PESWiki.com -- Pure Energy Systems Wiki:  Finding and facilitating breakthrough clean energy technologies.







    

OS:Bob Boyce Electrolyzer Plans

From PESWiki

Jump to: navigation, search

Open Source Project to clearly report, develop, advance the electrolyzer plans of Bob Boyce.

Contents

About

Official Websites

Videos

(1 hour 30 Minutes)

  • Bob Boyce Interview Chris Patton talks shop with Bob Boyce about Electrolysis and Hydroxy production. (Google Video; Feb. 26, 2009)


  • Hydroxy Booster Rally Videos - A series of videos from the informal contest between various systems that use on-board electrolysis to generate hydroxy gas to inject into the air intake systems. The contestants, including a "Smack Booster" and a Prius fitted with Bob Boyce' system that achieved 64 mpg, drove from D.C. to Florida and back. (YouTube; Apr. 23, 2008)

Latest Developments

Apr. 17, 2008

  • Hydrogen Injection > 2008 Hydrogen Booster Rally Report - Event organized by County Commissioner, Larry Jarboe, drew three cars that traveled from St. Mary’s County to the Florida Keys using hydroxy gas generated by on-board electrolysis units. The contestants included a "Smack Booster" and a Prius fitted with Bob Boyce' system that achieved 64 mpg. (PESWiki; Apr. 27, 2008)


Oct. 18, 2007

  • Assembled and tested PWM3B prototype auction at eBay - Boyce is selling a surplus unit that he no longer needs -- a piece of hydroxy gas history. "This unit was designed to be used with a custom 3 phase toroidal transformer and a welder sized series cell stack." (eBay; expired Oct-23-07)

Sept. 29, 2007

  • New Release of Bob Boyce Complete Plans - "This has the complete plans including Torodial Coil winding and hookup info. Now, anyone with the necessary skills can replicate the Bob Boyce system from the plans alone." -- Michael Couch (PESN; Sept. 29, 2007)

Patents

none intended; wishes to keep this as an open source project

Profile: Bob Boyce

Bob Boyce describes the operation of his booster unit as installed in a Toyota Prius during the 2008 Hydrogen Booster Rally organized by Larry Jarboe; Apri. 17, 2008.
Bob Boyce describes the operation of his booster unit as installed in a Toyota Prius during the 2008 Hydrogen Booster Rally organized by Larry Jarboe; Apri. 17, 2008.

(3:51 minutes)

  • Booster Rally part 4 - Bob discusses the operation of his Prius install (YouTube; April 23, 2008)

In the News

  • Featured: Water as Fuel > Boyce >
    9,999,999th Visit to PESWiki Home Contest; Latest from Boyce - Can you grab a screen shot of visit 9,999,999 or the next number on the home page at PESWiki to win a T-shirt? The shirt designer gives us an update from Bob Boyce who recently visited him, working on new 'BBVRC®' controller (Bob Boyce® Variable Rate Controller) and a 'Battery De-Sulfator', that uses electromagnetic and longitudinal energy.... (PureEnergyBlog; July 1, 2013)
  • Suppression > Hydroxy > Boyce >
    Boyce' Pathology Report Thumbs Up - Bob has posted his Dec. 16 pathology report that shows good news as far as his cancer is concerned; and shows his Surgeon's specific mention of the electronic chip that was implanted against his knowledge or approval. (PESN; December 21, 2010)
  • Feature: Electrolysis > Hydroxy > Boyce >
    News update on Bob Boyce - The latest on the famous Boyce's travels, projects, accomplishments, plans in hydroxy research, pulse width modulator controllers. A mention of feeding HHOi under pressure with air into the fuel rail for eliminating the need for petrol in a vehicle. (PESN; Sept. 26, 2010)
  • Featured: Buyer Beware / Suppression > Hydroxy > Boyce >
    Action: Bringing Robert Potchen to Justice - Bob Boyce calls on the dealers and dissatisfied customers of renegade associate Bob Potchen to report their problems to their state attorney generals to bring Potchen to justice, as he has been discrediting the industry with his product that has been shown to actually decrease mileage rather than increase it. (PESWiki; Dec. 14, 2009)
  • Featured: Buyer Beware / Suppression > Electrolysis > Boyce >
    Boyce chip implanter suspect identified - Bob Boyce first noticed what turned out to be the VeriChip implant that caused his malignant tumor when he was working with former associate, Bob Potchen. Having fallen asleep at a desk, when he awoke, his right shoulder felt like it had been numbed; and when he rubbed it, he noticed a small, hard lump there. (PESN; Dec. 6, 2009)
  • Bob Boyce System Replications Reporting 40-60% mpg Increases - Another update by Michael Couch on various developments in the water fuel cell field, in which hydroxy gas from electrolyzed water is added to the air intake of a vehicle. The teamwork resembles the days of pre-Apple computer collaboration. (PESN; Nov. 29, 2007)
  • New Release of OU Electrolizer Plans - Bob Boyce is one of the world's leading super-efficient electrolysis experts. A group of hydroxy researchers have compiled an updated set of plans enabling others to replicate the work of Boyce. (PESN; Sept. 29, 2007)

Theory

  • Stanley Meyer Harmonics - Mark Cooper writes: "It came to me the other day. I was reading a book which has nothing to do with technology and I had an epiphany. Stan's device and Bob Boyce's device are the same in operation. They both use harmonics."

In ordinary water a small amount of the water dissociates into hydrogen and hydroxyl ions. These ions are immediately hydrated. The amount dissociating depends on the purity of the water and in very pure water is equal to 1 part in 10 million (10^-7), or a pH of 7. Normally ordinary water is described as non-conducting. The process has never been fully explained. Hydrogen and hydroxyl ions are constantly being created and then decaying back to water, but there is always a balance between the numbers ionized and the numbers in solution. Under normal electrolysis these ions can be swept to electrodes and neutralized with the opposite charge. Hydrogen and oxygen can be produced. However, with conventional circuits, the energy used in collecting the hydrogen is greater than the energy that is available from the hydrogen. Meyer has utilized a novel electronic circuit which produces high voltages but prevents currents from flowing. This circuit is similar to a classical forced oscillation circuit where charge q can go to infinity. The power to this circuit is coming from an alternator which is across a stainless steel capacitor with water between the plates. The dielectric water itself provides the charge to charge up the capicator and create the high voltage. This charge comes from the hydrogen and hydroxyl ions. The more charge that flows the more the voltage builds up and the more ions are pulled out of solution. The circuit has a high frequency of the order of five kilohertz superimposed through the windings of the field coils. In addition, the circuit is half-wave rectified to allow the capacitor to discharge. On the charging up side the ions are pulled out of the dielectric and moved towards the metal electrodes. On the discharging side they may go back into solution. The circuit succeeds in increasing briefly the number of ions which are out of solution. A portion of these ions are able to form hydrogen and oxygen by normal electrolysis type processes. The hydrogen and oxygen bubble to the surface. The circuit is novel in that it is a form of electrolysis but there is no need for any net current to flow. While the voltage applied is zero, the ionized charges are able to recombine without flowing around the circuit and using energy. Theoretically, there is no reason why the process cannot be totally efficient in producing hydrogen and oxygen. The efficiency depends on the tuning frequency of the LC circuit and having this balanced with the mobility of the ions and the spacing between the plates. There may also be a need to allow a definite relaxation time after each pulse, to increase the period in which the ionized charges may recombine and hydrogen and oxygen may be collected. The process does not defy the laws of thermodynamics in that the energy comes from the energy of dissociation of the molecules. A portion on the molecules are dissociating and associating automatically all the time. In the normal course of events, this does not change the energy of the water. This process interrupts this cycle and allows a person to form water in the stable state of diatomic hydrogen and oxygen. The process is not dissimilar to the vaporization of water which takes place naturally. The water forms clouds, then rain. Rivers flow and energy is extracted from the rivers. The difference is that it is possible to carry out the cycle under laboratory type conditions or industrial type conditions and extract the energy in the form of hydrogen. By developing a process to utilize the hydrogen ions directly on formation, a great deal more energy will be available and this is Meyer's intention in terms of adaption of his fuel cell for an ordinary car. In addition, he utilizes laser light to stimulate the transfer between energy levels and increase the efficiency of the process. This process would equally explain the explosions in water performed in the University of Kansas which have been recorded in literature. Deuterium present in the water will be selected out during the reaction and the water remaining in the condenser will become deuterium rich which will inhibit the process. In the process, gases absorbed in water are preferentially desorbed. These amount to ~3 wt% water. It is not clear if they play any significant part in the process. In addition, impurities in the water are taken out of solution. On the basis of the theory proposed, the process could continue indefinitely, the energy effectively coming from the zero point energy of vibration of the atoms in the molecule. This is assisted by the infrared radiation from the surroundings so that the whole device will act as an efficient heat pump. The deuterium vibrations will be similar in frequency to the hydrogen vibrations. Resonance effects between the two vibrations may also contribute to the process. If this is a serious contributor to the process, then the water produced from the hydrogen and oxygen will be less likely to produce further energy as the deuterium will have largely been selected out in the total process. There is no reason to believe this is the case and in any event the balance will be restored by nature mixing the water formed with normal water vapor.

Where does the energy come from? Effectively, the water molecule is marginally unstable in water solution and is constantly acting as a 'radioactive' molecule, tossing out H+ and OH- ions. The energy of the process comes from the formation energy of these ions.

Born-Haber Cycle For Meyer Process (similar to Boyce process):
All energies in kJ/mol
H -OH Dissociation Energy + 494
H+ Ionization +1310
Hydration of H+ to form H3O+ -1075
Electron Affinity of OH - 223
(Assumed affinity is between that of O and Cl)

Total: 506 kJ/mol

In normal water, a portion of the ions are dissociated. For pure water, this is one in 10 million (10^-7) or a pH of 7. Initially, H+ and OH- are formed but are immediately hydrated to H3O+ and OH-. From the above for the H3O+ and OH- ions, the energy of formation is 506 kJ/mol. The process occurs natually without any electrical input, etc. If these ions are removed, more are produced by the water. This process can be explained by quantum mechanics. The atoms in the molecule will have a 'zero point energy' of vibration and therefore there is a finite chance of dissociation. With high electric fields, this chance would be greatly increased. (See pages 520 and 521 of Fundamental Atomic Physics, Tomlin). The release will also be affected by the presence of other oins which again affect the potential. Once released, the full energy of dissociation will be available as energy.

The hydronium ions and the hydroxyl ions formed by this process may form gases by the following process:

H3O+ + Metal --> Metal+ + H + H2O
H + H --> H2 Release of 436 kJ/mol
OH- + Metal --> Metal- + OH
OH + OH --> H2O2
H2O2 --> H2O + O Release of 49 kJ/mol
O + O --> O2 Release of 491 kJ/mol

Overall reaction:
4H3O+ + 4OH- --> 2H2 + O2 + 6H2O

As it takes 2 H atoms to form H2, only half of the energy of the 436 KJ will be involved in the process.
As is takes 2 OH to produce H2O2, only half of the energy of this reaction will be involved in the process.
For the formation on O2, it will take 4 OH radicals and therefore one quarter of the energy will apply in this case.

The Meyer's theory focuses on the basic structures of hydrogen and oxygen atoms and how they are combined in the water molecule. Note the orbital path of the electrons and their 'shells'; the magnetic polarity of an electron and a nucleus; and the space occupied by the so-called vacuum. Note the presence of the two hydrogen atoms in the 'L' shell of the oxygen atom. These are known as the covalent electrons which are bonded in position by considerable force. In the case of normal electrolysis, the energy needed to break these bonds and produce separate hydrogen and oxygen atoms from water is roughly three times the energy of the hydrogen bond released. It is thus a highly inefficient process because of the considerable amount of waste heat which is generated. The energy extracted by Meyer's process is derived from two distinct but virtually simultaneous processes. The first, the hydrogen fracturing process which dissociates the hydrogen gas from the water molecule and the second, the electron ionizaton process which enhanced the explosive energy of the gases released. The basis of this process is the subjection of the water molecule to very high voltage (20,000+) pulses at a particular frequency and within positively and negatively charged voltage zones at a very low current (less than 1 milliamp). The effect is to attract the negatively charged electrons towards the positive voltage zone and the positively charged nucleus towards the negative zone. The electron orbital path is changed from a circle to an ellipse and this, coupled with the effect of pulsing, causes such electrical stress on the molecule that the covalent bonds between the hydrogen and oxygen atoms are broken and the two gases are separated. Therefore, they require substantial energy to be applied before they can be recombined. Because the current is so low, very little heat is generated. It is worth noting that, weight for weight, hydrogen contains about 2.5 times the energy of gasoline and the latent energy in the hydrogen content of a pint of water amounts to over 9 million joules, or enough to run a 2500 watt load for an hour.

Two distinct questions arise over explosive energy enhancement. First, where does the additional energy come from? And second, how is it to be obtained and controlled? The answer to the first question is the so-called vacuum within the electron shells. For many years, this vacuum was regarded as a void. But James Clerk Maxwell, in his 'Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism' published in 1873, pointed out that the vacuum in fact contains a considerable amount of energy. Subsequent work bears this out and it is now generally accepted that the vacuum is in fact seething with energy which has been variously described as, for example, 'universal energy', 'gravity field energy' or 'Zero Point Energy' (ZPE). John Archibald Wheeler of Princeton University and a leading physicist who worked on the US atomic bomb project, has calculated that the flux density of ZPE is of the order of 10^93 grams per cm^3. It is also recognized that the state of this so called 'sea of energy' is chaotic. Hence, it needs to be 'engineered' or made coherent before it can be translated from a microscopic to a macroscopic state. In other words, it requires special treatment before it can be tapped and controlled for normal external use. Various answers, mostly theoretical, have been given to the second question. Recent examples include Ilya Prigogine's book 'Order Out of Chaos' which describes the work which won him the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1977, Moray B. King's 'Tapping the Zero Point Energy', Dr. J. Huber's paper 'Phenomena of the Free Energy in Nature and Technology', John Davidson's 'The Secret of the Creative Vacuum' and, from the Kansas State University, Gary L. Johnson's 'Electrically Induced Explosions in Water'. Some 30 supposedly practical devices have been made or suggested over the past 80 years, but although some have been demonstrated none has been developed or engineered to a preproduction standard until recently. Meyer's and Boyce's technologies stands out as a couple of the exceptions. They have encountered deep skepticism but no argued rejection. Indeed, an increasing number of scientists and engineers in the U.S., Europe and Asia accept the technology at face value and are prepared to invest in it on the basis of current evidence. A practical demonstration is in fact due to take place within the next few weeks based on a fully designed Boyce resonance drive system, engineered to a preproduction standard and will be fitted to a running Toyota Prius.

The technical basis for Meyer's extraction and control of ZPE lies mainly in the effect produced on an atomic nucleus by continuation of the same high voltage pulsing that causes the dissociation of the water molecule. The nucleus consists of one or more positively charged protons bound together with a number of neutrally charged neutrons. The electrical effect of the electron pumping action mentioned earlier causes an annulus to appear in the middle of the nucleus. The ZPE is drawn in a helical motion through the annulus and, in doing so, becomes coherent and hence a usable source of energy. The voltage dictates the size of the annulus and hence controls the energy obtained. Since the basic structure of the atom is retained no alpha or gamma radiation occurs. The effect might be illustrated by a bath full of water. So long as the plug is in place, the water remains still and apparently powerless. However, when the plug is removed, the water swirls away with a helical motion down the plug hole and, under the influence of gravity, forms a powerful jet which cn be directed to do work. Thus, in an internal combustion engine, replaces an existing spark plug or diesel fuel injector, and the output is ignited by a high voltage pulse on entry into the cylinder. Consequently, the hydrogen does not have to be stored and the fuel tanks of land or air vehicles contain nothing but water. Vessels floating on water need no fuel tanks. The system is thus not only extremely safe but also inexpensive. Meyer has quoted the in-production cost of a conversion kit for a 1600cc VW engined car as $1500.

Boyce and Meyer units encounter a credibility gap among conventional scientists and academia because they appear to run counter to the long established human laws governing our interpretation of nature. Some people therefore reject these technologies because they appear to be unnatural and just two more spurious claims for perpetual motion. In fact, these phenomena are entirely natural. It merely demonstrates a new and revolutionary way of harnessing what nature has always had on offer. It does not infringe the two main laws of thermodynamics. The First Law of Thermodynamics states that the total energy of a thermodynamic system remains constant although is may be transformed from one form to another. In the case of Boyce and Meyer, the system under consideration is global. The energy required to drive the engine comes from the ZPE contained in water, a virtually inexhaustible source. The exhaust from the engine is water vapor which returns to the atmosphere or can be redirected back into the units. The Second Law of Thermodynamics as originally formulated by R. Clausius in 1865 states that the entropy of the world strives towards a maximum. As recently formulated by Prigogine and Stengers, this law contains two fundamental elements: (1) a negative one that expreses the impossibility of ceretain processes (e.g., heat flowing from a cold to a hot source) and (2) a positive, constructive one. It is the impossibility of certain processes that permits us to introduce a function, entropy, which increases uniformly and behaves as an attractor for isolated systems. It is at maximum when the system is in equilibrium. Nonequilibrium is the source of order and brings order out of chaos. Since Boyce and Meyer technologies postulate nonequilibrium, it can be said to be supported by the positive element of this law.

For a more comprehensive explanation and illustrations, go to http://www.orionproject.org.

Forums

  • http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/WorkingWatercar/ - "I have started a new group, which is an attempt, with Bob Boyce's permission, to compile all the info out on Bob's design, electronics and Toroid construction in one place." (John Foster <jwfoster777>; May 12, 2007)

Related Projects

  • Water Fuel Cell Open Source Project - An open source project by the H2earth Institute is in process of replicating the water fuel cell technology of the late Stanley Meyer, who allegedly ran vehicles on water, and whose patents have just now become public domain.

Contact

Bob Boyce
E-Mail: bobboyceh2o@yahoo.com


See memo under #Forums about reaching Bob via the watercar forum.

Assistance

Ed is authorized to receive donations directed to Bob Boyce ED HOLDGATE
31 BOHENIA CIRCLE SOUTH
CLEARWATER, FLORIDA 33767
Phone 727 447 8387
email: eholdgate {at} tampabay.rr.com


Michael Couch (wrote article about Boyce' system)
E-Mail: cmichaelcouch@yahoo.com


See also

WATER FUEL FOOTER

OPEN SOURCE:

- Other Open Source Projects
- Open Source News
- PESWiki main index
- PES Network Inc.

Personal tools

Departments
Sponsored Links

Support
Toolbox