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Directory:Biodiesel

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Directory of technologies and resources relating to biodiesel.

To use BioDiesel, you need a diesel engine. Bear in mind the cost of growing crops. Only when waste/excess organic matter is used can BioDiesel be considered a "renewable" energy source. The diesel engine was originally designed to run on vegetable oil so farmers could grow their own fuel.

Contents

Overview

  • [How a Diesel Engine Chamber Ignites] - John Swain, physicist at Northeastern University, shows how a rapidly compressed chamber lights a cotton ball on fire, to illustrate how a diesel engine works. (DiscoveryChannel.ca; Sept. 30, 2004)

Featured

Electricity -- Make it, Don't buy it

- - - -

  • Store: DIY > Biodiesel > from Algae >
    Making Algae Biodiesel at Home - Downloadable 650-page book provides detailed instructions on how to sustainably produce clean oil from algae -- in your back yard -- enough to supply your transportation and home power needs. This is not a simple, afternoon venture, but a serious, long-term commitment.
  • CPD Process Turns Trash into Diesel Fuel - Green Power Inc has developed a catalytic pressureless depolymerization (CPD) process they call "NanoDiesel" that inexpensively converts biomass and municipal waste into high quality diesel fuel, which could solve the world's energy and waste problems at the same time, without upsetting the CO2 balance.

Organizations

Companies

  • Duda Diesel Alternative Energy Supply - Supply of necessary filters & chemicals for the biodiesel process. Also a supplier of many other various alternative energy products such as solar water heaters.
  • Alt Fuel > Grease / Biodiesel >
    2009 PopSci Invention Award: A Generator That Runs on Kitchen Grease - The nondescript six-foot-tall box behind Finz restaurant in Dedham, Massachusetts, looks like a tool shed, but actually it's a self-contained grease refinery and five-kilowatt generator. Engineer James Peret's Vegawatt is the first all-in-one device that processes grease to continuously provide a building with electricity and hot water. (Popular Science; May 28, 1009)
  • Breakthrough Biodiesel Process Now Running At Commercial Scale - Ever Cat opened the doors to it’s new biodiesel facility in rural Minesota on Sept. 28, capable of making biodiesel in mere seconds from start to finish, reducing costs by half the price of other biodiesel, producing no waste, using no chemical reactants, and using any animal fat or vegetable oil as a feedstock. (Gas 2.0; Sept. 30, 2009)
  • Reactor Skid System produces 10-40 gpm of biodiesel - The BioForce 9000 Nano Reactor Skid System from Cavitation Technologies, has the capacity to produce from 10 up to 40 gallons per minute of biodiesel on demand. Multiple vegetable oil and animal fat-based feedstocks with up to 4.5% free fatty acid (FFA) may be used simultaneously for the production of biodiesel with the system. Video (ThomasNet Industrial Niewsroom; Nov. 17, 2008)
  • BioSelect, Chevron unveil Galveston biodiesel plant - Galveston Bay Biodiesel LP is the initial project of BioSelect Fuels, a Houston-based developer and operator of biodiesel facilities under Chevron. The facility initially will produce 20 million gallons of biodiesel a year and has the capability to expand operations to produce 110 million gallons a year from soybeans. (Houston Business Journal; May 27, 2007)
  • Neste will test NExBTL biodiesel in Sweden - Neste Oil is trying to perfect its next generation biomass to liquid (NExBTL) biodiesel, that has a more consistent quality and is more tolerant of cold temperatures than traditional biodiesel. The company announced a three year study to test emissions changes with different blends of NExBTL and conventional fuel. (AutoblogGreen; May 28, 2007)
  • BioKing Manufacturer and reseller of automated biodiesel equipment. Equipment is containerized and can be shipped anywhere in the world.
  • DieselSecrets.com - Claims you can get your diesel for only 46 cents per gallon, by getting free waste oil from restaurants, filtering it, and adding their proprietary solution.
  • Earth Biofuels - Earth Biofuels, Inc. (EBI) is a vertically integrated energy company and one of the first of its kind in the biofuels industry. As a producer, distributor, and marketer of biodiesel fuel, the company operates at each level of the supply chain from raw materials to the retail level.
  • Biodiesel Solutions Inc - Company sells ready-to-go biodiesel maker to fit in your garage or shed. Said to make 40 gallons in on day, at 70 cents per gallon. Biodiesel is cheaper and burns cleaner. Just add vegetable oil, methanol and lye.
  • Biox - Turns vegetable oils, agricultural seed oils, waste animal fats and greases into high grade biodiesel fuel at a cost competitive with petroleum diesel using inert co-solvents that generate an oil-rich one-phase system. Over 99% complete in seconds at near-ambient temperatures with 1:1 yields, this process is 40% cheaper in capital cost and over 50% cheaper in operational cost than other biodiesel processes.
  • IntergalacticHydrogen.com - Builds / converts multi-fuel, hydrogen, methane, propane, biodiesel and ethanol automobiles and appliances. Services include alternative fuel vehicle diagnostic and repair. Also sells wind turbines, solar systems, and fuel cell kits. See Allan's video interview with Tai Robinson - (27 min; OSEN; July 2005)
  • Incalculavel.com - Incalculavel is a portuguese company developing and selling domestic and industrial biodiesel production equipment. They also offer an one-day biodiesel production course with weekly editions. Besides biodiesel, Incalculavel provides other renewable energy solutions, such as solar and wind energy solutions.
  • Alpha Energy - Designs and implements the growing of non-food oil seed crops worldwide in a structured Agri-Supply chain from soil to oil.

Do It Yourself (DIY)

  • Store: DIY > Biodiesel > from Algae >
    Making Algae Biodiesel at Home - Downloadable 650-page book provides detailed instructions on how to sustainably produce clean oil from algae -- in your back yard -- enough to supply your transportation and home power needs. This is not a simple, afternoon venture, but a serious, long-term commitment.
  • Making Algae Photobioreactors at Home A free download with step-by-step instructions on making an algae test bioreactor. You can easily test 10 different algal strains, or 10 different variables at the same time. "When I went looking for a algae photobioreactor for my own studies, I saw similar PBR’s selling for $10,000 -$20,000 USD or more. So I built one."
  • Alt Fuels > Home-Made-Biodiesel.com - Outstanding site covers what you need to know about making home-made-biodiesel. Page headings include: Conversion Kits; The Process; Raw Materials; Formula; Cost; Safety; Titration; Videos; Equipment; Suppliers; Blog.
  • Water-Free Washing Biodiesel - Washing biodiesel as a process came about as a method developed to remove the reactants-residues of the transesterification reaction by which bio-diesel is produced and this is usually accomplished by one of two methods: the mist washing method and the bubble washing method; although a third approach of fuel-bubbling washing has been developed for both batch and continuous washing. (GB-Analyst Reports; July 21, 2008)
  • Free Biodiesel eBook - Along with the free biodiesel book and 4 government studies, the entire University of Idaho study on "blending" is included too.
  • Biodiesel Kit/Biodiesel Processor - Site features information about making biodiesel, offers biodiesel kits, biodiesel benefits, cautions, and reasons for using biodiesel.
  • Domestic Energy Partners - BetterBiodiesel.com - John Crawford of Better Biodiesel has invented a chemical process to produce biodiesel more cleanly, cheaply, and efficiently. Building that the prototype pilot processor was in burned to the ground, cause unknown and suspicious. (UtahBiodiesel.com; Feb. 16, 2006)
  • Boulder Biodiesel- grassroots action Organization offers workshops and provides information for individuals and businesses interested in using or making their own biodiesel. (OSEN; Nov. 2005)
  • Appleseed Biodiesel Reactor Open Source - Complete plans for biodiesel homebrewing equipment, using off-the-shelf parts and a water heater, for less than $200 in materials. (PESWiki; May 7, 2005)
  • Hemp for Fuel - Biodiesel can be made from domestically produced, renewable oilseed crops such as hemp. It would only take 6% of U.S. land to produce enough hemp to make us energy independent. The only thing stopping hemp being legal is ignorance.
  • basic biodiesel recipe
  • Utah Biodiesel Supply carries a range of products to help you make your own biodiesel.
  • Safari Group Palm Oil is better for biodiesel, cheaper than all other oils.
  • Bio Diesel Today claims oil from Jatropha Curcas seed can be used as Bio diesel for any diesel engine without modification.
  • Survival Unlimited - Learn how to make virtually free fuel! Used Cooking Oil and Crankcase Oil can easily be converted to Diesel! Also at
  • Hydrogen Appliances - This system can be used to avoid the entire Alkaline/Alcohol process and cuts chemical processing costs in half. Cheaper, safer and simpler to make.
  • Biodiesel Energy Revolution - This website will teach you all about the Advantages and Disadvantages of biodiesel. Find out the solutions to the Disadvantages as well as how to make your own Biodiesel Fuel. Biodiesel Energy Revolution's Promise to you is to Never sell or promote a product or energy source that can save the Environment and not save you money at the same time. You can have it both ways - and you deserve it!!

From Algae

  • Directory:Biodiesel_from_Algae_Oil - Some species of algae are ideally suited to biodiesel production due to their high oil content (some well over 50% oil), and extremely fast growth rates. Algae farms would let us supply enough biodiesel to completely replace petroleum as a transportation fuel in the US. (PESWiki)

Hybrids

  • Hydraulics >
    100 MPG Lightning Hybrids - Lightning Hybrids is an automotive research and manufacturing company based out of Loveland, Colorado, that has designed two 100 MPG hydraulic-biodiesel hybrid cars with sports sedan performance (0-60 in 5.9 seconds) and visual appeal. The cars are slated to be available in 2010 and will sell for $39,000-$59,000. (EngineeringTV)

Government & Politics

  • Biodiesel tax break backfires - "This $1-per-gallon subsidy, known as the "blender's tax credit", is a government boondoggle financed by the taxpayers," said Tom Elam, an agricultural economist with FarmEcon in Carmel, Ind., who estimates biodiesel exports could be costing American taxpayers several hundred million dollars a year. (Chron.com; Nov.29, 2008)
  • America dependent on domestic fuel - New activist site considers how America can reduce gasoline prices, gain independence from OPEC, create a new energy industry based on the gassification of coal. Considers the costs and benefits of biodiesel, ethanol, hydrogen, and hybrid cars. (Pumpago.com)

Production

  • Biodiesel >
    BioCube Enables Modular Biodiesel Production - The BioCube, developed by The BioFuel Partnership is an all-in-one biodiesel plant that has been designed to work in the toughest environments by a single person with a minimum of skill or maintenance. They hope to have a commercial version ready to sell by April 2009. (New Inventors; Sept. 2008)
  • Nanospheres could revolutionize biodiesel production - Catilin is developing nanosphere catalysts that could make biodiesel production cheaper, faster and less toxic. The technology replaces sodium methoxide – a toxic, corrosive and flammable catalyst – and that eliminates several production steps. The company’s goal is to move from a lab scale to a pilot-plant scale over the next 18 months. (PhysOrg; Jul. 2, 2007)
  • Tiny Reactor Boosts Biodiesel Production - The device - about the size of a credit card - pumps vegetable oil and alcohol through tiny parallel channels, each smaller than a human hair, to convert the oil into biodiesel almost instantly. (PESN; April 20, 2006)


  • Ultrasonic Processing for Fast Biodiesel Production - Ultrasonication produces biodiesel yields of 99% in five minutes instead of one hour, and reduces separation time from 5-10 hours to 15 minutes, according to Hielscher. It decreases the catalyst requirement by 60% due to cavitational bubble collapse, which produces intense local heating and high pressures. (Green Car Congress; Feb. 26, 2007)

How Not to Promote!

  • Earthrace - "Earthrace is like a rally car but for oceans, with her ability to handle rough seas and storm conditions at high speed." Using biodiesel made from liposuction fat? Circumnavigating the globe beginning March 2008.

News

  • Wash. biodiesel goals get boost from big oil - Washington's eco-friendly attempt to require 2 percent of the state's diesel sales be biodiesel will get a boost from an unlikely source - major oil companies. (Seattle PI; Oct. 16, 2008)

Old News

  • BioOil Conversion to Syngas Good for Renewable Energy - After BioOil has been directly converted to Syngas (DynaMotive Energy Systems), it can be further reformed into synthetic diesel, methanol and other chemicals. Synthetic diesel, or Syndiesel, is a renewable greenhouse gas neutral fuel that can replace diesel produced from crude oil. (Renewable Energy Access; Oct. 3, 2005)
  • Are you ready for french-fried fuel? - An entire industry is emerging to provide brave 'biodiesel' pioneers with the ingredients for petroleum-free motoring. Rudolf Diesel first ran his engines peanut oil, designed so farmers could grow their own fuel. (MSN Money; April 23, 2005)
  • Dow Chemical Begins Biodiesel Production - The use of biodiesel reduces carbon monoxide emissions by 78 percent. Integrating biodiesel into the existing fuel infrastructure should require little, if any, engine adjustments to vehicles currently in use. (Renewable Energy Access; Jan. 19)
  • Next Stop: Biodiesel - Toronto Transit Commission intends to run about 180 buses on fuel mixed with biodiesel, derived from animal fats, old grease and the recycled oils of soybean, canola, and corn. (Toronto Star, Canada; Sept. 6, 2004) (Thanks Odysen)
  • UK Biodiesel Maker, Retailer in Green Fuel Tie-Up - Green fuel maker Global Commodities UK said on Friday it plans to open a new facility to turn waste vegetable oil into biodiesel this year after agreeing a joint venture with distributor Rix Biodiesel. (Reuters, UK; April 4)
  • Biodiesel Study Looks at Home Heating Market - Internet based home heating oil company commissioned to conduct a market research project evaluating the price tolerance of consumers to convert to biodiesel and other environmentally friendly fuels for home heating use. (Renewable Energy Access; New York; April. 4, 2005)

Research & Development

  • Japan Airlines Finds Biofuel More Efficient Than Petro-Fuel in Test Flight - "Pilots reported that the biofuel was more fuel efficient than 100 percent traditional jet-A fuel (kerosene), a finding consistent with the Continental test earlier, and indicates that biofuels may not only be a carbon-neutral option, but a more fuel efficient one." (TreeHugger; Jan. 30, 2009)
  • Flower Power: Run Your Ride on a Wild Weed - What makes stinkweed different than the plethora of other world-saving, game-changing biofuels that came before it, is farmers can't help but grow it. When executives from Innovation Fuels asked farmer Brian Ziehm about growing an acre of stinkweed on his property, he was dumbfounded. "It was like, 'What the heck? I've been trying to get rid of these things for 30 years. Now you want me to plant them?" (Wired; Sept. 16, 2008)
  • Colorado researches study biodiesel-producing tree - Researchers at the University of Northern Colorado are cloning the genes responsible for the production of oleoresin, a diesel-like fuel, produced in the copaiba or "diesel tree". The genes will then be transferred into plants and algae to determine which plants are compatible and can produce the most biodiesel. (Biodiesel Magazine; July 29, 2008)
  • Process Developed to Make Biodiesel Production Cheaper for Manufacturers - A researcher at the University of Missouri-Columbia has developed a process for converting glycerin, a byproduct of the biodiesel production process, into propylene glycol, which can be used as nontoxic antifreeze for automobiles. This results in reduced production costs by as much as $0.40 per gallon of biodiesel. (NewsWise; Aug. 11, 2005)

[Propylene glycol is used in domestic solar water heating systems.]

Resources

Diesels can be run on almost any kind of oil: corn, soy, whale...but probably will end up running on a kind of algae since it is by weight 50% oil or so. The following comes from Wikipedia:Biodiesel:

Soybean: 40 to 50 US gal/acre (35 to 45,000 L/km)
Rapeseed: 110 to 145 US gal/acre (100 to 130,000 L/km)
Mustard: 140 US gal/acre (130,000 L/km)
Jatropha: 175 US gal/acre (160,000 L/km)
Palm oil: 650 US gal/acre (580,000 L/km)
Algae: 10,000 to 20,000 US gal/acre (9,000,000 to 18,000,000 L/km

  • Biodiesel from Algae Oil - Advantages include rapid growth rates, a high per-acre yield, and algae biofuel contains no sulfur, is non-toxic, and is highly biodegradable. Some species of algae are ideally suited to biodiesel production due to their high oil content--in excess of 50%. (PESWiki)
  • Tonga has huge fuel crop in Coconuts - A group of Brigham Young University students have found that fuel does grow on trees - and it may help save a faltering island economy. The students created a formula that takes 10 coconuts mixed with methanol and sodium hydroxide to produce a liter of diesel fuel with a byproduct of glycerin, which can be made into soap or compost. (Salt Lake Tribune; June 1, 2007) (also Deseret News)
  • Jatropha is 10x More Efficient at Making Biofuel Than Corn in Florida - My Dream Fuel LLC is cultivating the Jatropha curcas at a nursery in LaBelle, Hendry County in Southwest Florida. Nearly 1 million seedlings are in the ground and promoters are looking for farmers – here and across the country – to raise them as oil-producing plants. (NaplesNews; April 5, 2008)
    • India's Big Plans for Biodiesel - Researchers are developing new methods for cultivating a plant called jatropha, which yields more than four times as much fuel per hectare as soybean, and more than ten times that of corn. (MIT Technology Review; Dec. 27, 2006)

Jatropra - We embark upon biodiesel from Jatropha and also from Algae in our own lands near Sivakasi, India. Bio Diesel Today - Oil from Jatropha Curcas seed can be used as biodiesel for any diesel engine without modification. Bio diesel from Jatropha Curcus "is nature's substitute biofuel". BioDieselToday.com manufactures and exports biodiesel units.

  • Utah Tries Planting Biodiesel Crop Along Roadways - In a pioneering program, the Utah Department of Transportation supported an initiative by researchers from Utah State University to plant oil-producing crops such as canola, safflower and flax along the sides of highways, which could then be harvested to make biodiesel. Drought conditions caused it to flop this first year. (Deseret News; Sept. 1, 2007)
  • Honduras Taps Biodiesel From Fish Guts - A fish farm in El Borboton, is using fish guts--heads, skins, and internal organs--to produce biodiesel. Instead of dumping what's left after filleting for commercial sale, Saint Peter's cooks the parts down to produce 300,000 gallons of fish oil fuel. (TreeHugger; July 31, 2007)
  • First Biodiesel from Sewage - Marlborough-based Aquaflow Bionomic has produced its first sample of bio-diesel fuel from algae in sewage ponds. The company expects to be producing at the rate of at least one million liters of fuel per year from Blenheim by April. (New Zealand Herald; May 12, 2006) (Scoop) (See Slashdot discussion)
  • Colombia finds biofuels bonanza in sugar cane - Colombia is a technological leader in the field and is experimenting with biofuel production using everything from sugar beets and palm oil to yucca. Colombian experts are helping companies in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador set up ethanol plants.(Chron.com; July 4, 2008)

Tools

Cautions

  • Oil Plays A Cheap Trick On Biofuel Plans - Agri-Source's investment earned it an Industry of the Year award from the Pasco Economic Development Council. Two months later, though, Agri-Source has slashed its production by half as plummeting oil prices and its fixed cost for raw materials have turned the company's bottom line from black to red. (Tampa Bay Online; Nov. 29, 2008)
  • Economy crushes biofuel projects - It is a scene that has been repeated throughout the United States: Lilbourn, MO; Clovis, N.M.; Nevada, Mo.; Hartsburg, Ill.; Lamoni, Iowa; Evansville, Wis.; Greybull, Wyo.; Rock Port, Mo.; Belle Fourche, S.D. All were supposed to have biofuels plants operating or under construction by now. None do. (Winston_Salem Journal; Oct. 12, 2008)
  • Biodiesel Safety - Dr. Jon Van Gerphen from the University of Idaho points out the dangers of making biodiesel in this Biodiesel Safety Video. (YouTube) (How to Make Biodiesel; Oct. 12, 2008)
  • Biofuel backlash: High prices, pollution worries hit consumers - The promise of renewable fuels has lost a lot of its luster. Prices of biodiesel have almost doubled to about $6 per gallon, and many experts blame biofuel production for driving up food prices worldwide. Prominent scientists have questioned whether growing crops for biofuels produces more greenhouse gases than it prevents. (Seattle Times; June 8, 2008)

Directories

See also

ALT FUELS (alphabetical sequence)

APPLICATIONS

OIL FOOTER

OIL POLLUTION

OIL REMEDIES

FOSSIL-BASED OIL REPLACEMENTS

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