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Directory of technologies and resources relating to oil derived from non-fossil sources.
- Biodiesel from Algae Oil - Advantages include rapid growth rates, a high per-acre yield, and algae biofuel contains no sulfur, is non-toxic, and is highly biodegradable. Some species of algae are ideally suited to biodiesel production due to their high oil content--in excess of 50%.
- Dynamotive Energy Systems Corporation -- Fast Pyrolysis - Carbon/greenhouse-gas-neutral, fast pyrolysis technology uses medium temperatures and oxygen-free conditions to turn dry waste biomass and non-food crops into BioOil® for power and heat generation. (PESWiki; Sept. 5, 2008)
- Scientists find bugs that eat waste and excrete petrol - LS9 claims that this “Oil 2.0" will not only be renewable but also carbon negative – meaning that the carbon it emits will be less than that sucked from the atmosphere by the raw materials from which it is made. (Times Online; June 14, 2008)
- Sapphire Energy turns algae into 'green crude' for fuel - Sapphire Energy uses algae, sunlight, carbon dioxide and non-potable water to make "green crude" that it contends is chemically equivalent to the light, sweet crude oil. They call it "the world's first renewable gasoline". (Los Angeles Times; May 29, 2008)
- Biomass / Alternative Fuels / Plastic >
Bacteria Make Oil from Biomass - A Georgia company has announced that they have devised a simple, natural way to convert anything that grows out of the Earth into oil. The inventor's formula is simple. Basically, biomass (such as grass clippings or wood chips) plus the right bacteria equals hydrocarbons, which make not just fuel but plastics and other petroleum products. (PESWiki; May 10, 2008)
- Put a Cow in Your Tank - It doesn't sound nearly as catchy as "tiger in the tank", but this is for real. Evidently every cow that is slaughtered generates 200 pound of tallow, which were used for frying and making food products until the transfat panic hit. Now Green Earth Technologies is turning it into motor oil. (TreeHugger; March 4, 2008)
- BioPetrol - Developing a process of low temperature thermochemical conversion of municipal sewage sludge into oil. It can also process agri-wastes, bagasse, pulp and paper residues, tannery sludge and other end-of-life products such as plastics, tires and the organics in municipal solid waste.
- DynaMotive is commercializing a "fast pyrolysis" process that converts forest and agricultural residue (including bark) into liquid BioOil and char. BioOil is a clean burning fuel that will initially be used in stationary gas turbines and diesel engines in the forest industry. The char is a high BTU (heating value) solid fuel that can be used in kilns, boilers and the briquette industry.
Research and Development
- Oil > Non-Fossil > Algae >
Making Oil in Minutes, Not Millennia - Chemical engineers at the University of Michigan are applying heat and pressure on microalgae, exploring a method to create affordable biofuel that could replace fossil fuels. They also hope to use the byproducts of bio-oil production as feedstock for more biofuel, combining hydrothermal, catalytic and biological approaches. (Wired; Apr. 30, 2010)
- Biomass / Waste to Energy >
Bio-Oil Could Replace Petroleum in Asphalt - Researchers from Iowa State University have come up with a bio-oil made from corn stalks, wood waste, and other bio-mass that could one day replace oil in asphalt. The bio-oil is made when biomass is superheated in an oxygen-free area. It is also a money saver because it is easier to pave with bio-asphalt, and it doesn’t have to be heated as high to be used. (Gas 2.0; Oct. 8, 2010)
In the News
- New Bio-Oil Joint Venture - Khosla Ventures and BIOeCON have formed a joint venture, KiOR, to develop and commercialize BIOeCON’s Biomass Catalytic Cracking (BCC) process. BCC technology is a simple non-energy intensive method that converts lignocellulosic biomass into a bio-oil product that can be further upgraded to transportation fuels and chemicals. (Green Car Congress; Nov. 1, 2007)
- Dynamotive BioOil Production - Dynamotive Energy Systems has completed the initial production run of intermediate grade BioOil at its new generation plant in Guelph. Dynamotive plans to market this industrial fuel produced from cellulose waste as a green and cost competitive alternative to heating oil, fuel oil, natural gas and propane. (Renewable Energy Access; May 25, 2007)
- Anything Into Oil - Turkey guts, junked car parts, and even raw sewage go in one end of this plant, and black gold comes out the other end. Changing World Technologies thermal conversion process turns turkey offal into low-sulfur oil that meets specification D396, a type widely used to power electrical utility generators. The oil can be sold to utilities as is or further distilled into vehicle-grade diesel and gasoline. (Discover; April 2006)
- Directory:Ecological Impact of Oil
- Directory:Ocean Trash Vortexes (Gyres)
- Directory:Fuel Efficiency - many more links here
- Directory:Microwave-based Oil Extraction
- Directory:Clean Coal
FOSSIL-BASED OIL REPLACEMENTS
- Directory:Non-Fossil Oil
- Directory:West Fabrication Institute's Taylor/Pyrox Technology
- Directory:Green Power Inc's NanoDiesel:Catalytic Pressureless Depolymerization (Oiling)
- Directory:Global Resource Corp:High-Frequency Attenuating Wave Kinetics or HAWK
- Directory:Changing World Technology - Thermal Depolymerization Process