Directory:CO2 Sequestration

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Methods of sequestering carbon dioxide. Did you know that deciduous trees breath CO2 during the cold months, when they do not have leaves?

The Carbon Cycle

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How it Works

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Image Source: Salt Lake Tribune, Nov. 16, 2007, p. A1

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Utah leading CO2 Sequestration - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) plans to spend $67 million over the next decade on a technology solution for climate change that will be tested in Utah. Plans call for pumping carbon dioxide into mile-deep rock formations for long-term underground storage. (Salt Lake Tribune Nov. 16, 2007)


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Latest: Directory:Waste to Energy > Directory:Biomass > Directory:CO2 Sequestration > Power from CO2 and Fly Ash - By eliminating CO2 emissions, producing fuel, and reclaiming valuable metals from fly ash and flue emissions, MP BioMass offers technological solutions for coal power plants and other CO2 emitters to not only keep them from being shut down but increasing their profit margin. (PESN and BeforeItsNews January 11, 2012)
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Congress:Top 100 Technologies -- RD:Directory:A2BE Carbon Capture LLC - A2BE Carbon Capture is developing bio-secure, scalable, climate adaptive, and highly cost-effective technology for producing valuable fuel and food from CO2 using algal photosynthesis and bio-harvesting in a system they call Algae@Work. (PESWiki May 23, 2008)

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Directory:GreenShift:C02 Bioreactor - Patented process uses algae to consume greenhouse gas emissions from fossil-fueled power plants, giving off pure oxygen and water vapor. Light from concentrated solar panels is conducted into the algae chambers via fiber optics. Once the algae grows to maturity, it is harvested for conversion into ethanol and biodiesel fuels. (PESWiki)

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Latest: Directory:CO2 Sequestration / Directory:Solar:Photosynthesis Imitation / Directory:Alternative Fuels > from carbon dioxide is not science fiction - Researchers from UMCS in Poland are teaming up with Wrotkow Power of Lublin to test their method of converting CO2 emissions from the power plant into low-cost, high-octane fuel, using a chemical process that resembles part of the photosynthesis cycle. (PESWiki July 7, 2009) (Comment at
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Directory:Calera Corporation - Calera Corporation has developed a nature-mimicking process that converts CO2, such as from a coal power plant, into cement thus removing CO2 from the atmosphere in the process of making a product that usually produces a lot of CO2 using other methods. (PESWiki August 20, 2008)


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Directory:Alternative Fuels > Directory:Biofuel > Directory:Biofuels:Research and Development / Directory:CO2 Sequestration / Directory:Mimicking Living Organisms > Directory:Solar:Photosynthesis Imitation > Engineers Develop Carbon-Capturing Photosynthetic Frog Foam - Engineers from the University of Cincinnati have devised a way to capture and remove CO2 out of the air and then convert it into biofuel building blocks. The engineers have created an artificial photosynthetic material made from foam injected with frog enzymes, which combined with the power of the sun, converts CO2 into oxygen and sugar. (Inhabitat March 30, 2010)
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New Zealand Company Locks Away CO2 in Charcoal -Carbonscape, a company based in Marlborough, New Zealand, sequesters carbon dioxide using microwaves to transfer CO2 into charcoal. (EcoGeek Oct. 3, 2008)

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Cement from CO2: A Concrete Cure for Global Warming? - While Calera's process of making calcium carbonate cement wouldn't eliminate all CO2 emissions, it would reverse that equation. "For every ton of cement we make, we are sequestering half a ton of CO2," says crystallographer Brent Constantz, founder of Calera. "We probably have the best carbon capture and storage technique there is by a long shot." (Scientific American August 7, 2008)

Creating A Carbon Economy - Sequestered Carbon Amendment and Fertilization (SCAF) has developed new systems to make carbon sequestration profitable and create a new carbon economy instead of treating it as waste. They use elemental carbon as a soil amendment for soil recovery and improvement, better water and mineral management in addition to using carbon dioxide as plant food or fertilizer.

Interview with Adrian Vance, Sept. 3, 2007)

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Directory:Solar > Device uses solar energy to convert carbon dioxide into fuel - Chemists at the University of California, San Diego have developed a prototype device that can capture energy from the sun, convert it to electrical energy and "split" carbon dioxide into oxygen and carbon monoxide, an important industrial chemical that is normally produced from natural gas. (Science Daily Apr. 18, 2007)

US Hopes to Reverse Oil Decline by Burying CO2 - The Department of Energy and some environmentalists hope that in coming decades oil companies will expand programs that boost the output of aging oilfields by injecting the gas most scientists call the main culprit in global warming. (Reuters Mar. 14, 2006)

Can We Bury Global Warming? - Pumping carbon dioxide underground to avoid warming the atmosphere is feasible, but only if several key challenges can be met. (Scientific American July 2005)

Capturing CO2 from Power Plants - US researchers have invented a technique that mimics natural weathering processes, converts carbon dioxide gas into soluble compounds that can be disposed of in the oceans. (PhysOrg June 1, 2005)

Greenhouse gasses can be mitigated by tree planting and insect control - Scientists report. (PhysOrg Dec. 13, 2004)

A design team says the way to control CO2 is: Suck it up - Tucson inventor's plan envisions massive chemical towers to capture carbon dioxide and then convert it to rocks. (Newark Star Ledger New Jersey March 6)

Clean coal technology for capture of CO2 - Babcock & Wilcox and American Electric Power are exploring bringing to market a new combustion technology to reduce emissions from coal-fired power plants. Oxy-coal combustion uses pure oxygen by eliminating nitrogen from the air, assisting CO2 capture and sequestration. Inside Greentech Mar. 15, 2007)

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Valcent Products develops bio-reactor for algae oil production - Vertigro vertical bio-reactor is a C02 sequestration system for the mass production of algae that consume C02 using sunlight for photosynthesis.


3.16 Minutes Vertical Algae biofuel Growing

Valcent's own video of Vertigro.

(You Tube Feb. 1, 2008)

Research & Development

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Directory:Solar / Directory:Electrolysis / Directory:CO2 Sequestration > Solar-powered process could decrease carbon dioxide to pre-industrial levels in 10 years - In the Solar Thermal Electrochemical Photo (STEP) carbon capture process, the sun’s visible light and heat are used via an electrolysis cell to capture large amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and convert it to solid carbon for storage or carbon monoxide for fuel generation. (PhysOrg July 22, 2010)
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Directory:Alternative Fuels / Directory:Solar / Directory:CO2 Sequestration > New Reactor Uses Sunlight to Turn Water and Carbon Dioxide Into Fuel - Scientists at Sandia National Labs, have figured out a way to "reverse-combust" CO2 back into fuel. They recently demonstrated a working prototype of their "Sunshine to Petrol" machine that converts waste CO2 to carbon monoxide, and then syngas, consuming nothing but solar energy. (Popular Science Nov. 23, 2009)
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Directory:Biofuels > Directory:Biofuels:Research and Development / Directory:Solar / Directory:CO2 Sequestration > Making Fuel From Air With Engineered Microbes - Inside specially designed reactors, Joule Biotechnologies' highly engineered photosynthetic microbes thrive off of sunlight and CO2. In return, depending on the type of organism, they can produce straight ethanol, diesel or a number of other types of hydrocarbons. (Gas 2.0 Nov. 10, 2009)

SYNTHETIC TREE CAPTURES CARBON 1,000 FASTER THAN REAL TREES - Scientists have designed a synthetic tree that traps carbon dioxide from the air in an attempt to combat growing emissions. The device looks less like a tree and more like a small building, but it can collect carbon about 1,000 times faster than a real tree. ( July 09, 2009)

Directory:Natural Gas > New Way to Convert CO2 into Methanol - Scientists at the Singapore-based Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (IBN) have achieved an unparalleled feat by transforming carbon dioxide into methanol. Methanol (natural gas) is a widely used form of industrial feedstock and clean-burning biofuel. (Alternative Energy blog April 28, 2009)

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Directory:Nanotechnology >Sun-powered device converts CO2 into fuel - Powered only by natural sunlight, an array of nanotubes is able to convert a mixture of carbon dioxide and water vapour into natural gas at 20 times higher than with other nanotech methods. (New Scientist Feb. 18, 2009)

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Carbon Burial Research Grows as Huge Experiment Begins' - An $84 million collaboration between the DOE and industrial partners including Archer Daniels Midland, will serve up CO2 from its ethanol fermenters at the Mt Simon, Illinois formation. The Midwest Geological Carbon Sequestration Consortium is leading the controversial CO2 sequestration research project. (Wired Feb. 15, 2009)

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Directory:Biofuels / Directory:CO2 Sequestration >Could your breath be turned into biofuel? - The Liverpool John Lennon Airport is testing out a device called an Ecobox from Origo Industries that will capture CO2 from the air that’s exhaled by passengers and turn it into fuel to be used by the airport’s diesel vehicles and heating system. (Greener.Ideal Feb. 6, 2009)

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Canadian scientist creates atmosphere-saving CO2 scrubbing machine - David Keith and a team of researchers working out of the University of Calgary believes they are close to developing a relatively simple machine that can capture, or “scrub” the trace amount of CO2 present in the air at any place on the planet. (The Tech Herald Sept. 30, 2008)

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Capturing Carbon - An eighth-grader's science fair project prompts her scientist father to develop a new way to pull excess carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. Geophysicist Klaus Lackner from Columbia University answers questions on carbon capture and storage. (NOVA ScienceNOW July 2, 2008)

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Higher CO2 levels may be good for plants: German scientists - Increasing exposure to carbon dioxide appears to boost crop yields, Hans-Joachim Weigel of the Johann Heinrich von Thuenen Institute for rural areas, forestry and fisheries in the central city of Brunswick told AFP. (PhysOrg July 8, 2008)

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Low-Cost Reusable Material Could Facilitate Carbon Dioxide Capture - Researchers have developed a new, low-cost hyperbranched aluminosilica (HAS), material, for capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) from the smokestacks of coal-fired power plants and other generators of the greenhouse gas.(Georgia Tech March 6, 2008)

CO2 Science - Research on CO2 and its affects on the Climate.

Global Carbon Cycle - The global carbon cycle involves the earth's atmosphere, fossil fuels, the oceans, and the vegetation and soils of the earth's terrestrial ecosystems.

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Latest: Directory:CO2 Sequestration / Directory:Keshe Foundation > CO2 captured in solution while making electricity - M.T. Keshe claims to have come up with an inexpensive method for generating electricity through the capture of CO2 and methane gases in the air while converting them into solution and solid. Imagine generating energy from gobbling up CO2 an CH4, inexpensively producing O2 as a byproduct. Could this be real? (PESWiki Dec. 23, 2009) (Comments)

Alternatives to Sequestration

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Directory:CO2 Sequestration > Super Diamonds – - Robert Pritchet reviews the industry that could start with CO2 as a building block and end up with Super Diamonds which have great electronic properties. (Mac Companion May 2010)
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Recycling a Greenhouse Gas for High-Energy Fuel - A team of researchers at Penn State has come up with an ingenious method of turning captured CO2 into methane, using the energy of the sun. (NewsWise Feb. 27, 2009)

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Breakthrough Science: Turning CO2 into Fuels - Carbon Sciences recently announced a technological breakthrough that is capable of transforming CO2 emissions into fuel. The development utilizes a highly scalable bio-catalytic process to economically convert one of the most omnipresent causes of global warming, CO2, into the basic building blocks of most fuels used to drive transportation and industry today. (Inhabitat Oct. 13, 2008)

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Five Ways to turn CO2 into CASH - If we have this CO2, why don't we do something useful with it!? (EcoGeek April 17, 2008)