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Antenna Measurements

Lasted edited by Andrew Munsey, updated on June 14, 2016 at 10:04 pm.

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Antenna measurement techniques refers to the art of testing Antennas to ensure that the antenna meets specifications.

Description

Parameters of antennas commonly of interest are There was an error working with the wiki: Code[3], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[4], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[5], There was an error working with the wiki: Code[6], and There was an error working with the wiki: Code[7]. The antenna pattern is the response of the antenna to a plane wave incident from a given direction or the relative power density of the wave transmitted by the antenna in a given direction. For a reciprocal antenna, these two patterns are identical. A multitude of antenna pattern measurement techniques have been developed. The first technique developed was the far-field range, where the antenna under test (AUT) is placed in the far-field of a range antenna. Due to the size required to create a far-field range for large antennas, near-field techniques were developed, which allow the measurement of the field on a surface close to the antenna (3-10 wavelengths typically). This measurement is then transformed to the far-field (infinity). A third common method is the compact range, which uses a reflector to create a field near the AUT that looks approximately like a plane-wave.

Far-Field Range

The far-field range was the original antenna measurement technique, and consists of a placing the AUT a long distance away from the range antenna. Generally, the far-field distance, d, is considered to be

:d = There was an error working with the wiki: Code[1],

where D is the antenna diameter and {\lambda} is the wavelength of the radio wave. Separating the AUT and range antenna by this distance reduces the phase variation across the AUT small enough to obtain a reasonable antenna pattern.

Planar Near-Field Range

Planar near-field measurements are conducted by scanning a small probe antenna over a planar surface. These measurements are then transformed to the far-field by use of a There was an error working with the wiki: Code[8].

Spherical Near-Field Range

Spherical near-field ranges measure the electric field on a spherical surface close to the AUT. Spherical harmonics are used transform these measurements to the far-field.

Cylindrical Near-Field Range

Cylindrical near-field ranges measure the electric field on a cylindrical surface close to the AUT. Cylindrical harmonics are used transform these measurements to the far-field.

Compact Range

Gain Measurement Techniques

Polarization Measurement Techniques

Impedance Measurement Techniques

Related articles

External links

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AMTA

RadioWORKS A radio wave propogation and antenna length calculator

JSC Manufacturer of antenna measurement systems in Time Domain

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[1], Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation.

See also

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