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Directory:Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles -- PHEV

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Directory of technologies and resources relating to plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV)

Some hybrid owners are doing plug-in conversions by adding batteries or replacing them with larger capacity units. Add an inverter and a plug to make a plug-in hybrid. The control system can also be altered so that the gas engine kicks in at a higher speed.



  • Plug-In vehicle tracker - Virtually every major auto manufacturer in the world, along with several smaller outfits, are developing a plug-in electric vehicle and Plug In America is tracking their progress. Their list is updated monthly. It represents highway-capable cars and trucks, 2- and 3-wheeled and commercial vehicles.

Featured at PESWiki

  • AFS Trinity - The Extreme Hybrid™ drive train for a Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle is expected to enable cars to achieve 250 MPG by combining a Lithium-ion battery pack with a bank of ultracapacitors. Fast Energy Storage™ enables high top speeds and rapid acceleration in electric-only mode, as well as greater regenerative braking capability.


  • Plug in Electric & Hybrid Conversions - Plug in Electric & Hybrid Conversions done by experts. All Makes and Models. Driving range from 50-250 Miles, capable of 100 MPH. Electric/Gasoline Hybrid conversion is a standard 80+ MPG.
  • 3Prong Power Upgrades Any Prius to Plug-in Status - Toyota is leasing 500 prototype plug-in hybrid Prius’s to lucky recipients next year, but what about other Prius owners who want to plug in? Enter 3Prong Power, a Berkeley, California startup that offers plug-in hybrid conversions for first, second and third generation Prius’s as well as the Ford Escape Hybrid. (Inhabitat; Oct. 27, 2009)


  • EVs > Plug-Ins / Recycling > Plastic >
    Chevy Volt Parts Made From 100,000 Pounds of Gulf Oil Booms - GM has announced that it plans to outfit Chevy Volts with parts recycled from 100 miles of oil booms used to clean up the Gulf Oil Spill. The used booms will be transformed into plastic parts under the hood, and GM says they can recover enough material to supply a year’s worth of production. (Inhabitat; December 20, 2010)
  • Fuel Efficiency > EVs > Hybrids > PHEV >
    Chevy Volt Gets 127 MPG Over 299 Miles of Real-World Driving - More and more real-world data is coming in about the car's actual performance and fuel efficiency. One of these real-world tests has been performed by Motor Trend, and after driving the Volt in all kinds of conditions (including up to 102 MPH with the air conditioning on), they came away impressed. (TreeHugger; Oct. 14, 2010)
  • Volvo Tests Plug-in Hybrids - One of the cars being tested this summer can go up to 50 kilometers on a 100-horsepower electric motor powered by a lithium-ion battery before switching to a 205-horsepower diesel engine. The cars have two plugs: one for recharging via a standard wall socket, and one for more rapid recharging via special charging stations. (MIT Technology Review; June 16, 2009)
  • Raser Technologies Unveils 100+ MPG Plug-in Hybrid Hummer - Raser Technologies, Inc. unveiled a 100+ mpg Hummer H3 powered by Raser’s plug-in hybrid E-REV (Extended-Range Electric Vehicle) at the 2009 SAE International World Congress, Cobo Center, Detroit, MI. (Reser press release; ~Apr. 24, 2009)
  • 100 MPG Bright IDEA Unveiled - The IDEA plug-in hybrid is designed specifically for commercial and government fleets. It has a 30-mile all-electric range before the hybrid engine takes over, which achieves 70 mpg. (EcoGeek; April 21, 2009)
  • Can GM's Volt Save the Company? - Last week, President Obama said that GM had failed to present a convincing plan to turn around its decline, and he warned that the automaker may face bankruptcy. GM's planned plug-in hybrid car is at the core of the automaker's attempt to reinvent itself. (MIT Technology Review; April 6, 2009)
  • Is GM's Volt Ready to Roll? - General Motors (GM) unveiled the production design of its Chevrolet Volt electric vehicle as part of its 100th-anniversary celebration. But significant hurdles remain before the car can start rolling off assembly lines, chief among them the need for continued development of the car's main battery pack. (MIT Technology Review; Sept. 18, 2008)
  • Chorus Motors - Chorus Meshcon motors are based on AC induction technology and provide 10 times the overload torque of competing products and use a "virtual transmission" that can provide the power needed to efficiently and economically power a series hybrid car or truck. Demo (Sept. 18, 2008)
  • Hybrid makeovers help owners dump the pump - A handful of companies aims to put the power cord in the hands of drivers who want to transform their gas-electric hybrids into plug-in hybrids, or to replace the internal combustion innards of other cars with all-electric systems. (CNet; August 13, 2008)
  • Ford F-150 hybrid pick up truck gets 41 mpg - Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technologies (HEVT) has converted an ordinary Ford F-150 into a plug-in prototype that can go 15 miles on only electricity, get 41 mpg over a 30 mile distance and 21 mpg after that. Considering the vehicle they started with only got 16 mpg, we're impressed. Their alterations also give the truck more low-speed torque, V2G capability and 120V power availability. (AutoblogGreen; July 23, 2008)
  • Poulsen Hybrid® Power Assist System - Creates a PHEV by retro-fitting electric motors, DC motor controllers, storage batteries and an on-board charger to a conventional new or used automobile. The PMAF motors specially developed by Alpha-Core, Inc. for Poulsen Hybrid are rated 5kW or 7 horsepower each at 1000 rpm (app. 60 mph). X-Prize Contestant.
  • Milner to Introduce E-REV Prototype - Milner Motors ElectriCar is an Extended-Range Electric Vehicle, based on the design of the flying AirCar. It is a lightweight vehicle designed to cruise 100 miles on battery power at speeds up to 85 mph, after which the batteries will be charged by a gasoline-powered generator, achieving 100 mpg. (Green Car Congress; Feb. 24, 2008)
  • Plug-in Car Tech's Race to Production - Flashy concepts and expensive, limited edition sports cars have made the plug-in car market an attractive one. Now major car companies from Detroit to Japan are outsourcing for chemistry and spending big bucks in-house to put low-cost, high-power packs of lithium-ion in larger production fleets by 2010 or 2011. (Popular Mechanics; Feb. 6, 2008)
  • Ford delivers 120 mpg plug-in hybrid - A Ford Escape plug-in hybrid able to reach 120 mpg, has been delivered to utility company California South Edison for testing. The lithium ion batteries can be charged using common household current in 6 to 8 hours. The all electric range is 30 miles, after which the engine kicks in. (AutoblogGreen; Dec. 3, 2007)
  • The 1/X Concept - The Toyota 1/X (pronounced "one-Xth") is a light-weight (420kg) hybrid concept vehicle that matches the interior space of the Prius at only one-third the weight and double the fuel efficiency. It uses a plug-in hybrid powertrain with a displacement of only 500cc that allows charging from an external power source. (GizMag; Oct. 17, 2007)
  • LTC plug-in Prius Hybrid gets 125+ mpg - Lithium Technology Corporation unveiled a retrofitted Toyota Prius with plug-in capabilities allowing for 125+ miles per gallon fuel efficiency, powered by the Company’s lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) cells, the largest cells of their kind in the world. LTC’s large format technology allows for more reliable battery systems with a significantly lower number of cells. (Gizmag; May 25, 2007)
  • Plug In Your Prius - Jonathan Sawyer spent $30,000--and voided the warranty--to add a plug to his Prius hybrid, which can now travel more than 1000 miles on a single 12-gallon tank of gasoline. (PESN; Apr. 30, 2008)
  • New Super-Efficient Plug-in Ethanol Tribrid Unveiled - Trinity is a 2006 model Chevy Equinox SUV powered by electric motors and a small internal combustion engine that can run on gasoline or ethanol. Prepared for U.S. govt.'s Challenge X competition in June. (PhysOrg; May 18, 2006)
  • Solar Electrical Vehicles - With the SEV rooftop solar charging system and supplemental battery, the Toyota Prius can operate up to 20 miles per day in electric mode. It provides up to 29% improved fuel economy depending on driving habits, road speed and conditions, and doesn't require plugging in for charging.
    • Using Solar Roofs To Power Hybrids - Solar Electrical Vehicles is adding a convex solar roof to hybrid cars like the Toyota Prius, to charge a supplemental battery. With the solar roof, the Prius can operate up to 20 miles per day in electric mode, improving fuel economy up to 29% at a cost of $2000-$4000. The company is also looking at ways to add the technology to electric Teslas. (TreeHugger; May 31, 2007)
  • PHEVs Have Little Impact on Electric Power System - A new study for the Department of Energy finds that idle capacity in the existing electric power system could generate most of the electricity consumed by plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. The study presumes that drivers would charge up overnight when demand for electricity is much lower and that the cars would be driven 33 miles per day, the national average. (The Energy Blog; December 11, 2006)
  • Plug-In Partners - A national grass-roots initiative to demonstrate to automakers that a market for flexible-fuel Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) exists today. Plug-in hybrids can travel up to 60 miles without using any gasoline after an overnight charge from a standard electric socket. "Electric" gas costs less than $1.00/gallon, reduces air pollution and dependence on foreign oil.
  • All Cell Plug-in Escape Hybrid - All Cell Technologies is testing a converted Ford Escape Hybrid designed to double the fuel efficiency without altering the original controller. They added a li-ion battery pack that utilizes a passive thermal management system using phase change material (PCM), solving lithium's problem of heat release. (Green Car Congress; Mar. 14, 2007)
  • 225 mpg XR-3 Plug-in Hybrid Kit - Robert Q. Riley Enterprises will introduce its XR-3 plug-in hybrid kit, a sleek two-passenger, three-wheel sports car that is expected to generate up to 225 miles per gallon and have a battery-only range of up to 40 miles, in June 2007. With quick acceleration and a maximum speed of 85 mph the XR-3 Hybrid is equally at home on freeways and surface streets. (The Energy Blog; Mar. 20, 2007)
  • EDrive Systems LLC - A gas-optional hybrid technology that enables hybrid vehicles to be plugged in and charged by a conventional 3-prong, 110-volt home electrical outlet. The stock nickel-metal hydride battery for the Prius is replaced with an advanced lithium-ion battery system with nearly 20 times the usable energy capacity. Expect to see over 100 miles per gallon for the first 50 miles of your daily drive.
  • Hymotion is combining two technologies (Flexible-fuel engines and Plug-in hybrid). The plug-and-play PHEV system can boost the electric capacity of a vehicle by 7 times. No factory parts or components will be replaced or taken out of the vehicle. A production hybrid gets about double the fuel economy of a conventional car; A Hymotion Plug-in hybrid will get about again double the fuel economy of a hybrid. While conventional Hybrid obtains its energy from gasoline, the Hymotion PHEV acquires most of its energy from the electric grid during off peak hours.
  • Hybrids Plus - Converts Toyota Prius HEVs (Hybrid Electric Vehicles) to PHEVs (Plug-in HEVs). The plug is discrete, safe, convenient and weather-proof. The impact of the conversion is minimal: you may get to keep all of your storage space and the spare tire remains in place. Li-Ion cells from A123 are used: they are leak-proof and flame-proof.

Replacable Batteries

  • Batteries / EV >
    'Plugless' Plug-In Hybrid Car - A British automotive design, development and certification consultancy, has come up with removable battery packs that can be swapped for full batteries that have been charged from the grid. The prototype achieve 53 mpg (4.4 L/100km), with a charge time of 30 minutes, and range of 15 miles (25 kilometers) in electric-only mode. (TreeHugger; Apr. 24, 2008)


See also: Directory:Electrical Grid

  • Emergency Preparedness > Vehicle-to-Grid / PV >
    Tsunami steers Japan tech innovation - On the March 11 anniversary, let's take a look at some innovations spurred by a desire not to be so vulnerable to disaster. They include Nissan's converter to enable an electric car to power up your house for 2 days, transparent solar panels that you can put on your windows, a cell phone app that can detect radiation levels, and other apps for emergencies. (BBC; March 9, 2012)
  • Grid >
    Delaware Paying Electric Car Owners to Power Grid - A newly signed law is said to make Delaware, USA, the first entity in the world to reward owners of electric cars with vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology, making V2G vehicles work like an electrical sponge, capable of absorbing excess energy when demand for power is low, and returning some back to the electric grid when the demand for power is high, paid/charged at the same rate. (Newswise; Sept. 21, 2009)
  • Test of V2G and Plug-In Hybrids - Six plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) will be on the road by the end of 2007 as part of a demonstration test of vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology. The project will convert six Ford Escape Hybrids to PHEVs equipped with V2Green technology so each can charge and discharge power to and from the grid. (Green Car Congress; Oct. 22, 2007)
  • PG&E Demonstrates Vehicle-to-Grid Technology - Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) technology allows for the bi-directional sharing of electricity between Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs), and the electric power grid. The technology turns each vehicle into a power storage system, increasing power reliability and the amount of renewable energy available to the grid during peak power usage. (Green Car Congress; Apr. 9, 2007)
  • U.S. Charging Stations - An exhaustive list of charging stations in the United States. Includes the charging network, address, and contact information with the ability to search by any field. (Last Updated; Aug. 29, 2011)

In The News

  • EVs > Hybrids > Plug-ins >
    Chevy Volt's Superbowl Commercial Employs Aliens - [Cute, but very wrong. The Volt is hardly advanced -- certainly nothing compared to that flying saucer that harnesses energy from the environment, thus negating the need for plug-in or gas; not to mention its ability to FLY and change trajectories instantaneously without imposing lethal G-forces on its occupants; capabilities the off-budget, black-ops have had and have been keeping from us for decades. -- Sterling] (Inhabitat; February 4, 2012)
  • High-tech vehicles growing more common - "This is really happening -- now. Electric vehicles are finally hitting the mainstream," said Dan Davids, who owns a modified Prius and became the first person in the state of Washington with a hybrid Prius, so the car runs on electricity only. (Seattle PI; Sept. 9, 2008)
  • 100-mpg plug-in hybrids popping up in US - A handful of smaller companies have begun taking the energy crisis into their own hands. By retrofitting hybrids like the Toyota Prius with a second battery pack, they´re converting these cars into hybrid plug-ins that can recharge from a wall outlet and drive a short commute on all electric power. (PhyOrg; Sept. 10, 2008)
  • Revolutionary green technology bus - The Fisher Coachworks green technology 40-foot bus features a high-strength stainless steel body and chassis and a hybrid power system that drives the bus primarily with stored electrical energy. This approach reverses the paradigm of conventional parallel hybrid designs that use electric energy only to supplement the acceleration and torque requirements of a diesel engine. (PhysOrg; July 28, 2008)
  • TARDEC Hybrid Electric Humvee - TARDEC, working alongside DRS Technologies, has designed and developed a highly efficient, mobile power source demonstrator – the XM1124 Hybrid Electric Humvee. The HE Humvee is an advanced series hybrid electric vehicle that houses an engine/generator as the prime power source, a high voltage battery pack for short term load leveling and brake event energy storage, and has the ability to export power. (EngineeringTV; July 2, 2008)
  • Uncle Sam Rolls In a 100-MPG Solar Plug-In Hybrid - Tom Markel, a senior engineer at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory runs a 2006 Prius that has a lithium-ion battery six times more powerful than the nickel-metal hydride pack Toyota put in it. But what makes the car really cool is the solar panel on the roof. It generates enough juice to go 5 miles. (Wired; June 27, 2008)
  • AP Interviews Andy Grove on PHEVs; PBS Newshour on Plug-In Cars - To push the technology along, Grove suggests tax incentives to take the risk out of battery development and help offset the costs of conversion kits. Utilities, he says, could subsidize the early adopters of plug-ins by providing free electric power to the vehicles for the first year to 18 months. (CalCars; June 28, 2008)
  • Needed: A Plug-In Hummer - Who's getting rich off $4-a-gallon gas--and who's feeling the pain? This is a question that Forbes Magazine asked in their Special Investment Guide Issue that hit newstands this June, listing winners and losers. (Forbes; June 2008)


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