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Directory:MIT:Daniel Nocera:Catalytic Electrolysis
Electrolysis Breakthrough for Solar Storage
Inspired by the photosynthesis performed by plants, researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have combined a liquid catalyst with photovoltaic cells to achieve a super efficient (nearly 100%) electrolysis.
This becomes a very effective storage system. One obvious extension of this would be the cost-effective storage of daytime solar energy for night-time use. Excess capacity during the day could be stored as hydrogen and oxygen, then used in fuel cells at night when needed.
- "Solar power has always been a limited, far-off solution. Now we can seriously think about solar power as unlimited and soon." -- Daniel Nocera; Science; July 31, 2008
Those playing with onboard electrolysis for hydroxy gas injection into the air intake might find this development to be noteworthy as well.
- http://SunCatalytix.com - company site
- http://web.mit.edu/chemistry/dgn/www/ - The Nocera Lab (MIT Dept. of Chemistry)
- http://www.caltechmitsolarpower.caltech.edu/ - "This Phase I CBC brings together a diverse group of chemists to address one of the outstanding “holy-grails" of science in the 21st century – the efficient, and ultimately economical, storage of solar energy in the form of chemical bonds." (NSF)
- BOSTON- At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dan Nocera talks about Sun Catalytix, the next generation of solar energy, and ARPA-E funding through the Recovery Act. (YouTube; USdepartmentofenergy; February 26, 2010)
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- "Tiny Bubbles" Eurika Moment - MIT chemists Daniel Nocera and Matthew Kanan discover a new catalyst that speeds up the splitting of water into oxygen and hydrogen. Catalysts - Cobalt, Oxygen and Phosphorus instead of Platinum. 10.10 Minutes (TechTV; August 12, 2008)
- Daniel Nocera describes new process for storing solar energy - In a revolutionary leap that could transform solar power from a marginal, boutique alternative into a mainstream energy source, MIT researchers have overcome a major barrier to large-scale solar power: storing energy for use when the sun doesn’t shine. 2.02 Minutes (TechTV; July 30, 2008)
How it Works
Historically, the platinum electrodes used in electrolysis work well for splitting off the hydrogen, but platinum works very poorly for oxygen. The MIT catalyst works well to allow the efficient liberation of the oxygen.
The new catalyst developed by MIT researchers consists of cobalt metal, phosphate and an electrode. When the catalyst is placed in water and electricity runs through the electrode, oxygen gas is produced.
When another catalyst is used to produce hydrogen gas, the oxygen and hydrogen can be combined inside a fuel cell, creating carbon-free electricity to power a house or an electric car, day or night.
The patented catalyst formulation can be used in inexpensive, open containers. The new catalyst works at room temperature, in neutral pH water, and it's easy to set up, Nocera said.
patented catalyst formulation
Currently, MIT is working with photovoltaic cell manufacturers to incorporate electrolysis using their catalyst into solar energy systems.
The project is part of the MIT Energy Initiative, a program designed to help transform the global energy system to meet the needs of the future and to help build a bridge to that future by improving today's energy systems.
Funding was provided by the MIT Energy Initiative, the Chesonis Family Foundation, the Solar Revolution Project and the National Science Foundation, with a goal to make the large scale deployment of solar energy within 10 years.
Inventor: Daniel Nocera
Daniel Nocera is The Henry Dreyfus Professor of Energy and Professor of Chemistry at MIT. http://web.mit.edu/chemistry/www/faculty/nocera.html
B.S. Rutgers University 1979
Ph.D. California Institute of Technology 1984
Dr. Nocera was assited by Matthew Kanan, a postdoctoral fellow.
- Solar / Hydrogen > Solar Hydrogen > Nocera >
MIT scientist develops artificial solar cell leaf that can power a house for a day with a single gallon of water - Daniel Nocera recently told attendees at the American Chemical Society that when his prototype leaf is placed in a pool of water, it effectively captures sunlight and splits water into oxygen and hydrogen at ten times the rate of a natural leaf. Operating for at least a full 45 straight hours without any decline in performance, the leaf acts as a small, highly-efficient solar cell that produces energy for use in power generation. (Natural News; March 29, 2011)
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Happy Birthday to Me: A Flood of Free Energy - On my birthday, I am being treated to a barrage of amazing developments to report on, including: TurXator overunity electromagnetic generator contracting for 85 GW; Freddy's water-fuel cell plans being posted; BlackLight's hydrino validation; Jeremiah Sturk's magnet motor; Wiseman's instructions on Bedini's electromagnetic overunity kits; 12 kW gravity motor. (PESN; November 30, 2010)
- Solar Hydrogen / Hydrogen > Production / Storage >
A Virus That Might Make Hydrogen - A team of scientists lead by material science professor Angela Belcher has genetically modified a virus that can exploit sunlight to split water into oxygen and hydrogen. If viable, the process could help solve the vexing problem of energy storage and the equally vexing problem of producing hydrogen in a reasonable and cost-effective way. (Green Tech Media; April 11, 2010)
- Top 100: Electrolysis > Solar Hydrogen > Photosynthesis Imitation > Nocera Catalytic Electrolysis >
With Artificial Photosynthesis, A Bottle of Water Could Produce Enough Energy To Power A House - Like organic photosynthesis, Nocera's reaction uses sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and energy. However, whereas plants create energy in the form of sugars, this process creates energy in the form of free hydrogen. ARPA-E gave Sun Catalytix $4 million nder the Recovery Act. (Popular Science; March 4, 2010)
- Top 100: Solar / Storage > Electrolysis > Nocera Catalytic Electrolysis >
New solar storage solution could be the key to home-brewed electricity - A new paper by MIT professor Daniel Nocera describes the development of a practical, inexpensive storage system for achieving personalized solar energy. At its heart is an innovative catalyst that splits water molecules into oxygen and hydrogen that become fuel for producing electricity in a fuel cell. (GizMag; Nov. 4, 2009)
- Splitting Water to Store Solar Energy - MIT professor Daniel Nocera earlier worked on a catalysts that can divide water molecules which can be utilized to store energy. Daniel Nocera has established a company named as Sun Catalytix to give his dreams a concrete shape. He envisions low-cost Solar electrolysis producing hydrogen, stored in tanks, to run a fuel cell on demand, (Alt Energy News; Sept. 30, 2009)
- Sun + Water = Fuel - With catalysts created by an MIT chemist, sunlight can turn water into hydrogen. If the process can scale up, it could make solar power a dominant source of energy. (MIT Technology Review; Nov.-Dec. 2008)
- MIT Researchers Discover New Energy Storage Solution - In April of this year, RenewableEnergyWorld.com reported that the Chesonis Family Foundation gave the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) a grant of US $10 million to launch the Solar Revolution project. Now, MIT researchers believe they have overcome a major barrier to large-scale solar power: storing energy for use when the sun doesn't shine. (Renewable Energy World; August 4, 2008)
- Solar-Power Breakthrough Researchers have found a cheap and easy way to store the energy made by solar power. (MIT Technology Review; July 31, 2008)
- MIT researchers split water to store solar energy - The idea is to use the energy from solar photovoltaic panels (or another electricity source) to crack water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen gas. Those gases would be stored and used later in a fuel cell to make electricity when the sun is not shining. The concept is a closed-loop system: running the hydrogen and water through the fuel cell creates water, which can be captured and used again. The hope is that within 10 years, a cost-effective system that combines clean energy generation with storage can be engineered and available cheaply to people around the world. (CNET; July 31, 2008)
- SCIENTISTS MIMIC ESSENCE OF PLANTS' ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM - In a revolutionary leap that could transform solar power from a marginal, boutique alternative into a mainstream energy source, MIT researchers have overcome a major barrier to large-scale solar power: storing energy for use when the sun doesn't shine. (PhysOrg; July 31, 2008)
- A “Giant Leap�? For Clean Energy: Hydrogen Production Breakthrough from MIT (TreeHugger; July 31, 2008)
- Using Sun's Energy to Split Water Means Solar Power All Night (Slashdot; Thursday July 31, 2008)
- MIT claims 24/7 solar power (EETimes; July 31, 2008)
- 'Major discovery' from MIT primed to unleash solar revolution - In a revolutionary leap that could transform solar power from a marginal, boutique alternative into a mainstream energy source, MIT researchers have overcome a major barrier to large-scale solar power: storing energy for use when the sun doesn't shine. (MIT News; July 31, 2008)
- Science; July 31, 2008
- New method extracts oxygen from water - Using common and affordable elements, and a glass of water, chemists may have given us a future way to efficiently obtain oxygen by splitting water. Researchers will need to study the new research results and incorporate the mechanisms into a larger system that also cleanly produces hydrogen. (NSF)
- 'Major Discovery' Primed To Unleash Solar Revolution - In a revolutionary leap that could transform solar power from a marginal, boutique alternative into a mainstream energy source, MIT researchers have overcome a major barrier to large-scale solar power: storing energy for use when the sun doesn't shine. (Science Daily; July 31, 2008)
- Harnessing solar energy like plants do - MIT News Office, 6/20/2008
- MIT, Chesonis Foundation announce solar revolution - MIT News Office, 4/22/2008
- A recipe for solar energy: learning from nature - MIT Energy Initiative (not dated)
See Discussion page
- Whales to Wood, Wood to Coal/Oil -- What’s Next? - Daniel Nocera lecture, MIT World video
MIT News Office
- Directory:Solar:Photosynthesis Imitation
- Directory:Solar Hydrogen
HYDROGEN PRODUCTION AND STORAGE
- Directory:Hydrogen Production
- Directory:Hydrogen from Water
- Directory:Solar Hydrogen
- Directory:Hydrogen Storage
- Directory:Water as Fuel
- Directory:Hydrogen Vehicles | PowerPedia:Hydrogen vehicle | PowerPedia:Hydrogen car