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Directory:Closed Loop Ammonia Turbine

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&lt&lt A Congress:Top 100 Technologies -- RD Energy Technology &gt&gt

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Image:Otto Mohr ammonia absorption cycle 95x95.jpg

The closed loop ammonia turbine is a variation of the basic heat pump, such as is found in a refrigerator. Heat pumps usually exhibit a Coefficient of Performance (COP) in excess of 1.

The ammonia version was developed extensively internationally in the late 1800's through the 1930's, but fizzled out due to then cheap oil prices. It can be scaled to either utility and commercial size or for home power.

Now that oil is no longer cheap, and now that there is an increased thrust to move away from polluting technologies, it would be a good idea to revisit this neglected gem of a technology. It could provide power several times cheaper than conventional methods, and it could do so cleanly, from renewable sources of input heat such as solar, ambient heat, or even waste heat from power plants.

It is a technology that resembles the solar design put forth by PowerPedia:Nikola Tesla, but nowadays can be pieced together from off-the-shelf components.

About

Interview

Download - On July 30, 2007, Congress:Founder:Sterling D. Allan conducted a 1-hour, live interview with Directory:Chris Patton as part of the Free Energy Now radio series.

Ammonia boiling point wrongly given

On October 11, 2008, Chris K. Skinner wrote:

Dear Sterling,

The web page: http://peswiki.com/index.php/Directory:Closed_Loop_Ammonia_Turbine

contains a technical error that was repeated in the radio show .mp3 program.

It gives the boiling point of ammonia as -45 F.

However,

http://www.google.ca/search?q=Liquid+ammonia+boiling+point

indicates that the boiling point of ammonia is -33.34 degrees C (-28.012 F) which is a higher temperature than -40 degrees F because -40 F is the same as -40 C.

The usefulness of this refrigerant is slightly more than freon-d with a boiling point of -29.8 degrees C as given on web page: http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/freon-d_972.html on bullet point 7 at the list below the table of values. Ammonia's boiling point is 4 or so degrees lower making its range of temperature operation wider (and more useful in colder climates like Canada or Northern USA during the Winter months).

How it Works

Image:Otto Mohr ammonia absorption cycle full.gif

The ammonia turbine is basically a heat pump system, and can be very long-lasting so far as mechanical systems go (20-30 years, with maintenance every 2-3 years).

The system is comprised of a heat expander, in which a heat source causes the liquid to change to a gas, expanding in the process, whereby it can turn a turbine. It is then condensed back to liquid through a four-stage compressor.

Liquid ammonia boils at -33.34 degrees Celcius (-28.01 Farenheit).

Companies

Patents

list here

Coverage

Solar Powered Refrigerator (in 1935!) - In 1935 California engineer Otto Mohr proposed combining an ammonia absorption cycle refrigeration unit (like the Icyball) with a spherical lens. (TreeHugger July 23, 2007)

Other Coverage

post here

(Just click on the "There was an error working with the wiki: Code[1].)

Comments

See Talk:Directory:Closed Loop Ammonia Turbine

Related Technologies

Ocean Thermal Conversion

Intermittent Absorption Refrigeration - Select Articles, Abstracts, Google search results, & Patents (RexResearch.com, NEC)

Image:Tesla Solar patent 95x95.jpg

Reprint:Tesla's Solar Ideas - According to The Electrical Experimenter, in addition to his prolific electrical work, Tesla patented a sun motor. The article also discusses the Shuman-boy's engine and sun boiler installed in Egypt with output of 100 horsepower.

Contact

Directory:Chris Patton

See also

Directory:Thermal Electric

Directory:Solar

Directory:Waste to Energy

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News

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