Lasted edited by Andrew Munsey, updated on June 14, 2016 at 10:11 pm.
Radiative decay mode of the neutron is another phenomenon that corroborates the hydrogen atom model of Quantum Ring Theory(1 ).
Unlike, the radiative decay mode of the neutron defies Quantum Mechanics, as shown herein.
When the neutron suffers decay, it is decomposed in a proton, an electron, and an anti-neutrino.
The electron leaves away the proton, and as they have Coulombic attraction, the electron’s speed would have to decrease, and so it would have to emit energy (photons) continously, according to Maxwell’s law.
So, according to Quantum Mechanics, the continous emission of energy by the electron would have to happen in any mode of the neutron’s decay. However this does not happen.
Nobel Laureate Hans Dehmelt made an experiment which showed that the electron goes through the space between two levels of energy into the atom, a phenomenon that defies Quantum Mechanics, according to which the electron cannot move between two levels of energy within the atom.
The quantum theorists refused the results obtained by Dehmelt’s by alleging that the atom is “dressed” in his experiment. According to Quantum Mechanics, the electron disapears from a level, and instantaneously it appears in another level, without to move between the two levels.
So, according to the quantum theorists, into the hydrogen atom the electron does not goes through the space between two energy levels. Let’s analyse such assumption by taking in consideration the neutron’s decay.
The idea that the atom is “dressed” for explaining Dehmelt experiment is unacceptable, because such idea is contradicted by the decay of neutron.
Indeed, in the case of the neutron’s decay the theorists cannot allege that the atom is “dressed”, because the electron and the proton does not constitute a hydrogen atom, and therefore there are not levels of energy about the proton (and so the electron cannot “disapear” from a level and instantaneously to appear in another level, as claim the theorists in the case of the Dehmelt experiment).
There is only one mode of neutron’s decay in which the electron emits a photon (gamma), and it is named “radiative decay mode of the neutron”. The figure bellow shows what happens according to the quark model of the neutron of current Nuclear Physics.
In a paper published in 2007 by the Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, entitled First Observation of the Radiative Decay Mode of the Neutron( 2 ), the author Brian Fisher describes the experiment according to which the emission of gamma photon by the electron was detected.
Nevertheless, according to Quantum Mechanics the electron would have to emit gamma photons in any decay of the neutron (and not only in the radiative decay mode), since the electron moves away of the proton, and as there is a force of attraction between them, so the electron’s speed would have to be decreasing, according to Quantum Mechanics – and therefore, according to QM, the electron would always have to emit several photons, continoulsy, and, even in the case of the radiative decay mode of the neutron, it would have to emit several photons, and not only one gamma photon.
The reason why the electron does not emit photons in the neutron decay is explained by Quantum Ring Theory.
According to the new hydrogen model proposed in Quantum Ring Theory, the electron moves away the proton radially with constant speed. Therefore in the neutron’s decay the electron moves away of the proton radially with constant speed, and this explains why the electron does not emit photons continuously in the neutron’s decay.
However, when the electron leaves its partnership with the proton into the neutron in the neutron’s decay, an anti-neutrino is emitted, and sometimes it is emitted with big energy, in order that its emission can deviate the electron’s trajectory from the radial direction. In this case (when the electron is deviated from its radial trajectroy regarding to the proton), it can emit a gamma photon, as happens in the radiative decay mode of the neutron.
1- Guglinski, W. , Quantum Ring Theory, Bäuu Institute Press, 2006
2- First Observation of the Radiative Decay Mode of the Neutron - http://www.int.washington.edu/talks/WorkShops/int_07_1/People/Fisher_B/fisher-rdk-int07.pdf