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An automobile (also motor car or simply car) is a There was an error working with the wiki: Code[26]. Most definitions of the term specify that automobiles are designed to run primarily on roads, to have seating for one to seven people, to typically have four wheels, and to be constructed principally for the transport of people rather than goods.However, the term is far from precise.

As of 2002, there were 590 million passenger cars worldwide (roughly one car for every eleven people).

History

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[16]

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There was an error working with the wiki: Code[18], 1927, regarded as the first affordable automobile]]

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Some sources suggest that There was an error working with the wiki: Code[27], may have built the first steam powered car around 1672.{{cite web

| title=SA MOTORING HISTORY - TIMELINE

| publisher=Government of South Australia

| url=http://www.history.sa.gov.au/motor/education/sa_motor_history.pdf

}}{{cite book

| author=Setright, L. J. K.

| title=Drive On!: A Social History of the Motor Car

| publisher=Granta Books

| year=2004

| id=ISBN 1-86207-698-7

}} There was an error working with the wiki: Code[28], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[117], and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[118] who each produced vehicles powered by clumsy internal combustion engines.{{cite book

| title=The Automobile Book

| publisher=Paul Hamlyn Ltd

| year=1967

| author=Ralph Stein

}}

An automobile powered by a There was an error working with the wiki: Code[29] was built in Germany by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[119] in 1885 and granted a patent in the following year. Although several other engineers (including There was an error working with the wiki: Code[120], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[121] and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[122]) were working on the problem at about the same time, Benz is generally credited with the invention of the modern automobile.

Approximately 25 of Benz's vehicles were built before 1893, when his first four-wheeler was introduced. They were powered with four-stroke engines of his own design. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[123] of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[124], already producing Benz engines under license, now added the Benz automobile to his line of products. Because France was more open to the early automobiles, more were built and sold in France through Roger than Benz sold in Germany. From 1890 to 1895 about 30 vehicles were built by Daimler and his assistant, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[125], either at the Daimler works or in the Hotel Hermann, where they set up shop after falling out with their backers. Benz and Daimler seem to have been unaware of each other's early work and worked independently.

In 1890, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[30] there had been several attempts to build steam cars with varying degrees of success with There was an error working with the wiki: Code[31] even attempting a production run in 1860.{{cite book

|last=Burgess Wise

|first=D.

|title=Veteran and Vintage Cars

|year=1970

|publisher=Hamlyn

|location=London

|id=ISBN 0-600-00283-7

}} There was an error working with the wiki: Code[32] from Malvern is recognized by the Veteran Car Club of Great Britain as having made the first petrol-powered car in the country in 1894{{cite book

|last=Georgano

|first=N.

|title=Beaulieu Encyclopedia of the Automobile

|year=2000

|publisher=HMSO

|location=London

|id=ISBN 1-57958-293-1

}} followed by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[126] in 1895 but these were both one-offs. The first production vehicles came from the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[127], founded by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[128] in 1896, and making their first cars in 1897.

In 1892 There was an error working with the wiki: Code[33] automobile engine (There was an error working with the wiki: Code[2]). This patent did more to hinder than encourage development of autos in the United States. Steam, electric, and gasoline powered autos competed for decades, with gasoline internal combustion engines achieving dominance in the 1910s.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[19].]]

The large-scale, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[34] and the electric self-starter (both by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[35] Motor Company in 1910-1911), independent suspension, and four-wheel brakes.

Although various There was an error working with the wiki: Code[36]'s version of the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[129] has had more than very limited success.

Since the 1920s, nearly all cars have been mass-produced to meet market needs, so marketing plans have often heavily influenced automobile design. It was There was an error working with the wiki: Code[130] who established the idea of different makes of cars produced by one company, so that buyers could "move up" as their fortunes improved. The makes shared parts with one another so that the larger production volume resulted in lower costs for each price range. For example, in the 1950s, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[131] shared hood, doors, roof, and windows with There was an error working with the wiki: Code[132] the LaSalle of the 1930s, sold by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[133], used the cheaper mechanical parts made by the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[134] division.

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Economics and societal impact

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[20] in 2005]]

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The economics of personal automobile ownership go beyond the initial cost of the vehicle and includes There was an error working with the wiki: Code[135]s, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[136], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[137], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[138], the cost of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[139], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[140]s, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[141] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[142], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[143]es and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[144].{{cite web

| url=http://www.racv.com.au/wps/wcm/connect/Internet/Primary/my+car/advice+%26+information/car+operating+costs/

| accesdate=2006-12-01

| title=RACV - Car operating costs

}}

Additionally, there are indirect societal costs such as the costs of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[145]s and other infrastructure, Pollution, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[146] costs of pollution, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[147] costs due to accidents, and the cost of finally disposing of the vehicle at the end of its life. The ability for humans to move rapidly from place to place has far reaching implications for the nature of our society. People can now live far from their There was an error working with the wiki: Code[148]s, the design of our cities is determined as much by the need to get vehicles into and out of the city as the nature of the buildings and public spaces within the city.{{cite book

| title=Lots of Parking: Land Use in a Car Culture

| author=John A. Jakle, Keith A. Sculle.

| year=2004

| id=ISBN 0813922666

}}

High transportation fuel prices have not seriously reduced There was an error working with the wiki: Code[37]. These changes are resisted by those with an interest in maintaining the massive There was an error working with the wiki: Code[149] of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[150]. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[151] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[152] is highly prized in dominant societies so the demand for automobiles is still strong. Alternative individual modes of transport, such as There was an error working with the wiki: Code[153], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[154], walking, skating, and organised cargo movement, could serve as an alternative to automobiles if they prove to be socially accepted.{{cite book

| title= Asphalt Nation: how the automobile took over America, and how we can take it back

| author=Jane Holtz Kay

| year=1998

| id=ISBN 0520216202

}}

Fuel and propulsion technologies

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[21], the first modern (transistor-controlled) electric car.]]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[22]]]

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Most automobiles in use today are propelled by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[155] (also known as petrol) or Diesel internal combustion engines but these are known to cause There was an error working with the wiki: Code[156] and are also blamed for contributing to There was an error working with the wiki: Code[157] and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[158].{{web cite

|url=http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/climate.shtml

|title=Global Climate Change

|publisher=There was an error working with the wiki: Code[159]

|accessdate=2007-03-03

}} Increasing costs of oil-based fuels and tightening environmental There was an error working with the wiki: Code[160]s and restrictions on There was an error working with the wiki: Code[161] emissions are propelling work on alternative power systems for automobiles. Efforts to improve or replace these technologies include Hybrid vehicles, Electric vehicles and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[162]s.

Diesel

Diesel engined cars have long been popular in Europe with the first models being introduced in the 1930s by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[163] and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[164]. The main benefit of Diesel combustion engines is its 50% fuel burn efficiency compared with 27% {{cite book

| author=Norbye, Jan

| title= Automotive fuel injection Systems

| publisher=Haynes Publishing

| year=1988

| id=ISBN 0-85429-755-3

}} in the best gasoline engines. A down side of the diesel is the presence in the exhaust gases of fine soot particulates and manufacturers are now starting to fit filters to remove these. Many Diesel powered cars can also run with little or no modifications on 100% pure There was an error working with the wiki: Code[165].

Gasoline

Gasoline engines however have the advantage over diesel in being lighter and able to work at higher rotational speeds and they are the usual choice for fitting in high performance sports cars. Continuous development of gasoline engines for over a hundred years has produced improvements in efficiency and reduced pollution. The carburettor was used on nearly all road car engines until the 1980s but it was long realised that better control of the fuel/air mixture could be achieved with fuel injection. Indirect fuel injection was first used in aircraft engines from 1909, in racing car engines from the 1930s and road cars from the late 1950s. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[38] is now starting to appear in production vehicles such as the 2007 There was an error working with the wiki: Code[39]. Exhaust gases are also cleaned up by fitting a catalytic converter into the exhaust system. Clean air legislation in many of the car industries most important markets has made both catalysts and fuel injection virtually universal fittings. Most modern gasoline engines are also capable of running with up to 15% There was an error working with the wiki: Code[40] with the addition of an There was an error working with the wiki: Code[41] for fuel storage and carburation modifications to add an LPG mixer. LPG produces fewer toxic emissions and is a popular fuel for fork lift trucks that have to operate inside buildings.

Electric

The first There was an error working with the wiki: Code[42] powered vehicles that could rival internal combustion models had to wait for the introduction of modern There was an error working with the wiki: Code[166] controls. Because they can deliver a high Torque at low revolutions electric cars do not require such a complex drivetrain and transmission as internal combustion powered cars. Some are able to accelerate from 0-60&nbspThere was an error working with the wiki: Code[167] (96&nbspThere was an error working with the wiki: Code[168]/There was an error working with the wiki: Code[169]) in 4.0&nbspThere was an error working with the wiki: Code[170]s with a top speed around 130&nbspmph (210&nbspkm/h). They have a range of 250&nbspThere was an error working with the wiki: Code[171]s (400&nbspkm) on the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[172] highway cycle requiring 3-1/2&nbspThere was an error working with the wiki: Code[169]s to completely charge. Equivalent fuel efficiency to internal combustion is not well defined but some press reports give it at around 135&nbspmpg.

Steam

Steam power, usually using an oil or gas heated boiler, was also in use until the 1930s but had the major disadvantage of being unable to power the car until boiler pressure was available. It has the advantage of being able to produce very low emissions as the combustion process can be carefully controlled.

Gas Turbine

In the 1950s there was a brief interest in using There was an error working with the wiki: Code[43] produced prototypes. In spite of the power units being very compact, high fuel consumption, severe delay in throttle response and lack of engine braking meant no cars reached production.

Rotary (Wankel) engines

Rotary There was an error working with the wiki: Code[44] and later were seen in several Mazda models. In spite of their impressive smoothness, poor reliability and fuel economy led to them largely disappearing. Mazda, however, has continued research on these engines and overcame most of the earlier problems.

Future developments

Much current research and development is centered on There was an error working with the wiki: Code[45] vehicles that use both electric power and internal combustion. Research into alternative forms of power also focus on developing There was an error working with the wiki: Code[46], and even using the stored energy of compressed air or There was an error working with the wiki: Code[47].

Design

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[10]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[23] revolutionary visual design and technological innovation.]]

The design of modern cars is typically handled by a large team of designers and engineers from many different disciplines. As part of the product development effort the team of designers will work closely with teams of design engineers responsible for all aspects of the vehicle. These engineering teams include: chassis, body and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[48], powertrain, electrical and production. The design team under the leadership of the design director will typically comprise of an exterior designer, an interior designer (usually referred to as stylists) and a color and materials designer. A few other designers will be involved in detail design of both exterior and interior. For example, a designer might be tasked with designing the rear light clusters or the steering wheel. The color and materials designer will work closely with the exterior and interior designers in developing exterior color paints, interior colors, fabrics, leathers, carpet, wood trim and so on.

In 1924 the American national automobile market began reaching saturation. To maintain unit sales, General Motors instituted annual model-year design changes in order to convince car owners that they needed to buy a new replacement each year. Since 1935 automotive form has been driven more by consumer expectations than by engineering improvement.

There have been many efforts to innovate automobile design funded by the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[174], including the work of the NavLab group at Carnegie Mellon University. {{cite web

| url=http://www.ri.cmu.edu/labs/lab_28_inactive_projects.html

| title=Past projects, NavLab

}} Recent efforts include the highly publicized There was an error working with the wiki: Code[175] race.{{cite web

| url=http://www.darpa.mil/grandchallenge/index.asp

| title=DARPA Urban Challenge

}}

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[176], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[177], and measures of turning or There was an error working with the wiki: Code[178] vary widely between different makes and models of automobile. The automotive publication industry has developed around these performance measures as a way to quantify and qualify the characteristics of a particular vehicle. See There was an error working with the wiki: Code[179] and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[180].

Safety

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[11]

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There was an error working with the wiki: Code[24].]]

Road traffic injuries represent about 25% of worldwide injury-related deaths (the leading cause) with an estimated 1.2 million deaths (2004) each year.{{cite web

| url=http://www.who.int/world-health-day/2004/infomaterials/world_report/en/

| title=World report on road traffic injury prevention

}}

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[181]s are almost as old as automobiles themselves. Early examples include, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[182], who crashed his steam-powered "Fardier" against a wall in 1771,{{ cite web

| url=http://www.ile-de-france.drire.gouv.fr/vehicules/homolo/cnrv/histoire.htm

| title=Le fardier de Cugnot

}} There was an error working with the wiki: Code[49], who became one of the first document automobile fatalities in 1869 in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[50], one of the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[51].{{cite web

| url=http://www.citystreets.org/plaque.html

| title=CityStreets - Bliss plaque

}}

Cars have many basic safety problems - for example, they have human drivers who make mistakes, wheels that lose traction when the braking or turning forces are too high. Some vehicles have a high There was an error working with the wiki: Code[183] and therefore an increased tendency to roll over. When driven at high speeds, collisions can have serious or even fatal consequence.

Early safety research focused on increasing the reliability of brakes and reducing the flammability of fuel systems. For example, modern engine compartments are open at the bottom so that fuel vapors, which are heavier than air, vent to the open air. Brakes are hydraulic and dual circuit so that failures are slow leaks, rather than abrupt cable breaks. Systematic research on crash safety startedThere was an error working with the wiki: Code[13] in 1958 at Ford Motor Company. Since then, most research has focused on absorbing external crash energy with crushable panels and reducing the motion of human bodies in the passenger compartment. This is reflected in most cars produced today.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[25], a modern component of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[184]]]

Significant reductions in death and injury have come from the addition of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[185]s and laws in many countries to require vehicle occupants to wear them. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[186] and specialised child restraint systems have improved on that. Structural changes such as side-impact protection bars in the doors and side panels of the car mitigate the effect of impacts to the side of the vehicle. Many cars now include radar or sonar detectors mounted to the rear of the car to warn the driver if he or she is about to reverse into an obstacle or a pedestrian. Some vehicle manufacturers are producing cars with devices that also measure the proximity to obstacles and other vehicles in front of the car and are using these to apply the brakes when a collision is inevitable. There have also been limited efforts to use There was an error working with the wiki: Code[187]s and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[188] technologies similar to those used in military aircraft to provide the driver with a better view of the road at night.

There are standard tests for safety in new automobiles, like the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[189] and the US NCAP tests.{{cite web

| url=http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/cars/testing/ncap/

| title=SaferCar.gov - NHTSA

}} There are also tests run by organizations such as There was an error working with the wiki: Code[190] and backed by the insurance industry.{{cite web

| url=http://www.hwysafety.org/

| title=Insurance Institute for Highway Safety

}}

Despite technological advances, there is still significant loss of life from car accidents: About 40,000 people die every year in the United States, with similar figures in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[191]. This figure increases annually in step with rising population and increasing travel if no measures are taken, but the rate There was an error working with the wiki: Code[192] and per mile travelled decreases steadily. The death toll is expected to nearly double worldwide by 2020. A much higher number of accidents result in injury or permanent There was an error working with the wiki: Code[193]. The highest accident figures are reported in China and India. The European Union has a rigid program to cut the death toll in the EU in half by 2010 and member states have started implementing measures.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[52] has been seriously proposed and successfully prototyped. Shoulder-belted passengers could tolerate a 32&nbspThere was an error working with the wiki: Code[53] emergency stop (reducing the safe intervehicle gap 64-fold) if high-speed roads incorporated a steel rail for emergency braking. Both safety modifications of the roadway are thought to be too expensive by most funding authorities, although these modifications could dramatically increase the number of vehicles that could safely use a high-speed There was an error working with the wiki: Code[194].

Further reading

{| class="wikitable"

|+Articles relating to automobile configurations

|-

| There was an error working with the wiki: Code[54] || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[55], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[56], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[57], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[58], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[195], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[196]

|-

| Specialised vehicles || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[197], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[198], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[199], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[200].

|-

| There was an error working with the wiki: Code[59] || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[60], E85, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[61], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[62], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[63], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[201]

|-

| There was an error working with the wiki: Code[64], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[202], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[203], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[204], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[205]

|-

| There was an error working with the wiki: Code[65], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[206], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[207]

|-

| There was an error working with the wiki: Code[66] || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[208], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[209], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[210], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[211], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[212]

|-

| There was an error working with the wiki: Code[67], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[213], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[214], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[215], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[216], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[217], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[218], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[219], Diesel engine, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[220], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[221], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[222], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[223], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[224], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[225], Hybrid vehicle, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[226], Electric vehicle, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[227]

|-

|}

{| class="wikitable"

|+Articles relating to parts of automobiles

|-

| rowspan="6" | There was an error working with the wiki: Code[68] || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[69] || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[70], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[71], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[72], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[73], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[74], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[228], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[229]

|-

| Compartments || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[75] , There was an error working with the wiki: Code[76].

|-

| There was an error working with the wiki: Code[77] || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[230], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[231], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[232], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[233]

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| There was an error working with the wiki: Code[78] || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[79], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[234], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[235], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[236], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[237].

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| Other || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[81], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[82], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[238], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[239], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[240], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[241]

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| Legal and other || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[251], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[252], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[253], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[254].

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| rowspan="5" | There was an error working with the wiki: Code[85], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[86], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[87], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[88], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[255], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[256], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[257], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[258], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[259], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[260], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[261], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[262], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[263], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[264], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[265], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[266], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[267], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[268]. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[269]

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| Other || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[94]. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[95], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[96], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[97], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[277], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[278], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[279], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[280], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[281], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[282], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[283], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[284], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[285], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[286]

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| Controls || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[295], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[296] (speed control), There was an error working with the wiki: Code[297], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[298], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[299], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[300], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[301], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[302],

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| Other || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[103], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[104], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[319], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[320], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[321], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[322], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[323]

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| rowspan="5" | There was an error working with the wiki: Code[105]s and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[106], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[107], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[324], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[325], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[326], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[327], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[328], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[329]

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| There was an error working with the wiki: Code[108] || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[109], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[330], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[331], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[332], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[333], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[334], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[335], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[336], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[337], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[338], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[339], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[340], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[341], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[342], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[343], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[343], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[345], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[346] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[347], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[348], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[349], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[350], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[351]

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| There was an error working with the wiki: Code[110], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[111], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[352], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[353]

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| There was an error working with the wiki: Code[112] || There was an error working with the wiki: Code[113], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[354], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[355], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[356], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[357], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[358], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[359], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[360], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[361], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[362], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[363], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[364], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[365], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[366], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[367], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[368]

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| There was an error working with the wiki: Code[114], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[369], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[370], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[371], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[372], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[373], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[374], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[375], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[376], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[377], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[378], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[379], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[380], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[381]

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See also

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There was an error working with the wiki: Code[387]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[388]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[389] and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[390].

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[391]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[392]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[393]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[394]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[395]: There was an error working with the wiki: Code[396] and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[397]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[398]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[399]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[400]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[401]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[402]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[403]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[115]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[404]

References

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External links

Auto dictionary.

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety.

NHTSA.gov.

Automobile Information at MadeHow.com - Background, History, Raw Materials, Design, The Manufacturing Process, and Quality Control.

Wikicars.org

AutoGuideWiki.

Cars by price.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[116]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[15]

Comments