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PowerPedia:Motionless Electromagnetic Generator

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!http://freeenergynews.com/Directory/Inventors/Bearden/images/MEG.jpg

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|A independent replication of the Motionless Electrical Generator system

|}

The Motionless Electromagnetic Generator (MEG) is an electromagnetic generator without moving parts which includes a permanent magnet and a magnetic core including first and second magnetic paths. The MEG is alternatively pulsed to provide induced output current pulses. The United States patent office granted There was an error working with the wiki: Code[2] to the four inventors: Stephen L. Patrick, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[62], James C. Hayes, and Kenneth D. Moore.

Description

Image:MEGcircuit.png
Image:MEGOperation.png

According to some skeptics and other investigators, the MEG appears to be a special type of transfomer with a permanent magnet in its main flux path. Within the MEG, a set of input coils and a set of output coils extend around portions of the transformer-type magnetic core. A pair of input and output coil are on the right and left of the transformer frame. A permanent magnet is positioned in middle of the magnetic core. A permanent magnet furnishes magnetic flux lines moving from the north pole outward into the core material, resulting in a right and a left magnetic path. These paths extend externally between the north and south magnetic poles. A driving electrical current through each of the input coils (acting as a type of choke coil) reduces a level of magnetic flux from the permanent magnet within the magnet path around which the input coil extends. This distorts the hysterisis curve enough to cause flux of the core and generates voltage spikes on the output coils.

The MEG's magnetic core is compose of a magnetic alloy (of crystalline grains (or crystallite) of a few nanometers). These are used because of the material's rapid switching of magnetic flux charateristics. Each crystallite is a single-domain particle in magnetic terms. One of the magnetic materials prefered is the alloy of cobalt-niobium-boron, this alloy has a near-zero magnetostriction and relatively strong magnetization. This alloy also has a a relatively high mechanical strength and corrosion resistance. Other magnetic materials acceptable to be used can be iron-rich amorphous and nanocrystalline alloys. These materials exhibit a greater magnetization than the cobalt based alloys. An example of this alloy material would be iron-boron-silicon-niobium-copper. Though the permeability of this alloy is limited by their relatively large levels of magnetostriction, the formation of a nanocrystalline material dramatically reduces this level of magnetostriction and favors easy magnetizationThere was an error working with the wiki: Code[3]

Initially, a sensing and switching circuit connects the switching and control circuit to an external power source. External powers sources can include, but are not limited to, a battery. The switching and control circuit is connected to an oscillator driver that is the clock input of a flip-flop circuit. The altenate outputs (Q and Q') of the flip-flop are connected through independent driver circuit, such circuit can include a darlington pair or a one-shot circuit (such as the one describe There was an error working with the wiki: Code[4]), to operate the FETS. The FETS alternately drive the input 'choking' coils. After being started, the sensing and switching circuit detects if there is a predetermined level of voltage available from a regulator circuit. Once this condition is met, the power input to the switching and control circuit is switched from the external power source to the output of regulator circuit. After this switching event, the electromagnetic generator operates without an application of external power.There was an error working with the wiki: Code[5]

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It is notable that during operation of the MEG the input coils are never driven to the point that the core material becomes saturated. If the core material is saturated, subsequent increases in input current that do occur has no corresponding effect in the magnetic flux and input power is wasted. In the the MEG, the switching of current flow within the input coils does not need to be sufficient to stop the flow of flux in one of the magnetic paths while promoting the flow of magnetic flux in the other magnetic path. The electromagnetic generator works by changing the flux pattern it does not need to be completely switched from one side to another. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[7]

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!Fe-based Nanocrystalline Magnetic Core :

|-

|Characteristics:

Nanocrystalline alloy has similar features of high

initial permeability and temperature stability,

less gravity and packing factor than that of

Permalloy. Under the same conditions of core size

and performance, it is lighter ( about 1/3 lighter)

and cheaper than that of Permalloy.

High saturation magnetic induction (1.25T), high

permeability, high inductance (ten times higher than

that of ferrite), low loss, small volume, light in

weight, high electric interference resistance, good

frequency performance and high temperature stability.

|}

In an alternative embodiment of an electromagnetic generator, the magnetic core includes annular spaced-apart plates, with posts and permanent magnets extending in an alternating fashion between the plates. An output coil extends around each of these posts. Input coils extending around portions of the plates are pulsed to cause the induction of current within the output coils.

History

On March 26 2002, Tom Bearden announced the arrival of the MEG technology (Motionless Electrical Generator). This device was supposed to be in mass production by 2003, and promised unlimited energy from the vacuum, to answer mankind's power needs. Promoted through JLNlabsThere was an error working with the wiki: Code[8], Cheniere.orgThere was an error working with the wiki: Code[9] and an Egroup called "MEG Builders"There was an error working with the wiki: Code[10], the device was even written up in Vol. 14., No. 1, 2001, Foundations of Physics LettersThere was an error working with the wiki: Code[11]. As of 2005, the MEG is still not in production, and Tom Bearden claims he needs about $11 million to develop it to a viable commercial form. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[12] Tom also admits he presently has no working prototype, stating the 'last working demonstrator promptly destroyed'.There was an error working with the wiki: Code[13]

Controversy

Mainstream physics does not contain any mechanism allowing for "over-unity" devices but does not prohibit "free energy" available directly from the environment and which cannot be depleted (so it is available in effectively unlimited quantity). Tom Bearden justifies the operation of the MEG with a wide range of alternative theories, including the proposal that all electrical devices, from batteries to electromechanical generators, in reality operate on vacuum energy. According to some skeptics, the theory seems to offer no concrete testable predictions though. A point within the framework from Bearden rests on the allegation that during the reformulation of the James Clerk Maxwell's orginal theory (of quaternions) by Oliver Heaviside and Josiah Gibbs into vector notation a key element was lost in the original theory. Also according to skeptics, the voltage spikes can be mistaken for an over-unity phenomena. The claimed suppression of various aspects of the MEG device and the theory behind it are examples of free energy suppression conspiracy theory.

Directory

See also: Directory:MEG

Further reading

General

Raymond J. Radus, "Permanent-Magnet Circuit using a `Flux-Transfer` Principle". Engineers' Digest, 24(1-6) Jan.-Jun. 1963, p. 86.

Robert O'Handley, Modern Magnetic Materials, Principles and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2000, pp. 456-468.

Robert C. Weast, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 1978-1979, p. B-50.

Honeywell.com web site, "amorphous metals". (ed. Honeywell sold off it's Metglas amorphous metals division)

U.S. Patent Documents

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[14] "Current responsive arrangement". Kramer Apr., 1939

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[15] "Apparatus responsive to direct quanties". Radus et al. Jun., 1959

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[16] "Variable strength permanent magnet". Schultz Feb., 1963

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[17] "Combined permanet magnet and electromagnet". De Bonnetot May, 1963

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[18] "Magnetic memory device". Radus Jan., 1965

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[19] "Magnetic memory device". Olson et al. Jan., 1966

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[20] "Highly effecient semiconductor switching amplifier". Dennis Feb., 1963

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[21] "Protective for capacitance serially connected with inductive apparatus". Radus et al. May., 1966

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[22] "Fail safe electro-magnetic lifting device with safety stop means". Radus et al. Apr., 1967

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[23] "Transformer in combopnation wit a permanent magnet". Subieta-Garron Feb., 1968

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[24] "Circuit breaker with improved magnetic trip means". Bratkowski et al. Jul., 1968

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[25] "Magetostrictive load cell". Radus Jul., 1969

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[26] "Power converter circuits having high frequency lines". McMurray. Jun., 1970

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[27] "Magnetic memory device". Radus Mar., 1971

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[28] "High-Power Direct-Current to Square-Wave Converter utilizing an inductively coupled gas discharge tube" Adams. Aug., 1971

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[29] "Electromagnetic generator ". de Rivas Feb., 1977

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[30] "Electromagnetic convertor with stationary variable-reluctance members". Richardson Feb., 1978

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[31] "AC/DC or DC/AC Converter system with improved AC-line harmonic reduction ". Rosa et al. Dec., 1982

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[32] "Transformer for low distortion rectifier system". Wolf et al. Nov., 1984

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[33] "Secondary circuit breaker for distribution transformer with indicator light switch mechanism". Radus Nov., 1985

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[34] "Integrated-magnetics power converter ". Bloom Aug., 1989

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[35] "Integrated-magnetics power converter ". Bloom Sep., 1989

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[36] "Magnetic motion electrical generator". Pasichinskyj Feb., 1990

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[37] "Permanent magnetic retaining device to move, affix or carry ferromagnetic parts or loads with electronic switching of the magnetic flux to release the carried load". Baumann Oct., 1990

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[38] "Method and apparatus for generating electricity". McCullough Apr., 1991

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[39] "Flux compression transformer". Sullivan Jun., 1993

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[40] "Suppression of transformer capacitive current". Spreen Sep., 1993

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[41] "Superconductor device to produce electrical impulses ". Hacket Jul., 1994

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[42] "Power supply circuit with integrated magnetic components ". Seiersen Aug., 1994

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[43] "Magnetic element for power supply and DC-to-DC converter". Sato et al. Dec., 1997

Non-U.S. Patent Documents

FR2312135 Galley 1975

DE3501076 Volkrodt 1986

WO0007285 Flynn 2000

Other patents

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[44] Electromagnetic switches by A.T.Starr (1957)

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[45] Magnetic frequency changer by H.T.Mortimer (1959)

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[46] Flux switching transformer by D.S Toffolo (1963)

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[47] Transformer in combination with permanent magnet by C.S.Garron (1968)

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[48] Electromagnetic generator by E.V. deRivas (1977)

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[49] Electromagnetic convertor with stationary variable-reluctance members by F.B.Richardson (1978)

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[50] Magnetic Amplifier by D.Bramanti (1987)

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[51] Static magnet dynamo generating electromotive force based on changing flux density of an open magnetic path by A.Keiichiro (1999)

DE3024814 Procedures and devices for energy production by H. Kunel ( 1982)

DE3501076 Energy converter having a magnetic-core intermediate store by W. Volkrodt (1986)

CA2172240 Apparatus for release of Magnetostatic Energy of permament magnets by A.Boday (1997)

References

Description

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[52] Patrick, et al., US6362718: Motionless electromagnetic generator, March 26, 2002. Column 3 and 4, Lines 75 to 100.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[53] Patrick, et al., US6362718: Motionless electromagnetic generator, March 26, 2002. Column 7 and 8, Lines 65 to 105.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[54]Patrick, et al., US6362718: Motionless electromagnetic generator, March 26, 2002. Column 7 and 8, Lines 21 to 38.

History

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[55] Jean-Louis Naudin, "The Motionless Electromagnetic Generator, Extracting Energy from a Permanent Magnet with Energy-Replenishing from the Active Vacuum". 2005.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[56] Tom Bearden, "Selected Correspondence". cheniere.org.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[57] MEG Builders. Yahoo! Inc., 2005 .

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[58] "Explaination of the motionless electromagnetic generator with O(3) Electrodynamics" Foundations of Physics Letters, Vol. 14., No. 1, 2001. (ed., analysis from the Institute for Advanced Study, Alpha Foundation and the Institute of Physics, Budapest, Hungary the text can be found at Cheniere.nii.net, References: physics letters).

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[59] Tom Bearden, "Subject: RE: MEG Funding" Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2005 10:44:21 -0600

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[60] Tom Bearden,"correspondence 051605". Date: Mon, 16 May 2005 12:11:01 -0500 (ed. After an intinial financial agreement, the team's last working demonstrator was promptly destroyed by the contracting party in three days.)

Extracting Energy from a Permanent Magnet with Energy-Replenishing from the Active Vacuum

from Thomas E. Bearden, Ph.D. James C. Hayes, Ph.D. James L. Kenny, Ph.D. Kenneth D. Moore, B.S. Stephen L. Patrick, B.S.

External articles

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Thomas E. Bearden, "On extracting the electromagnetic energy from the Vacuum". CTEC, Inc.

M.W. Evans, "The Link Between the Sachs and O(3) Theories of Electrodynamics". cheniere.org. (PDF document 409 Kb)

Dave Squires, "MEG Theory Why it Works, The Simple Explanation". 11-08-2000.

"Tom Bearden - A Critical Examination of His Claims". PhACT.org.

"A skeptical look at the MEG claims of Thomas Bearden". PhACT.org.

"Overunity device installed in Minuteman Missile - patented by Westinghouse" by Tom Bearden

H. Andreatta, "High Power Switching Amplifier Wherein Energy is Transferred to a Tuned Circuit During Both Half Cycles," U.S. Patent No. 3,239,771, Mar. 8, 1966

Tom L. Dennis, Jr., "Highly Efficient Semiconductor Switching Amplifier," U.S. Patent No. 3,239,772, Mar. 8, 1966

Heber J. Morrison, "Square Wave Driven Power Amplifier," U.S. Patent No. 3,815,030, June 4, 1974.

NANOCRYSTALLINE SOFT MAGNETIC ALLOYS FOR APPLICATION IN ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC DEVICES by V.R. Ramanan ABB-Electric Systems Technology Institute

AMORPHOUS METALS Magnetic Materials METGLASĀ®

:: Magnetic Alloy 2605SA1 (Iron-based) Longitudinal Field Anneal Typical Core.

:: http://metglas.com:80/products/page5_1_2_4_1.htm

:: http://metglas.com:80/products/page5_1_2.htm

:: http://metglas.com:80/products/page5_1_2_4.htm

News

Bearden releases patent application details - Among other things, Tom Bearden and colleague Ken Moore have placed in the Public Domain their recent Increasing COP by addnl extractn from flow1a.DOC provisional patent application for increasing the COP of EM power systems by extracting and using excess EM energy from the Heaviside energy flow component. (ZPEnergy June 6, 2006)

See also

Bearden's MEG Differs from Flynn's Parallel Path Magnet Technology - Tom Bearden, proponent of the Motionless Electric Generator, responds to the question: "Can you explain the differences between the MEG v. the Flynn Parallel Path Technology?" (PESN Mar. 5, 2006)

Academy:Bearden Energy from the Vacuum

Directory:Electromagnetic

Site:LRP:Motionless Electromagnetic Generator

Directory:MEMM - MCE research & new device, the MEMM. Describes the MEG, the MEMM, and theory based on solid conventional science & experiments that precisely show in a step-by-step process how to extract vast amounts of unlimited Magnetocaloric energy.

http://www.cheniere.org/references/index.html

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