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PowerPedia:Rudolf Diesel

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Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel

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Date_of_death : There was an error working with the wiki: Code[14], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[15]

Place_of_death : the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[16]

Occupation : Inventor

Nationality : German

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Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (There was an error working with the wiki: Code[4] Inventor, famous for the invention of the Diesel engine.

Early life

Although Diesel was born in Paris, his parents were German. His father was a leather craftsman, and his mother a governess and language tutor. Rudolf was a good student in primary school and was admitted at the age of 12 to the Ecole Primaire Superieure, then regarded as the best in Paris. At the outbreak of the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[5] of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[17], where he was an outstanding student. He became a protegé of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[18], the pioneer of refrigeration. Diesel was a devout There was an error working with the wiki: Code[19].

After graduation, he was employed for two years as a machinist and designer in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[20], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[21]. After this, he returned to Paris, where he was employed as a refrigeration engineer at Linde Refrigeration Enterprises. In Paris he became a connoisseur of the fine arts and an internationalist. He married in 1883, and had three children. He set up his first shop-laboratory in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[22] in Paris, and began full-time work on his engine. This continued when he moved to Berlin, working again for Linde Enterprises. In 1892 he was granted a German patent for the engine, and found some support for its continued development, this time in Augsburg.

Development of the invention

Rudolf Diesel developed the idea of an engine that relied on a high compression of the fuel to ignite it, eliminating the spark plug used in the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[6] Internal combustion engine.

He received a patent for the device on There was an error working with the wiki: Code[23], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[24]. Diesel began building a prototype engine, which was ready for testing by July There was an error working with the wiki: Code[25]. The engine was fueled by powdered coal injected with compressed air.

This machine stood 10 feet (3 m) tall, and achieved a compression of 80 atmospheres (8100 kPa).

It exploded and nearly killed Diesel.

http://www.chemistry.org/portal/a/c/s/1/feature_tea.html?id=8f3c25fa320411d7f4a56ed9fe800100

Nevertheless, about seven months later a major milestone was achieved when he was able to run a single piston engine for one minute on There was an error working with the wiki: Code[26], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[27].

This engine only generated 13 horsepower.

He built an improved prototype in early There was an error working with the wiki: Code[7]) plant at There was an error working with the wiki: Code[8]. Diesel's engine had some similarities with an engine invented by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[28] in 1890. Diesel was embroiled for some years in various patent disputes and arguments over priority, but in the end he prevailed, and his invention came to be called the Diesel engine. He continued its development over the next three years, began production (the first commercial engine was at a brewery in the United States), and secured licenses from firms in several countries. He became a millionaire.

Later life

Diesel was something of an unstable character, having several There was an error working with the wiki: Code[29]s, and was somewhat There was an error working with the wiki: Code[30] at times. He defended his priority of invention tenaciously. Diesel toured the United States as a lecturer in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[31], and he self-published a two volume work on his social philosophy.

On There was an error working with the wiki: Code[32] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[33], while in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[34], Diesel boarded the SS Dresden ferry to cross the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[35]. The next morning, the steward discovered that Diesel's cabin was empty. Diesel's body was found in the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[36] river on There was an error working with the wiki: Code[37].

One theory in Diesel's death is that he died by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[38], possibly due to being deeply in debt. His family stated that he committed suicide because his invention was stolen and a cross in his journal on the date he died indicates suicide. Also, a briefcase containing a very small sum of money and a large amount of debt-ridden bank statements was left to his wife, Martha.

Another theory revolves around the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[9], which was beginning to use his engines on their submarines. Diesel opposed this usage, and may have feared that his invention could wind up powering the British There was an error working with the wiki: Code[39] submarine fleet.

After Diesel's death, the diesel engine underwent much development, and became a very important replacement for the steam engine in many applications. Because the diesel engine required a heavier, more robust construction than a gasoline engine, it was unsuitable for applications such as There was an error working with the wiki: Code[10]s. Recently, Diesel engines have been designed, certified and flown that have overcome the weight penalty in light aircraft. These engines are designed to run on either There was an error working with the wiki: Code[40] or more commonly There was an error working with the wiki: Code[41].

The diesel engine has the benefit of running on cheaper There was an error working with the wiki: Code[42]s Diesel was especially interested in using There was an error working with the wiki: Code[43] or There was an error working with the wiki: Code[44] as fuel. Although these fuels were not immediately popular, recent rises in fuel prices coupled with concerns about There was an error working with the wiki: Code[45] have lead to more widespread use of vegetable oil and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[46]. The primary source of fuel remains what became known as There was an error working with the wiki: Code[47], an oil byproduct derived from refinement of Petroleum.

Patents

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External articles and references

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Diesel's Engine: From Conception To 1918. C. Lyle Cummins, Jr. Carnot Press, 1993.

Diesel, The Man and the Engine. Morton Grosser. New le der Erstausgabe von 1913 mit einer technik-historischen Einführung. Moers: Steiger Verlag, 1984.

Biography from About.com

Rudolf Diesel's Engine from the American Chemical Society website

Biography from Hempcar.org

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[1], Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation.

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