Lasted edited by Andrew Munsey, updated on June 14, 2016 at 9:47 pm.

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The following page is under consideration.


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This page is in the process of being modified to meet PESWiki standards. It is being discussed and modified, with pertinent issues being considered. This temporary statement will be removed once the necessary adjustments have been made.


: PW:V redirects here. For vandalism, see PESWiki:Vandalism (PW:VAND).


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!style="background:#cee0f2 padding:0.3em"|PESWiki:List of policies


|style="padding:0.2em font-size:0.9em background-color:#cee0f2 text-align:center"| Article standards


|style="padding:0.3em"|PESWiki:Point of viewPESWiki:VerifiabilityPESWiki:Original researchPESWiki:Citing evidenceThere was an error working with the wiki: Code[1]There was an error working with the wiki: Code[2]


|style="padding:0.2em font-size:0.9em background-color:#cee0f2 text-align:center"| Working with others


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Verifiability is one of PESWiki's three content policies. PESWiki:Verifiability is based on gathering:

#content that is observable,

#content that is empirical,

#content which contains measurable evidence, and/or

#content that adheres to the principles of reasoning.

Articles should therefore PESWiki:Citing evidence whenever possible. Any material may be challenged and removed if it does not prodive evidence or supply sufficient reasoning.

This policy, and the other two policies (There was an error working with the wiki: Code[8] and various There was an error working with the wiki: Code[9] upon which these policies are based are negotiable only at the management level. The threshold for inclusion in PESWiki is verifiability, not truth. Content must be either verifiable by the tautology of logic or by means of the senses. Verifiability of content by the specification of evidence allows a measure of the reliability of the content to be established.

A basic premise of this policy is that of making complete documentation of data and methodology available for careful scrutiny by readers, thereby allowing others the opportunity to verify results by attempted reproduction of them. Among this policy's parameters shared by the various departments is the conviction that the content must be objective so that the editor does not bias the content. PESWiki:Verifiability is a technique for investigating phenomena and acquiring new knowledge, as well as for correcting and integrating previous knowledge.

Burden of evidence

:For more, see PESWiki:Citing evidence

Although procedures vary from one department to another, there are identifiable features of PESWiki:Verifiability applicable to all departments. Editors propose specific content and design articles on this content. Articles that encompass wider departments bind more specific content together in a coherent structure. This in turn aids in the formation of material for our readers, as well as in groups of specific content into a broader a more stable understanding. PESWiki:Verifiability is not a recipe: it requires intelligence and reasoning.

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|PESWiki:Verifiability entails:

# Defining the article content

# Gathering information and resources

# Provide the detail of any experiments

# Provide previous analysis of data

# Provide interpretation of data

# Publish known data, conclusions, and results


The burden of evidence lies with the editor providing the material. Any material may be challenged or likely to be challenged if it does not provide proper characterizations (quantifications, observations, and measurements), a hypotheses (theoretical, hypothetical explanations of observations and measurements), predictions (reasoning including logical deduction from hypothesis and theory), and experiments (tests of all of the previous). All of these should be cited in the article. If an article topic does not have these facets, PESWiki may not have an article on it. Any edit lacking these facets may be removed, but editors may object if you remove material without giving them a chance to provide facts and data.

Consider the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[10] for assistance. Alternatively, you may tag the sentence by adding the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[3] template, or tag the article by adding There was an error working with the wiki: Code[4] or There was an error working with the wiki: Code[5]. You can also make unsourced sentences invisible in the article by adding after it, until reliable sources have been provided. Leave a note on the talk page or edit summary explaining what you have done. See also Help:Editing: "Invisible comments to editors only appear while editing the page. If you wish to make comments to the public, you should usually go on the talk page."


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Biographical claims about people need special care because of the effect they could have on the individual, and because they could have legal consequences. Remove unsourced or poorly sourced contentious material about persons immediately and do not move it to the talk page. This applies to the website as a whole, not only to the main namespace.

See also There was an error working with the wiki: Code[14]


:See also: There was an error working with the wiki: Code[15]

Articles can contain published sources with fact-checking and accuracy. Sources should be appropriate to the claims made: exceptional claims require stronger sources.

Sources of varying reliability

In general, sources of reliability are sources with a reputation for fact-checking, but there are those sources with no fact-checking facilities or oversight. Sources of dubious reliability should only be used in articles about the author(s). (See PESWiki:Verifiability.) Articles about such sources should not repeat any potentially libellous claims the source has made, unless those claims have also been published by other more reliable sources.


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Self-published sources in articles

Anyone can create a website or pay to have a book published. Self-published books, personal websites, and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[11] are largely acceptable as sources, this is increased if they have fact-checking facilities. Self-published material are especially acceptable when the individual is noteable and recognized in a relevant field or is a well-known professional. Material from self-published sources, and other sources, may be used in articles about a topic, so long as:

it does not involve claims about third parties, or about events not directly related to the subject and

there is no reasonable doubt as to who wrote it.

Sources in other languages

For the convenience of our readers, English language sources should be used in preference to foreign-language sources, assuming equal quality, so that readers can easily verify that the source material has been used correctly. When the original material is in a language other than English:

Where sources are directly quoted, published translations are generally preferred over editors performing their own translations directly.

Where editors use their own English translation of a non-English source as a quote in an article, there should be clear citation of the foreign-language original, so that readers can check what the original source said and the accuracy of the translation.

See also

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