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PowerPedia:Electricity generation

Lasted edited by Andrew Munsey, updated on June 14, 2016 at 10:08 pm.

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Electricity generation is the first process in the delivery of Electricity to consumers. The other processes are Electric power transmission and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[10].

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Electricity generation

The importance of dependable electricity generation, Electric power transmission and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[2] was revealed when it became apparent that Electricity was useful for providing heat, light and power for human needs. Centralized power generation became possible when it was recognized that Alternating current electric power lines can transport Electricity at low costs across great distances by taking advantage of the ability to transform the Voltage using power Transformers.

Electricity has been generated for the purpose of powering human technologies for at least 120 years from various sources of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[3] and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[4] power and a small amount from There was an error working with the wiki: Code[5], Tidal power, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[11]s, and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[12] sources.

Electricity demand

The demand for electricity can be met in two different ways. The primary method thus far has been for public or private utilities to construct large scale centralized projects to generate and transmit the electricity required to fuel economies. Many of these projects have caused unpleasant environmental effects such as air or radiation pollution and the flooding of large areas of land.

Distributed generation creates power on a smaller scale at locations throughout the electricity network. Often these sites generate electricity as a byproduct of other industrial processes such as using gas from landfills to drive turbines.

Methods of generating electricity

Turbines

Rotating There was an error working with the wiki: Code[13] attached to Electrical generators produce most commercially available electricity. Turbines are driven by a fluid which acts as an intermediate energy carrier. The fluids typically used are:

steam - Water is boiled by Nuclear power or the burning of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[6] (coal, natural gas, or petroleum). Some newer plants use the sun as the heat source: There was an error working with the wiki: Code[14]s and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[15]s concentrate sunlight to heat a heat transfer fluid, which is then used to produce steam.

water - Turbine blades are acted upon by flowing water, produced by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[7],

wind - Most Wind Turbines generate electricity from naturally occurring wind. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[16]s use wind that is artificially produced inside the chimney by heating it with sunlight.

hot gases - Turbines are driven directly by gases produced by the Combustion of natural gas or oil.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[17] gas turbine plants are driven by both steam and gas. They generate power by burning natural gas in a Gas turbine and use residual heat to generate additional electricity from steam. These plants offer efficiencies of up to 60%.

Reciprocating engines

Small electricity generators are often powered by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[18]s burning Diesel, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[19] or natural gas. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[20] are often used for back up generation, usually at low voltages. Biogas is often combusted where it is produced, such as a landfill or wastewater treatment plant, with a reciprocating engine or a microturbine, which is a small gas turbine.

Photovoltaic panels

Unlike the solar heat concentrators mentioned above, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[8] convert sunlight directly to electricity. Although sunlight is free and abundant, solar panels are expensive to produce and have only a 10-20% conversion efficiency. Until recently, photovoltaics were most commonly used in remote sites where there is no access to a commercial power grid, or as a supplemental electricity source for individual homes and businesses. Recent advances in manufacturing efficiency and photovoltaic technology, combined with subsidies driven by environmental concerns, have dramatically accelerated the deployment of solar panels. Installed solar capacity is growing by 30% per year in several regions including Germany, Japan, California and New Jersey.

Related

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Distributed generation

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References

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There was an error working with the wiki: Code[1], Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation.

See also

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