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News:Archive:2007:November

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PESWiki News -- November 2007 Archive

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2007

December

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November

November 30, 2007

  • Wind > Vertical Axis > Aerowind Systems - Aerospiral is designed for urban environments where wind speeds are lower and wind directions change frequently. The plate generator and sprial blades provide good performance in turbulent winds and reduce noise and vibration, for use on buildings.
  • Waste to Energy > Enerkem - Enerkem's technology enables the chemical recycling of waste into high value, market-ready fuels and chemicals such as methanol, ethanol and synthetic diesel. Gasification is conducted using air or oxygen as partial oxidation agent for the desired synthetic gas composition.

November 29, 2007

  • Biodiesel > from Algae > There's Oil in That Slime - A group at the University of Minnesota are in the race to turn algae into a commercially viable energy source by developing ways to grow mass quantities of algae, identifying promising strains and figuring out what they can make from the residue that remains after the oil is removed. (PhysOrg; Nov. 29, 2007)
  • Oil > Massive Oilfield Could Use New System - Duvernay Petroleum is to use the Toe-to-Heel Air Injection system to exploit a massive heavy oilfield in Canada. THAI™ is very efficient, recovering about 70% - 80% of the oil, compared to 10% - 40%, for less than 10 dollars a barrel. The Athabasca Oil Sands region is the single largest petroleum deposit on earth. (ScienceDaily; Nov. 29, 2007)
  • Hybrids > Hydraulic > 2009 Ford F-150 could add Hydraulic Launch Assist - A hydraulic pump/motor is connected to the drive shaft along with a high pressure accumulator, to recapture braking energy to be used during acceleration. It is designed to improve fuel economy in large trucks in city driving by an estimated 25 to 35 percent. (AutoblogGreen; Nov. 29, 2007)

November 28, 2007

  • Electromagnetic > Lutec > Theory Behind Lutec Motor (pdf) Lutec purports a prototypes that amplifies electricity by at least five times. If valid, this technology could help solve the energy crunch. In this document, Lutec addresses the question: "Where does the 'EXTRA' energy come from?". No back EMF is part of the equation. (Nov. 27, 2007)
  • Tidal / Ocean Current > Ocean Renewable Power Company - ORPC is developing modular ocean current generation OCGen™ technology and incorporating it into tidal and ocean current generation projects. The company plans to deploy and test an OCGen™ Turbines Generation Unit at its Western Passage, Maine site in late 2007.

November 27, 2007

  • Wind > High Altitude > Football Field-Sized Kite Powers Latest Freighter - A new freighter set to launch in December will be receiving a hefty dose of power from a kite the size of a football field. The 460-foot ship, owned by the Beluga shipping company, hopes to see as much as a 50% drop in fuel consumption during optimal conditions. (Network World; Nov. 25) (See Slashdot discussion)
  • Concentrated Solar / High Altitude Wind > Renewables Cheaper than Coal - Google announced a new initiative, known as RE<C, to develop electricity from renewable energy sources that will be cheaper than electricity produced from coal. To start with, a wind and a solar firm have been identified as Google's early bets: eSolar (solar thermal power) and Makani Power (high-altitude wind). (EcoGeek; Nov. 27, 2007)

November 26, 2007

  • Storage > Batteries / Capacitors > Hybrid Energy Storage System - Smart Storage Pty will develop energy storage systems based on a hybrid battery which combines an asymmetric supercapacitor and a lead-acid battery in a single unit cell. The expected discharge and charge power of the Smart Storage battery will be 50% higher and its cycle-life at least 3x longer than conventional lead-acid. (Green Car Congress; Nov. 26, 2007)

November 24, 2007

  • Hydrogen from Water > Kanzius > PSU to study Kanzius invention - Another team of researchers at yet another major university will work full time on John Kanzius' external radio-wave generator. Kanzius reached a joint working agreement with Pennsylvania State University to develop uses for the device based on its ability to burn saltwater. (Erie Times News; Nov. 21, 2007)

November 23, 2007

  • Alternative Fuels > Global Energy - Gasification can convert carbon-containing materials into a synthetic gas that can fuel gas turbines or produce synthetic natural gas, transportation fuels (high purity gasoline, diesel and jet fuel) and hydrogen. Solid hydrocarbons utilized in gasification may include coal, petroleum coke and renewables.
  • Tidal > Clean Current Power Systems - The tidal turbine generator is a bi-directional ducted horizontal axis turbine with a direct drive variable speed permanent magnet generator. This design delivers superior efficiency, enhanced by a simple design that has one moving part - the rotor assembly that contains the blades.

November 22, 2007

  • External Combustion Engines > Cyclone > Engine That Runs on Waste or Solar Heat - Cyclone Power Technologies, Inc. has successfully tested its patent-pending Waste Heat Engine, a unique technology off-shoot of the Green Revolution Engine. The engine experienced immediate start-up, and ran continuously under variable pressures and RPM. (MarketWire; Oct. 22, 2007)
  • Wind > Farms > Connecting wind farms - Wind power, long considered to be as fickle as wind itself, can become a dependable source of electricity at a lower cost, according to scientists at Stanford University. The key is connecting wind farms throughout a given geographic area with transmission lines, combining the outputs into one powerful energy source. (PhysOrg; Nov. 21, 2007)
  • Electric Vehicles > Tata to Launch Electric Indica in Europe by 2009 - India’s Tata Motors is targeting an electric version of the sub-compact Indica for the European market, slated to be launched by 2009. The company said that all-electric Indica would not suit the Indian scenario as the domestic market is yet to mature. (Green Car Congress; Nov. 22, 2007)
  • Alternative Fuels > Alternative Fuels Can Boost Pollution - A recent US study warns that some alternative fuels can cause more harmful greenhouse gas emissions than fossil fuels. Liquid coals is 80% more polluting. Ethanol can be more polluting, depending on how it is produced. Biofuels are usually cleaner. (Alternative Energy News; Nov. 22, 2007)

November 21, 2007

  • Geoengineering > Geoengineering: An ethical response to climate change? (15 min) - Planetary weather systems could one day be manipulated in an attempt to cool the planet and survive global warming. Environmental scientist David Keith thinks we should begin serious debate about the ethical factors surrounding geoengineering. (Alternative Energy News; Nov. 14, 2007)
  • Geoengineering - Scientists are considering various massive interventions whereby the planetary weather systems could be manipulated in an attempt to cool the planet and survive global warming.

November 20, 2007

  • Petravoltaics -- Electricity from Rocks - Certain types of igneous rocks exhibit a weak electrical potential that is neither piezoelectric (pressure induced voltage), nor pyroelectric (heat-change induced voltage), but petravoltaic. This is to say that there is a continuous, steady voltage across the rock.
  • Solar > Thin Film > First Solar stands alone - First Solar, which makes cadmium-telluride (CdTe) solar cells, is having one of those years that corporate managers and investors dream about. So the question is, how come they don't have any major competitors? Copper-indium-gallium-selenide (CIGS) solar cells aren't even on the market. CdTe works and there are customers. (CNET News; Nov. 20, 2007)
  • Fuel Efficiency > Retrofits > Water-and-methanol injection - Snow Performance's water-and-methanol injection system boosts the horsepower of just about any vehicle and also improves fuel economy by 10 to 15 percent. It's an old concept that was used on fighter planes in World War II. Boost Cooler kits take about five hours to install and cost $249 to $769. (gazette.com; Oct. 21, 2007)

November 19, 2007

  • Alternative Fuels > BGT Biogasoline - Ferments sugars (from corn or cellulosic products) into butyric acid which is then converted into hexane or heptanone, hydrocarbons which can substitute or be mixed with traditional gasoline. These biogasolines can be used in any standard gasoline engine because the properties match traditional gasoline from petroleum. They have 40% more energy (BTU) per gallon than ethanol.
  • River / Tidal > New Energy Corporation Inc. - NECI's EnCurrent Turbine enables the extraction of electricity from water currents without the need for the dams and barrages. Slowly rotating turbine blades virtually eliminates fish kill and bi-directional operation enables the economic extraction of power in tidal applications.
  • Steorn > 10 Great Snake-Oil Gadgets - Orbo is second on the list. Steorn, the Irish company behind Orbo, is only the latest in a long line of deluded, incompetent or fraudulent firms to claim the scalp of the laws of thermodynamics. (Wired; Nov. 17, 2007) (See Slashdot discussion)

November 18, 2007

  • Fuel Efficiency Retrofits / Hydraulics > Hydristor Vision Statement - Inventor, Tom Kasmer, shares an overview of his infinitely variable hydraulic pump technology for both improving fuel economy on vehicles, as well as integrated into a heat pump generator system for harvesting solar and other environmental heat differentials as a primary energy source.

November 17, 2007

  • Suppression > UFO Secrecy Implicates Clean Energy Tech Sequestering - The Disclosure Project reports that government insiders have revealed the existence of a shadowy, highly classified, $100 billion/year program related to UFOs, including energy and propulsion systems that could solve the energy crisis. (PESN; Nov. 17, 2007)
  • Grid > Off Goes the Power Current Started by Thomas Edison - Wednesday, Con Edison ended 125 years of direct current electricity service that began when Thomas Edison opened his Pearl Street power station. Con Ed will now only provide alternating current, in a final, vestigial triumph by Nikola Tesla and George Westinghouse. (NY Times Blog; Nov. 14, 2007) (See also Slashdot)
  • Electromagnetic > Joseph Newman Motor - Joseph Newman is one of the more notorious names in the free energy world, having claimed for years that he has developed an electromagnetic device that produces more energy than it consumes, harnessing its excess energy from an unseen, free energy source.
  • CO2 Sequestration > Utah leading CO2 Sequestration - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) plans to spend $67 million over the next decade on a technology solution for climate change that will be tested in Utah. Plans call for pumping carbon dioxide into mile-deep rock formations for long-term underground storage. (Salt Lake Tribune; Nov. 16, 2007)

November 16, 2007

  • Solar > Thin Film > Nanosolar wins PopSci award - Nanosolar PowerSheet thin film solar panel has won the 2007 Popular Science Innovation of the Year award. They are made with printing-press-style machines that set down a layer of solar-absorbing nano-ink onto metal sheets as thin as aluminum foil, so the panels can be made for as little as 30 cents a watt. (Popular Science; 2007)
  • Piezoelectric > Motion to energy generator - M2E Power is developing a motion to energy generator that could replace batteries and even be used in large scale applications. The company is working on a D-cell battery sized solution to power mobile devices and plans to to demonstrate the technology's usefulness in wind, wave power and hydro applications. (Cleantech.com; Nov. 16, 2007)

November 15, 2007

  • Hydrogen from Water > Electrolysis > Hydrogen fuel system nearly ready for vehicles - Akvo Energy America's process involves hydrogen extraction from water via plasmatic induction, a form of electrolysis, using a small amount of electricity. The system will power a vehicle for 1 year on one fill up with zero emissions. Pointing to a small generator, “That will power my house. I won’t pay any heating bills this year."
  • Fuel Efficiency > Vehicles > Tiny Smart cars aiming to make it big in USA - At 2.5 meters (eight feet) in length, Daimler's "Fortwo" Smart car two-passenger car tiny Smart cars are cheap, easy to maneuver, and fuel-efficient, running at around 40-45 miles (65-72 kilometers) to the gallon. Going on sale in the US next year, it will retail at 11,600 dollars. (Yahoo News; Nov. 13, 2007)
  • H from Water > Kanzius > Researcher sets saltwater on fire - Last winter, inventor John Kanzius was already attempting one seemingly impossible feat -- building a machine to cure cancer with radio waves -- when his device inadvertently succeeded in another: He made saltwater catch fire. (CNN / PopSci; Nov. 14, 2007)
  • Waste to Energy > Tire Recycling Breakthrough - Delta Energy's DEPolymerization™ process takes one of the world's biggest pollution problems - discarded tires - and turns them into usable fuel, made possible by a secret chemical compound. 99% of the original tire is turned into something useful, from natural gas to diesel fuel to carbon that can be reused in the rubber and plastics industry. (KXNet.com; Nov. 12, 2007)

November 14, 2007

  • Fuel Efficiency > Vehicles > Lightweight Concept Car - Japanese textile producer Teijin unveiled a lightweight concept car, the PU_PA, made from materials including carbon fiber and bioplastic as part of an effort to promote its products that could reduce automotive weight. These advanced materials could halve the weight of automobiles in five years, greatly improving fuel efficiency. (Green Car Congress; Nov. 14, 2007)
  • Solar > Solar cell efficiency boost - Global Warming Solutions has developed new solar energy conversion technology based on a novel organic polymer coating that can be applied to existing solar cells. It is expected to increase efficiency by 11-15% by transforming more of the visible and infrared spectrums into electricity. (GizMag; Nov. 13, 2007)

November 13, 2007

  • Biodiesel from Algae Oil > Commercial Algae-to-Biodiesel Facility - Green Star Products and Biotech Research will build a 100-acre commercial algae facility adjacent to an existing biodiesel plant and will use the CO2 emitted from the plant’s boilers to provide a portion of the needs of the algae facility. The algae oil produced will be turned into biodiesel through the existing plant facilities. (Green Car Congress; Nov. 13, 2007)

November 12, 2007

  • Electromagnetic > ExRo - The Variable Input Electrical Generator has been designed to more efficiently convert variable energy sources such as wind into electricity, producing 30% higher output. The VIEG is a permanent magnet brushless system, so maintenance costs are minimal, and since it is a direct drive system, the cost, weight and inefficiency of the gearbox is also eliminated.
  • Batteries > Deeya Energy - L-Cells have much better charging and discharging performance while being much cheaper than other batteries, contain environmentally benign materials and are infinitely recyclable. They will enable commercial renewable energy storage, Uninterruptible Power Supply and peak-off-peak Load Shifting.

November 10, 2007

November 9, 2007

  • Alternative Fuels > GeoGas Development Corporation - The GeoGas™ process converts otherwise unusable natural gas from capped abandoned wells into gasoline, diesel fuel or jet fuel. Conversion units (fully transportable as a semi-trailer) are brought directly to the wellhead so there are no pipelines or huge processing plants.
  • Batteries > Porous Power Technologies - Highly porous, microstructured battery components offer dramatic improvements in lithium-ion battery performance and cycle life. PPT offers up to 50% faster charge times, up to 4 times capacity under heavy load, and much longer cycle life for batteries.

November 8, 2007

  • Electric Cars > A Carbon-Free, Stackable Rental Car - An MIT group hopes that its foldable electric vehicles will cut pollution, and ease congestion in the "last mile" by letting people rent and return the vehicles to racks located near transportation hubs, such as train stations, airports, and bus depots. (MIT Technology Review; Nov. 1, 2007)
  • Solar > Gamma Solar - Gamma Solar will produce Photovoltaic Bifacial Solar Cells and Modules for BIPV (building integrated photovoltaic) systems that can generate energy on both the front and back side. They will generate up to 180% more energy than a standard Monofacial cell resulting in higher output per mass of crystalline silicon.
  • Hybrids / Batteries > Reducing the cost of lithium ion batteries - Ricardo and QinetiQ will try to bring the cost of lithium ion batteries down so that they can be commercially viable without degrading performance. In 2006 they showed off their Efficient-C diesel hybrid Citroen Berlingo van but acknowledged that the hybrid's extra cost needed to be reduced by half to €2,000. (AutoblogGreen; Nov. 8, 2007)

November 7, 2007

  • Wind > MagLev > China to mass produce maglev wind power generators - A Chinese company has invested 400 million yuan in building the world's largest production base base for magnetic levitation (maglev) wind power generators capable of harnessing low wind speed. The base will produce a series of maglev wind power generators with capacities ranging from 400 to 5,000 watts in the first half of 2008. (Xinhua, China; Nov 5, 2007)
  • Alt Fuels > Butanol > Bioengineering E. Coli to Produce Butanol - A team of University students won first prize in the Energy and the Environment category at the fourth annual iGEM competition at MIT. The team has been working on manipulating E. coli to produce butanol by introducing genes from Clostridium acetobutylicum and to increase E. coli’s tolerance to solvents such as butanol. (Green Car Congress; Nov. 7, 2007)

November 6, 2007

  • Solar > Vehicles > Solar-Powered Turtle Airships - To a shell of aluminum, titanium, or stainless steel around a helium-filled inner skin, Darrell Campbell envisages depositing amorphous thin film photovoltaic cells to drive motors that used super-conducting magnets in lieu of copper wire. Biodiesel generators would provide back-up power. (TreeHugger; Oct. 26, 2007)
  • Engines > Detonation Cycle Truck Engine - Turbine Truck Engines is developing the Detonation Cycle Gas Turbine Engine for heavy-duty highway trucks, that promises to consume 30% less fuel and emit fewer pollutants than piston engines. The turbine operates on all hydrocarbon, hydrogen, and synthetic fuels, has Flex-Fuel and mixed-fuel capabilities, as well as cold start capabilities with any fuel. (Green Car Congress; Nov. 6, 2007)

November 5, 2007

November 4, 2007

  • Batteries / Capacitors > Ultracapacitors Soon to Replace Batteries? - The synergy between batteries and capacitors — two of the sturdiest and oldest components of electrical engineering — has been growing to the point where ultracapacitors may soon be almost as indispensable to portable electricity as batteries are now. (IEEE Spectrum; Nov. 2007) (See also Slashdot)
  • Investment > Capital Max, Inc - An investment advisor for investment in renewable technologies with low risk (nothing close to what we typically discuss here). Works with clients who have minimum liquid assets of $500,000. Is working on opening a U.S. Renewable Energy fund.

November 2, 2007

  • Biomass > Non-Fossil Oil > New Bio-Oil Joint Venture - Khosla Ventures and BIOeCON have formed a joint venture, KiOR, to develop and commercialize BIOeCON’s Biomass Catalytic Cracking (BCC) process. BCC technology is a simple non-energy intensive method that converts lignocellulosic biomass into a bio-oil product that can be further upgraded to transportation fuels and chemicals. (Green Car Congress; Nov. 1, 2007)
  • Fuel Efficiency > Vehicles > Audi A3 TDIe crosses Australia at 71.3 mpg! - An Audi A3 TDIe powered by a 1.9L four cylinder diesel engine covered the 3,543 km distance from Darwin to Adelaide Australia with an average mileage of 71.3 mpg (US) with peaks as high as 90.4 mpg. The special "e" series A3 is tuned for maximum efficiency and goes on sale later this year. (AutoblogGreen; Nov. 1, 2007)
  • Solar > Thin Film > Cadmium telluride photovoltaic modules - Germany-based Q-Cells has acquired Ohio's Solar Fields in a deal that merges their production of cadmium telluride thin film photovoltaic modules. The first prototype facility with a capacity of 25 megawatts is expected to start production in the first quarter of 2008. (Cleantech.com; Nov. 1, 2007)

November 1, 2007

  • Ocean Wave > HTS Linear Generators for PowerBuoy - Converteam's HTS linear generator system will enable direct conversion of the linear up and down motion of waves into electricity using OPT's PowerBuoy. The use of high temperature superconductors provides the necessary magnetic field at much lower cost and weight. (Renewable Energy Access; Nov. 1, 2007)
  • Solar > Vehicles > Standard Auto Converted to Solar - A group in Japan has developed a conversion package to transform a Mazda Roadster into a solar powered vehicle. They remove the engine and gas tank, replace them with a battery and an electric motor and place solar panels across the hood. It can go 19 miles at up to 62 MPH with fuel savings of roughly $1,600 per year. (PhysOrg; Nov. 1, 2007)

October

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