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PESWiki:How to edit a page

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PESWiki is a Wiki, which means that anyone can easily edit any unprotected page and save those changes immediately to that page. Editing a PESWiki page is not very difficult and there are plenty of places to get help. PESWiki uses MediaWiki as it's wiki software, more technical information is available here: Help:Contents/Technical information. A Quick guide is located at PESWiki:Quick guide. After your first edit, you are a PESWiki editor! Basically, all you have to do is click on the "edit" button in the heading of the section you want to modify, make the modification, preview, then save. To edit the entire page, or more than one section, you can select the "edit" link at the top of a page. For step by step introduction to becoming a PESWikin, see the PESWiki tutorial. Those pages will discuss the useful features of the wiki software, the pieces of style and content guidance, information about the PESWiki community, or important PESWiki policies and convention.

Contents

Wiki markup

The wiki markup is the syntax system you can use to format a PESWiki page. The information below is an elaborate list of various edits (for a more succinct reference, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:Wiki_markup ). The left column shows the effects available. The right column shows the wiki markup used to achieve them.

You may want to keep this page open in a separate browser window for reference. If you want to try out things without danger of doing any harm, you can do so in the Sandbox. Try opening the Sandbox in a separate window or tab and keeping this page open for reference.

Table of contents

At the current status of the wiki markup language, having at least four headers on a page triggers the TOC to appear in front of the first header (or after introductory sections). Putting __TOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to appear at that point (instead of just before the first header). Putting __NOTOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to disappear. See also compact TOC for alphabet and year headings.

Tables

There are two ways to build tables:

  • in special Wiki-markup (see Help:Table)
  • with the usual HTML elements: <table>, <tr>, <td> or <th>.

For the latter, and a discussion on when tables are appropriate, see PESWiki:How to use tables.

Sections and subsection

What it looks like What you type
==New section==
===Subsection=== 
====Sub-subsection==== 

Remember:

  • It is preferable to start with a second-level heading (==); Please do not use top-level headings, they are used for page titles.
  • If possible, place subsections in an appropriate order.
  • A Table of Contents will automatically be added to an article that has four or more sections.


General

Newlines
What it looks like What you type

A single newline generally has no effect on the layout. These can be used to separate sentences within a paragraph.

But an empty line starts a new paragraph. A newline can affect the layout.

 
 A single newline generally has 
 no effect on the layout. These can 
 be used to separate sentences 
 within a paragraph. 

 But an empty line starts a new 
 paragraph. A newline can affect 
 the layout.
 


line breaks
What it looks like What you type

You can break lines
without starting a new paragraph.

 
 You can break lines<br/> without 
 starting a new paragraph. 
 

Please use this sparingly. Close markup between lines, do not start a link or italics or bold on one line and close it on the next.

Lists
Bullet
What it looks like What you type
  • Start every line with a star (here asterisk "*").
    • More stars means deeper levels (here asterisk "**").
      • A newline in a list (here asterisk "***").
        • marks the end of a list item. (here asterisk "****").
 
 * here asterisk "*" 
 ** here asterisk "**" 
 *** here asterisk "***"
 **** here asterisk "****" 
 

An empty line starts a new list.

Numbered
What it looks like What you type
  1. Numbered lists (here number sign "#").
    1. very organized (here number sign "##").
    2. easy to follow (here number sign "##").
      1. easier still (here number sign "###").
 
#Numbered lists (here number sign "#").
##very organized (here number sign "##").
##easy to follow (here number sign "##").
###easier still (here number sign "###").
 


Definition lists
What it looks like What you type
item
item's definition
another item
other definition
 
 :;item: item's definition 
 :;another item: other definition 
 

Begin with a semicolon (;). One item per line; a newline can appear before the colon, but using a space before the colon improves parsing.

Mixed sets
What it looks like What you type
  • You can even create mixed lists
    1. and nest them
      • like this
        mix definition list as well
        impressive
        most impressive
        it's easy
        • a
        • b
        • c
 
 * You can even create mixed lists
 *# and nest them
 *#* like this
 *#*; mix definition list as well
 *#*: impressive
 *#*; most impressive
 *#*: it's easy 
 *#*:* a 
 *#*:* b
 *#*:* c
 



Indention
What it looks like What you type
A colon (:) indents the text
 
:A colon (:) indents the text
 
A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph. A manual newline starts a new paragraph. This is primarily for displayed material, but is also used for discussion on Talk pages.


blockquote
What it looks like What you type
The blockquote command will indent
 
 <blockquote>The '''blockquote''' 
 command will indent </blockquote>
 

The blockquote command (<blockquote> </blockquote>) will indent both margins when needed instead of the left margin only as the colon does.


Pre-formatting
What it looks like What you type
IF a line starts with a space THEN
    it will be formatted exactly
        as typed;
    in a fixed-width font;
    lines will not wrap;
END IF
 
 IF a line starts with a space THEN
     it will be formatted exactly
         as typed;
     in a fixed-width font;
     lines will not wrap;
 END IF
 

Pre-formatting a line has a line which starts with a space. Pre-formatting is useful for:

  • pasting preformatted text;
  • algorithm descriptions;
  • program source code;
  • ASCII art; and
  • chemical structures

WARNING: If you make it wide, you force the whole page to be wide and hence less readable, especially for people who use lower resolutions. Never start ordinary lines with spaces.

Centered text


What it looks like What you type
Centered text.
 
<center>Centered text.</center>
 

Please note the spelling of "center".

Links and URLs

Wikilink
What it looks like What you type

Congress:Top 100 Technologies -- RD

 
[[Congress:Top 100 Technologies -- RD]]
 

A link to another article. Internally, the first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link has the same effect as typing a space, but is not recommended). The link above is to the URL peswiki.com/index.php/Congress:Top_100_Technologies_--_RD, which is the article with the name "Congress:Top 100 Technologies -- RD". See also Canonicalization.

Piped link
What it looks like What you type

Top 100 tech

 
[[Congress:Top 100 Technologies -- RD|Top 100 tech]]
 

Same target, different name. This is a piped link. The "piped" text must be placed first, then the text that will be displayed second.

Blending
What it looks like What you type

generators needed

 
[[generator]]s needed
 

Endings are blended into the link. Preferred style is to use this instead of a piped link, if possible. Blending can be suppressed by using tags, which may be desirable in some instances.

Namespace link
What it looks like What you type

PESWiki:Manual of Style

 
[[PESWiki:Manual of Style]]
 

Link to a namespace.

Images

Only images that have been uploaded to PESWiki can be used. To upload images, use the upload page. You can find the uploaded image on the image list.


Images
What it looks like What you type
A picture:

Image:PES Logo 95x94.gif

A picture: 
[[Image:PES Logo 95x94.gif]]

Clicking on an image displayed on a page leads to the description page.


Images and alternative text
What it looks like What you type
A picture:

PES lightning

A picture: 
[[Image:PES Logo 95x94.gif|PES lightning]]

Alternative text, used when a mouse hovers over the image or when the image is not loaded in a text-only browser, or when spoken aloud, is strongly encouraged. See Alternate text for images for help on choosing it. Clicking on an image displayed on a page leads to the description page. Clicking on an image displayed on a page leads to the description page.


Image right floating with caption
What it looks like What you type
A picture:
PES lightning
PES lightning
A picture: 
[[Image:PES Logo 95x94.gif|frame|PES lightning]]

The frame tag automatically floats the image right. The caption is also used as alternate text. Clicking on an image displayed on a page leads to the description page.


Image right floating without caption
What it looks like What you type
A picture:
PES lightning
A picture: 
[[Image:PES Logo 95x94.gif|right|PES lightning]]

The help topic on Extended image syntax explains more options. This picture is resized. Clicking on an image displayed on a page leads to the description page.


Picture pixel resize (ex., 30)
What it looks like What you type
A picture:

A picture: 
[[Image:PES Logo 95x94.gif|30 px]]

The help topic on Extended image syntax explains more options.


Image name linking direct to description
What it looks like What you type
A picture:

Image:PES Logo 95x94.gif

A picture: 
[[:Image:PES Logo 95x94.gif]]


Text linking direct to image description
What it looks like What you type
A picture:

PES lightning

A picture: 
[[media:Image:PES Logo 95x94.gif|PES lightning]]

To include links to images shown as links instead of drawn on the page, use a "media" link.


vertical column table wiki markup
What it looks like What you type

Example:

Place images here
 
 Example: 
 {| align=right
 |-
 | 
 Place images here
 |} 


Variables

(See also Help:Variable)

Code Effect
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 48
{{CURRENTDOW}} 5
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 11
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} November
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} November
{{CURRENTDAY}} 28
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Friday
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2014
{{CURRENTTIME}} 10:53
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 5,203
{{PAGENAME}} How to edit a page
{{NAMESPACE}} PESWiki
{{localurl:pagename}} /index.php/Pagename
{{localurl:PESWiki:Sandbox|action=edit}} /index.php?title=PESWiki:Sandbox&action=edit
{{SERVER}} http://peswiki.com
{{ns:1}} Talk
{{ns:2}} User
{{ns:3}} User_talk
{{ns:4}} PESWiki
{{ns:5}} PESWiki_talk
{{ns:6}} Image
{{ns:7}} Image_talk
{{ns:8}} MediaWiki
{{ns:9}} MediaWiki_talk
{{ns:10}} Template
{{ns:11}} Template_talk
{{ns:12}} Help
{{ns:13}} Help_talk
{{ns:14}} Category
{{ns:15}} Category_talk
{{SITENAME}} PESWiki

NUMBEROFARTICLES is the number of pages in the main namespace which contain a link and are not a redirect, in other words number of articles, stubs containing a link, and disambiguation pages.

CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN is the genitive (possessive) grammatical form of the month name, as used in some languages; CURRENTMONTHNAME is the nominative (subject) form, as usually seen in English.

In languages where it makes a difference, you can use constructs like {{grammar:case|word}} to convert a word from the nominative case to some other case. For example, {{grammar:genitive|{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}}}} means the same as {{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}}.

See also

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