PesWiki.com

Menu

General Motors

Lasted edited by Andrew Munsey, updated on June 14, 2016 at 10:01 pm.

  • 89 errors has been found on this page. Administrator will correct this soon.
  • This page has been imported from the old peswiki website. This message will be removed once updated.
Image:GMLogo.jpg

General Motors Corporation, also known as GM or GMC, is the world's largest car manufacturer. Founded in 1908, in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[2], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[3], GM manufactures its cars and trucks in 33 countries. The European headquarters is based in Zurich, Switzerland. In 2005, 9.17 million GM cars and trucks were sold globally under the following brands: There was an error working with the wiki: Code[4], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[5], Saturn Corporation and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[6]. Chevrolet outsold its oldest domestic rival Ford Motor Co. in 2005 for the first time in over 3 decades, closing an over 700,000 unit sales gap. GM operates a finance company, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[7], which offers automotive, residential and commercial financing and insurance. GM's There was an error working with the wiki: Code[33] subsidiary is a vehicle safety, security and information service provider.

GM is the majority shareholder in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[8] of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[9], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[10] of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[11] and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[12] of Germany and vehicle manufacturing ventures with There was an error working with the wiki: Code[34] of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[35], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[36] and Avtotor of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[37] and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[38] of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[39].

GM Parts and accessories are sold under the GM, GM Performance Parts, GM Goodwrench and ACDelco brands through GM Service and Parts Operations, which supplies GM dealerships and distributors worldwide. GM engines and transmissions are marketed through GM Powertrain. GM's largest national market is the United States, followed by There was an error working with the wiki: Code[40], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[41], the United Kingdom, and Germany. GM leads all other automakers in Strategic Vision's Total Quality Index (TQI). Strategic Vision (2006). Total Quality Index MSN Autos

Recent history

After GM's massive lay-offs hit There was an error working with the wiki: Code[13] began at the General Motors parts factory in Flint on There was an error working with the wiki: Code[42], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[43], which quickly spread to five other assembly plants and lasted seven weeks. Because of the significant role GM plays in the United States, the strikes and temporary idling of many plants noticeably showed in national economic observations.

In the late 1990s, GM had regained market share its stock had soared to over $80 a share by 2000. However, in 2001, the stock market drop following the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[14]. But GM is still afloat. The company's stock in the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[44] industrial average has posted the biggest percentage gain in 2006.2006 takes a soft bounce By Tom Petruno, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[45], Tuesday, There was an error working with the wiki: Code[46], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[47]

Since There was an error working with the wiki: Code[48], GM has remained the world's largest auto maker, ranked according to sales.

Renault-Nissan proposal

On There was an error working with the wiki: Code[49], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[50], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[51], whose There was an error working with the wiki: Code[52] was the third-largest shareholder of General Motors, proposed a failed deal for an alliance between GM and Renault & Nissan. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[53] has since sold off its interest in General Motors.

Recent news media have uncovered a proposed plan in which GM would purchase most, if not all of the Chrysler Group from DaimlerChrysler. Various plans have been proposed, including a large cash payment or a stock trade between GM and DCX.

Environment and alternative vehicles

General Motors has long worked on alternative-technology vehicles, and has recently led the industry with clean burning Flex Fuel vehicles that can run on either E-85 (ethanol) or There was an error working with the wiki: Code[15].

In 1996, GM introduced the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[16], the first modern mass-produced There was an error working with the wiki: Code[17]). Despite the positive publicity generated by this vehicle and a long waiting list for the cars, the company cancelled the program after only a tiny production run, reportedly due to a "lack of consumer interest". GM forced the return of EV1 vehicles even though some owners wanted to keep them. The story of GM's non-support for its own product is portrayed in the 2006 documentary, Who Killed the Electric Car?. The EV1 lived on in the powertrain of the S10 factory built electric vehicle assembled in Shreveport, Louisiana by General Motors. The electric motor had slightly decreased horsepower from the EV1 it was borrowed from because it was not as aerodynamic as the EV1 and so traded horsepower for range. See here for more information.

Hybrid initiative

In May 2004, GM delivered the world's first full sized hybrid pickups, and introduced a hybrid passenger car. In 2005, the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[18] There was an error working with the wiki: Code[19] was the first hybrid passenger vehicle from GM and is also a mild design. GM has hinted at new hybrid technologies to be employed that will be optimized for higher speeds in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[54] driving. Future hybrid vehicles should include the 2007 There was an error working with the wiki: Code[55], the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[56] and an updated Saturn VUE based an There was an error working with the wiki: Code[57] design like the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[56]. GM has recently introduced the concept Chevrolet Volt which is a plug-in hybrid.

GM’s current hybrid models:

2007 Saturn VUE

There is a GM hybrid powered bus: GM Magic Bushttp://www.gm.com/company/gmability/adv_tech/300_hybrids/index_bus.html

Hydrogen initiative

GM has prided its research and prototype development of There was an error working with the wiki: Code[20], to be produced in early 2010, using a support infrastructure still in a prototype state. The economic feasibility of the technically challenging hydrogen car, and the low-cost production of hydrogen to fuel it, has also been discussed by other automobile manufacturers such as Ford and Chrysler.

Controversy over electric vehicles
Image:Evcrushed.jpg

On There was an error working with the wiki: Code[21] and other electric vehicles entitled "Who Killed the Electric Car?" debuted in theatres across America, sparking criticism of the motivation behind the cancellation of their electric car program.

Consumer advocates, activists, commentators, journalists, and documentary makers claim GM had deliberately There was an error working with the wiki: Code[22] their company's zero emission electric vehicle efforts through several methods: failing to market, failing to produce appropriate vehicles, failing to satisfy demand, and using lease-only programs with prohibitions against end of lease purchase.http://dontcrush.com

http://www.pbs.org/now/shows/223/index.html#here

http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/03/11/eveningnews/main543605.shtml

http://ev1.org/#vigilog

http://dontcrush.com/

The process of obtaining GM's first electric vehicle the EV1 was difficult. The vehicle could not be purchased outright. Instead, General Motors offered a closed-end lease for three years, with no renewal or residual purchase options. The EV1 was only available from specialist Saturn dealerships, and only in California and Arizona.Before reviewing leasing options, a potential lessee would be taken through a 'pre-qualification' process in order to learn how the EV1 was different from other vehicles. Next came a waiting list with no scheduled delivery date.[http://pages.prodigy.net/noela/myev.htm

Several weeks before the debut of the movie, the There was an error working with the wiki: Code[59] announced that its EV1 display was being permanently removed and the EV1 car put into storage. GM is a major financial contributor to the museum, and both parties denied that this fact contributed to the removal of the display.http://www.detnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060711/AUTO01/607110368/1148

From General Motors

General Motors has responded to complaints about the scrapping of the EV1 program and they dispute the existence of any conspiracy surrounding its demise. An entry was posted on the GM FastLane Blog in 2006 in which GM defended its decision by saying that it was unable to guarantee the vehicles could continue to be maintained in a safe operating state. http://www.gm.com/company/onlygm/fastlane_Blog.html#EV1

GM allege that during the four years available to the public, only 800 EV1's were released. Over $1 billion was spent on the EV1 program, with a great portion used for consumer incentives and marketing. With a waiting list of 5,000 applicants, only 50 individuals actually were willing to accept a lease on the EV1. Suppliers ceased production of replacement parts due to the low demand for the EV1. This made repairs and continued safety of the vehicles difficult. There was an error working with the wiki: Code[1]

General Motors (GM) has responded to allegations made in the film through a blog post entitled Who Ignored the Facts About the Electric Car? by Dave Barthmuss of their communications department. He does not address the movie directly, since he claims he has not seen it, but tells GM's side of the story

Sadly, despite the substantial investment of money and the enthusiastic fervor of a relatively small number of EV1 drivers — including the filmmaker — the EV1 proved far from a viable commercial success.

Barthmuss notes investments in electric vehicle technology since the EV1: There was an error working with the wiki: Code[60], plug-in hybrid, and fuel cell vehicle programs. The filmmakers suggested that GM did not immediately channel its technological progress with the EV1 into these projects, and instead let the technology languish while focusing on more immediately profitable enterprises such as SUVs.

Unlike the movie, GM is bullish on hydrogen, according to Barthmuss:

Although hydrogen fuel cell technology was cast as a pie-in-the-sky technology by the moviemakers, GM is making great progress in fuel cell research and development and is on track to achieving its goal to validate and design a fuel cell propulsion system by 2010 that is competitive with current combustion systems on durability and performance, and that ultimately can be built at scale, affordably.

According to GM, not all of the EV1's were destroyed. Many were donated to research institutions and facilities, along with museums. Some are still owned by General Motors themselves, and are kept at their Technical Design center in There was an error working with the wiki: Code[61], and can occasionally be seen on the road within a close area of the tech center. http://www.gm.com/company/onlygm/fastlane_Blog.html#EV1

There is no other major automaker on the road offering a fully electric vehicle designed for everyday use on public transportation routes, however [[Think_Nordic], at one time under the ownership of Ford, have produced a range of electric vehicles in limited numbers.

See also

Who Killed the Electric Car? - A documentary film charting GM's launch, then alleged self-sabotage of the electric car There was an error working with the wiki: Code[62].

Brands

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[63]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[64]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[65]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[23] (as a stand-alone brand in Europe and Japan)

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[24]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[25]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[66]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[67]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[68]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[26]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[27]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[69]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[70]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[71]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[28]

Saturn Corporation

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[29]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[30]

() Signifies the brand is extant

Other related topics

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[72]

Subsidiaries

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[73]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[74]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[75]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[31]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[76] (50.9%)

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[77]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[78]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[79] (50%)

Divisions

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[80]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[81]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[82]

Further reading
External links
Official

Official Website

Canadian GM Site

Official Website of GM Europe

GM's Corporate Blogs: Fastlane and FYI

GMability, GM's corporate responsibility site

GM's K-12 education site

Corporate history

GM's Hybrid Propulsion System for Buses

Unofficial

GM 2006 sales chart by division

Cheers and Gears - GM Enthusiast and News Forum

GMInsideNews - GM Enthusiast and News Forum

GM Photo Galleries

GM picture galleries

GM 2006 VIN chart.

Gallery of General Motors Advertisements

GM Club Brazil (In Portuguese)

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[83]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[84]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[85]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[86]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[32]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[87]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[88]

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[89]

Comments