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PowerPedia: Stability of Light Nuclei – PART FOUR

Lasted edited by Andrew Munsey, updated on June 14, 2016 at 10:02 pm.

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Here we analyse the isotopes of carbon..

The novelty is that starting up from the carbon the nuclear tables give the magnetic moments on excited isotopes. With the exception of 5B10, the nuclear tables do no give information for the excited isotopes of 2He, 3Li, 4Be and 5B.

What happens when a nucleon changes its spin regarding to the flux n(o)

Image:Fig.17-AB-whenAnucleusISexcited-Rev.JPG

Excited light nuclei with Z < 8

When a light nucleus with Z < 8 is excited its nucleons can change their position or their spin in the structure of the isotope as shown in the Figure

Image:Fig.17-A-whenAnucleusISexcited.JPG

Magnetic moment of excited 5B10

5B10 with no excitation

The calculation was exhibited in the PART TWO, and we repeat it here:

Image:Fig.17-figure17ofPARTtwo-isotope5B10-Rev.JPG
5B10 with Ex = 718
Image:FIG-17AA-magMOM-5B10.png

Calculation on magnetic moments of carbon isotopes

The structure of 6C12 is also shown in the page 231 of the book QRT. Its structure is similar to that of 4Be8, but the flux n(o) is reinforced by the addition of more 2 protons and 2 neutrons.

Image:Page231ofQRT.JPG
Multiplication and Reduction Factors
Image:FIG-C9A-MfE-MfI-Rf.png

6C8

Image:Fig.C-8-magMOM-6C8.JPG

6C9

Image:FIG-C9-magMOM-6C9-red=3,5.png

6C10

Image:Fig.C-10-magMOM-6C10.JPG

The cause why 6C10 is no stable is similar to that of the isotope 4Be8, where the two deuterons repel each other, and they penetrate within the central 2He4, broking its structure.

But note that 4Be8 has half-life extremelly short, 6,7×10?17 s , while 6C10 has half-life 19,3 seconds, in spite of 6C10 has two free protons captured by the flux n(o) !

The longer half-life of 6C10 is because there is a repulsion between the proton p-2 and the deuteron D-1 (and also between p-1 and D-2), and such repulsion disturb the process of penetration of the proton within the structure of the central 2He4.

6C11

Image:FIG-C11-magMOM-6C11.png

Stable 6C12

Image:Fig.C-12-magMOM-6C12.JPG
Excited 6C12
Image:Fig.C-12A-EXCITEDmagMOM-6C12.JPG
Image:FIG.4-CA-formationOFspinsANDmagMOMENTS.JPG
The mystery of excited 6C12

The excited 6C12 has a mystery: it has nuclear spin i=2 and null nuclear magnetic moment. It’ impossible to conciliate these two nuclear properties from the current nuclear models of the Standard Nuclear Physics.

The mystery is solved by considering the foundations that rule the behavior of nuclei proposed in the new nuclear model of Quantum Ring Theory.

Image:Fig.C-17AC-theMISTERYofEXCITED6C12.JPG

Stable 6C13

In the PART TWO of this series of five articles the isotope 6C13 was used as calipers for the calculation of the Multiplication Factor MfE= 3,94, as follows:

1- The starting point of calculation was an imaginary neutron in the isotope 5B10, occupying the place of one of the protons

2- From the magnetic moment of the imaginary neutron, the magnetic moment of the proton was calculated

3- A Multiplication Factor MfE was calcuted for the isotope 5B10

4- The MfE obtained was applied for the calculaton of the magnetic moment of 6he 6C13, so that to achieve +0,7024 (the experimental value).

5- If the value +0,7024 should not be achieved, a new attempt was done with another initial value of the imaginary neutron.

6- The value +0,702 was obtained when MfE =3,94

Image:Fig-C-13-REV-1-application-to-6C13.JPG
Excited 6C13, Ex= 3854
Reduction Factor RfC613 for 3 aligned deuterons
Image:Fig.C-13AA-reductionFACTOR-EXCITED-6C13-Rev.JPG

6C14

Its structure is similar to that of the 10Be: the excess neutron is captured by the two sides of the central 2He4.

Look at to their long half-life:

10Be: 1,30x106years

14C: 5,70x103years

Image:Fig.C-14-magMOM-6C14.JPG
Excited 6C14, Ex= 6728
Image:Fig-C-14A-excited-6C14.JPG

6C15

Image:Fig-C-15-magMOM-6C15.JPG
Excited 6C15
Image:Fig-C-15A-excited-6C15.JPG

6C16

Image:Fig.C-16-magMOM-6C16.JPG

6C17

Image:Fig-C-17-magMOM-6C17.JPG

6C18

Image:Fig.C-18-magMOM-6C18.JPG

6C19: neutron halo

Image:Fig-C-19-neutron-HALO-6C19.JPG

6C20

Image:Fig-C-20--neutron-HALO-6C20.JPG

6C21

Image:Fig.C-21-isotope6C21.JPG

6C22: two-neutron halo

Image:Fig-C-22--neutron-HALO-6C22.JPG

The other articles

Stability of Light Nuclei – PART ONE

Article:Stability of light nuclei isotopes according to Quantum Ring Theory

Stability of Light Nuclei – PART TWO

PowerPedia: Stability of Light Nuclei – PART TWO

Stability of Light Nuclei – PART THREE

PowerPedia: Stability of Light Nuclei – PART THREE

Stability of Light Nuclei – PART FIVE

PowerPedia: Stability of Light Nuclei – PART FIVE

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See also

PowerPedia:Quantum Ring Theory

Reference

Guglisnki, W. , Quantum Ring Theory-foundations for cold fusion, 2006, Bäuu Institute Press

http://www.bauuinstitute.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=22:quantum-ring-theory-foundations-for-cold-fusion&catid=8&Itemid=103

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