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James Clerk Maxwell by Leslie R. Pastor


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[1] [2] [3]


"John Bedini and Tom Bearden have pointed out that James Clerk Maxwell, famous for formulating classical electromagnetic theory, had set up a system of equations able to deal with properties of the aether as a type of very subtle fluidic gas. Maxwell’s mathematics reinforces the case for the validity of Tesla’s worldview." Jeane Manning December 6, 2011 [4] [5]

"The truth of the second law is a statistical, not a mathematical, truth, for it depends on the fact that the bodies we deal with consist of millions of molecules. Hence the second law of thermodynamics is continually being violated, and that to a considerable extent, in any sufficiently small group of molecules belonging to a real body." (James Clerk Maxwell)
Source: [Maxwell, J. C., "Tait's Thermodynamics II," Nature 17, 278-280 (7 February 1878)].


James Clerk Maxwell’s Equations] were originated by listening to the Michael Faraday Lectures at the Royal Institution, after which Maxwell spent six (6) years on his estate in Scotland developing his significant equations in scientific notation in the form of quaternion algebra. He grouped his equations into twenty (20) equations and twenty (20) variables (or unknowns). Those viewing those equations found them difficult to understand, and their reaction was to immediately simplify them into mere observables reducing them to vectors, eliminating the potentials completely. Others followed and reduced them further, until they were no longer recognizable as Maxwell’s original work. The significance of Maxwell’s original equations is demonstrated by the length of time (six years) he took to painstakingly understand the actual construct of the Creation. Maxwell provided two parts to his equations (observables [+] and non-observables [-]) which were immediately attacked, curtailed and ultimately reduced.

Heaviside and others worked to eliminate the potentials (non-observables) believing them to be not necessary. But today we recognize their significance and importance because of the work of our modern physicists (Dirac, Prigogine, Lee and Yang, Whittaker, etc.) Nikola Tesla viewed the original Maxwell Equations in their original form and gave us the twentieth century. Tesla a contemporary of James Clerk Maxwell, studied Maxwell’s original equations, recognized the significance of those potentials and structured energy formation first as current flow (observables) and then as radiant (non-observable) energy, recognizable today as negative energy (Dirac).

Heaviside's Mutilation of Maxwell's Theory
"Well after Maxwell's death, Oliver Heaviside helped to finalize what is today vector analysis. Then he undertook to "translate" Maxwell's theory from quaternion form to the new vector mathematics form. Now quaternions were devilishly difficult to calculate in. So much so, that a majority of the electrical scientists (there were not very many of them in those days!) were in despair. Not to worry! Heaviside took a broadax, figuratively speaking, and simply chopped off the scalar term, leaving only the vector components. With that artifice, he greatly simplified the calculations to be performed. Of course, he also threw away the EM stress of spacetime! That is, he threw away the "gravitation" part of Maxwell's theory! Let me stress this fact most strongly. After Maxwell's death a single man - Oliver Heaviside - directly altered Maxwell's equations, eliminating localized electrogravitation and producing the form of the theory taught throughout the West today as "Maxwell's theory." Maxwell's theory has never been taught in Western universities! Only Heaviside's crippled subset of the theory has been taught!" Source: Extraordinary Physics - Chapter 4 - Tom Bearden

Point to Ponder: Physics, Mathematics, and Electronics require the knowledge of known and unknown variables identified as (+ and -) an equation (=), therefore you cannot discard either side of the equation without consequence, as Paul A. M. Dirac clearly stated.

Through the work of Thomas Eugene Bearden we now know that the planets, galaxies and stars rotate creating both negative and positive energies, with the positive energies directed inward, while the negative energy is directed outward into space-time. Negative energy is actually dark energy/dark matter, radiating outward throughout the construct of the Universe, continuously expanding the Universe. Tesla recognizing the significance of this, knew that he could tap into this energy and convert it into a recognizable, definable and usable energy form. He successfully applied this transformation, restructuring it as static voltage, which enabled him to power real loads, and motive power. Shortly thereafter Tesla was curtailed, contained and restrained from further advancement regarding the application of his discoveries. Once Tesla was parked from further advancement, he was unable to receive funding for his greatest accomplishment – suffering the deliberate curtailment of his primary energy source. By the grace of God, that knowledge has been revived, and has been demonstrated in the work of our modern inventors and their inventions.

Proof:

T. W. Barrett Demonstrates How Tesla was able to structure Energy within a Circuit (in any part of the Circuit)
Tesla's Non-linear Oscillator Shuttle Circuit (OSC) Theory by T. W. Barrett
T. W. Barret is the inventor of UltraWideBandRadar [8]

Jean-Louis Naudin's Replication of the Motionless Electromagnetic Generator (1)
Jean-Louis Naudin's Replication of the Motionless Electromagnetic Generator (2)
Jean-Louis Naudin's Endorsement of the Motionless Electromagnetic Generator

Documentation:

92px-N.Tesla.JPG

My Interview With Tom Bearden (December 13, 2009) Washington DC

Simplification: Tom Bearden and Free Energy
What is Deliberately Avoided and Evaded Regarding Electrical Circuits

Tom Bearden Regarding James Clerk Maxwell
“Maxwell’s” vector equations taught in university are actually Heaviside’s truncated equations, and are only a simplified version of what Maxwell originally wrote.
Maxwell's seminal theory is contained in James Clerk Maxwell, "A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field," Royal Society Transactions, Vol. CLV, 1865, p 459. [9]
Maxwell's Equations -- A Perspective
Tom Bearden Regarding the Holy Grail of Maxwell's Physics
Maxwell's Lost Unified Field Theory - Extraordinary Physics
Tom Bearden Answers Philip N. Ledoux Regarding James Clerk Maxwell[10][11]
The exact Maxwell equations are in his definitive paper published in 1865.
Tom Bearden On Hyper-dimensional Physics
What Is Scalar Electromagnetic Energy?
Tom Bearden: The Problem with the Standard CEM/EE Model [12]

'Reference: James Clerk Maxwell
The Life of James Clerk Maxwell
James Clerk Maxwell -- His Life and His Faith
James Clerk Maxwell & The Christian Proposition
The Papers of James Clerk Maxwell - 1831-1879

James Clerk-Maxwell of Middlebie was born on 13 June 1831.1 He was the son of John Clerk-Maxwell of Middlebie and Frances Cay.2 He married Katherine Mary Dewar, daughter of Very Rev. Daniel Dewar, on 2 June 1858.1 He died on 5 November 1879 at age 48, without issue. James Clerk-Maxwell of Middlebie was invested as a Fellow, Royal Society (F.R.S.).1 He was Professor of Experimental Physics at Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England.1 He lived at Middlebie, Dumfries-shire, Scotland.

Citations

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 816. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
Documentation:




[13] [14]
John Bedini has documented via repeated demonstrations through his monopole energizers the efficacy of Nikola Tesla’s discoveries concerning vacuum energy or radiant energy:
Source: http://www.podcastdirectory.com/podshows/3553281
Archive: http://www.podcastdirectory.com/podcasts/archive.php?iid=55120
Transcript: http://merlib.org/node/5683
John C. Bedini: “We are surrounded by an electrical gas which we can tap if we know how to utilize it.” “One must have something like a trigger [signal] to tap this.” Tesla said all along: that we must have these little impulses, and by utilizing these little impulses we can tap or cause the vacuum energy to enter our system, and then we can capture that. The Jim Watson machine demonstrated at 5 kilovolts on stage in 1984."

"I call it the Monopole Motor or Monopole Energizer……I wanted to do was bring forth a very small invention that showed exactly the type of energy we were capturing, and I wanted it to be as simple as possible so that everybody working with it can grasp it and understand that it’s not the so-called electron current that’s actually making the system work. Of course in the front end(1) of the machine, sure we’re talking about a normal circuit which can be measured conventionally and normal. And in the back end of the machine we’re talking about a Tesla system, which is impulse currents, the same thing Tesla was going to do in the 1800s to bring about free energy. Tesla was going to use Niagara Falls to power his magnifying transmitter, but the Powers That Be said, “Why should we allow this to happen when we can’t measure it, we can’t meter it, we can’t make anybody pay for it?” So the brakes were put on Tesla and he was discredited in all the books shortly after that. So what we have here is if we were to utilize Tesla’s system and we were to trigger it, a very strange effect would occur. We would use these impulse currents and they would go into the ground, and they would start to couple. Their vectors would start to couple. And you, by putting up a small antenna, or a coil that’s in resonance with this transmitter, you could light your entire house from the system without paying for a thing. This is what I meant by saying that free energy has been misrepresented: something has to provide the trigger signal that is necessary to trigger it out. So getting away from Tesla’s mechanism for a minute, I’m going to lead you into the monopole system."

Bedini_30-coil_demo_95x95.jpg 30Coiler1.jpg

[15]

"In 1957, Drs. Lee and Yang won the Nobel Prize for their work on broken symmetry, which caused a revolution in physics. Broken symmetry, in my view and in my system (I’m going to relate this to my own work, right?) is when you have an imbalance in the system. What causes this to happen is an abrupt change – in other words, an abrupt change in, say, the voltage, very quickly. When this abrupt change occurs, we get a new form of energy that’s sucked out from the broken symmetry and that new form of energy is what we tap. We have to capture that somehow, and so we do that by the way that we cause these impulses. Now this goes for anything – anything like a lightning bolt, for example – that can cause an abrupt change, and then the symmetry is broken. And what you have after that is you have a coupling of all these different vectors. And if you’re smart enough to get the energy, you can capture that energy and it’s what we term “vacuum energy” after that."

"One example of a dipole is a storage battery, which has a plus and a minus pole. In other words, a dipole is something that has two poles, a positive and a negative. When we use a storage battery, we form a loop, and that loop connects one pole around and returns the energy to the other pole of the dipole. And of course if you keep doing this, if you keep going around and around in this loop, Dr. Bob, what happens is that you kill the dipole. We don’t want to kill the dipole. We want the dipole always to stand, in a voltage potential. That is the dipole. So out there, throughout the whole universe, are all these dipoles. What we want to do is tap them without killing them. We want to keep their voltage potential as if they’re not doing any work. Do you follow what I’m saying? So what we do is we take a little bit, but we shut it off before the current can get all the way around the loop. By doing that, we prolong the dipole, but at the same time we’re capturing energy from it. And our circuits have to be fast enough and they have to be switched correctly to do this. There are dipoles in everything, you know, right down to water, down to whatever we’re doing. We want to keep the dipole’s potential strong. We don’t want to force the dipole to collapse upon itself, because when the potential between the two poles falls to zero, it’s not a dipole any longer. We’re out of energy"

The dipole is what is generating the energy? Yes! Space is completely filled with energy (and dipoles).

John Bedini explains how he extracted and captured the energy: “One taps into the non-equilibrium steady-state electromagnetic flow of energy by the use of what we call a “trigger signal”. It’s on, then it’s off – really quick. It’s like a little hammer. As long as you keep tapping this thing, you can capture the resonance, if you keep tapping and tapping and tapping and tapping and tapping.” “So what we created was an unbalanced system in the front. We started with something that’s known to everybody in the art: a coil. We know that a coil is in perfect symmetry to start out with. Now I’ll explain how we break the symmetry, using this concept by Lee and Yang. We add an impulse to the coil, but as soon as we add the impulse, we shut it off. This causes what you could term a “hammer blow” to the coil.” “We know what a coil is: it’s a pretty steady electromagnet when there is a steady current. The coil acts as an electromagnet, and its two magnetic poles are in balance, one on the top and one on the bottom.”

"What we actually want to do, Dr. Bob, is make that magnet become nonlinear. So we pulse the coil to make it nonlinear. What we’re actually doing is opening a window in the magnet which is termed the “Bloch Wall.” The Bloch Wall is the space where the two poles come together in the center of the magnet. That’s where the energy comes from, from this zero field that’s in the center of the magnet, where the two poles – top and bottom – are in balance." We want no current at all, because any time we allow current to flow through the whole system, we are killing the dipole. We don’t want to kill that dipole.

We want to make the broken symmetry possible through a gating process. I’ll explain it with an analogy. It’s as if a little guy is standing there with a hammer. The little guy with the hammer is the potential; he’s the dipole. We take a little bit of energy from the dipole to swing a gigantic hammer blow at the coil. This causes the coil’s poles to vary between maximum electromagnetic flux and no magnetic flux. The zero point that’s in the center is like a window. We want to open and close the window. Opening and closing the window forms a pump for zero-point energy. Then when the zero-point energy enters the window, we tap a little bit off of it. That’s the reason for the secondary (or storage) battery.

We don’t want to force any current into the storage battery. Remember, the storage battery is a dipole with a lattice network of atoms and molecules inside. It’s a network that can absorb this energy; that’s why they call it a storage battery. So we don’t have to charge storage batteries with tremendous current, as the Monopole System proves. Instead, we use the front battery to cause this window to open and close in a pumping action. We take some of that pumping action on an output and send it to the secondary battery.

So what the machine has is a standard front end working in standard, conventional physics. But we break up the standard, conventional physics by causing it to pulse with a unidirectional pulse. We make a pulse system by using a nonlinear front. You won’t find any south-pole magnets on this machine; you’ll only find north-pole magnets. [Only the north-pole faces of all the magnets on the rotor are facing the coil; all are oriented the same way, not alternating north-south like conventional motors.] Using only one pole, we make the machine do two things. First, the machine can put out mechanical output. Second, by pumping the window open and closed the machine triggers the zero-point energy. Then we suck the energy out.

We leave the dipole in static configuration with no current flowing through it, and that will radiate energy forever. Because, you see, when we add any current to the system, the radiant energy goes away. The vacuum energy disappears. It’s no longer there. If we do this, it becomes a perpetual energy generator. Once the energy is converted into a form that’s usable, it could become perpetual if the energy is transformed correctly by transforming it from one source to another source. Charging a capacitor with the energy transforms it into the kind of energy that we know – real electromagnetic energy. When we discharge this capacitor, it has the current and it has the voltage. Electromagnetic energy and magnetic energy are one and the same. There’s something very interesting here. If people understood that what they call “static” electricity — like a lightning bolt comes from what is always termed static electricity. Suppose we captured it in a storage capacitor and then we discharged that storage capacitor to our load. That would be real energy, you see? Now static electricity – something that’s considered “useless” – is no longer useless. If Benjamin Franklin had only figured out (how) to discharge the Leyden Jar to a battery, we would have had this a long time ago. For the rest of the story continue reading the Transcript: http://merlib.org/node/5683
Tesla's Discovery and Application of Radiant Energy by John C. Bedini
Hotson on Dirac by Tom Bearden
Dirac's Equation and the Sea of Negative Energy (Part 1) by D. L. Hotson
Dirac's Equation and the Sea of Negative Energy (Part 2) by D. L. Hotson
Dirac's Equation and the Sea of Negative Energy (Part 3) by D. L. Hotson


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[21][22][23]

Maxwell's Equations: Confirm The Book of Genesis
Illustration_of_Maxwell%27s_equations_in_relation_to_Genesis_1%2C3.jpeg

Contents

James Clerk Maxwell's Equations

"Maxwell had studied and commented on the field of electricity and magnetism as early as 1855/6 when "On Faraday's lines of force" was read to the Cambridge Philosophical Society. The paper presented a simplified model of Faraday's work, and how the two phenomena were related. He reduced all of the current knowledge into a linked set of differential equations with 20 equations in 20 variables. This work was later published as "On physical lines of force" in March 1861.[66]" "Maxwell expressed electromagnetism in the algebra of quaternions and made the electromagnetic potential the centerpiece of his theory."

"In 1881 Oliver Heaviside replaced Maxwell’s electromagnetic potential field by ‘force fields’ as the centerpiece of electromagnetic theory. Heaviside reduced the complexity of Maxwell’s theory down to four differential equations, known now collectively as Maxwell's Laws or Maxwell's equations. According to Heaviside, the electromagnetic potential field was arbitrary and needed to be "murdered."

"However, the use of scalar and vector potentials is now standard in the solution of Maxwell's equations.[68]"

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Clerk_Maxwell

"The four modern Maxwell's equations can be found individually throughout his 1861 paper, derived theoretically using a molecular vortex model of Michael Faraday's "lines of force" and in conjunction with the experimental result of Weber and Kohlrausch. But it wasn't until 1884 that Oliver Heaviside,[22] concurrently with similar work by Willard Gibbs and Heinrich Hertz,[23] grouped the four together into a distinct set. This group of four equations was known variously as the Hertz-Heaviside equations and the Maxwell-Hertz equations,[22] and are sometimes still known as the Maxwell–Heaviside equations.[24]"

"Heaviside worked to eliminate the potentials (electric potential and magnetic potential) that Maxwell had used as the central concepts in his equations;[22] this effort was somewhat controversial,[26] though it was understood by 1884 that the potentials must propagate at the speed of light like the fields, unlike the concept of instantaneous action-at-a-distance like the then conception of gravitational potential.[23] Modern analysis of, for example, radio antennas, makes full use of Maxwell's vector and scalar potentials to separate the variables, a common technique used in formulating the solutions of differential equations. "

"In 1864 Maxwell published A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field in which he showed that light was an electromagnetic phenomenon. Confusion over the term "Maxwell's equations" sometimes arises because it has been used for a set of eight equations that appeared in Part III of Maxwell's 1864 paper A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field, entitled "General Equations of the Electromagnetic Field,"[29] and this confusion is compounded by the writing of six of those eight equations as three separate equations (one for each of the Cartesian axes), resulting in twenty equations and twenty unknowns. (As noted above, this terminology is not common: Modern references to the term "Maxwell's equations" refer to the Heaviside restatements.)"

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maxwell%27s_equations

One Hundred Years after the death of James Clerk Maxwell, we now know the full ramification of Maxwell’s complete 20 equations and 20 variable (unknowns), via the discoveries of Paul Adrien Marice Dirac, Ilya Prigogine, and J. D. Jackson, not to mention Myron Wyn Evans and Thomas Eugene Bearden, and last but not least John C. Bedini. We now know that Maxwell’s ‘potentials’ are very significant and need to be resurrected from their death and ignominious ‘murder’ by Heaviside. With the recent introduction of the Aharonov-Bohm Effect in modern physics, we are beginning to understand the significance of Maxwell’s initial equations as first written before they were simplified. The dipole and the monopole when used appropriately within an ‘energized’ circuit provides significantly more ‘energy’ than the standard model as was predicted by James Clerk Maxwell, Nikola Tesla, Dirac and Prigogine, as is demonstrated by the work of Thomas Eugene Bearden and John C. Bedini. I, Leslie R. Pastor can and do attest to those results, because I viewed them, having paid to have such a unit built, providing a significant demonstration at the recent CDA Convention in Coeur D'Alene, Idaho this past July/August (2011). By the grace of God, I viewed what Faraday, Maxwell, Tesla, Dirac and Prigogine would have loved to have seen, but did not because of the factor of death ending their lives. One of the anomalies of my discovery pertaining to the monopole system is the intervention of the 'time' domain inherent within the process, enabling the physics of 'immortality' and the reintroduction of 'time' as a science to be thoroughly investigated.

[24][25][26] [27][28][29] http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/Bedini_Monopole3/messages/18237?l=1


Rick Friedrich, I wish at this time to publically thank you, for allowing me to view the 30 pole monopole, and thank you for building it for me. I also wish to thank your associates, employees, fellow engineers and contractors such as Steve Wygant who manufactured the necessary parts, and specifications, enabling the seamless transition from engineering, manufacturing and hopefully fulfillment as a solid state production within the not too distant timeframe. We could not have given Tom Bearden and Ken Moore, my benefactors a more appropriate “Christmas” gift. The world has been waiting for this……for a very long time. From my own perspective, this is an answer from the “Creator” who has now answered me, some 48 years later, when as a student of twelve (12), on a mountaintop in Germany, I asked: “Are you really, really REAL?” Through the work of Faraday, Maxwell, Tesla, Dirac, Prigogine, Bearden, Bedini, and yourself (Rick Friedrich and Associates et al), in a still small voice, He is stating clearly and quietly: “I Am that I Am!.”

"Merry Christmas" (2011)
Leslie R. Pastor
New Energy Congress
Thank you John Bedini and Gary Bedini for allowing this to happen through your auspices. It is appreciated!

200r88y.jpg [30]

Documentation

The Bedini Monopole Groups

Building and Testing The John Bedini Monopole Mechanical Oscillator Energizer With Simplified School Girl Circuit

Purchasing "Energy From The Vacuum" Series DVDs will provide you with relevant documentation and references to get up to speed and will fill in the gaps that are missing in your knowledgebox: Energy From The Vacuum
Joining these groups is probably the only method of teaching via hands on experience and experimentation, the reality of this subject-matter and thus alleviates the problem of The Ambiguity Factor.

Reference


Excellent article by Hank Mills:

Aether Flow -- The True Electric Current? - Could it be that the flow of aether in the form of electric field is the true "electric current", and electron flow is only a byproduct? Some researchers, including potentially Nikola Tesla, seem to think so! (PESN; January 27, 2012)

Pretty much sums up what I've been presenting to the New Energy Congress via my research papers, along with my collaborated research with Tom Bearden and demonstrated via my applied research via the 30 coil monopole system, designed, engineered and built by Renaissance Charge LLC and paid for by me personally. John Bedini has effectively vindicated Nikola Tesla via the 30 coil monopole system, licensed by him, and paid for my myself, giving Rick Friedrich the right to build it for me.

Tesla’s radiant energy was Dirac’s ‘negative’ energy captured via the mechanism of the ‘monopole.’ Eliminate the current flow within the circuit and the ‘negative’ energy which Tesla termed as radiant energy will flow within the circuit. Structure the circuit, so that the negative energy can be captured, stored within a capacitor (battery), so that it can then be redirected as ‘static’ voltage. Then, re-structure the circuit converting the ‘static’ voltage into alternating current flow.

For those who are not aware of it, the 30 coil monopole system is the upgrade to the original Jim Watson machine from the 1984 Conference at Colorado. The Thirty (30) Coil MONOPOLE System

I elected to have Rick Friedrich build the 30 coil monopole at Renaissance Charge LLC because of the close proximity to Energenx and John Bedini. I knew that those two gentlemen would effectively permit the construction of my device, under absolute and rigorous protocols of quality control. Since my device contained thousands of parts and involved significant protocols, pertaining to magnetism and timing protocols involving movement, I knew the serious difficulty that could be encountered, which at any time could derail the project. Because of the tenacious persistence of Renaissance, and Rick Friedrich's dogged desire to provide quality results, I knew that eventually they would succeed in providing the result hoped for by myself and Tom Bearden. My hopes were not in vain, they were successful and as a result they have literally vindicated Nikola Tesla regarding his claim of Radiant Energy and the 'wheel-work of nature'

All the Best,
Leslie R. Pastor

See also

- Leslie R. Pastor - index of articles
- Directory:Tom Bearden
- PESWiki home page

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