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Harold Aspden (1927 - July 9, 2011) is a British author, theoretical physicist, electrical engineer, and inventor from Southampton, Hampshire, England. He is an outspoken critic of Einstein's Theory of Relativity, and has proposed a whole new concept of Physics based on a dynamic Aether fluid crystal structure permeating all space: the energy source that regulates quantum activity, constantly framing our whole physical universe, and that accounts for the creation of matter.
He is the author of a number of books, most notably Physics without Einstein (1969; 2005), The Physics of Creation (2003) and Creation: The Physical Truth (2006). He is also author of a number of papers published in notable peer-review journals (Journal of Applied Physics , Lettere al Nuovo Cimento [Europhysics Letters], Physics Today, etc.) and in alternative non-mainstream journals (Hadronic Journal, Physics Essays, etc.).
His academic career was conducted at the following institutions: Manchester (B.Sc., 1945-1948), Trinity College, Cambridge (Ph.D., 1950-1953) and Southampton (Visiting Senior Research Fellow, 1983-1992). He was the director in charge of IBM's European Patent Operations from 1963 to 1983. He is also member of the British Institute of Physics.
Harold Aspden's work was initiated with his Ph.D thesis on a magnetic energy loss anomaly, an anomalous loss of energy encountered in all of the world's electrical power systems, which led him to contemplate the existence of the aether through research and analysis in the subsequent years.
His work was mentioned in the 1985 paper of the experimental direct precision measurement of the proton-electron mass-ratio, which was reported some 10 years after Aspden had presented the value (slightly above 1836.152 ) derived from his theoretical research of the aether:
- "The value that they [Aspden and Eagles] calculate is remarkably close to our experimentally measured value (i.e. within two standard deviations) This is even more curious when one notes that they published this result several years before direct precision measurements of this ratio had begun." R. S. Van Dyck, Jr., F. L. Moore, D. L. Farnham and P. B. Schwinberg in Int. J. Mass Spectrometry and Ion Processes, 66, p. 327, 1985.
In 1972, Aspden had already predicted the value of the fine structure constant with part-per-million precision; years before it was measured to this accuracy. This accomplishment was mentioned 13 years later, 1985, in the reference work The Fundamental Constants and the Frontier of Measurement by B. W. Petley of the National Physical Laboratory, UK:
- "No doubt the theoretical attempts to calculate alpha will continue - possibly with a Nobel prize winning success. Aspden and Eagles obtained α-1 = 108π(8/1843)1/6."
In 1988, through the development of the same theory of the proton, employing a simple physical concept that the spin properties of a particle are those exhibited by its charge and mass-energy as confined within a radius defined by an enveloping wave-defined boundary, he derived a theoretical evaluation of the proton magnetic moment as being 2.792847367 in nuclear magnetons  , which, as can be seen, compared quite well with the CODATA measurement value of 2.792847386(63).
He has authored numerous papers that attempt to debunk Einsteinian relativity  and Hawking's expanding universe  and that support a cosmology based on the aether subtle medium, that is, that there are two intermeshing worlds, both having three space dimensions, the material world that we can see and the etheric, unseen ghost-like underworld, that we can sense by phenomena which standard model physics has been unable to explain, notably gravitation. He describes that the aether has a kind of fluid crystal structure (that is partly dragged along by the earth), the oscillatory jitter of which accounts for its quantum electrodynamic properties and, arising from its need for dynamic balance, the force of gravitation. He has also developed various patented free energy (over-unity) systems and advanced the foundations of an unified theory which claims to account for known celestial-cosmological phenomena better than currently held theories, i.e. the formation of the solar system and its angular momentum. Subsequently, publication and references to his work, with or without explicit mathematical content, have been avoided within the scientific mainstream, labeled as "science fiction" by a journal deemed as "high standard" , or otherwise dismissed without any substantiated reason. 
In 2005, Aspden criticized the entire scientific community of physicists and cosmologists, in his research papers  , on one hand, for building mammoth accelerators costing billions of dollars to produce high speed impact of protons when they do not have any theory giving insight into how those protons themselves are created; and, on the other hand, for the vast expenditure in probing the depths of remote space based on their unproven notion that gravitation applies without moderation within very dense matter deemed to exist in so-called neutron stars when they have no theory showing how G, the constant of gravitation, is determined here on Earth in terms of electrical interaction as between particles. He further describes how his work with more than 50 years of research, shedding comprehension into fundamental assumptions that have hindered physics advancement during the last 20th century (such as the erroneous foundation of Earnshaw's theorem  or an alternative interpretation to the Pauli exclusion principle ), has been ignored by the scientific community. Simultaneously, he has invited the whole community to disprove the results provided by the unified theory of a new physics that he presents, based on the sea of energy, the dynamic Aether medium, that permeates all space:
- "Who, I wonder, will challenge my comment that the sun is not powered by hot nuclear fusion?" 
- Creation: The Physical Truth, Book Guild Ltd, 216 pages, Oct 26 2006, ISBN 1-84624-050-6 (brief introduction, pre-publication version)
- Physics without Einstein - A Centenary Review (revised edition of his 1969 book "Physics without Einstein"), 2005. (pdf available)
- The Physics of Creation (containing more than 40 years of theoretical research), 2003. (html and pdf available)
- Aether Science Papers, ISBN 0-85056-015-2, 1996 (html and pdf available)
- Physics Unified, ISBN 0-85056-010-1, 1980 (html and pdf available)
- Gravitation, ISBN 0-85056-007-1, 1975
- Modern Aether Science, ISBN 0-85056-003-9, 1972 (html and pdf available)
- The Theory of Gravitation, ASIN B0000CKKE7, 1960 & 1966
- 'Energy Science Reports' published by Dr. Aspden from 1994 to 1997 (html available)
- Dr. Aspden's scientific papers, books and patents from 1951 to 2002 (html available)
- Essays on scientific education (html available)
Selected scientific articles
- 'The Proton Enigma', American Journal of Physics, v. 53, 938 (1985).
- 'More on Thomson Particles', American Journal of Physics, v. 53, p. 616 (1985).
- 'Don't Forget Thomson', Physics Today, p. 15 (November, 1984).
- 'The Exploding Wire Phenomenon as an Inductive effect', Physics Letters, v. 120A, pp. 80-82 (1987).
- 'Electron Self-Field Interaction and Internal Resonance', Physics Letters A, v. 119, pp. 109-111 (1986).
- 'A Causal Theory for Neutron Diffraction', Physics Letters A, v. 119, pp. 105-108 (1986).
- 'The Exploding Wire Phenomenon', Physics Letters, 107A, pp. 238-240 (1985).
- 'Theoretical Evaluation of the Fine Structure Constant', Physics Letters, v. 110A, pp. 113-115 (1985).
- 'A New Perspective on the Law of Electrodynamics', Physics Letters, v. 111A, pp. 22-24 (1985).
- 'Proposed Method of Measuring First Order Speed of Light Anisotropy', Physics Letters, v. 92A, pp. 165-166 (1982).
- 'Laser Interferometry Experiments on Light Speed Anisotropy', Physics Letters, v. 85A, pp. 411-414 (1981).
- 'Aether Theory and the Fine Structure Constant', Physics Letters, v. 41A, pp. 423-424 (1972).
- 'Unification of Gravitational and Electrodynamic Potential based on Classical Action-at-a-Distance Theory', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 44, pp. 689-693 (1985).
- 'The Paradox of Constant Planetary Mass as Evidence of a Leptonic Lattice-Structured Vacuum State', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 44, pp. 705-709 (1985).
- 'Electromagnetic Reaction Paradox', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 39, pp. 247-251 (1984).
- 'The Muon g-Factor by Cavity Resonance Theory', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 39, pp. 271-275 (1984).
- 'Boson Creation in a Sub-Quantum Lattice', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 40, pp. 53-57 (1984).
- 'The Steady-State Free-Electron Population of Free Space', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 41, pp. 252-256 (1984).
- 'The Lamb Shift for a Cavity-Resonant Electron', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 36, pp. 364-368 (1983).
- 'The Determination of Absolute Gravitational Potential', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 37, pp. 169-172 (1983).
- 'The Nature of the Muon', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 37, pp. 210-214 (1983).
- 'Theoretical Resonances for Particle-Antiparticle Collisions based on the Thomson Electron Model', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 37, pp. 307-311 (1983).
- 'Meson Lifetime Dilation as a Test for Special Relativity', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 38, pp. 206-210 (1983).
- 'The Mass of the Muon', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 38, pp. 342-344 (1983).
- 'The Assessment of a Theory for the Proton-Electron Mass Ratio', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 38, pp. 423-426 (1983).
- 'The Scope for First Order Tests of Light Speed Anisotropy', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 38, pp. 568-572 (1983).
- 'Planar Boundaries of the Space-Time Lattice', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 38, pp. 243-246 (1983).
- 'Electron Form and Anomalous Energy Radiation', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 33, pp. 213-216 (1982).
- 'The Correlation of the Anomalous g-Factors of the Electron and Muon', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 33, pp. 481-484 (1982).
- 'A Theory of Pion Lifetime', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 33, pp. 237-239 (1982).
- 'A Theory of Neutron Lifetime', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 31, pp. 383-384 (1981).
- 'The Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Electron', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 32, pp. 114-116 (1981).
- 'The Spatial Energy Distribution for Coulomb Interaction', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 25, pp. 456-458 (1979).
- 'Energy Correlation of Radioactive Decays of ψ(3684)', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 26, pp. 257-260 (1979).
- 'Quantum Gravitation and the Perihelion Anomaly', Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, v. 18, pp. 181-182 (1977).
- 'Calculation of the Proton Mass in a Lattice Model for the Aether', Il Nuovo Cimento, v. 30A, pp. 235-238 (1975).
- U.K. Patent No. 2,432,463, 'Electrical power generating apparatus', May 23, 2007
- U.K. Patent No. 2,390,941, 'Electricity generating apparatus', January 21, 2004
- U.S. Patent No. 5,734,122, 'Thermoelectric energy conversion apparatus', March 31, 1998
- U.K. Patent Application No. 2,305,302, 'Electric motor pole configurations', April 2, 1997
- U.K. Patent Application No. 2,303,255, 'Magnetic reluctance motor', February 12, 1997
- U.K. Patent Application No. 2,292,830, 'Thermoelectric power generation', March 6, 1996
- U.K. Patent No. 2,287,134, 'Magnetic reluctance motors', September 6, 1995
- U.K. Patent No. 2,283,361, 'Refrigeration and electric power generation', May 3, 1995
- U.K. Patent No. 2,282.708, 'Electrical motor-generator', April 12, 1995
- U.K. Patent No. 2,289,994, 'Magnetic reluctance motor', December 6, 1995
- U.S. Patent No. 5,376,184, 'Thermoelectric heat transfer apparatus', December 27, 1994
- U.S. Patent No. 5,288,336, 'Thermoelectric energy conversion', February 22, 1994 
- WO Patent No. 9,428,197 'HYDROGEN ACTIVATED HEAT GENERATION APPARATUS', December 8, 1994
- U.K. Patent No. 2,278,491, 'Hydrogen activated heat generation apparatus', November 30, 1994
- U.K. Patent No. 2,267,995, 'Thermoelectric heat transfer apparatus', December 22, 1993
- U.S. Patent No. 5,151,577, 'ELECTRIC SURFACE HEATING AND APPARATUS THEREFOR', September 29, 1992
- U.K. Patent No. 2,251,775, 'Heat generation by ion-accelerated energy transfer', July 15, 1992
- U.S. Patent No. 5,101,632, 'Thermal radiation energy conversion', April 7, 1992
- U.S. Patent No. 5,065,085, 'Thermoelectric Energy Conversion', November 12, 1991
- U.K. Patent No. 2,239,490, 'Thermal power device', July 3, 1991
- U.K. Patent No. 2,234,863, 'Switched reluctance motor with full A.C. commutation', February 13, 1991
- U.S. Patent No. 4,975,608, 'Switched reluctance motor with full A.C. commutation', December 4, 1990
- U.K. Patent No. 2,227,881, 'Thermoelectric energy conversion', August 8, 1990
- U.K. Patent No. 2,225,161, 'Thermoelectric energy conversion', May 23, 1990
- U.K. Patent Application No. 2,002,953 entitled 'Ion accelerators and energy transfer processes', Published February 28, 1979
- U.K. Patent No. 890,308: 'Electrical Phase Angle Comparators', published on February 28, 1962
- U.K. Patent No. 890,791: 'Natigational Aids', published on March 7, 1962
- U.S. Patent No. 3,009,107 'Electrical Phase Angle Comparators', November 14, 1961
- U.K. Patent No. 817,674: 'Accelerometers', published on August 6, 1959
- U.K. Patent No. 892,333: 'High Temperature Electric Discharge Apparatus'. Application filed on February 21, 1958. Published on March 28, 1962
- U.K. Patent No. 797,397: 'Low Phase-Shift Frequency-Sensitive Filters', published on July 2, 1958
- U.K. Patent No. 676,088: 'A Ferromagnetic Hysteresis Potentiometer', July 1952
- ^ in Harold Aspden Web Site by Giuseppe Filotto
- ^ in IBM Retiree's Club (Hursley Branch) - Deaths during 2011/2012
- ^ The Heresy of the Aether, Discourse nº4, 1998
- ^ Physics without Einstein, p.26-27 (see link in bibliography section)
- ^ Aspden, H., Eagles, D. M., Calculation of the Proton Mass in a Lattice Model for the Aether, Il Nuovo Cimento, v. 30A, pp. 235-238 (1975)
- ^ Aspden, H., Eagles, D. M., Aether Theory and the Fine Structure Constant, Physics Letters, v. 41A, pp. 423-424 (1972)
- ^ The Theory of the Proton Constants, Hadronic Journal, 11, 169-176, (1988)
- ^ The Theoretical Nature of the Neutron and the Deuteron, Hadronic Journal, 9, 129-136 (1986)
- ^ Why Einstein was Wrong? Lect. nº2, 1997 (1986 article, 2 parts)
- ^ Why Hawking is Wrong!, Lect. nº12, 1998
- ^ Appendix V: The Angular Momentum of the Solar System, in The Physics of Creation, 2003
- ^ Spectra and the Moving Atom, ASP p.41-47, 1996
- ^ A New Insight into the Pioneer 10/11 Gravitation anomaly, Lect. nº32, 2002
- ^ A Message for Physics Students: The Deplorable State of Particle Physics, 2007
- ^ Can Gravity be an Electrostatic Force?, ARP nº3, 2005
- ^ The Creation of the Proton, ARP nº4, 2005
- ^ Physics without Einstein, p.4-6; The Physics of Creation, Chapter 1, p.10-12 (see links in bibliography section)
- ^ 'Earnshaw's Theorem', Nature, v. 319, 8 (1986)
- ^ The Exclusion Principle, ESE nº6, 1997
- ^ The Stuggle for Acceptance, 2003
- ^ Our Physics World and its Problems, ARP nº7, 2005
- ^ see Citation from The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, May 2006, Volume 119, Issue 5, p. 3414: under current research, 2006, supported by DARPA and the Aviation and Missile Command
- ^ Cline, David B., The Search for Dark Matter, Scientific American
Cosmology & physics
- Aether parallels in current research, "as expressions of our ignorance"
- Cold fusion (a.k.a. 'Low-energy nuclear reactions')
Philosophy, metaphysics & spirituality
- Harold Aspden's official website (Mirror)
- Energy Science, Aspden's technology website (Mirror)
- Mirrors of the Websites of Harold Aspden
- Nature (journal) scientific correspondence
- Longitudinal electrodynamic forces and their possible technological applications, 1996, MSc Thesis (w/ references to Harold Aspden's papers), Department of Electromagnetic Theory, Lund Institute of Technology, Sweden
- Two Extended New Approaches to Vacuum, Matter & Fields, 2005, paper with references to Harold Aspden's aether theory book "The Physics of Creation", University of Turku, Department of Physics, Finland & Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
- Unconventional thermoacoustic heat engines, 2006, research into Harold Aspden (and coinventor John Scott Strachan) U.S. patents, in The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
- Tuning the Diamonds: Electromagnetism and Spiritual Evolution, ISBN 0955321603, Joyfire Publishing (2006) by Susan Joy Renninson; the author introduces the reader to the less known aether lattice theory of Harold Aspden.
- Some Comments on the Tests of General Relativity, 2008, by M. Anyon, J. Dunning-Davies, University of Hull (Department of Physics), pp.13-14; excerpt: "To quote his Physics without Einstein: ‘the assumption has been that a Unified Field Theory will connect gravitation and electromagnetic theory, whereas the argument followed above (by Aspden in ) has been based on a field energy distribution that is the same as that of the electrostatic action.’  A controversial claim to swallow for many indeed, especially as Dr Aspden claims it demands the existence of an aether, but one which may well have a solid foundation."