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PowerPedia:Nathan Stubblefield

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Nathan B. Stubblefield (There was an error working with the wiki: Code[7] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[8] before either There was an error working with the wiki: Code[9] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[10]. Though there were contemporaneous experiments by others such as William Preece, Stubblefield has been proposed as a claimant for the invention of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[17], or wireless transmission of the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[18]. The physics club of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[19] is named in his honor.

Biography

Early years

Stubblefield was the second of seven sons (Walter Watt 6/27/59, James Franklin 10/25/62, Louis Shelly 6/27/64, Robert Reginald 11/26/65, William Victor 1/27/68 and Harry Lee 9/26/71) of a lawyer, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[20] (1830-1874), and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[21] (died 1869). Stubblefield lived in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[22]. He was There was an error working with the wiki: Code[23]ed in 1874. Stubblefield was tutored by a There was an error working with the wiki: Code[24] and later attended a There was an error working with the wiki: Code[25] called the "Male and Female Institute" in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[26], until his father died.

Stubblefield was self-educated by reading whatever publications were available in Murray, such as The There was an error working with the wiki: Code[27] and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[28]. He married There was an error working with the wiki: Code[29] in 1881. They had nine children, three of whom died in infancy. His son Bernard was his primary assistant in the wireless telephone experiments. From 1907 to 1911, Stubblefield operated a home school called "The There was an error working with the wiki: Code[30]," or "There was an error working with the wiki: Code[31]" built on his 85 acre melon farmland. It is now the campus of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[32].

Middle years
Later years
Death and afterwards

Stubblefield later lived in a self-imposed isolation in a crude shelter near Almo, Kentucky and eventually, starved to death. Stubblefield destroyed every prototype he made. He was buried in the Bowman Cemetery in Murray, Kentucky (Calloway County).

Since his death, various individuals and groups in Murray, Kentucky have publicized Murray as the Birthplace of Radio, a claim which is not widely recognized, and Stubblefield as the Father of Broadcasting, a claim which has more merit. Loren J. Hortin, Journalism Professor at Murray State, organized his students to investigate Stubblefield's work, leading to the dedication of a monument on campus in 1930. Hortin later said "Radio is a device that transmits and receives voice over considerable distance without connecting wires. Stubblefield invented, manufactured, and demonstrated such a device and did so before anyone else on the planet." The radio station in Murray, WNBS, used Stubblefield's initials in its call letters. (Lochte)

Timeline

: There was an error working with the wiki: Code[33] - First to broadcast human voice, using his wireless telephone attached to a ground electrodes

: There was an error working with the wiki: Code[34] - There was an error working with the wiki: Code[35]: patented "electric battery" (wireless telephone transmission coil)

: There was an error working with the wiki: Code[36] - First Ship-to-shore wireless telephone broadcast, using wires dropped in the water from the steamer Bartholdi

: There was an error working with the wiki: Code[37] - Patented the all-in-one Wireless Telephone for auto/ship/train: There was an error working with the wiki: Code[2].

Further reading

Historical: Documents during Stubblefield's lifetime

Fawcett, Waldon, The latest advance in wireless telephony, Scientific American, May 24, 1902, p. 363

"Kentucky farmer invents wireless telephone", St. Louis Post Dispatch, January 12, 1902

"To Try Wireless Telephony. Inventor Stubblefield to Give an Exhibition of His Apparatus Thursday on the Potomac River"' New York Times, March 17, 1902, p. 1

Nathan B. Stubblefield Papers, Pogue Library, Murray State University, Murray, KY

"Radio Pioneer Dies, Poor and Embittered. Kentucky Hermit, Stubblefield Had Wireless Phone in 1902-Predicted Broadcasting", New York Times, April 24, 1928, p. 25

Stubblefield Collection, Wrather Museum, Murray State University, Murray, KY

White, Trumbull, Telephoning Without Wires, pp. 297-302, in Our Wonderful Progress: The World's Triumphant Knowledge and Works, book 2, "The World's Science and Invention", Trumbull White, 1902

"Wireless Telephony Tests. Partial Success of Inventor Stubblefield Near Washington", New York Times, March 21, 1902, p.2

Books, Periodicals, journals, and dissertations after 1928 discussing Stubblefield

Cory-Stubblefield, Troy and Josie Cory, Disappointments Are Great! Follow the Money... Smart Daaf Boys, The Inventors of Radio & Television and the Life Style of Stubblefield, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[11], ... There was an error working with the wiki: Code[12], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[13], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[14] and Philo Farnsworth, 2003, Library of Congress Catalog Card #93-060451, ISBN 1-883644-34-8

Horton, L.T.(sic) (L.J. Hortin), Murray, Kentucky, Birthplace of Radio, Kentucky Progress Magazine, March 1930

Kane, Joseph, et al, "Famous First Facts" 5th Edition, New York: Wilson, 1997. p. 455, item 6262, First radio broadcast demonstration (by Stubblefield, 1892). p 590, item 7716, First mobile radio telephone marine demonstration, March 20, 1902 (by Stubblefield)

"Listening In" by Orrin E. Dunlap Jr., New York Times, April 13, 1930, p. 137

Lochte, Bob, Kentucky Farmer Invents Wireless Telephone! But Was It Radio? Facts and Folklore About Nathan Stubblefield, All About Wireless, 2001, ISBN 0-9712511-9-3

Morgan, Thomas O., The Contribution of Nathan B. Stubblefield to the Invention of Wireless Voice Communications, dissertation, Florida State University, 1971

Nahin, Paul J. "The Science of Radio, 2nd Ed." Springer Verlag, New York, 2001, p 7

Sivowitch, Elliot N., A Technological Survey of Broadcasting's 'Pre-History,' 1876-1920., Journal of Broadcasting, Winter 1970-1971

See also

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External articles and referecns

Patents

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[3] Patent - "Lighting device" - There was an error working with the wiki: Code[39], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[40].

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[4] Patent - "Mechanical telephone" - There was an error working with the wiki: Code[41], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[42].

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[5] Patent - "Electric battery" - There was an error working with the wiki: Code[43], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[44].

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[6] Patent - "Wireless telephone" - There was an error working with the wiki: Code[45], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[46].

Canadian patent 114,737, "Wireless Telephone" dated October 20, 1908

" Stubblefield Earth Battery OR Electro-magnetic Induction Amplifier". John Bedini's website on Nathan Stubblefield and electromagnetic induction.

Lochte, Bob, Kentucky Farmer Invents Wireless Telephone! But Was It Radio? Facts and Folklore About Nathan Stubblefield, All About Wireless, 2001, ISBN 0-9712511-9-3

Haslam, Garth, "Stubblefield's Wireless". The Legend - Variations - The Rest of the Story - Bibliography

Naughton, Russell, "Nathan Stubblefield : 1858 - 1928". Adventures in Cybersound.

"Nathan B. Stubblefield". Wfmu.org. 1996.

"Nathan Stubblefield". Find A Grave

Raw Deal summation

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[1], Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation.

History of the Radio Industry in the United States to 1940 by Carole E. Scott, State University of West Georgia

Pro-Stubblefield pages

(ed. The links below are cited in Troy Cory-Stubblefield and Josie Cory book)

http://lookradio.com

"Stubblefield Radio Trust". SMART90.com.

"Did Nathan B. Stubblefield, really invent the wireless telephone?". The TeleKey Group.

"Nathan Stubblefield". All About Wireless. 2001.

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