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: See also News:Fuel Cells

Directory of fuel cell technologies and resources.

: "In principle, a fuel cell operates like a battery. It supplies electricity by combining hydrogen and oxygen electrochemically without combustion. Unlike a battery, a fuel cell does not run down or require recharging. It will produce energy in the form of electricity and heat as long as fuel is supplied. The only waste is pure, drinkable water. A fuel cell consists of two electrodes sandwiched around an electrolyte. Oxygen passes over one electrode and hydrogen over the other, generating electricity, water, and heat." (Cool Science Stuff - Fuel Cells)

There are new classes of fuel cells which will take hydro carbons as fuel. These release carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas), though less than that emitted from current gasoline-powered engines.

Awards

f-cell award - In recognition of exceptional developments in one of the new century’s most fascinating technologies, and to stimulate further innovation, the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Environment and the Stuttgart Region Economic Development Corporation, together with the EnBW AG, offer the f-cell Award, sponsored by the State of Baden-Württemberg. 2008 is the 5th year in offering this award.

:1. F-Cell Award Gold – prize of € 15.000

:2. F-Cell Award Silver – prize of € 10.000

:3. F-cell Award Bronze – prize of € 5.000

:4. Special award – prize of € 2.500

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New bipolar plate module receives f-cell award - Schunk Kohlenstofftechnik, Freudenberg Fuel Cell Components and Viessmann Werke were awarded the f-cell Award in Gold on 29 September, 2008 for their bipolar plate technology in exceptional development of one of the new century’s most fascinating technologies. (Fuel Cell Today Oct. 20, 2008)

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Directory:Fuel Cells >Zemships: Zero Emission Ships Powered by Fuel Cell to be Ready by 2010 - Zemships has developed a fuel-cell-powered Alster Lake (Hamburg, Germany) excursion ship as well as a hydrogen fuelling station. They shared the Silver f-cell award for 2008. (PESWiki Oct. 20, 2008)

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DLR manned airplane that takes off and flies exclusively with a fuel cell - Airbus and the Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) equipped the DLR aircraft carrier A320 ATRA with a Michelin fuel cell system. Prof. Johann-Dietrich Wörner, Chairman of DLR Executive Board commented: "Fuel cell technology provides an improvement in fuel efficiency for aircraft, minimising environmental pollution and increasing comfort and safety." DLR shared the Silver f-cell award for 2008 with Zemships. (PESWiki Oct. 20, 2008)

Overviews

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Directory:Fuel Cells > Directory:BloomBox Fuel Cell by Bloom Energy > 10 Fuel Cell Startups Hot on Bloom Energy’s Trail - While Bloom Energy has raised more VC investment than many of these startups combined, it isn’t unique in aiming its sights at the holy grail of grid parity. Here are 10 startups that could be hot on Bloom Energy’s trail: ClearEdge Power, Ceres Power, Neah Power Systems, ReliOn, P21, ACAL Energy, CellEra, Intelligent Energy, Electro Power Systems, EnStorage. (Earth2Tech Feb. 22, 2010)

Commercial

Worldwide Fuel Cell Manufacturer and Installation Chart

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Latest: Directory:Electric Vehicles / Directory:Batteries / Directory:Fuel Cells > Directory:QUANT e-Sportlimousine with nanoFLOWCELL drive - The promotional material makes this seem like a car that runs on salt water, now approved for use on public roads in Germany and Europe and priming for series production. Amazing promo video. However, it's basically an advanced battery and fuel cell technology. (PESWiki July 30, 2014)

Directory:Fuel Cells > Belgian fuel cell can power 1,400 homes - Chemicals giant Solvay hailed Monday the successful entry into service in Flanders of what it said was the largest fuel cell of its type in the world. The fuel cell converts the chemical energy from hydrogen into clean electricity through an electrochemical reaction with oxygen. (Yahoo News / AFP February 6, 2012)

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Directory:Hydrogen > Directory:Fuel Cells > At last! An affordable, portable, pocket-sized Personal Fuel Cell - Horizon Fuel Cell has released the world's first affordable, pocket-sized fuel cell. Priced at US$99, the Minipak produces electricity from hydrogen at the point of use and offers effectively unlimited run-time for personal electronics. (GizMag June 15, 2010)
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Latest: Directory:Fuel Efficiency > Directory:Fuel Cells > Directory:BloomBox Fuel Cell by Bloom Energy > BloomBox poised to make distributed, cleaner power materialize - Bloom Energy, a Silicon Valley startup, has developed a fuel cell technology that purportedly will to be cheaper and cleaner than grid power. They envision seeing their fuel cell in every home in five to ten years with the average unit costing less than $3000 USD. (PESN Feb. 22, 2010) (Comments)
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Mercedes Launches its First Ever Production Fuel Cell Vehicle - The B-Class F-cell is taking on a pioneering role as the world’s first fuel cell powered automobile to be produced under series production conditions. It has performance comparable to a 2.0-litre petrol car, at the equivalent of 87 mpg on the combined cycle, with a range of 20 miles. (Gas 2.0 Sept. 2, 2009)

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Template: 43 / Latest: Directory:Fuel Cells / Directory:Hydrogen >Directory:PowerAvenue Corp - PowerAvenue Corp has patented a way to create from sand a form of silicon that reacts with water to generate hydrogen at the point of use, making silicon the energy carrier. Their fuel cells operate at low pressure and temperatures, have a high power-to-weight ratio, and are reliable and efficient. (PESWiki Jan. 8, 2009)
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FuelCell Energy - The complete line of carbonate Direct FuelCell® (DFC®) products from FuelCell Energy, Inc. delivers Ultra-Clean distributed power - efficiently and economically.

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Directory:Ballard Power Systems - Ballard is recognized as the world leader in proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell technology.

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Directory:H-Tech Inc - H-Tech has the noble goal of being the "World Fuel Cell & Hydrogen Resource Center." Their mission is to build an extensive online e-commerce store providing energy efficient and environmentally sound products and equipment to an international market, assisting in the development of the hydrogen infrastructure. H-Tech Inc also wishes to further increase public awareness of clean energy practices and the global affect of all of our actions.

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Japanese Power Plant Fueled with Sewage Certified Efficient, Grid-Safe and Ultra-Clean - Independent Japanese industry group validates Direct FuelCell use in wastewater treatment certification expected to streamline process of marketing future DFC sales in Japan. (PESN Mar. 29, 2006)

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UTC Fuel Cell Power Systems - UTC Power commercial fuel cell power systems are being used by Hilton hotels for combined heat and power (CHP) applications. The PureCell™ is fueled by natural gas to produce 200 kW of electric power, plus about 900,000 Btu/hr of heat, and is nearly 3x more energy efficient than the electric grid when used in CHP applications, the company claims. (Inside Greentech Jun. 6, 2007)

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The 660 Gallon Brewery Fuel Cell - This fuel cell type is essentially a battery in which bacteria consume water-soluble brewing waste such as sugar, starch and alcohol, plus in this instance produces clean water. "Its primarily a waste water treatment that has the added benefit of creating electricity."(CBS News May 2, 2007)

Microbial Fuel Cells

See Directory:Microbial Fuel Cells - separate page

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Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

See Directory:Solid Oxide Fuel Cells - separate page

Marketplace

Directory:Fuel Cells / Directory:Alternative Fuels > Directory:Water > Directory:Water as Fuel > PowerTrekk Offers Unlimited Water-Based Gadget Power - You can recharge your portable gadgets with Sweden's myFC's new PowerTrekk portable, water-powered fuel-cell charger. Fuel-cell technology uses the chemical reaction between the hydrogen in water and special electrodes and electrolytes in fuel cells to generate electricity. (Yahoo!News January 8, 2012)

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Latest: Directory:Fuel Cells > Directory:Technology Management, Inc. > TMI's 1 kW fuel cell module for 3rd world deployment runs on wide range of fuels - A modular fuel cell technology can convert just about any fuel into clean electricity using a chemical process. Technology Management, Inc., of Cleveland, plans to market this distributed energy solution within the developing world where they don't have power, enabling them to grow their own. (PESN Feb. 5, 2010) (Comments)
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Acumentrics Solid Oxide Fuel Cell - Acumentrics Corporation 5kW tubular fuel cell system (Model 5000) has exceeded 10,500 hours of operation to become the longest-running small scale solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) system and received a $15.6 million DOE award to continue advancement of the technology. (Acumentrics Sept. 8, 2008)

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Lipstick-Sized Fuel Cell for Mobile Phones - Fuel Cells - The firms were able to reduce the size this much by switching to a hydrogen fuel to make it easier to boost output, and generating the hydrogen from just water and a metal-based hydrogen generation agent, with no reformer. A single 10mL fuel cartridge, holding water and hydrogen generation agent, can generate 10Wh of electric power: enough to charge a mobile phone three times. (EETimes July 14, 2006)

Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies - Producing extremely compact, lightweight, simple and cost-competitive PEM fuel cells that are suitable for many specialty and mainstream applications, including portable power, aerospace and clean transportation solutions. YouTube Video

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'Wiring up' enzymes for producing hydrogen in fuel cells - Researchers in Colorado are reporting the first successful "wiring up", via nanotubes, of hydrogenase enzymes, which could serve as catalysts for inexpensive hydrogen production and oxidation in fuel cells. (PhysOrg Nov. 19, 2007)

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Aluminum high energy fuel cells - Altek Fuel Group's breakthroughs in chemistry and technology have provided the opportunity for aluminum to be used as a fuel to generate electricity in fuel cells, both efficiently and economically. While not widely thought of as a fuel, aluminum is high in energy, plentiful, fully recyclable and safe to transport and store. (Inside Greentech)

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PAC Zinc Air Fuel Cells - Power Air Corporation's Zinc Air Fuel Cell offers an alternative to batteries, generators, and hydrogen fuel cells, producing zero emission energy for portable, stationary, light mobility, and transportation applications. ZAFC technology is low cost with all the advantages of batteries and engines, without the disadvantages. (The Energy Blog May 2, 2007)

eVionyx - development of an inexpensive, metal-air, Revolutionary Power Cell (RPC™) technology capable of meeting all of the requirements of the ideal energy source.

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MagPower Systems - Magnesium Air Fuel Cell (MAFC) - Powerful, reliable and environmentally friendly non-toxic alternative power source that generates electricity through the combination of magnesium, oxygen and a saltwater electrolyte. Inexpensive to manufacture and operate. Re-usable. Indefinite dry storage life. Solid-fuel power source. High Energy Density compared to batteries such as lead acid or nickel cadmium.

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General Hydrogen - General Hydrogen is field-testing complete hydrogen fuel cell solutions for electrically powered industrial vehicles. Products include Hydricity® Pack fuel cell systems to replace lead acid batteries in industrial vehicles, making them run longer and faster than trucks with batteries and refuel in a fraction of the time, resulting in significant increases in productivity and paybacks on investment of less than 4 years for many operators.

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Premium Power - The Zinc-Flow® 45 regenerative fuel cell provides back-up power for a variety of applications and delivers roughly 10 times the energy capacity of an equivalent bank of lead-acid batteries with 3 times more energy density. It offers 100% deep discharge capability with virtually unlimited cycling and long life.

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NanoDynamics Energy - Developing portable solid oxide fuel cell systems that provide long lasting power in less volume and at a lighter weight than batteries or other fuel cell approaches. The NDRevolution® 50 is fueled by propane contained in disposable cylinders available at many retailers, and creates only water vapor and carbon dioxide as its byproducts.

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Biogas-Powered Fuel Cell System - Acumentrics manufactures solid oxide fuel cell systems (SOFC) for power applications, molded into the shape of a tube, which renders the fuel cells shatter resistant from temperature swings. They are able to run on biogas, natural gas, propane, ethanol, diesel or biodiesel and consume only about half as much fuel as comparable small-engine generators. (TreeHugger June 1, 2007)

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CMR Fuel Cells - Compact Mixed-Reactant (CMR) fuel cell design eliminates bipolar flow-field plates yielding 5-10x increase in performance and 80% lower stack cost. A mixture of cheap low carbon methanol fuel and oxidant flows through a fully porous anode-electrolyte-cathode assembly.

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HydroGen Corporation - Developing 400 kilowatt (kW), air-cooled phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) modules, scaled up to 6-30MW power plants. Focused on applications with existing hydrogen infrastructure - by-product hydrogen from industrial production of chlorine, industrial gases, and ammonia.

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Akermin - Stabilized enzyme biofuel cells (SEBC™) offer increased performance and lower costs through the use of renewable resources that also provide environmentally friendly disposal. By elimination of metal catalysts they can potentially double the amount of fuel converted into electricity, dramatically increase fuel cell energy density, and at the same time lower cost.

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The ABSOLUTE Fuel Cell Battery Hybrid - An engineering team has combined an intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cell (IT-SOFC) from Versa Power Systems with a ZEBRA sodium nickel-chloride battery from Beta Research & Development. The ABSOLUTE Hybrid (Advanced Battery Solid Oxide Linked Unit to maximize Efficiency) prototype overcomes the known limitations of each. (Green Car Congress Jun. 26, 2007)

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Hydrogen Fuel Cell Ship Project - CFC Solutions is providing a “Hot Module?? fuel cell stack to the FellowSHIP (Fuel Cells for Low Emissions Ships) consortium, for the demonstration of an offshore supply vessel powered by a molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC). The technology will be up to 50 percent more efficient than today’s diesel power, with lower emissions. (Green Car Congress Aug. 3, 2007)

Franklin Fuel Cells - Copper-Ceria anode solid oxide fuel cell (SOFCs) can operate directly on every commercially-available liquid and gaseous hydrocarbon fuel without modifications when changing fuels. Operates directly on heavy hydrocarbon fuels such as diesel or gasoline without fouling. Will be price-competitive while having higher energy efficiency and fuel flexibility.

Neah Power Systems - Developing a silicon architecture micro fuel cell with porous silicon as the core of the fuel cell engine. This architecture eliminates the need for the polymer membrane used in traditional PEM-based fuel cells. Approximately 400 microns deep, it is much thicker than the 10-micron depth of a PEM membrane. This design is expected to enable a much larger reaction surface area, enabling high power in a small form-factor.

CellTech Power - The Liquid Tin Anode Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (LTA-SOFC) combines the efficiency and reliability of conventional SOFC while simplifying the system and dramatically expanding the range of fuels which can be used. LTA-SOFC stacks produce electricity directly from diesel, coal, natural gas and plastic as well as specialty fuels such as hydrogen.

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Maxell - 10 W fuel cell for portable electronics with hydrogen generating system by the reaction of aluminum and water, has power density 5 times higher than direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC).

Superprotonic - Developing solid acid fuel cell (SAFC) stacks for small stationary / residential, automotive, and portable electronics markets. They are able to operate under intermediate temperature conditions (150-300° C), use less precious metal catalysts (platinum) and a less expensive electrolyte compared to polymer electrolyte membranes (PEMs). The cost savings should result in a SAFC that is cost competitive with the internal combustion engine ($35-50/kW).

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MTI Micro - Mobion® direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) power packs are being developed to replace rechargeable battery systems in many hand-held electronic devices in the military and consumer markets. They eliminate the need for cumbersome micro fuel cell water management and increase run time before a recharge is needed two to ten times over battery technologies.

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Mobion Fuel Cell Feeds Your Phone for Over 2,700 Hours - MTI Micro’s Mobion fuel cells have broken a new record – the power pack has hit over 2,700 hours of continuous use on a cell phone. They’ve been testing out the fuel cells with intent to demonstrate just how much energy their battery can get over Li-Ion power packs.(EcoGeek July 15, 2008)

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Honda fuel cell refueller doubles as emergency home energy centre - Honda R&D Americas and Plug Power have introduced the third-generation Home Energy Station III, which could provide heat and electricity for the home as well as fuel for a hydrogen-powered fuel ce... (ZPEnergy Nov. 2005)

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Hydrogenics Fuel Cells -Hydrogenics video - Archive feature on Toronto company and the field of fuel cells in general. Predicts that 21st century will be "the century of the fuel cell" as the 20th century was of the combustion engine. (DiscoveryChannel.ca March 5, 2003)

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Japanese firm develops world's first robot powered by fuel cells - Humanoid robot is powered by easy-to-replace, environmentally friendly fuel-cell batteries. Now for sell, the 50-centimeter (20-inch) tall, 4.2-kilogram (9.24-pound) robot carries a built-in hydrogen cylinder. (PESN June 30, 2005)

Portables

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Millennium Cell's POWERSKIN™ Technology - PowerSkin fuel cells operate on various sources of hydrogen, providing flexibility and realizing the benefits of alternative energy. Sample units for Original Equipment Manufacturers are available. (Millennium Cell April 17, 2008)

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At MTI Micro, pushing fuel cells for portables - MTI has come up with a Methanol fuel cell that snaps onto the bottom of an SLR camera. (CNet News April 7, 2008)

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Water-Powered Cell Phones - Samsung has developed a micro-fuel cell and hydrogen generator that runs on H20. A metal catalyst and water in the unit react to produce hydrogen gas, which is then supplied to the fuel cell for energy production. (Chosun Oct. 12, 2007)

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Angstrom Power - Micro-structured hydrogen fuel cells can provide high energy density and fast “recharge?? capability, as well as environmental benefits compared to batteries, for portable devices like cell phones. Fuel storage is designed for tight integration with the fuel cell and features metal hydrides at low pressures and ambient conditions, refuelled in minutes from cartridges or existing hydrogen infrastructures.

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Medis Technologies - The "24/7" Power Pack disposable charger for portable electronic devices is a Direct Liquid Fuel Cell (DLFC). It allows immediate use of the device while recharging the battery, is safe to use (not flammable, not toxic) and environmentally friendly: no mercury or other harmful metals. At a suggested retail price of $20-$25, it provides up to 30 hours of talk time for your cell phone or 60-80 hours of iPod time.

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Voller Energy - The Automatic Battery Charger (ABC) is a 100W portable fuel cell system that is easy to carry and use anywhere, to power small portable devices such as mobile phones, laptop computers, cordless power tools, or to simply recharge any battery. It offers an environmentally friendly alternative to diesel or gasoline electric generators.

INI Power Systems - Pioneered Direct Methanol Laminar Flow Fuel Cells (LFFC®) for portable power applications like laptops and cell phones. Methanol is a leading candidate to provide the energy necessary to power portable fuel cell devices. Even at a fuel efficiency of 50%, Methanol’s energy density (3,000 Whr/kg) far surpasses that of the next closest battery competitor Lithium ion.

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Hot-swappable micro Fuel Cell System can run laptop for two days - The UltraCell UC25, which could be available by the end of 2006, will run a laptop computer for up to two working days on a single methanol fuel cell cartridge and as these lightweight cartridges are also hot-swappable. (GizMag Mar. 8, 2006)

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UltraCell - High power density micro fuel cell for portable electronics uses a micro reformer to generate hydrogen from methanol. It is smaller and less expensive with better runtimes, yields twice the power density and uses approximately ten times less platinum catalyst compared to direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC).

Tekion - The Formira™ Power Pack will be capable of fitting inside your mobile device. With a simple, safe fuel cartridge, which snaps in and out in one motion, you will be able to stay connected for as long as you need it. It uses Formira™ as a fuel (as opposed to methanol which is used by most other micro fuel cell developers). Formira™ is purified and modified formic acid. Formic acid is abundant in nature.

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NanoDynamics Introduces First Nanotechnology Enabled Portable Solid Oxide Fuel Cell - Revolution 50 Unveiled At 2004 Fuel Cell Seminar Exhibition In San Antonio, TX (Fuelcellworks Nov. 5, 2004)

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World's Smallest Direct Methanol Fuel Cell - Toshiba says its DMFC can power an MP3 player for 20 hours on 2 cc's of methanol (you'd carry around a small recharging bottle, something similar to a cigarette lighter refill). (PC World, Japan - Sept. 7, 2004)

Fuel cell prototype for Thinkpad notebooks - IBM and SANYO have unveiled plans for a prototype micro direct methanol fuel cell system that could supply up to 8 hours of power per cartridge on present and future ThinkPad models. (PhysOrg April 11, 2005)

'Fuel Cell may Replace Current Nickel Batteries - One step closer to being able to use your mobile phone to make video calls from anywhere in the world, enjoying new freedom of communication any time, anywhere. (Journal of Turkish Weekly Feb. 24, 2005)

MTI demonstrates latest fuel cell for cell phones, PDAs - Will last two to 10 times longer than existing batteries. First product shipment planned for the industrial market this year. (BizJournals.com June 21, 2004)

Nanosys, Sharp to develop nanotechnology-enabled fuel cells - Agreement to collaborate with Sharp to utilize its nanostructure technology to help develop high performance fuel cells for use in portable consumer electronics. (PhysOrg Jan. 21, 2005)

Fuel Cell Phones - Japan's largest wireless phone carrier, NTT DoCoMo, plans to introduce cell phones powered by miniature fuel cells - which run on hydrogen or methanol -- late next year. Look for them to also show up as expensive add-ons for high-end laptops. (CNN "Ten Technologies to Watch in 2004" Dec. 31, 2003)

Transportation

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Shanghai-Volkswagen to showcase hydrogen fuel-cell Passat Lingyu at L.A. Auto Show - The fuel cell found in the Passat Lingyu has been developed jointly by Shanghai-VW, Tongji University, and Chinese technology firm Shanghai Shen-Li High Tech. The clean powertrain features a 120hp (88kW) electric drive motor running on lithium-ion batteries that are charged by a 75hp (55kW) fuel cell with a speed of 93 mph and a range of 190 miles on a single tank of hydrogen. (Motor Authority Nov. 14, 2008)

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Kia to present Borrego FCEV in L.A. - Kia claims it has perfected a fuel cell unit that can operate at temperatures as low as minus 30 degrees Celsius and boast a 62% efficiency rating. The Borrego Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) outputs 154hp (115kW) from its fuel cell system, and is capable of travelling up to 426 miles with its three tanks of hydrogen and also features a 450 volt super-capacitor rated at 134hp (100kW), which together with the fuel-cell, is used to power a 147hp (109kW) electric motor. (Motor Authority Nov. 14, 2008)

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EPA Tests Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle under Real World Conditions - "EPA is turning the key on an engine of change, by turning fleet emissions from CO2 to H2O. EPA supports new technologies such as hydrogen fuel cells that are good for our environment and good for our economy." (EPA Sept. 12, 2008)

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Hydrogen Cars Go Cross-Country — With Help From Fossil Fuels - BMW, Daimler, Ford, GM, Honda, Hyundai-Kia, Nissan, Toyota and VW have cars making the road trip, and they'll be joined along the way by fuel cell buses run by some of the nation's six transit agencies that use them. Portable fueling stations will keep the cars going when they aren't being ferried on trucks (Wired August 11, 2008)

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Solar and hydrogen fuel cell boat prepares for voyage - The Pangea Expedition sailboat, though it will rely on its sails for most of its propulsion, uses a hydrogen fuel cell for power when it cuts through icy Arctic waters. Solar panels on the surface of the cockpit power the process of electrolysis, which splits water into hydrogen and oxygen. The split hydrogen is transferred into a storing device, which can then be used to run the fuel cell. (Plenty July, 2008)

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Swift Enterprises - The Swift Direct Proton Fuel Cell developed at Purdue University is based on simple and easy to produce materials. It runs on ethanol to extend an electric vehicle’s range to over 100 miles per gallon, at a cost of about $2,000.

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The California Fuel Cell Partnership (CaFCP) - CaFCP is a collaboration of 31 organizations that believe fuel cell vehicles powered by hydrogen have the potential to change the future of transportation. Members are operating more fuel cell vehicles and hydrogen fueling stations in California than any other region in the world. (CaFCP site June 28, 2008)

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Volkswagen HyMotion fuel cell vehicle - built into Volkswagen's new Tiguan crossover model, uses hydrogen to create electricity, providing power for the car's electric drive motor. It also has a lithium ion battery pack for extra electricity storage, and gets the gasoline equivalent of 42-to-62 miles per gallon. (CNet Reviews June 12, 2008)

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Powerzinc Electric - Dynamic Quick-refuel Fuel Cells (DQFC) are high power, high energy, long-lasting, low cost and environment-friendly zinc-air fuel cells for electric vehicles. The company is developing an all-Electric passenger car with a range of 400 km and a fast refuel service platform.

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Fuel Cell Bus Club - The First Fuel Cell Bus Fleet. List of Fuel Cell manufacturers for bus systems

GM's Fuel Cell Volt Hybrid - General Motors unveiled a hydrogen-fuel-cell-powered version of its Chevrolet Volt concept, a family of electric cars that get a portion of their energy from being plugged into the electrical grid. The first version married plug-in electric drive to a gasoline or ethanol generator that can recharge the battery. (MIT Technology Review Apr. 23, 2007)

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Hydrogen fuel cells powering Ozburn-Hessey pallet jacks - The test could lead to breakthroughs in a variety of applications, including automobiles and lawn equipment (Tennessean Sept. 23, 2004)

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A Fuel Cell Bicycle is Displayed at the International Fuel Cell Expo in Tokyo - Uses Italian bike maker Aprilia's frame. Was displayed at the International Fuel Cell Expo in Tokyo January 21, 2005. (Reuters Jan. 24, 2005)

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Japan's Daihatsu Motor touts new fuel cell technology - Daihatsu Motor Co., a unit of Toyota, is developing a new fuel cell technology using hydrazine hydrate, liquid fuel for rocket which completely eliminates the need for platinum in the electrode. Benefits include lower cost, high output, and safe and easy fuel handling. (Enviro.org.au Sept. 14, 2004)

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Honda delivers FCX fuel cell vehicle to first customer - American Honda Motor Co., Inc. leased its FCX, an advanced hydrogen-powered fuel cell vehicle, to the world's first individual customers, Jon and Sandy Spallino of California. (PhysOrg June 30, 2005) Update: The Honda FCX Clarity will be sold Summer 2008 in Southern California.

Ford Delivers Hydrogen Focus Fuel Cell Fleet - First five of thirty hybrid hydrogen Ford Focus Fuel Cell vehicles to begin testing in real-world environment, to be driven by city employees. (Motor Trend Nov. 2005)

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UPS Hits the Hydrogen Highway - United Parcel Service (UPS) road testing three Dodge Sprinters, a medium-duty fuel cell vehicle manufactured by DaimlerChrysler. (Solar Access Sept. 2, 2004)

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Ford producing hydrogen-powered V10 for use in shuttle buses - Ford started production on a supercharged V-10 engine that runs on gaseous hydrogen. The engines, each hand-built, will be installed in E-450 vans and used in airport shuttle fleets. Ford plans to lease around 20 of the vans for three years at a total cost of $250,000 each. (''Automotive News" July, 26, 2006)

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Hydrogen Buses Fuel Seaworld's Latest Environmental Initiative - The Ford E450 shuttles at SeaWorld deliver up to 99.7 percent reduction in C02 emissions and include many of the benefits of a hydrogen fuel cell, but at a fraction of the cost. These Ford E-450 shuttles are powered by internal combustion V-10 engines that are modified to run on hydrogen, rather than gasoline. (Ford Feb. 28, 2008)

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[ Ford Focus FCV-Hybrid] - High selling Ford Focus now has fuel cell counterpart, combined with hybrid, for fleet purchase only. (CarList Sept. 25, 2004)

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Mercedes F600 Hygenius is more than a fuel cell concept - The fuel cell in the F 600 HYGENIUS is around 40 per cent more compact than previously, runs more efficiently than ever and is notable for its good cold-start characteristics. Commercial production expected some time between 2012 and 2015. (Autoblog Oct. 12, 2005)

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DaimlerChrysler Grows Fuel Cell Vehicle Fleet - DaimlerChrysler will be testing two F-Cell passenger cars in daily use. It has a range of approximately 100 miles and a top speed of 85 mph. The electric motor develops 88 hp (65 kW), enabling acceleration from 0 to 60 mph in 14 seconds. (Renewable Energy Access Sept. 15, 2005)

DCX to Expand On-Road Fleet of Fuel Cell Vehicles To More than 100 in 2004 - prototype has logged more than 15,000 (Motor Trend, Nov. 17, 2003)

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Hydrogen Fuel Cells Power Unmanned Aerial Vehicle - Georgia Institute of Technology researchers have conducted successful test flights of a hydrogen-powered unmanned aircraft believed to be the largest to fly on a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell using compressed hydrogen. (NewsWise Aug. 28, 2006)

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Honda Fuel Cell KIWAMI Makes Aussie Debut - luxury sedan features synchronized control 4WD system. (AutoWeb Oct. 7, 2004)

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A Fuel Cell Bicycle is Displayed at the International Fuel Cell Expo in Tokyo - Uses Italian bike maker Aprilia's frame. Was displayed at the International Fuel Cell Expo in Tokyo January 21, 2005. (Reuters Jan. 24, 2005)

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Fill 'Er Up With Hydrogen? - General Motors and DaimlerChrysler have signed agreements with the Energy Department to develop hydrogen fuel cell cars over the next five years. (CBS March 31, 2005)

ENV Fuel Cell Motor
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World's First Purpose-Built Hydrogen Fuel Cell Motorbike Makes North American Debut - ENV (pronounced "envy"), unveiled June 14 in Los Angeles, is a virtually silent and completely nonpolluting. Expected in market by 2006. (PRNewswire June 14, 2005)

World's First Fuel-Cell Motorcycle - Bike rolled out Thursday by the British company Intelligent Energy has a 6kW (8 hp) electric motor, top speed of 50 mph (80kph), a range of 100 miles (160km). The engine is completely silent. (Slashdot March 17, 2005)

Colour of EN-V Video - World's most compact hydrogen fuel cell bike, with zero emissions. Speed: 80 mph range: 100 miles 0-60 in 12 sec 6 kW fuel cell can be removed for other power generation uses. 1 year to market. (DiscoveryChannel.ca March 28, 2005)

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Methanol Fuel Cell Replaces Batteries in EV - German group producing road ready technology, in final testing phases. (PhysOrg Oct. 5, 2004)

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Yamaha shows 125-class fuel cell scooter - The FC-AQEL hydrogen fuel cell scooter prototype has 125cc class performance. (GizMag Oct.30,2006)

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GM Daewoo's First Hybrid Car Makes Debut - Prototype S3X sports utility vehicle, powered by a hybrid propulsion system, will be available with both gasoline and diesel engines, and will enter mass production in about 18 months. (FuelCellWorks Oct. 18, 2004)

Racing

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Directory:Formula Zero - Hydrogen Racing - The world's first international fuel-cell powered motor racing series kicked off in Rotterdam over the weekend. The organisers hope that 'Formula Zero,' like Formula 1, can become a forum for competing technology as much as anything else, helping green consumer cars to become better. (PESWiki Aug. 29, 2008)

Toys

How To Build a Fuel Cell In Your Kitchen - interesting tutorial for a fuel cell enthusiast.

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Thames & Kosmos Fuel Cell Kit - This car provides a playful introduction to one of the most significant technologies of the 21st Century. With this kit you can build a model car that actually runs on water.

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Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies - Starting in 2005, Horizon integrated its fuel cells into a range of in-house designed consumer products, starting with small and simple applications, but continuously evolving towards more complex and higher power industrial-grade products. The H-Racer uses a real fuel cell and its own on-board hydrogen storage system.

PicoTurbine International - PicoTurbine International provides high quality and affordable energy education science kits such as wind turbine, solar, hydropower, fuel cell, electricity and other renewable energy education kits. Products like the H2-Racer show the automotive technologies of the future by building and driving your own hydrogen fuel cell car.

In the News

News:Fuel Cells - separate page

Research & Development

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Directory:Fuel Cells > Directory:Solid Oxide Fuel Cells > PNNL’s New Affordable, Small-Scale Fuel Cell Could Revolutionize Residential Power - The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has created a solid oxide fuel cell system that is small enough for domestic homeowners and affordable for the average citizen, that can meet the demands of homeowners while still maintaining low costs. (Inhabitat June 4, 2012)
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Directory:Hydrogen > Directory:Fuel Cells / Directory:Water > Directory:Desalination > Simultaneously Desalinating Water, Making Hydrogen And Treating Wastewater - Researchers from the University of Colorado are researching methods for practically incorporating desalination into microbial fuel cells in a way that can treat wastewater and produce electricity simultaneously. Next steps for the team will include using real wastewater to test the efficiency as well as optimizing the reactor configuration to improve system performance. (Energy Daily December 6, 2010)
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Directory:Fuel Cells / Directory:Methanol > Oorja Unveils Micro Fuel Cell That Could Power Your House - The stationary fuel cell industry, including Directory:BloomBox Fuel Cell by Bloom Energy, has some competition in the form of a methanol fuel cell device from a California-based startup called Oorja Protonics. Oorja’s soon-to-be-unveiled device is much cheaper and can generate 5 kw of energy — enough to power a home or small business. (Inhabitat March 19, 2010)
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Latest: Directory:Running Vehicles on Water / Directory:Fuel Cells > Directory:Genepax Co Ltd - I've been getting quite a few people sending me links to this Reuters video. Actually, this story is a year old: June 13 -- of 2008. See our feature page built last year, along with some of the reality about the technology, such as that it is basically a fuel cell, and that the ultimate goal of the company is a genset. (PESWiki June 22, 2009)
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December Italian all-fuel cell flight planned - The all-electric Skyspark prototype is designed to demonstrate take-off and cruise flight using only fuel cell power. The June battery-powered flight is to test the aircraft's all-electric systems as a safety precaution before the fuel cell is used in December. (FlightGobal March 2, 2009)

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New Method Produces Longest Platinum Nanowires Yet, for Increased Fuel Cell Longevity and Efficiency - The platinum nanowires are roughly ten nanometers in diameter and centimeters in length -- long enough to create the first self-supporting web of pure platinum that can serve as an electrode in a fuel cell. Published in the ACS journal Nano Letters. (Green Car Congress March 11, 2009)

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Cheaper Fuel Cells - Carbon nanotubes could replace expensive platinum catalysts and help finally make fuel cells economical. (Technology Review Feb. 5, 2009)

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Omnivorous Fuel Cells - Superprotonic, a startup company in Pasadena, CA, is developing a fuel cell that can handle dirty hydrogen at relatively low temperatures. It could thus use hydrogen produced from other fuels - such as natural gas or ethanol - by a simple device called a "reformer." (MIT Technology Review Jan. 6, 2009)

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Fuel for Thought: Researcher Seeks to Put Fuel Cells on the Fast Track - Sossina M. Haile’s research has resulted in a type of electrolyte created at http://www.superprotonic.com/ Superprotonic] that works with carbon-based fuels, uses less expensive platinum, and works at manageable temperatures. (NASA Dec. 17, 2008)

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Directory:Fuel Cells >Platinum-Free Fuel Cell - Researchers from Wuhan University are using a new membrane that conducts alkaline ions called hydroxyl groups instead of the traditional acidic hydrogen ions, and created an anode coated with nickel nanoparticles decorated with chromium that is more tolerant to oxidation than previous nickel catalysts. (Technology Review Dec. 16, 2008)

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Directory:Fuel Cells / Directory:Batteries >Micro Fuel Cells Get Closer to Replacing Batteries - A team of researchers in France has developed micro-sized direct methanol fuel cells (microDMFC) that achieve significantly improved fuel efficiency and maintain a good power density while operating at room temperature. The energy density (measured in watt-hours per liter) of the new fuel cells is 385 Wh/L, which is superior to lithium ions batteries’ value of 270 Wh/L. (PhysOrg Nov. 17, 2008)

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Ammonia Borane Could Store Hydrogen for Fuel Cell Vehicles - Tom Autrey from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, has been experimenting with a compound called ammonia borane (AB), which consists of hydrogen, nitrogen and boron – all relatively light elements. When AB is heated, it releases hydrogen gas for use in the fuel cell. When all the AB is “spent”, hydrogen gas can be pumped in to regenerate more. (EcoGeek Sept. 25, 2008)

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Goretex Material Breakthrough to Replace Platinum in Fuel Cells - The team of Monash University scientists have designed and tested an air-electrode, where a fine layer - just 0.4 of a micron thick, or about 100 times thinner than a human hair – of highly conductive plastic is deposited on the breathable fabric. The conductive plastic acts as both the fuel cell electrode and catalyst. (NextEnergy News August 4, 2008)

Fuel Cells: We Don’t Need No Stinking Platinum - The Monash team’s work is related to that of researchers at MIT, who have devised a way to use cobalt in an anode-side reaction that mimics photosynthesis, as well as Japanese automaker Daihatsu Motor, which said last year that it had developed a similar polymer-based approach. (Earth2Tech August 13, 2008)

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Detroit 2008: Cadillac Provoq E-Flex fuel cell concept - The Cadillac Provoq concept is a luxury mid-size crossover built on a variant of the fuel cell drive-train that GM first showed in the Volt at the 2007 Shanghai Motor Show. (Autoblog Green Jan. 8, 2008)

NTT-DEVELOPED SOLID-OXIDE FUEL CELL IS EFFICIENT, LONG-LASTING - By improving the cell structure and the way unspent gas fuel is recovered and reused, NTT has developed a 1kw-class unit from a stack of 50 cells that generates power with an energy efficiency of 54 per cent and can operate for 1,000 hours. A smaller stack of 30 cells can operate with the same energy efficiency for 3,500 hours. (Centre for Energy'' July 22, 2008)

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Cheaper Fuel Cell Material Discovered: 50% more power - Several researchers from the MIT succeeded in making a new kind of fuel cell. This one is a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC), and it doesn’t need the prior extraction of hydrogen from methanol, but instead, as the name suggests, it extracts and uses it directly. (The Green Optimistic)

Findings Could Improve Fuel Cell Efficiency - Duke University Pratt School of Engineering have developed a ceramic membrane made of iron nanoparticles, that allows fuel cells to operate at low humidity and operate at higher temperatures. (Energy Blog March 24, 2008)

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How biodiesel fuel cells could power the future and your car - InnovaTek is testing a hand-sized microreactor that can convert virtually any liquid fuel into hydrogen, producing a portable hydrogen stream for use in adjoining fuel-cells. (gas2.org March 19, 2008)

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Clean Fuel Cell Energy - Dedicated to providing fuel cell information and materials for your laboratory needs with prompt delivery.

Energy Servers - Discusses the latest fuel cell technology by Bloom Energy and its integration into Energy Servers and Boxes.

Fuel Cell IGERT at Rensselaer - Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship - A Ph.D program in Engineering, Science and Entrepreneurship of Fuel Cells.

Less Platinum for a Catalyst - A research team at the University of Houston have created a catalyst that uses less platinum, making it at least four times – and up to six times – more efficient and cheaper than existing catalysts at comparable power levels, leading the way to economical vehicle applications. (PhysOrg Oct. 30, 2007)

Make water without the - Scientists at the University of Illinois have discovered a new way to make water, and without the pop. Not only can they make water from unlikely starting materials, such as alcohols, their work could also lead to better catalysts and less expensive fuel cells. (PhysOrg Oct. 31, 2007)

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Practical Fuel Cells for Electronics - A novel design could allow laptops to run 5 to 10 times longer. The new scheme for creating a compact device that efficiently converts methanol into hydrogen could make it practical to incorporate fuel cells into laptop computers and other portable electronics. (MIT Technology Review Aug. 27, 2007)

Less expensive fuel cell may be possible - Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory have developed a new class of hydrogen fuel-cell catalysts that exhibit promising activity and stability. The catalysts are made of low-cost nonprecious metals entrapped in something called a heteroatomic-polymer structure, instead of platinum materials typically used in fuel cells. (PhysOrg Oct. 3, 2006)

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'MRI' For Fuel Cells - A research team at Northwestern University, has produced the first three-dimensional images of the interior of a fuel cell -- providing a new tool for the study and development of fuel cells. (ScienceDaily June 18, 2006)

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Directory:Carbon Conversion Fuel Cell - Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, among others, is developing a method of turning carbon directly into electricity. (PESWiki)

Fuel cell that runs on blood - A Japanese research team at Tohoku University has developed a fuel cell that runs on blood without using toxic substances, opening the way for use in artificial hearts and other organs. (Gulf Times May 14, 2005)

Scientists to develop bacteria-powered fuel cells - Researchers are joining forces to create bacteria-powered fuel cells that could power spy drones that fit in the palm of a hand. Organism is capable of passing electrons directly to solid metal oxides. (PhysOrg Mar. 15, 2006)

Ammonia Cracker for Fuel Cell Hydrogen Supply - ZAP and Apollo Energy's proprietary method produces H-on-demand from onboard ammonia. Touted as inexpensive, zero-emission power source to jump-start the hydrogen economy. (PESN May 24, 2005) Update: ZAP went to court and the contract for the "Smart Car" was stopped. (2008)

New propane-burning fuel cell could energize a future of small electrical devices - The journal, Nature, reports that Engineers have created a propane-burning fuel cell that's almost as small as a watch battery, yet many times higher in power density. Commercialized, two such a fuel cell could drive the MP3 player for far longer than the best lithium batteries available. (PhysOrg June 10, 2005)

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Thin Film Solid Oxide Fuel Cell - Breakthrough in thin film SOFCs enables more efficient (65%) and compact energy generation capacity. A unit the size of two cans of soda would produce more than 5 kW, enough to power a typical household.

Grape Offers Biofuel Potential - Scientists from the University of Texas at Austin have managed to produce electricity inside a single grape -- perhaps the smallest membrane-less fuel cell ever. The technology could lead energy devices that could be implanted in the human body. (Fuel Cell Today Sept. 27, 2005)

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Fuel cell runs on charcoal - University of Hawaii researcher Michael Antal has developed a working fuel cell that uses charcoal in an alkali solution as its fuel and operates at bread-baking temperatures. (Fuel Cells Works Feb. 25) (Thanks KeelyNet)

Miniaturization of Fuel Cells Improves Prospects of Technology Commercialization - To create a compelling microfuel cell technology, scientists have to look at providing power densities that are comparable to that of conventional or rechargeable batteries. Direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC), a popular fuel cell technology, only provides power density in the range of 20 to 50 mille watts per square cm (mW/cm2). (PhysOrg Sept. 29, 2005)

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Fuel cell converts waste to power - Gold nanotubes used to catalyze a chemical reaction that extracts energy from fuel cell waste product carbon monoxide. The method could eventually be used in portable systems that use renewable fuel produced from plant matter. (Technology Research News Sept. 22/29, 2004)

Tests Qualify Fuel Cell Stack Viability - Fuel cell development company Nuvera Fuel Cells announced what it calls "significant milestones" toward commercial viability during recent qualification tests conducted on a new fuel cell stack designed for passenger vehicles. (Renewable Energy Access Aug. 12, 2005)

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New way of making fuel cells using Microfabrication lowers costs - Researchers at the U. of Michigan are arriving at a system that works and uses steps that are very similar to those used to make microelectronic devices. (PhysOrg Jan. 18, 2005)

FuelCell Energy Unit to Operate on Anaerobic Digester Gas - 250-kilowatt Direct FuelCell(R) power plant to operate on anaerobic digester gas from a food recycling facility at the Tokyo "Super Eco Town". (Fuel Cell Today Nov. 18, 2004)

Most Important Fuel Cell Breakthrough In Decades? - Researchers in the UK have announced the creation of an Iron/Sulfur catalyst to be used to speed up the chemical reactions in fuel cells or electrolysis cells. (H2O Power March 6, 2005)

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Membraneless fuel cell is tiny, versatile - A fuel cell designed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign can operate without a solid membrane separating fuel and oxidant, and functions with alkaline chemistry in addition to the more common acidic chemistry. (PhysOrg March 23, 2005)

Researchers float dry fuel cells for mobile apps - Recent developments at UltraCell Corp., Purdue University and the Georgia Institute of Technology are encouraging speculation that mini fuel cells may emerge as a rival to the battery in the next few years. (EETimes Aug. 29, 2005)

Consultants

ReGenTech - To lead the field in the design and implementation of commercial Fuel Cell power solutions.

Skeptics

Directory:Hydrogen / Directory:Electric Vehicles Whatever Happened to Hydrogen Fuel Cells? - I wonder if in 20 years comedians will joke about the coming of the hydrogen economy the way they now joke (in the US) about the coming of the metric system. The electric car seem to be emerging as the better bet. (Neurologica Blog July 17, 2009)

Comments

See Talk:Directory:Fuel Cells

Talk:Directory:Fuel Cells

They are History

Anuvu - They sold off

Directories

Fuel Cell Japan - Fresh information (in English) from Japan - emerging technologies, dynamic industries, etc.,

in new energy fields, including hydrogen, fuel cells.

The Fuel Cell Marketplace - fuel cell opportunities, products, industry directory, news & more weekly newsletter, latest business and tech news, independent analysis.

Fuel Cell Markets - Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Technologies - One of the leading online resources for Fuel Cells. Contains a depth of information on products, business opportunities and organisations.

Fuel Cell Developers - list of fuel cell developers.

FuelCellStore.com - Lots of fuel cell items.

Fuel Cells for Power - List of companies that produce commercially available fuel cells that are ready for insertion into real world applications.

Fuel Cell News - From Fuel Cells Works.

Fuel Cell Today - Informing the Fuel Cell Industry.

How Fuel Cells Work - From How Stuff Works.

Fuel Cell - encyclopedic overview created by worldwide free-for-all contributions.

FuelCells.org - tech overview, news, FAQ, library, conferences, message board, careers, links.

Fuel Cells - A visual directory of web resources about fuel cells. (EnergyPlanet.info)

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Safety

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