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T. Townsend Brown: Energy output from semi-conductive materials

(Gravitation wave energy transducer)

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Compiled by Tim Harwood

May 18, 2012

Summary

A "steady state" electrical self-potential is spontaneously developed by certain semi-conductors. Exploratory work with various semi-conducting material has revealed massive high-K dielectrics, being heavy semi-conducting materials with high dielectric constant, produce the greatest self-potential. Solid dieliectrics such as barium titanate, lead zirconate titanate and certain natural rocks (granite, basalt, etc.) are found to produce this electrical self-potential. The energy is not piezoelectric, pyroelectric or electrochemialc in origin.

PRELIMINARY PATENT DESCRIPTION "Rock" T. Townsend Brown, 8/19/1976

Effect

Certain types of natural rocks generate a natural steady electrical potential.

The types of rocks that produce this effect to the greatest degree are mainly igneous, with granite and basalt being by far the best.

In small rock samples (goose-egg sized or slightly larger) this potential can range from tens to hundreds of millivolts.

An additional vector of erratic higher frequency electromagnetic signals also exists (extending possibly into the angstrom range), visible with an oscilloscope. Brown believed this was the result of gravity waves.

These EM signals were found to change in accordance to lunar and planetary positions, as well as becoming active when earthquakes were occurring elsewhere in the world.

Unknown diurnal cycle

T. Townsend Brown developed an experimental setup that allowed him to study variations in output over time. Clear pulses emerged based upon the diurnal cycles (rotation of the earth) - with occasional very strong pulses of short duration.

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Unknown diurnal cycle discovered by T Brown

An oval-shaped basaltic rock, approximately 3" x 5" x 8", from the rim of the ancient Koolau volcano on Oahu, Hawaii, is thoroughly oven-dried and copper electrodes are painted on opposite sides. The rock is then covered with an insulating plastic sheath and enclosed in several layers of aluminum foil, which is grounded. A 5-megohm wire-wound precision resistor (Shallcross) is attached to provide an electrical load. The load causes the freely-floating self-potential of the rock to drop from approximately 300 mV. The rock and resistor are encased in an electrically shielded, constant temperature box controlled to .1oC. BNC shielded cable connects the rock to a double-throw one-hour timing switch, thence to a strip-chart recorder as shown in the diagram. When the switch is in position 1 for one minute, the recorder is directly connected to the rock. When in position #2, for the remaining fifty-nine minutes, the recorder is connected to a fixed 50 mV constant (battery-fed) source.

Manufacturing

The battery is constructed in the following steps:

Tungsten carbide powder is mixed with molten carnauba wax or other suitable binder and the heavy mixture poured into insulated container 1 and allowed to cool or harden.

During cooling, a high voltage is placed across electrodes 3 and 4 as shown in Figure 2, so as to electrically polarize the mixture. This polarization is necessary so as to permit subsequent energy (gravitovoltaic) conversion from the incident radiation.

Following polarization, cooling and solidification, the battery is ready to operate

PRELIMINARY PATENT DESCRIPTION "BATTERY" Docket Number 1687

T. Townsend Brown, Sunnyvale, California, April 28, 1976

Development

Commercial process would require a quartz material be pulsed in a specific way as it set, to achieve an alignment of internal structure, to maximise the effect. Scientific experiments might allow a significant increase in power output with the right internal structure, correctly tuned to the frequency oscillations of the cosmic energy the devices convert. Rocks have a randomised internal structure, and so a diode has to be used to enable a usable output. The utility of this technology to power mobile phones and other mobile devices is obvious.

Postscript

John Hutchinson appears to have replicated this effect with crystal batteries.

It is unclear if earthquakes cause gravity waves, or if gravity waves cause earthquakes

This stunning research should have earned T. Townsend Brown the Nobel prize in physics, and is in many ways more fundamental that his more publicised electrical thurst work.

See also

http://peswiki.com/index.php/Directory:Petravoltaic_--_Electricity_from_Rocks

http://www.rexresearch.com/brown4/brown4.htm

http://guns.connect.fi/innoplaza/energy/story/John/

http://www.piezomaterials.com/index.htm

Directory:Piezoelectric

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