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Directory:Andrea A. Rossi Cold Fusion Generator (E-Cat)

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Andrea Rossi demonstrated the 10 kW heat generating device at an Italian press conference January 14, 2011.Photo by Daniele Passerini, the who reported the day's proceedings in his blog.
Andrea Rossi demonstrated the 10 kW heat generating device at an Italian press conference January 14, 2011.
Photo by Daniele Passerini, the who reported the day's proceedings in his blog.
Prof. Martin Fleischmann, at home in England, watching Prof. Josephson’s video about the Rossi E-Cat technology, June 27, 2011. (Photo by Marianne Macy, Infinite Energy)
Prof. Martin Fleischmann, at home in England, watching Prof. Josephson’s video about the Rossi E-Cat technology, June 27, 2011. (Photo by Marianne Macy, Infinite Energy)
Shortcut URL:
See also News:Rossi Cold Fusion
And News:E-Cat Fuel Analysis and Validation Paper Posted October 8, 2014

Also called the Rossi Energy Amplifier or the Rossi Catalyzer.

Compiled by Sterling D. Allan, with Hank Mills
Pure Energy Systems News
Commenced January 17, 2011

Eng. Andrea A. Rossi and Professor Sergio Focardi of the University of Bologna (one of the oldest universities in the world [1]), have announced to the world that they have a cold fusion device capable of producing more than 10 kilowatts of heat power, while only consuming a fraction of that. On January 14, 2011, they gave the Worlds' first public demonstration of a nickel-hydrogen fusion reactor capable of producing a few kilowatts of thermal energy. At its peak, it is capable of generating 15,000 watts with just 400 watts input required. In a following test the same output was achieved but with only 80 watts of continual input.

They don't always use the term "cold fusion" do describe the process, but often refer to it as an amplifier or catalyzer process.

Focardi states:

"Experimentally, we obtained copper; and we believe that its appearance is due to the fusion of atomic nuclei of nickel and hydrogen, the ingredients that feed our reactor. Since hydrogen and nickel 'weigh' with less, copper must have released a lot of energy, since 'nothing is created or destroyed.' Indeed, the 'Missing Mass' has been transformed into energy, which we have measured: it is in the order of a few kilowatts, two hundred times the energy that was the beginning of the reaction." [2]

They also claim to be going into production, with the first units expected to ship by the second half of October of this year, with mass production commencing by the end of 2011. The first units will be used to build a one megawatt plant in Greece. This one megawatt plant will power a factory that will produce 300,000 ten-kilowatt units a year.

This would become the world's first commercially-ready "cold fusion" device. Licensees are mentioned, with contracts in the USA and in Europe. Mass production should escalate in 2-3 years. Presently, Rossi says they are manufacturing a 1 megawatt plant composed of 125 modules. These modules should begin shipping by the end of October. On January 31st, 2011, Rossi wrote: "The cost to produce the catalyzer is 1 cent per MWh generated; the life expectancy is 20 years; the cost impact is between 1 and 1.5 cents per MWh." [3]

In describing the operation of the device, he said: "To start up the reactor you have just to turn on a switch. The reactor works with enormous margins of safety, so there is no need of a particular skill. Just follow the instructions. The refueling is every 6 months and will be made by our dealers."

According to Rossi, the demonstrated device shown on January 14, 2011 is their industrial product that is claimed to be reliable and safe. In normal operation it would produce 8 units of output for every unit of input. Higher levels of output are possible, but can be dangerous. They will soon start serial production of their modules. Combining the modules in series and parallel arrays it is possible to reach every limit of power. The modules are designed to be connected in series and parallels.

Rossi also says that they have had one reactor that has run continually for two years, providing heat for a factory. It reduced the electric bill by 90%. Also, the reactors can self sustain by turning off the input, but they prefer to have an input. The device will be scheduled for maintenance every six months. You control it "just as you turn on and off your television set."

More than two thousand prototypes were built and destroyed in refining the design and learning how to control and scale up the reaction. [4]

Convinced they have already adequately proven this to the necessary parties, they are not in a hurry to give demonstrations to curious scientists. On January 21, 2011, Rossi wrote: "Yes there will be a Scientist talking about us, no demo anyway: no more demos before the start up of the 1 MW plant."

  • Featured: Nuclear > LENR > E-Cat
    News:E-Cat Fuel Analysis and Validation Paper Posted October 8, 2014 - A blog page to compile information relating to a scientific report on the E-Cat with two important findings from a 32-day test run of the reactor -- together leading to the clear conclusion that the E-Cat is an energy source based on some kind of nuclear reaction, without radiation outside the reactor. (PESWiki; October 9, 2014)


Official Websites

Licensee Websites

Unofficial Websites


How it Works

The Energy Catalyzer works by placing nano to micro sized particles of nickel powder in a reactor along with pressurized hydrogen gas and special undisclosed (for proprietary reasons) catalysts. When the contents of the reactor is heated (using a series of resistors in the reactor) to approximately 400 to 500 degrees Celsius, nuclear reactions start taking place. The strength of the reaction can be changed by varying the pressure of the hydrogen in the reactor. The output energy can be up to 400 times the input energy.

No precious metals or radioactive substances is placed in the reactor. After the reactor is turned off the reactor can be opened and no radiation can be detected. The process transmutes nickel into copper and trace amounts of other elements such as zinc.

The nickel has also apparently gone through one or more special processes. A few of these special processes are speculated to be:

1) Baking and cleaning to remove oxidation that could "clog" up the reactive sites on the nickel particles.

2) Bathed in acid or another compound to make the particles more porous so they can absorb more hydrogen.

3) Embedded in a membrane or ceramic structure.

4) Loaded with hydrogen via electrolysis or some other method.

Doing a lot of digging into Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics blog shows that scientists are posting and linking speculation that "hydrinos" (of Blacklight Power fame) or shrunken hydrogen atoms may be involved in this cold fusion and process and their formation may be the source of most of the energy released.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Rossi's Hints


January 16, 2011 Press Conference

Part 1 of 3

  • Journal Of Nuclear Physics - Energy Catalyzer first test - Bologna-Italy - Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi - Part 1 of 3 (YouTube; January 14, 2011)

Part 2 of 3

Shows the apparatus running.

  • Journal Of Nuclear Physics - Energy Catalyzer first test - Bologna-Italy - Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi - Part 2 of 3 (YouTube; January 14, 2011)

Transcription from a comment in the Popular Science article:

This test will demonstrate that we were able to heat the water, therefore thermal energy which can be transformed into electricity with extremely low costs.

[..] You will not find it this on textbooks as many people think it's not even possible. Interviewer: what happens in here?
Physicist: hydrogen atoms are separated from their electrons and protons, but to answer I should use a simpler language [ed. I call BS at this point] let's say that hydrogen is absorbed by the nickel and then processed [the video skips] nuclear of the nickel's atom. at this point there's an atomic transformation with emissions [video transition, 1:09]
[describes the tools]
In the graph, x is time, y is temperature in ºC, red line is room temp, blue line is input water temp, yellow line is output water temp [...] you can see how it grows until it reaches 100º, where it evaporates.
[...] we approximately generated 10-12kW/h when using 600-700W
[...] The people who operated the tests are professors of the University of Bologna not involved in the project.
[...] you may call it a reactor but we like to call it energy catalyzer. Behind this process there are a few theoretical problems not yet solved. Honestly, we only hypothesized the workings but there's a lot to study [...] in my opinion we could reach a higher ratio than what we reached in these tests today as we didn't try its best to be safe. [8:30] We're at the Ford T, we need to reach the Formula 1.

[video skips]

These are modules, so you can put them in a series or in parallel to increase the temperature or thermal quantity to respectively.

[video skips]

We reached important international agreements [...] people who are working at high level for mass production of this device. [9:40]

[Scientist X talks] it seems that there's a slight increase (about 50%) of the *instable* gamma radiation, therefore it seems like there's no cheat. Only thing is that you didn't allow me to measure the spectrum to understand the energy of the emitted gamma because then I would understand everything. I understand that you're concerned about anyone stealing your idea but I would have loved to see it.

[Main physicist] You're too prepared, too smart and would understand how it worked.


[Scientist X talks] I observed a small gamma "flash" when you turned it on and when you turned it off. It's hard to think that a small electromagnetic disturb would be able to start two independent battery-powered tools, this is interesting. What I don't understand is why the measures given by the "beta plus", the couple +/-, returned values near 0.

[Main physicist] I'm not able to give you an answer, my objective is "energy". The reactor is extremely complex, don't be fooled by its look, it could also be that the internal geometric system of the reactor hides the…

[video skips 13:13]

[Scientist Y talks] I don't think that the absence of gamma would be a problem, I'd expect

[Main physicist] Frankly neither do I.

[Scientist Y talks] I would expect, instead, that there shouldn't be any annihilations of positrons since, as I seem to understand, protons enter the nickel's nuclei and move the elements rightwards on the table of nuclides through "decays which go to the copper and go back to the nickel". On the right side of the table, the decays are beta minus, so I don't expect, if your theoretic interpretation is correct, that there are emissions of positrons.

[Main physicist] What you say is absolutely plausible.


Part 3 of 3

  • Journal Of Nuclear Physics - Energy Catalyzer first test - Bologna-Italy - Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi - Part 3 of 3 (YouTube; January 14, 2011)

- - - -

Low Energy Nuclear Revolution

  • Best Exotic FE: Nuclear > Cold Fusion > Rossi >
    Low Energy Nuclear Revolution (video) - Professional, 40-minute documentary reviews cold fusion history and the significance of the emergence of Rossi's energy catalyzer technology. Witnesses, primarily Professor Sergio Focardi of the University of Bologna, describe the experimental set-up of the E-Cat. (YouTube / MayerAmschelBauer; June 23, 2011)


Some other technical attributes of the process include:

  • Regular Ni is used even though other isotopes may provide better efficiency. They think all the isotopes work to produce the effect.
  • For some unknown reason, not all of the Ni in the cell reacts with the hydrogen to produce energy. The percentage of the Ni that reacts is very low.
  • Even though the percentage of the Ni that reacts with hydrogen is very low one kilogram of nickel powder should deliver 10 kW of energy for 10,000 hours. The consumption rate of hydrogen and nickel are 0.1 g of Ni and 0.01 g of H to produce 10 kWh/h. Note that for every picogram of nickel that is actually fused or reacts to the hydrogen, much more must be added. Not all the nickel added will react. So if you add 0.1g of Ni to produce 10kWh/h only a small fraction of that Ni will actually be utilized. When the device shuts off due to running out of fuel most of the .1g could be remaining.
  • Tungsten is in no way used. However, "other elements" are used.
  • Radiation is produced. However in the device demonstrated which is made for commercial use no radiation escapes due to lead shielding. The fact that radiation is produced is proof of a nuclear reaction.
  • In the demonstration device for every unit of input there was approximately 37 units of output.
  • A small percentage of the nickel is transmuted into copper. The amount of copper found in the cell is far greater than the impurities in the nickel powder. None of this copper is "unstable."
  • There is no radioactivity in the cell after it is turned off. No nuclear "waste."
  • All of the information needed to successfully replicate a self sustaining system is in the patent application (which is being held proprietary presently).
  • The power density for thermal energy only is 5 liters per kilowatt.
  • The hydrogen has to be all hydrogen with no deuterium or heavy hydrogen. Apparently, any heavy hydrogen stops the reaction.
  • This current system never goes below 6 times more energy out than in. During the test it produced 20 times more energy out than in. In the lab they have done similar tests and obtained 400 times more out than in, but it produced explosions.
  • (speculation, pending clarification) The fuelling of the system could probably be done via a relatively inexpensive fuel rod that would need to be replaced every few months.

Quote from Ramos on his website:

"Dear Pierre,

Thank you for your important questions, here are the answers:
1- the Ni powder I utilized were pure Ni, no copper . At the end of the operations in the reactor the percentage of copper was integrally bound to the amount of energy produced. A charge which has worked for 6 months, 24 hours per day, at the end had a percentage of Cu superior to 30%
2- About the Ni isotopes: the isotopes after the operations were substantially changed in percentage. We are preparing a campaign of analysys with a Secondary Ions Mass Spectrometer at the University of Padua (Italy), at the end of which the data will be published on the Journal Of Nuclear Physics.
Warm Regards,


Rossi estimates that the cost of energy made with this system will be below 1 cent/kWh, in case of electric power made by means of a Carnot cycle, and below 1 cent/4,000 M J in case of thermal power production for heating purposes. That is several times cheaper than energy from fossil fuel sources such as coal or natural gas.


The cost of nickel and hydrogen is low when considering the small amounts actually used to produce energy. Nickel is very common in the Earth's crust. We do not know the exact nature of the catalysts or other elements involved, but due to the figures quoted by the inventor their cost is apparently insignificant.


This technology potentially represents a clean and almost unlimited energy source that would be very, very affordable. It could be used for many purposes. Initially, it will probably be used to heat water to produce thermal energy. However, it could also produce steam to power a generator, run a stirling engine, or provide heat for thermoelectric devices that directly convert thermal energy to electricity.


Directory:Andrea Rossi's E-Cat Validations - moved to separate page



Italian Patent 0001387256

Quoting from Ny Teknik

The Italian Patent Office, Ufficio Italiano Brevetti e Marchi, granted a patent for the energy catalyzer on April 6, 2011, valid until April 9, 2028.

The inventor is Andrea Rossi, while his wife Maddalena Pascucci is the patent owner.

The final content of the patent is public but not directly available online (details on how to order the content can be found here).

According to Rossi ten of the original 15 claims remain.

The patent office in Italy confirmed that the patent is a normal one which was granted after technical examination of the filed application.

According to other sources the examination of Italian patents, however, is more formal and less technical compared with the international patent review under the PCT procedure.

Starting on 1 July 2008 and onwards (filing date), Italian patent applications are subject to an investigation of patentability (see decree here). The patent application for the energy catalyzer was filed in April 2008.

Application: US2011/0005506A1

Application: WO/2009/125444

A method and apparatus for carrying out highly efficient exothermal reaction between nickel and hydrogen atoms in a tube, preferably, though not necessary, a metal tube filled by a nickel powder and heated to a high temperature, preferably, though not necessary, from 150 to 5000C are herein disclosed. In the inventive apparatus, hydrogen is injected into the metal tube containing a highly pressurized nickel powder having a pressure, preferably though not necessarily, from 2 to 20 bars.

In October 2010, the international patent application under PCT received a negative initial assessment in a so-called International Search Report made by the International Searching Authority, and a negative International Preliminary Report on Patentability. The criticisms include the problem that the patent application lacks detail in describing the technology. The examination of the international patent application is now continuing in a regional and national phase, including assesment by the European Patent Office. [5]


Company: Industrial Heat, LLC

Company: Eon srl

Inventor: Andrea A. Rossi

Andrea Rossi in front of an early (1970s) prototype of his garbage-to-fuel reactor.
Andrea Rossi in front of an early (1970s) prototype of his garbage-to-fuel reactor.

Andrea Rossi is listed as the inventor. He is also the primary operator of the website and forum, where the information about the technology is posted.

He is a doctor in the Philosophy of Science and Engineering from the Universita’ Degli Studi Di Milano [University of Milan]. [6]


The following is quoting from

Rossi has been into alternative energy for many years. It was in the 1970s and 1980s that Rossi was busy building garbage disposal facilities that burned household garbage and utilized the recovered heat. During that period, he found out how to not only recover heat from burning garbage but also to turn garbage into fuel. His company, Petroldragon, had a valid garbage-to-fuel technology that could turn household waste into combustible oil, coal and gas. Production had started and reached some 20 tons of fuel oil a day in 1989, when corrupt bureaucrats started to attack.
The first step was to tax his process just as if he was producing alcohol, making the resulting fuel ridiculously expensive. When he opposed the unjust tax, the next step was a challenge that proved more difficult: the bureaucrats asserted that the garbage stocked and ready to be transformed in his production facilities wasn't raw material for his process but was an illegal and fraudulent attempt to hide and "treat toxic garbage" for which he had no license.
Rossi was imprisoned on trumped up eco-charges for trying to produce an ecologically sustainable fuel that did not come from petroleum deposits, and after one of his companies was forced into bankruptcy, he was again imprisoned for not paying his creditors ... great government support for alternative energy technologies, one might say. That whole sad story is well documented on Rossi's website:
  • - Rossi's website gives his side of the saga of waste-to-energy problem. The beginning, the media boom around Petroldragon, plans for the future.
  • - Rossi was involved in a waste to energy project, and ended up serving some jail time in 1995 for conspiracy to engage in tax fraud for his involvement in a business that was trading precious materials between Switzerland and Italy. Appeared to be more like suppression than deserved punishment.

Though he did spend time in jail, Rossi said he was eventually cleared of all charges against him in this matter.

In 1996 he emigrated to the United States, and a year later founded Leonardo Technologies Incorporated in Bedford, New Hampshire. He continued working on various energy related projects and eventually recieved a multi-million dollar grant to research and develop high efficiency thermoelectric converters.

He is now developing the Cold Fusion based Energy Catalyzer (E-Cat) technology and manufacturing 10KW modules for the first one megawatt plant (to be opened in Greece this October) in Leonardo Technologies Miami factory. A series of successful demonstrations of the E-Cat at the University of Bologna has impressed scientists and led to a one year research program to further understand and test this game-changing technology.

Pioneer: Sergio Focardi

  • Best Exotic FE: Nuclear > Cold Fusion > Rossi >
    Sergio Focardi, the father of “Ni-H Cold-Fusion" - A radio interview with Sergio Focardi, who had been doing pioneering work with nickle-hydrogen fusion, and was later joined by Andrea Rossi, who brought new and key ideas to the table. Forcardi plays the comedian here, so it's not easy to tell if/when he's talking straight. "He looked around and he saw a hole in the ceiling: it had flown upstairs." (22Passi; April 14, 2011)

Giuseppe Levi: University of Bologna Research Group Head

Bio page at UniBo

Professor Levi will be heading the group of 5 professors from the University of Bologna to run the 2-year study on the E-Cat technology.

Company: Leonardo Corp.

On February 03, 2011 3:05 PM MST, Andrea Rossi wrote by email:

Leonardo Corporation ( is a company incorporated in new Hampshire in 1996. We have a unit in NH and one in Fl, while we pay taxes in NH, where we conserved the main house.

Journal of Nuclear Physics


Prof. Sergio Focardi (INFN – University of Bologna – Italy)
Prof. Michael Melich (DOD – USA)
Richard P. Noceti, Ph. D. ,
Prof. Alberto Carnera (INFM – University of Padova – Italy)
Prof. Giuseppe Levi (INFN – University of Bologna – Italy)
Prof. Pierluca Rossi (University of Bologna – Italy)
Prof. Luciana Malferrari (University of Bologna – Italy)
Prof. George Kelly (University of New Hampshire – USA)
Prof. Stremmenos Christos (Athen University – Greece)

Company: National Instruments

Licensee: Ampenergo

Formed in May, 2011 to launch roll-out of the technology in the Americas. [8]

State of Massachusetts

  • Best Exotic FE: Nuclear > Cold Fusion > Rossi > Mainstream News >
    Hope, skepticism for cold fusion - Robert Tamarin, dean of sciences at UMass Lowell, said the meeting was mostly used to discuss the possibility of setting up manufacturing, rather than the validity of the science. Mass Senate minority leader, Bruce Tarr, said: "My thought process was pretty simple: If it works, I want this technology to be developed and manufactured in Massachusetts." (Boston Globe; November 28, 2011) (Correction Re: "small")
  • Best Exotic FE: Nuclear > Cold Fusion > Rossi >
    Andrea Rossi Talks eCat To Mass State House - According to Senator Bruce Tarr, Andrea Rossi has come to the State House for two days "to explore the prospects of developing the device and producing it in Massachusetts.” "The enormous potential of this technology demands that it be addressed by the best scientific minds in the world." (ECatNews; November 22, 2011)

Former Licensee: Defkalion

See News:Defkalion Hyperion

On February 03, 2011 3:05 PM MST, Andrea Rossi wrote by email:

Defkalion, which is going to commercialize our plants, was incorporated in 2011. There is another Defkalion in Greece, which has nothing to do with us, but also operates in the field of green energies, so it is easy to get confused. It appears that also Defkalion is a common name, as Leonardo.

I will start up my 1 MW plant in October, in the factory of a customer, and that unit will work 24 hours per day. You will be invited to visit our 1 MW plant.

Quoting from

"Defkalion Green Technologies S.A. is a legal entity operating under Greek Law with sole purpose to sell, license, and manufacture industrialized commercially applicable products using the Andrea Rossi Energy Catalyzer with global exclusivity rights; except the Americas."

See: Rossi-Defkalion controversy index of coverage at PESN, along with links to other news agency coverage as well. Commencing August 7, 2011.

On October 22, 2011, Defkalion wrote:

"Price for exclusive license is 40.5 million Euros which includes blue prints, transfer of knowledge, and training to establish an operating factory producing up to 300.000 Hyperion [Defkalion's product name] units annually. Potential licensees contact Defkalion with an interest to assume this exclusive license. They are invited to perform independent tests on our products with their own instruments. The 500,000 Euros in an Escrow Account is payable only on the condition that they are satisfied by the results of their measurements and they wish to proceed in the signing of a full contract."




  • Report on heat production during preliminary tests on the Rossi “Ni-H” reactor - On December 16, 2010 and January 14th, 2011 tests were performed on a Cold Fusion reactor that utilizes Nickel and Hydrogen to produce large amounts of energy on demand. Two reports about these experiments were released today. They tend to confirm this technology may indeed be a true breakthrough. Today two reports were issued about Andrea Rossi's Cold Fusion Reactor that utilizes nickel and hydrogen to produce large amounts of energy. The authors of these two reports are Dr. Giuseppe Levi and Dott. Bianchini David. In the first of the two reports Dr. Giuseppe Levi discusses the test that was performed on December 16th and the test that was performed on January 14th. In the second report Dott. Bianchini David discusses his role in the second test obtaining radiation field measurements. (Journal of Nuclear Physics; January 23, 2011)

In the News

See News:Rossi Cold Fusion - separate page and Mainstream News:Andrea Rossi's LENR E-Cat - separate page

Most recent coverage:

  • Featured: LENR > E-Cat >
    Reveal at Midnight from Rossi - "Several nights ago, I had a dream. The E-Cat X had been produced in billions pieces, each of them assembled with others in various combinations to make public lamps: a town was totally illuminated by the E-Cat X and from every lamp a network of pipes and of wires was able to distribute heat and electricity to the houses." (Free Energy Blog; January 1, 2016)
  • Featured / Best Exotic FE: Nuclear > LENR > E-Cat >
    LENR-to-Market Digest -- October 25, 2015 - 5 months recap includes: Independent confirmation of 1 MW E-Cat Plant, commercialization expected March 2016, focusing on manufacturing preparation; customers lining up, $3 billion in pre-orders; X Reactor; replications; new investors, 2.5 years due diligence; US patent awarded, international filed, trademark awarded; many academic publications. (PESN)
  • Featured / Best Exotic FE: Nuclear > LENR > E-Cat >
    LENR-to-Market Digest -- May 16, 2015 - Highlights include: Domestic heater E-Cat photo, long self-sustain periods, size getting smaller; 'in contact' with Elon Musk; ICCF-19 reports, featuring Parkhomov replication, Tom Darden; Open Power Association collaborating with MFMP; other Start-ups: LENRIA, Clean Nuclear Power, and French Society of Nuclear Science in Condensed Matter. (PESN)

MORE... News:Rossi Cold Fusion - Continued



  • Best Exotic FE: Nuclear > Cold Fusion > Rossi > Theory >
    The Flow of Energy (pdf) - Science journal website has released a report based on the theory of the Rossi LENR reaction. "Here an attempt is made to quantify this new condition as it applies to electrons; toward the progression of quantized energy flows (discrete energy burst) as a new source of clean energy and force mechanisms (i.e, propulsion)." (Physics Procedia 20 (2011) 457–464)
Now - on 09//2015 V.S.Travkin writes this memo - when even the "Infinite Energy" journal's editorial staff is not of understanding and accepting at least the basics of 2nd physics - they declined the publication of this our paper -
"Top-Down and Bottom-Up Hierarchical Processes in the E-Cat Nuclear Reactor. Physics 2," ([9]);

the only 3P 2nd physics explanation of the phenomena in the Rossi's CF reactor: "Top-Down and Bottom-Up Hierarchical Processes in the E-Cat Nuclear Reactor. Physics 2," we are making it available to students and public at this platform.


  • Andrea Rossi Acquitted of Recycling toxic waste - The prosecutor had asked for a sentence of three years and a half. MILAN - Acquittal "because the fact does not exist" for Andrea Rossi, accused of conspiracy to commit money laundering of toxic and hazardous waste, piled in the 80"'s between Hoofddorp and Lacchiarella. (Corriere della Sera; November 27, 2004) (Translated by LENRNews; January 27, 2014)
  • Best Exotic FE: Nuclear > Cold Fusion > Rossi >
    Controversial energy-generating system lacking credibility - [We intended to link to this 2 months ago. Hopefully the 1 MW test next week will answer this criticism.] A review of Steven Krivit's 200-page report of his inspection of Andrea Rossi's E-Cat LENR technology. "One of the biggest concerns with the device is if all the water entering the system has vaporized into pure dry steam." (PhysOrg; August 11, 2011)

Historic Documents

  • Featured / Best Exotic FE: Nuclear > Cold Fusion > Rossi >
    One Full Year of Andrea Rossi's E-Cat - Since the start of 2011, PESN has been covering the emergence, testing, and commercialization of Andrea Rossi's E-Cat (Energy Catalyzer) technology. As 2012 approaches, it is clear that nickel-hydrogen cold fusion technology is going to change the world, as the production of a million E-Cat home units is planned. (PESN and BeforeItsNews; December 30, 2011)

Quoting from

[November, 2011] Information hungry Googlers seems to be rising for every day now as well. Take a look at this graph showing Google Trends for searches conducted on “E-cat” over the past 12 months:


The relative searches has almost tripled during October alone. Even though no more tests are announced, the interest fueled by the well-known media platforms has certainly helped. Independent reporting or not.

- - - -

  • Summary of the 2010 Colloquium on Lattice-Assisted Nuclear Reactions at MIT (pdf) - Dr. Brian Ahern presented the tenth talk, “Inverse Capillary Discharge for Amplifying LANR.” Ahern has been very intrigued by the recent work by Rossi and Focardi ( involving Ni and normal hydrogen. He pointed out that they have used two important innovative steps: 1) The use of a composite material involving nanometer scale Ni and a ceramic; 2) The use of gas-loading to significantly raise the levels of excess heat that are observed in Ni-H systems. As in his first talk, Ahern emphasized the idea that energy localization, resulting from non-linear effects, might potentially play a key role in initiating excess heat. (Infinite Energy)

Other Coverage



  • Apparatus Focardi-Rossi - There is a TON of good information on this Italian forum... Maybe not huge revelations, but very very intersting stuff. (; March 3, 2010)
  • Andrea Rossi E-Cat produces a nuclear reation - October 2011 saw a flurry of internet activity as Inventor/engineer Andrea Rossi claimed to have created a small device that accomplished cold fussion or what is now called LENR (Low Energy Nuclear Reation). His device is now supposedly on the market, available to purchase. It would be really cool for myth busters and be able to rule out that the device uses any chemical or electro chemical methods to producing heat. Please do what none of the other news organizations have been willing to do. Dig deeper and see if you can get some answers! (Discovery / Mythbusters / Forum; November 5, 2011)


Source: FreeEnergyTruth

  • Featured / Best Exotic FE: Humor > Nuclear > Cold Fusion > Rossi >
    Hitler Panics Over Rossi's Energy Catalyzer - A parody compiled by Hank Mills has Hitler bemoaning: "If cold fusion technology hits the market place the oil industry will lose BILLIONS of dollars in profits! Hot fusion research will come to an end too! All the funding will be lost! How can we convince people to keep using fossil fuels if cheap, clean, and abundant energy from cold fusion is available?" (PESN and BeforeItsNews; July 5, 2011)


Feel free to view post comments down below, or on the Discussion page.


Leonardo Corporation
116 South River Road
Bedford, N.H. 03110 - USA
Phone +1 603 668 7000
Phone +1 603 674 1309
Fax +1 603 647 4325
E-Cat email: - all inquiries (purchases, licensing, distributing, manufacturing, replicating) can be sent to this email, and they will be redirected from there.

AmpEnergo: - contact page
email: - business inquiries

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