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Help:Tips

Lasted edited by Andrew Munsey, updated on June 14, 2016 at 9:12 pm.

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For basic information see Help:Editing.

Basic text formatting

{| border="1" cellpadding="2"

!width="1000"|What it looks like

!width="500"|What you type

|-

|

You can italicize text by putting 2

apostrophes on each side.

3 apostrophes will bold the text.

5 apostrophes will bold and italicize

'the text'.

(Using 4 apostrophes doesn't do anything special -- there are just left over ones that are included as part of the text.)

|

You can italicize text by putting 2

apostrophes on each side.

3 apostrophes will bold the text.

5 apostrophes will bold and italicize

'the text'.

(Using 4 apostrophes doesn't do anything

special -- there are just '''' left

over ones'''' that are included as part of the text.)

|-

|

A single newline

generally has no effect on the layout.

These can be used to separate

sentences within a paragraph.

Some editors find that this aids editing

and improves the diff function

(used internally to compare

different versions of a page).

But an empty line

starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline does affect the layout (There was an error working with the wiki: Code[7]).

|

A single newline

generally has no effect on the layout.

These can be used to separate

sentences within a paragraph.

Some editors find that this aids editing

and improves the diff function

(used internally to compare

different versions of a page).

But an empty line

starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline does

affect the layout (There was an error working with the wiki: Code[8]).

|-

|

You can break lines

without a new paragraph.

Please use this sparingly.

Please do not start a There was an error working with the wiki: Code[24] or italics or bold on one line and close it on the next.

|

You can break lines

without a new paragraph.

Please use this sparingly.

Please do not start a There was an error working with the wiki: Code[25] or

italics or bold on one line

and close it on the next.

|-

|

You should "sign" your comments on talk pages:

- Three tildes gives your signature: Reddi

- Four tildes give your signature plus date/time: Reddi 16:52, 25 Dec 2006 (EST) (UTC)

- Five tildes gives the date/time alone: 16:52, 25 Dec 2006 (EST) (UTC)

|

You should "sign" your comments

on talk pages:

- Three tildes gives your

signature: ~~~

- Four tildes give your

signature plus date/time: ~~~~

- Five tildes gives the

date/time alone: ~~~~~

|}

HTML tags

You can use some HTML tags too. For a list of HTML tags that are allowed, see There was an error working with the wiki: Code[9]. However, you should avoid HTML in favor of Wiki markup whenever possible.

{| border="1" cellpadding="2"

!width="1000"|What it looks like

!width="500"|What you type

|-

|

Put text in a typewriter

font. The same font is

generally used for

computer code.

|

Put text in a typewriter

font. The same font is

generally used for

computer code.

|-

|

Strike out

or underline text,

or write it

in small caps.

|

Strike out

or underline text,

or write it

in small caps.

|-

|

Superscripts and subscripts:

X2, H2O

|

Superscripts and subscripts:

X2, H2O

|-

|

Centered text

Please note the American spelling of "center".

|

Centered text

|-

|

The blockquote command will indent

both margins when needed instead of the

left margin only as the colon does.

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The blockquote command will indent

both margins when needed instead of the

left margin only as the colon does.

|-

|

Invisible comments to editors (&lt!-- --&gt)

only appear while editing the page.

If you wish to make comments to the public, you should usually use the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[26].

|

Invisible comments to editors (&amplt!-- --&ampgt)

only appear while editing the page.

|}

Organizing your writing

{| border="1" cellpadding="2"

!width="1000"|What it looks like

!width="500"|What you type

|-

|

Section headings

Headings organize your writing into

sections. The Wiki software can automatically

generate a There was an error working with the wiki: Code[10] from them.

Subsection

Using more equals signs creates a subsection.

A smaller subsection

Don't skip levels, like from two to four equals signs.

Start with 2 equals signs not 1 because 1 creates H1 tags which should be reserved for page title.

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Section headings

Headings organize your writing into

sections. The Wiki software can automatically

generate a table of contents from them.

Subsection

Using more equals signs creates a subsection.

A smaller subsection

Don't skip levels,

like from two to four equals signs.

Start with 2 equals signs not 1

because 1 creates H1 tags

which should be reserved for page title.

|- id="lists"

|

Unordered There was an error working with the wiki: Code[11]s are easy to do:

Start every line with a star.

More stars indicate a deeper level.

: Previous item continues.

A newline

in a list

marks the end of the list.

Of course you can start again.

|

Unordered lists are easy to do:

Start every line with a star.

More stars indicate a deeper level.

: Previous item continues.

A newline

in a list

marks the end of the list.

Of course you can start again.

|-

|

# Numbered lists are:

## Very organized

## Easy to follow

A newline marks the end of the list.

# New numbering starts with 1.

|

# Numbered lists are:

## Very organized

## Easy to follow

A newline marks the end of the list.

# New numbering starts with 1.

|-

|

Here's a definition list:

Word : Definition of the word

A longer phrase needing definition

: Phrase defined

A word : Which has a definition

: Also a second one

: And even a third

Begin with a semicolon. One item per line

a newline can appear before the colon, but

using a space before the colon improves

parsing.

|

Here's a definition list:

Word : Definition of the word

A longer phrase needing definition

: Phrase defined

A word : Which has a definition

: Also a second one

: And even a third

Begin with a semicolon. One item per line

a newline can appear before the colon, but

using a space before the colon improves

parsing.

|-

|

You can even do mixed lists

# and nest them

# inside each other

# or break linesin lists.

# definition lists

#: can be

#: nested : too

|

You can even do mixed lists

# and nest them

# inside each other

# or break linesin lists.

# definition lists

#: can be

#: nested : too

|-

|

: A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.

A newline starts a new paragraph.

Often used for discussion on There was an error working with the wiki: Code[27].

: We use 1 colon to indent once.

:: We use 2 colons to indent twice.

::: 3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.

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: A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.

A newline starts a new paragraph.

Often used for discussion on talk pages.

: We use 1 colon to indent once.

:: We use 2 colons to indent twice.

::: 3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.

|-

|

You can make There was an error working with the wiki: Code[12]s (----)

to separate text.

----

But you should usually use sections instead,

so that they go in the table of contents.

|

You can make horizontal dividing lines (----)

to separate text.

----

But you should usually use sections instead,

so that they go in the table of contents.

|-

|

You can add footnotes to sentences using the ref tag -- this is especially good for citing a source.

:There are over six billion people in the world.CIA World Factbook, 2006.

References:

For details, see There was an error working with the wiki: Code[28] and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[29].

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You can add footnotes to sentences using

the ref tag -- this is especially good

for citing a source.

:There are over six billion people in the

world.CIA World Factbook, 2006.

References:

For details, see There was an error working with the wiki: Code[30]

and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[31].

|}

Links

You will often want to make clickable links to other pages.

{|width="100%" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"

|-

!What it looks like

!What you type

|-

|

Here's a link to a page named There was an error working with the wiki: Code[32].

You can even say There was an error working with the wiki: Code[33]s

and the link will show up correctly.

|

Here's a link to a page named There was an error working with the wiki: Code[34].

You can even say There was an error working with the wiki: Code[35]s

and the link will show up correctly.

|-

|

You can put formatting around a link.

Example: PESWiki.

|

You can put formatting around a link.

Example: PESWiki.

|-

|

The first letter of articles is automatically

capitalized, so PESWiki goes to the same place

as PESWiki. Capitalization matters after the

first letter.

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The first letter of articles is automatically

capitalized, so Wikipedia goes to the same place

as Wikipedia. Capitalization matters after the

first letter.

|-

|

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[36] is a page that doesn't exist

yet. You could create it by clicking on the link.

|

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[37] is a page that doesn't exist

yet. You could create it by clicking on the link.

|-

|

You can link to a page section by its title:

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[38].

If multiple sections have the same title, add

a number. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[39] goes to the

third section named "Example section".

|

You can link to a page section by its title:

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[40].

If multiple sections have the same title, add

a number. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[41] goes to the

third section named "Example section".

|-

|

You can make a link point to a different place

with a There was an error working with the wiki: Code[13]. Put the link

target first, then the pipe character "|", then

the link text.

Help:Link

[[List of inventors#USA|

American inventors]]

Or you can use the "pipe trick" so that text in parentheses or text after a comma does not appear.

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[14]

|

Help:Link

[[List of inventors#USA|

American inventors]]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[15]

|-

|

You can make an external link just by typing a URL:

http://www.FreeEnergyVideo.com

You can give it a title:

Free Energy Video

Or leave the title blank:

http://www.FreeEnergyVideo.com

|

You can make an external link just by typing a URL:

http://www.FreeEnergyVideo.com

You can give it a title:

Free Energy Video

Or leave the title blank:

http://www.FreeEnergyVideo.com

|-

|

Linking to an e-mail address works the same way:

mailto:someone@domain.com or

[mailto:someone@domain.com someone]

|

Linking to an e-mail address works the same way:

mailto:someone@domain.com or

[mailto:someone@domain.com someone]

|-

|

You can Help:Redirect the user to another page.

|

#REDIRECT There was an error working with the wiki: Code[42]

|-

|

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[16] do not show up in line

but instead at page bottom ''and cause the page to be

listed in the category.''

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[43]

Add an extra colon to link to a category in line

without causing the page to be listed in the category:

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[44]

|

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[17] do not show up in line

but instead at page bottom ''and cause the page to be

listed in the category.''

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[45]

Add an extra colon to link to a category in line

without causing the page to be listed in the category:

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[46]

|-

|

The Wiki reformats linked dates to match the reader's

date preferences. These three dates will show up the

same if you choose a format in your

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[18]:

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[47], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[48]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[49] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[50]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[51]-There was an error working with the wiki: Code[52]

|

The Wiki reformats linked dates to match the reader's

date preferences. These three dates will show up the

same if you choose a format in your

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[53]:

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[54], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[55]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[56] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[57]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[58]-There was an error working with the wiki: Code[59]

|}

Just show what I typed

:''See also There was an error working with the wiki: Code[19].

A few different kinds of formatting will tell the Wiki to display things as you typed them.

{| border="1" cellpadding="2"

!width="1000"|What it looks like

!width="500"|What you type

|-

|

The nowiki tag ignores

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[60] markup.

It reformats text by

removing

newlines and multiple

spaces.

It still interprets special

characters: &rarr

|

&ltnowiki&gt

The nowiki tag ignores

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[61] markup.

It reformats text by

removing

newlines and multiple

spaces.

It still interprets special

characters: &amprarr

&lt/nowiki&gt

|-

|

The pre tag ignores There was an error working with the wiki: Code[62]

markup.

It also doesn't reformat

text.

It still interprets special

characters: &rarr

|

&ltpre&gt

The pre tag ignores There was an error working with the wiki: Code[63]

markup.

It also doesn't reformat

text.

It still interprets special

characters: &amprarr

&lt/pre&gt

|-

|

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[64] are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the

beginning of each

line stops the text

from being

reformatted. It still

interprets There was an error working with the wiki: Code[65]

markup and special

characters: &rarr

|

Leading spaces are another way

to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the

beginning of each

line stops the text

from being

reformatted. It still

interprets There was an error working with the wiki: Code[66]

markup and special

characters: &amprarr

|}

Images, tables, video, and sounds

After uploading, just enter the filename, highlight it and press the "embedded image"-button of the edit_toolbar.

This will produce the syntax for uploading a file There was an error working with the wiki: Code[6]

This is a very quick introduction. For more information, see:

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[67] for how to upload files

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[68] for how to arrange images on the page

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[69] for how to create a table

{| border="1" cellpadding="2"

!width="1000"|What it looks like

!width="500"|What you type

|-

|

A picture, including alternate text:

Image:PES Logo 100w.gif

You can put the image in a frame with a caption:

Image:PES Logo 100w.gif

|

A picture, including alternate text:

Image:PES Logo 100w.gif

The image in a frame with a caption:

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[5]

|-

|

A link to Wikipedia's page for the image:

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[70]

Or a link directly to the image itself:

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[71]

|

A link to Wikipedia's page for the image:

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[72]

Or a link directly to the image itself:

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[73]

|-

|

Use media: links to link

directly to sounds or videos:

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[20]

|

Use media: links to link

directly to sounds or videos:

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[21]

|-

|

{| border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" align="center"

! This

! is

|-

| a

| table

|-

|}

|

{| border="1" cellspacing="0"

cellpadding="5" align="center"

! This

! is

|-

| a

| table

|-

|}

|}

Mathematical formulas

You can format mathematical formulas with There was an error working with the wiki: Code[22] markup. See There was an error working with the wiki: Code[74].

{| border="1" cellpadding="2"

!width="1000"|What it looks like

!width="500"|What you type

|-

|

\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}

|

\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}

|}

Templates

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[23] are segments of Wiki markup that are meant to be copied automatically ("transcluded") into a page.

You add them by putting the template's name in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[1].

Some templates take parameters, as well, which you separate with the pipe character.

{| border="1" cellpadding="2"

!width="1000"|What it looks like

!width="500"|What you type

|-

|

This text comes from the page named Template:Transclusion demo.

It has been transcluded into this page.

|

This text comes from the page named Template:Transclusion demo.

It has been transcluded into this page.

|-

|

This template takes two parameters, and

creates underlined text with a hover box

for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

{{H:title|This is the hover text|

Hover your mouse over this text}}

Go to this page to see the H:title template

itself: There was an error working with the wiki: Code[2]

|

This template takes two parameters, and

creates underlined text with a hover box

for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

{{H:title|This is the hover text|

Hover your mouse over this text}}

Go to this page to see the H:title template

itself: There was an error working with the wiki: Code[3]

|}

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[75]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[4]

Comments