affecting most previous generation Prius cars manufactured between 2001 and mid-2003. This repair involves re-sealing terminals on the high-voltage battery to avoid minor Electrolyte leakage. Repairs will be performed free of charge on affected automobiles.

Starting with the 2004 model, Toyota is now producing the Prius on a standard mass production assembly line, resulting in one being produced every minute instead of one every 8 to 10 minutes. The use of a standard assembly line has dropped the manufacturing cost significantly, allowing Toyota to deliver a substantially upgraded model, which in turn has generated publicity and popularity. The limiting factor in Prius (and Lexus RX400h) production now appears to be third party component availability, particularly batteries.

The battery pack of the 2004 Prius is guaranteed for 100,000 miles (160,000 km) or 8 years, although Toyota has stated that they expect it to last 15 years. The warranty is extended to 150,000 miles (240,000 km) or 10 years for Prius in California and several other states that adopted the California Air Resources Board.

In May 2005, Finnish anti-virus firm There was an error working with the wiki: Code[71] Corp. has tested a Prius for There was an error working with the wiki: Code[72] vulnerabilities in the on-board mobile telephony and computer systems and found the car has performed

On June 1, 2005, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration of the US started an investigation on the 33 reported cases of engine stalling when the Prius travels at highway speed. The cars were still operatable under battery power with substantial loss of power when the internal combustion engine failed to run. Toyota believes it was due to a computer programming error that was fixed in a recall (SSC-40D) issued back in September, 2004. The investigation needs to verify if all the reported cases occurred to the cars that didn't receive the software fix. Some supporters argued that 33 cases (of which some were duplicate reports and/or valid out-of-gas conditions) among 75000+ cars sold was not an alarming percentage figure compared to the millions other auto makers have recalled. Besides, the Prius is safer than any other car with a failed engine, as the Prius can still run with its electric motor until it can stop at a safe location.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[73], co-creator of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[74] and star of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[75] drives a Prius.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[76], host of the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[77] series There was an error working with the wiki: Code[78], drove a Prius for 3 years before trading it in for the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[79] hybrid.

Not only did actor There was an error working with the wiki: Code[80] buy himself a Prius, he bought several for others in his family.

In There was an error working with the wiki: Code[81], Rory drives a first generation Prius which she received as a high school graduation gift from her grandparents.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[82] of the show There was an error working with the wiki: Code[83] drives a Prius (which inexplicably appeared in the fourth season of the show).

Sales

In There was an error working with the wiki: Code[84], the Prius became available in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[85].

Toyota will increase production by an additional 50% for 2005, now producing 15,000 cars per month, and will import 100,000 into the United States for that model year.

In There was an error working with the wiki: Code[86], the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[87] reported that the backlog for 2004 Prius has reached 22,000 in the US.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[26], the expected delivery time for Prius in the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[88] is one year.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[27], the waiting list at a There was an error working with the wiki: Code[89] dealership was over 100 people long.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[28], Toyota USA is not taking new internet orders for the 2004 Prius.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[29], the waiting time in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[90], USA, was 6 months.

Car rental

Many Toyota dealerships offer car rentals, allowing prospective buyers to try the Prius. EV Rental Cars, in partnership with Fox Rent-a-Car, offers the Prius for rent at the airports in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[30], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[31], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[32], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[33], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[34], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[35], and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[36].

Driving tricks to reduce fuel consumption

Stop shutdown

(Transmission mode in B, speed zero)

Often you will pull up at a stop light that has just changed. In some suburban areas this may entail a wait of several minutes, as the lights cycle through various simultaneous or sequential left turns, cross traffic, pedestrians, etc. If the gasoline engine is running when you approached the stop it will take the better part of a minute before the computer recognizes the situation and shuts off the engine. There is a trick to getting the engine to shut off promptly. If you approached the stop in B (engine assist braking), you may then when stopped with the brake on, command D (drive) - the engine will stop immediately - at least in 2004 US versions.

Off throttle shift to electric mode

(Transmission mode in D, cruising speed up to 45 mph (70 km/h), road level.)

When reaching cruising speed it is often possible to briefly go "off throttle", allowing the system to switch to electric only mode. If the road is nearly level a gentle re-application of throttle to just enough to maintain cruising speed in electric mode may enable electric cruising (depending upon road grade, wind conditions, and battery state).

Accelerate from stop to 35 to 45 mph (60 to 70 km/h)

(Transmission mode in D, cruising speed up to 45 mph (70 km/h), road level.)

When running in traffic, a brisk (but not full throttle) acceleration, followed by an off throttle attempt (see previous) will be much more effective than gentle acceleration. This is a general technique applicable to non-hybrid cars. A gasoline ICE engine is more efficient (in terms of power produced/fuel consumption) when operating at higher effort due to smaller throttle losses. This is less important for compression-ignition engines, which do not have throttles but are instead regulated by the amount of fuel provided directly to the cylinder.

Accelerate with no traffic to 25 mph (40 km/h)

Transmission mode in D, cruising speed up to 25 mph (40 km/h), road level.

With substantial patience it is possible to accelerate to cruising speed using only electric power. Owing to the slow acceleration this should not be attempted with following traffic present.

Although this will temporarily reduce fuel consumption since you're driving in electric mode, it will not improve the long term fuel consumption, since you have to recharge the battery at some point later (and the generation and use of electricity involve energy conversion losses). As pointed out above, it is better to accelerate at a moderate pace.

Long uphill followed by long downhill

(Transmission mode in D, cruising speed uphill to 65 mph (105 km/h), road uphill, followed by downhill at or below 50 mph (80 km/h) with transmission mode in B.)

The controller is blind to the future it cannot tell that it would make sense to run the battery down on a long upgrade knowing that it can be quickly recharged on a subsequent downgrade. Nor is it possible for the driver to inform the system that this condition is coming. What happens is that the system will use the engine power when going uphill to charge the battery to normal state. Then, running down hill (with "B" selected) the battery is quickly charged to the maximum before the bottom of the hill. This full charge (battery state shown in green) will then cause the system to use the motor for compressive braking. It would be far more efficient to be able to use the battery capability to assist the motor (rather than taking charge from the motor). A run up the hill at sufficient throttle to demand electric motor assist (within speed limits, both statutory and by road and traffic conditions) may improve overall efficiency in this particular circumstance.

Downhill run

When using "B" on a long (1 to 2 km) downhill (e.g. over 60 mph, 100 km/h) you may find at higher speeds that the motor is used for braking in addition to the power recovery from the generator. Unless the battery is fully charged (showing green on the monitor), this is wasting excess energy which could be stored. By briefly braking to a somewhat slower speed, say 45 to 50 mph (70 to 80 km/h), the motor will not be used to retard the vehicle, all subsequent retarding energy will go to the battery, and a longer time will be spent recovering energy, and so more energy will be recovered. This is less useful on a long mountain downgrade where the battery will become fully charged regardless of the technique used,.

Gentle rise and descent

A small amount of additional throttle will accelerate the vehicle before the rise is reached and this additional power may be maintained on most of the upgrade. Reducing throttle and paying off the excess speed before the top is reached may enable electric cruise to be entered, with energy recovery on the downgrade. Reapply cruising throttle at the bottom of the hill when reduction to normal cruise speed is obtained.

Slow steady speed

When traveling on relatively flat surfaces at approx 0 to 25 km/h (15 mph), sometimes the engine will run seemingly unnecessarily. By applying the brakes it tells the car to regenerate and is usually enough to shut it down. Sometimes it is necessary to come to a complete stop. At speeds that low, there is no real need for the gas engine. Alternatively, in the US one could re-enable the EV-Mode Button which is standard in EU and JP Prii, this feature allows the driver to request that the engine not start during times when it may not be needed.

Other hybrid-engine vehicles

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[91], another car which works similarly, but is not intended to run exclusively on electricity at certain speeds.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[92], a 2-seat, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[93] hybrid car which the EPA claims gets 60 miles per US gallon in the city, 66 miles per US gallon highway (3.92 litres per 100 km city, 3.56 L/100 km highway ), also cannot be driven without the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[94].

2005 There was an error working with the wiki: Code[95], a hybrid based on the popular Accord Sedan cannot be driven without the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[96].

Ford Motor Company has released the 2005 Ford Escape Hybrid SUV. Toyota and Ford entered into a licensing agreement in March 2004 allowing Ford to use 20 patents from Toyota related to hybrid technology, although Ford's engine was independently designed and built. In exchange for the hybrid licences, Ford licensed patents involving their European diesel engines to Toyota.

The 2007 There was an error working with the wiki: Code[97] has been announced. Nissan are not only licensing but also sourcing hybrid engine parts from Toyota for this vehicle.

In May 2005, Lexus launched the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[37] mating a 3.3 litre V6 engine with a more powerful battery pack.

Summer 2005, Toyota followed with the launch of the Highlander Hybrid. This and the RX400h have 4WD-i which uses a rear electric motor to power the rear wheels negating the need for a differential.

For 2007, Lexus is offering a hybrid version of their There was an error working with the wiki: Code[38]] sport sedan dubbed the GS450h with "well in excess of 300 hp".

The 2007 Camry Hybrid has been announced and is slated to launch next autumn as a 2007 model. It will be built in Kentucky, USA.

See also

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[98]

Hybrid vehicle

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[99]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[39]

External links

Toyota Prius Battery

Official Worldwide Prius Site

Toyota Prius brochure and specifications (pdf) UK

Official USA Prius web site

Toyota's paper on how the 2004 Prius is different from earlier models (in PDF, 2 MB)

Information, tips, and photos about Prius at John's web site

PriusChat.com &mdash forums

PriusOnline forum

Yahoo! Groups about the Prius

Other sites

Prius Owners Group - a portal site for Prius Owners and those interested in the Prius

Mr. Kash's Prius Page &mdash Many links to Prius news stories and reviews.

PRIUS+ page at CalCars.org - Nonprofit group is converting '04-'05 Priuses into plug-in hybrids

News articles

BBC: Prius not just a car - it is a phenomenon

Automotive Industries article

Toyota Prius is 2005 European Car of the Year

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Comments