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PowerPedia:Motionless Electromagnetic Generator
- For a listing of sites, see Directory:MEG
|A independent replication of the |
Motionless Electrical Generator system
The Motionless Electromagnetic Generator (MEG) is an electromagnetic generator without moving parts which includes a permanent magnet and a magnetic core including first and second magnetic paths. The MEG is alternatively pulsed to provide induced output current pulses. The United States patent office granted U.S. Patent 6362718 (G.patent; PDF) to the four inventors: Stephen L. Patrick, Thomas E. Bearden, James C. Hayes, and Kenneth D. Moore.
According to some skeptics and other investigators, the MEG appears to be a special type of transfomer with a permanent magnet in its main flux path. Within the MEG, a set of input coils and a set of output coils extend around portions of the transformer-type magnetic core. A pair of input and output coil are on the right and left of the transformer frame. A permanent magnet is positioned in middle of the magnetic core. A permanent magnet furnishes magnetic flux lines moving from the north pole outward into the core material, resulting in a right and a left magnetic path. These paths extend externally between the north and south magnetic poles. A driving electrical current through each of the input coils (acting as a type of choke coil) reduces a level of magnetic flux from the permanent magnet within the magnet path around which the input coil extends. This distorts the hysterisis curve enough to cause flux of the core and generates voltage spikes on the output coils.
The MEG's magnetic core is compose of a magnetic alloy (of crystalline grains (or crystallite) of a few nanometers). These are used because of the material's rapid switching of magnetic flux charateristics. Each crystallite is a single-domain particle in magnetic terms. One of the magnetic materials prefered is the alloy of cobalt-niobium-boron, this alloy has a near-zero magnetostriction and relatively strong magnetization. This alloy also has a a relatively high mechanical strength and corrosion resistance. Other magnetic materials acceptable to be used can be iron-rich amorphous and nanocrystalline alloys. These materials exhibit a greater magnetization than the cobalt based alloys. An example of this alloy material would be iron-boron-silicon-niobium-copper. Though the permeability of this alloy is limited by their relatively large levels of magnetostriction, the formation of a nanocrystalline material dramatically reduces this level of magnetostriction and favors easy magnetization
Initially, a sensing and switching circuit connects the switching and control circuit to an external power source. External powers sources can include, but are not limited to, a battery. The switching and control circuit is connected to an oscillator driver that is the clock input of a flip-flop circuit. The altenate outputs (Q and Q') of the flip-flop are connected through independent driver circuit, such circuit can include a darlington pair or a one-shot circuit (such as the one describe U.S. Patent 5268594 (G.patent; PDF)), to operate the FETS. The FETS alternately drive the input 'choking' coils. After being started, the sensing and switching circuit detects if there is a predetermined level of voltage available from a regulator circuit. Once this condition is met, the power input to the switching and control circuit is switched from the external power source to the output of regulator circuit. After this switching event, the electromagnetic generator operates without an application of external power.
[Don't] confuse COP with efficiency, [...] they are two quite different things. [... The] coefficient of performance (COP) of a motor or system may be defined as (total useful output) divided by (energy input by the operator only). [... This] system has an efficiency of 50% but a COP 5.0.
— Tom Bearden
It is notable that during operation of the MEG the input coils are never driven to the point that the core material becomes saturated. If the core material is saturated, subsequent increases in input current that do occur has no corresponding effect in the magnetic flux and input power is wasted. In the the MEG, the switching of current flow within the input coils does not need to be sufficient to stop the flow of flux in one of the magnetic paths while promoting the flow of magnetic flux in the other magnetic path. The electromagnetic generator works by changing the flux pattern; it does not need to be completely switched from one side to another. 
|Fe-based Nanocrystalline Magnetic Core :|
Nanocrystalline alloy has similar features of high
High saturation magnetic induction (1.25T), high
In an alternative embodiment of an electromagnetic generator, the magnetic core includes annular spaced-apart plates, with posts and permanent magnets extending in an alternating fashion between the plates. An output coil extends around each of these posts. Input coils extending around portions of the plates are pulsed to cause the induction of current within the output coils.
On March 26 2002, Tom Bearden announced the arrival of the MEG technology (Motionless Electrical Generator). This device was supposed to be in mass production by 2003, and promised unlimited energy from the vacuum, to answer mankind's power needs. Promoted through JLNlabs, Cheniere.org and an Egroup called "MEG Builders", the device was even written up in Vol. 14., No. 1, 2001, Foundations of Physics Letters. As of 2005, the MEG is still not in production, and Tom Bearden claims he needs about $11 million to develop it to a viable commercial form.  Tom also admits he presently has no working prototype, stating the 'last working demonstrator promptly destroyed'.
Mainstream physics does not contain any mechanism allowing for "over-unity" devices; but does not prohibit "free energy" available directly from the environment and which cannot be depleted (so it is available in effectively unlimited quantity). Tom Bearden justifies the operation of the MEG with a wide range of alternative theories, including the proposal that all electrical devices, from batteries to electromechanical generators, in reality operate on vacuum energy. According to some skeptics, the theory seems to offer no concrete testable predictions though. A point within the framework from Bearden rests on the allegation that during the reformulation of the James Clerk Maxwell's orginal theory (of quaternions) by Oliver Heaviside and Josiah Gibbs into vector notation a key element was lost in the original theory. Also according to skeptics, the voltage spikes can be mistaken for an over-unity phenomena. The claimed suppression of various aspects of the MEG device and the theory behind it are examples of free energy suppression conspiracy theory.
See also: Directory:MEG
- Raymond J. Radus, "Permanent-Magnet Circuit using a `Flux-Transfer` Principle". Engineers' Digest, 24(1-6) Jan.-Jun. 1963, p. 86.
- Robert O'Handley, Modern Magnetic Materials, Principles and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2000, pp. 456-468.
- Robert C. Weast, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 1978-1979, p. B-50.
- Honeywell.com web site, "amorphous metals". (ed. Honeywell sold off it's Metglas amorphous metals division)
- U.S. Patent Documents
- U.S. Patent 2153378 (G.patent; PDF) "Current responsive arrangement". Kramer Apr., 1939
- U.S. Patent 2892155 (G.patent; PDF) "Apparatus responsive to direct quanties". Radus et al. Jun., 1959
- U.S. Patent 3079535 (G.patent; PDF) "Variable strength permanent magnet". Schultz Feb., 1963
- U.S. Patent 3089064 (G.patent; PDF) "Combined permanet magnet and electromagnet". De Bonnetot May, 1963
- U.S. Patent 3165723 (G.patent; PDF) "Magnetic memory device". Radus Jan., 1965
- U.S. Patent 3228013 (G.patent; PDF) "Magnetic memory device". Olson et al. Jan., 1966
- U.S. Patent 3239772 (G.patent; PDF) "Highly effecient semiconductor switching amplifier". Dennis Feb., 1963
- U.S. Patent 3254268 (G.patent; PDF) "Protective for capacitance serially connected with inductive apparatus". Radus et al. May., 1966
- U.S. Patent 3316514 (G.patent; PDF) "Fail safe electro-magnetic lifting device with safety stop means". Radus et al. Apr., 1967
- U.S. Patent 3368141 (G.patent; PDF) "Transformer in combopnation wit a permanent magnet". Subieta-Garron Feb., 1968
- U.S. Patent 3391358 (G.patent; PDF) "Circuit breaker with improved magnetic trip means". Bratkowski et al. Jul., 1968
- U.S. Patent 3453876 (G.patent; PDF) "Magetostrictive load cell". Radus Jul., 1969
- U.S. Patent 3517300 (G.patent; PDF) "Power converter circuits having high frequency lines". McMurray. Jun., 1970
- U.S. Patent 3569947 (G.patent; PDF) "Magnetic memory device". Radus Mar., 1971
- U.S. Patent 3599074 (G.patent; PDF) "High-Power Direct-Current to Square-Wave Converter utilizing an inductively coupled gas discharge tube" Adams. Aug., 1971
- U.S. Patent 4006401 (G.patent; PDF) "Electromagnetic generator ". de Rivas Feb., 1977
- U.S. Patent 4077001 (G.patent; PDF) "Electromagnetic convertor with stationary variable-reluctance members". Richardson Feb., 1978
- U.S. Patent 4366532 (G.patent; PDF) "AC/DC or DC/AC Converter system with improved AC-line harmonic reduction ". Rosa et al. Dec., 1982
- U.S. Patent 4482945 (G.patent; PDF) "Transformer for low distortion rectifier system". Wolf et al. Nov., 1984
- U.S. Patent 4554524 (G.patent; PDF) "Secondary circuit breaker for distribution transformer with indicator light switch mechanism". Radus Nov., 1985
- U.S. Patent 4853668 (G.patent; PDF) "Integrated-magnetics power converter ". Bloom Aug., 1989
- U.S. Patent 4864478 (G.patent; PDF) "Integrated-magnetics power converter ". Bloom Sep., 1989
- U.S. Patent 4904926 (G.patent; PDF) "Magnetic motion electrical generator". Pasichinskyj Feb., 1990
- U.S. Patent 4965695 (G.patent; PDF) "Permanent magnetic retaining device to move, affix or carry ferromagnetic parts or loads with electronic switching of the magnetic flux to release the carried load". Baumann Oct., 1990
- U.S. Patent 5011821 (G.patent; PDF) "Method and apparatus for generating electricity". McCullough Apr., 1991
- U.S. Patent 5221892 (G.patent; PDF) "Flux compression transformer". Sullivan Jun., 1993
- U.S. Patent 5245521 (G.patent; PDF) "Suppression of transformer capacitive current". Spreen Sep., 1993
- U.S. Patent 5327015 (G.patent; PDF) "Superconductor device to produce electrical impulses ". Hacket Jul., 1994
- U.S. Patent 5335163 (G.patent; PDF) "Power supply circuit with integrated magnetic components ". Seiersen Aug., 1994
- U.S. Patent 5694030 (G.patent; PDF) "Magnetic element for power supply and DC-to-DC converter". Sato et al. Dec., 1997
- Non-U.S. Patent Documents
- Other patents
- U.S. Patent 2802170 (G.patent; PDF) Electromagnetic switches by A.T.Starr (1957)
- U.S. Patent 2883604 (G.patent; PDF) Magnetic frequency changer by H.T.Mortimer (1959)
- U.S. Patent 3087108 (G.patent; PDF) Flux switching transformer by D.S Toffolo (1963)
- U.S. Patent 3368141 (G.patent; PDF) Transformer in combination with permanent magnet by C.S.Garron (1968)
- U.S. Patent 4006401 (G.patent; PDF) Electromagnetic generator by E.V. deRivas (1977)
- U.S. Patent 4077001 (G.patent; PDF) Electromagnetic convertor with stationary variable-reluctance members by F.B.Richardson (1978)
- U.S. Patent 4675615 (G.patent; PDF) Magnetic Amplifier by D.Bramanti (1987)
- U.S. Patent 5926083 (G.patent; PDF) Static magnet dynamo generating electromotive force based on changing flux density of an open magnetic path by A.Keiichiro (1999)
- DE3024814 Procedures and devices for energy production by H. Kunel ( 1982)
- DE3501076 Energy converter having a magnetic-core intermediate store by W. Volkrodt (1986)
- CA2172240 Apparatus for release of Magnetostatic Energy of permament magnets by A.Boday (1997)
- ^ Patrick, et al., US6362718: Motionless electromagnetic generator, March 26, 2002. Column 3 and 4, Lines 75 to 100.
- ^ Patrick, et al., US6362718: Motionless electromagnetic generator, March 26, 2002. Column 7 and 8, Lines 65 to 105.
- ^ Patrick, et al., US6362718: Motionless electromagnetic generator, March 26, 2002. Column 7 and 8, Lines 21 to 38.
- ^ Jean-Louis Naudin, "The Motionless Electromagnetic Generator, Extracting Energy from a Permanent Magnet with Energy-Replenishing from the Active Vacuum". 2005.
- ^ Tom Bearden, "Selected Correspondence". cheniere.org.
- ^ MEG Builders. Yahoo! Inc., 2005 .
- ^ "Explaination of the motionless electromagnetic generator with O(3) Electrodynamics" Foundations of Physics Letters, Vol. 14., No. 1, 2001. (ed., analysis from the Institute for Advanced Study, Alpha Foundation and the Institute of Physics, Budapest, Hungary; the text can be found at Cheniere.nii.net, References: physics letters).
- ^ Tom Bearden, "Subject: RE: MEG Funding" Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2005 10:44:21 -0600
- ^ Tom Bearden,"correspondence 051605". Date: Mon, 16 May 2005 12:11:01 -0500 (ed. After an intinial financial agreement, the team's last working demonstrator was promptly destroyed by the contracting party in three days.)
- Extracting Energy from a Permanent Magnet with Energy-Replenishing from the Active Vacuum
from Thomas E. Bearden, Ph.D. James C. Hayes, Ph.D. James L. Kenny, Ph.D. Kenneth D. Moore, B.S. Stephen L. Patrick, B.S.
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- Thomas E. Bearden, "On extracting the electromagnetic energy from the Vacuum". CTEC, Inc.
- M.W. Evans, "The Link Between the Sachs and O(3) Theories of Electrodynamics". cheniere.org. (PDF document; 409 Kb)
- Dave Squires, "MEG Theory; Why it Works, The Simple Explanation". 11-08-2000.
- "Tom Bearden - A Critical Examination of His Claims". PhACT.org.
- "A skeptical look at the MEG claims of Thomas Bearden". PhACT.org.
- "Overunity device installed in Minuteman Missile - patented by Westinghouse" by Tom Bearden
- H. Andreatta, "High Power Switching Amplifier Wherein Energy is Transferred to a Tuned Circuit During Both Half Cycles," U.S. Patent No. 3,239,771, Mar. 8, 1966;
- Tom L. Dennis, Jr., "Highly Efficient Semiconductor Switching Amplifier," U.S. Patent No. 3,239,772, Mar. 8, 1966;
- Heber J. Morrison, "Square Wave Driven Power Amplifier," U.S. Patent No. 3,815,030, June 4, 1974.
- NANOCRYSTALLINE SOFT MAGNETIC ALLOYS FOR APPLICATION IN ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC DEVICES by V.R. Ramanan ABB-Electric Systems Technology Institute
- AMORPHOUS METALS Magnetic Materials METGLAS®
- Bearden releases patent application details - Among other things, Tom Bearden and colleague Ken Moore have placed in the Public Domain their recent Increasing COP by addnl extractn from flow1a.DOC provisional patent application for increasing the COP of EM power systems by extracting and using excess EM energy from the Heaviside energy flow component. (ZPEnergy; June 6, 2006)
- Bearden's MEG Differs from Flynn's Parallel Path Magnet Technology - Tom Bearden, proponent of the Motionless Electric Generator, responds to the question: "Can you explain the differences between the MEG v. the Flynn Parallel Path Technology?" (PESN; Mar. 5, 2006)
- Academy:Bearden Energy from the Vacuum
- Site:LRP:Motionless Electromagnetic Generator
- Directory:MEMM - MCE research & new device, the MEMM. Describes the MEG, the MEMM, and theory based on solid conventional science & experiments that precisely show in a step-by-step process how to extract vast amounts of unlimited Magnetocaloric energy.