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Article: The role of the plasma with a heterodyne resonance mechanism in overunity devices

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In space there is energy.  -- Nicola Tesla
In space there is energy.
-- Nicola Tesla

The author has an Engineering diploma and PhD in Physics with 34 years work in scientific institutions in Europe, USA and Canada.
The author has an Engineering diploma and PhD in Physics with 34 years work in scientific institutions in Europe, USA and Canada.

by Stoyan Sarg of http://www.Helical-Structures.org
Sept. 17, 2010


The statement of Nicola Tesla is not understood by many because according to the physics textbooks the Ether does not exist and the space is empty. However, this is not proved (Michelson-Morley experiment is inconclusive). Even Einstein in his monograph “Sidelights on relativity” (1920) says that “without Ether the General relativity is unthinkable”. The truth is that the Ether concept has been abandoned, because working Ether model have not been suggested at the beginning of 20th century. As a result, mathematical models were adopted and still in use at the present. They impose postulates and rules with many assumptions and approximations; however, they do not describe thoroughly the physical reality. They may work for one field but not for others. As a result the contemporary physics is plagued with unsolved problems. This causes stagnations in advancement in some fields including the space travel and space energy.

The author of this article and the BSM – Supergravitation Unified theory (BSM-SG) [1] approached the problems from a physical model of space called a Cosmic Lattice (CL). This is an Ether-like model that has never been investigated before. It exhibits all the features of Ether predicted by Faraday, Maxwell, Ampere, Lord Kelvin and advised by Nikola Tesla. The CL model of the Ether works quite well in all fields of physics while explaining experiments and observations with clear logical understanding.

The scientific analysis based on the new Ether-like model reveals the existence of two types of space energy: Dynamic one and Static one. The Dynamic one, known as Zeropoint energy, is envisioned by the Quantum Mechanics but it is quite small. Its signature is the cosmic background temperature of 2.71K estimated by the cosmic background radiation. The Static space energy is enormous but it is not of EM type and therefore not envisioned by Modern Physics today. In BSM-SG it was estimated by the Cosmic Lattice pressure exercised on the impenetrable structure of the elementary particle. Its calculated value is in the order of 1.37 x 10E26 (J) in one cubic meter of space (Chapter 5 of BSM-SG). In fact it is related to gravitational and inertial mass of elementary particles and is the primary source of the nuclear energy. The fission and fusion nuclear reactions in which the atomic mass is changed is just one way for extracting a fraction of this hidden space energy (see section 13.4, Chapter 13 of [1]). However, this energy could be accessed also by other methods. This makes the search of the so called “free energy” theoretically feasible. The most important issue is understanding the physics of this hidden energy (its storage mechanism) and the process of its extraction.

Presently the search for “free energy” is intuitive without theoretical guidance. As a result the research is time consuming and costly. Despite of this some researchers in the past obtained overunity operation and working devices will inevitably appear in nearby future. This will create a confusion in scientific community because they could identify the source. It is truth that the energy could not be created from nothing. The source is the hidden energy in space as mentioned above. However, the physics of this energy and its extraction must be understood because if the overunity is quite large the process may involve some unwanted or harmful side effects.

Some experimenters of magnetic motors probably succeeded in obtaining overunity that means - extracting a fraction of the hidden space energy. There are few main reasons preventing the inventors and researchers from successful replication of the results when they try to modify the original design. For researchers focused on magnetic motors the following considerations must be observed.

1) Not only the device but the working environment is also important because the energy does not come from the magnets but from space. The magnets have a specific functional role.
2) The process of energy extraction involves a specific quantum mechanical mechanism that takes place in properly activated plasma (Chapter 13, section 13.4 of [1]; section 2.3 of [2]).
3) The plasma must be properly created and activated (Chapter 3 of [2]) in order to obtain overunity.

The author of BSM-SG theory investigated the effect of overunity theoretically and experimentally. He discovered that a specific quantum mechanical interaction with the physical vacuum is necessary in order to extract a fraction of the hidden space energy. The physical mechanism is called Heterodyne Resonance Mechanism (section 2.3 of [2]). It can be invoked in properly activated neutral plasma. It involves ionization of a neutral gas and creation of oscillating ion-electron pairs that move as clusters. The ion of the individual pair moves reversibly, while the bound electron moves in a helical trajectory around the ion. When the oscillating electron [3] moves with a velocity of 13.6 eV its reversible motion leads to spin flipping. This is a necessary Quantum mechanical interaction in which a fraction of energy from the physical vacuum could be extracted. The research on the Heterodyne Mechanism was investigated for gravity research and described in the book [2]. The same mechanism and technical method (properly modified) could be used for energy extraction from the physical vacuum.

The statement of Nikola Tesla “Through space there is energy” must be considered explicitly – the hidden energy is in the surrounding local space. He used large spark gaps with strong magnets in its multistage Tesla coils. This causes the plasma created in the spark gap to work in a strong magnetic field. In his Colorado spring notes he describes a number of multistage Tesla coils with more than one gap. The larger plasma appears at the last coil terminator having an oval shape (sphere, toroid etc). In his Wardenclyffe project the large plasma where the energy extraction had to take place is expected in the space surrounding the multiple hemispheres at the top of the tower. It is not in the Earth ionosphere as many considered. This option is not suitable today, but understanding the physical principle is useful. More on this issue will be presented elsewhere.

When the plasma is in open air the overunity is very dependent on some environment factors – especially the humidity (The efficiency of Testatika device drops significantly in humid air).

The Russian scientist Alexander Chernetski claimed overunity when operating hydrogen plasma in a strong magnetic field at proper vacuum.

Edwin Gray claimed that his motor could operate only with sparks but then its efficiency is low. When using a glowing cell (in which the plasma is enclosed and more stable) the efficiency is much greater.

In the cases of electromagnetic motor of John Christie & Lou Brits the plasma is in the spark gap. They had problems when tried to replace the spark gaps with solid state devices. For this reason their motors works only if mechanical contacts are used for phase switching, but the efficiency is low.

In the working original design of Howard Johnson's Permanent Magnet Motor the plasma is not optically observed. It might be in the air flow inside of the motor and quite weak for visual observation. The experimenters trying to replicate this motor (or similar concept) focus on configuration of the magnets while ignoring the air flow.

The original Roschin-Godin (Searl-like) experiment (with a rotor size about 1 m) seams to work when plasma is observed in the surrounding air and the efficiency is greater when a high voltage is applied. Both: energy and gravitational effects have been observed. The small replica funded by Faraday Lab (A. Frolov), however, did not work because of the reduced air flow and the slower switching of the magnetic field lines.

In the PAGD devices of Paul and Alexandra Correa operating in vacuum the plasma appears in consecutive bursts but the plasma mode for overunity operation (within the burst) is difficult to be controlled. Another problem is the quick deterioration of the electrodes in this mode of operation.

Presently the permanent magnet motor of Muammer Yildiz (youtube videoclips, 2010) seams to work as overunity device. The design of the Yildiz motor is such that it permits a strong air flow through the motor. This is assisted by the fan mounted on the shaft. The air passes in axial direction through holes and gaps of the motor and flows near the magnet. It is very probable that some of air molecules become ionized. Some of the positive ions may combine with electrons forming oscillating ion-electron pairs that are involved in the necessary quantum mechanical interaction with the physical vacuum. The air flow gets a twisted trajectory from the magnet arrangement in the rotor. This assists the rotation, since the oscillating ion-electron pairs invoke also a gravito-inertial effect as discussed in [2]. This is some kind of a positive feedback of the system comprised of the motor and surrounding air environment.

The presented considerations could be verified with the Yildiz motor if making the following tests:
- First test: mount the fan to blow in an opposite direction
- Second test: completely remove the fan
- Third test: test the motor operation in a high vacuum chamber – I expect it will not run.
- Fourth test: test the motor in a chamber filled with helium at proper pressure. It may provide larger overunity.

If the considerations are confirmed a number of different alternative designs of overunity magnetic motors could be made. Conclusion: For overunity operation of magnetic motors the experimenters must pay attention not only on the fast magnetic line switching but also on the air flaw around the magnets.


References:

[1] Stoyan Sarg, Basic Structures of Matter –Supergravitation Unified Theory, Trafford Publishing, 2006 ISBN 1412083877
[2] Stoyan Sarg, Field Propulsion by Control of Gravity – Theory and Experiments, 2009, ISBN 781448693085
[3] Stoyan Sarg, A Physical Model of the Electron according to the Basic Structures of Matter Hypothesis, Physics Essays, vol. 16 No. 2, 180-195, (2003)

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